Ciocca, L., Mazzoni, S., Fantini, M., Persiani, F., Baldissara, P., Marchetti, C., and Scotti, R.
Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing. July 2012, Vol. 50 Issue 7, p743, 7 p.
Universities and colleges, Orthopedic surgery, Implants, Artificial, Prosthesis, Ablation (Surgery), Computer-aided design, Tumors, and Rapid prototyping
This paper describes a new protocol for mandibular reconstruction. Computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technology was used to manufacture custom-made cutting guides for tumor ablation and reconstructive plates to support fibula free flaps. CT scan data from a patient with an odontogenic keratocyst on the left mandibular ramus were elaborated to produce a virtual surgical plan of mandibular osteotomy in safe tissue for complete ramus resection. The CAD/CAM procedure was used to construct a customized surgical device composed of a cutting guide and a titanium reconstructive bone plate. The cutting guide allowed the surgeon to precisely transfer the virtual planned osteotomy into the surgical environment. The bone plate, including a custom-made anatomical condylar prosthesis, was designed using the outer surface of the healthy side of the mandible to obtain an ideal contour and avoid the bone deformities present on the side affected by the tumor. Operation time was reduced in the demolition and reconstruction phases. Functional and aesthetic outcomes allowed patients to immediately recover their usual appearance and functionality. This new protocol for mandibular reconstruction using CAD/CAM to construct custom-made guides and plates may represent a viable way to reproduce the patient's anatomical contour, give the surgeon better procedural control, and reduce operation time.