Heng Li, H. L. Guo, Martin Skitmore, Ting Huang, K. Y. N. Chan, and Greg Chan
Construction Management and Economics, 2011, 29, 3, 233.
Prefabricated construction, IKEA model, Virtual Prototyping, design optimization, and construction optimization
Prefabricated construction is regarded by many as an effective and efficient approach to improving construction processes and productivity, ensuring construction quality and reducing time and cost in the construction industry. However, many problems occur with this approach in practice, including higher risk levels and cost or time overruns. In order to solve such problems, it is proposed that the IKEA model of the manufacturing industry and VP technology are introduced into a prefabricated construction process. The concept of the IKEA model is identified in detail and VP technology is briefly introduced. In conjunction with VP technology, the applications of the IKEA model are presented in detail, i.e. design optimization, production optimization and installation optimization. Furthermore, through a case study of a prefabricated hotel project in Hong Kong, it is shown that the VP-based IKEA model can improve the efficiency and safety of prefabricated construction as well as reducing cost and time.
Heng Li, Hongling Guo, Miroslaw Skibniewski, and Martin Skitmore
Construction Management and Economics, 2008, 26, 9, 991.
IKEA model, site operations, and virtual prototyping
Learning from manufacturing industries is a useful approach to improving the productivity of the construction industry and to solve problems arising from construction processes. Through the use of virtual prototyping (VP) technology, the lean production process engaged in the IKEA business model (IKEA model) is studied and implemented in a real-life construction project. Specifically, based on the analysis of the IKEA model, the IKEA model can be applied to optimize construction processes and simplify management activities. A case study is analysed to demonstrate the improvement of construction process management through using the VP-IKEA approach.
Jack Goulding, Martin Sexton, Xiaonan Zhang, Mike Kagioglou, Ghassan Aouad, and Peter Barrett
Construction Management and Economics, 2007, 25, 12, 1239.
Design method, virtual prototyping, organizational learning, decision making, and simulation
The use of hybrid concrete technologies as a viable solution to traditional frame design has been inhibited by a general lack of information. The uptake of this technology has therefore been slow and parochial, as designers have tended to stay loyal to 'traditional', tried and tested technologies—their 'comfort zone'. This research identifies the barriers associated with technology adoption at industry, organization and individual levels; and uses hybrid concrete as the core context for discussion. The role of an enabling design support tool (HyCon) is presented, which can allow designers to overcome these inhibitors by providing an immersive, interactive and information-rich environment through which design solutions can be explored. This collaborative research project describes a 'proof of concept' design support tool to promote the use of hybrid concrete in structural frames. It encompasses knowledge creation, application and sharing functionality, to envision support and use of this new technology—thereby promoting organizational learning. Research findings note that, while design tools have a valuable role to play, it is also important to appreciate that the uptake of any new technology is a social phenomenon, and that subsequent adoption/uptake requires careful embedding and augmentation into company organizational systems in order to leverage advantage.