Interaction paradigms, Paradigmas de interacción, Embodied interaction, and Paradigmes d'interacció
In the last decades new interaction paradigms have emerged: Tangible User Interfaces, ubiquitous computing, wearable devices, mixed- reality among others. Such paradigms extended the user interface beyond the keyboard and mouse, and physical interaction has gained importance. This transformation represents a challenge-opportunity for interaction and experience designers. As a consequence, design frameworks are incorporating embodied cognition theories, getting inspiration from phenomenology and aiming to integrate body, mind and technology. This interaction design perspective is known as embodied interaction. This dissertation aims to understand how to design and implement embodied interactive systems for mathematics learning for children, including sighted children and children with visual impairments (VIs). Thus, we might capitalize technological progress into actual opportunities to better support learning. In this context, the thesis explores the development of three interactive systems for mathematics learning and the evaluation of two of them. Through this prototyping approach we discuss design implications for embodied interaction systems in learning contexts, contributing with the generation of intermediate-level knowledge. Finally, we also confirm and extend previous research in this field.
Building Information, Modeling (BIM), Internet of Things (IoT), Interaction, Real-Time Information, Responsive Architecture, Human-Computer Interaction, User Centered Design, Post- Occupancy Analysis, Thermal Comfort Optimization, Energy Efficiency, and Arquitectura y tecnología de computadoras
Symbiotic Data Platform is a receptive-responsive tool for ‘personalized’ thermal comfort optimization. The research focuses on; searching new possibilities of how to upgrade BIM methodology to be interactive, the possibility of using existing BIM data during the occupation phase of the building, and also, researching on the potential of enhancing energy efficiency & comfort optimization together by taking benefit of BIM material data. The objective of the research is to take benefit of the massive existing data that is embedded in Building Information Models, by exporting the information and using in other mediums as input. The research addresses both energy efficiency and sustainable environment concerns due to augmenting the accuracy of analysis by material data and real-time information, while focusing on personalized comfort optimization. The final product is an interface that addresses the contemporary concerns of global facts and the new generations responsible society. The research is developed by designing and testing via Prototyping thanks to IoT technology, and investigating the possibilities of adding BIM data to the prototypes’ algorithm.
Ferrari, Ana Lya Moya, Piculo dos Santos, Aline Darc, Bertolaccini, Guilherme da Silva, Medola, Fausto Orsi, and Sandnes, Frode Eika
Ferrari, A.L.M., Piculo dos Santos, A.D., Bertolaccini, G.S., Medola, F.O. & Sandnes, F.E. (2020). Evaluation of orthosis rapid prototyping during the design process: Analysis of verification models. In: M. Di Nicolantonio, E. Rossi & T. Alexander (Eds.), Advances in additive manufacturing, modeling systems and 3D prototyping: Proceedings of the AHFE 2019 International Conference on Additive Manufacturing, Modeling Systems and 3D Prototyping, Cham: Springer (pp. 298-307)
Usó, Vanessa Ghiraldeli, Sandnes, Frode Eika, and Medola, Fausto Orsi
Usó, V.G., Sandnes, F.E. & Medola, F.O. (2020). Using virtual reality and rapid prototyping to co-create together with hospitalized children. In: M. Di Nicolantonio, E. Rossi & T. Alexander (Eds.). Advances in additive manufacturing, modeling systems and 3D prototyping: Proceedings of the AHFE 2019 International Conference on Additive Manufacturing, Modeling Systems and 3D Prototyping, 2020 (pp. 279-288) Cham: Springer
Despite the last 60 years have seen major advances in many scientific and technological inputs of drug Research and Development, the number of new molecules hitting the market per billion US dollars of R&D spending has been declined steadily during the same period. The current scenario highlights the need for new research tools to enable reduce costly animal and clinical trials while providing a better prediction about drug efficacy and security in humans A recent emerging approach to improve the current models is emerging from the field of microfluidics, which studies systems that process or manipulate tiny amounts of fluids using channels with dimensions of tens to hundreds of micrometers. Combining microfluidics with cell culture, scientists gave rise to a new field named “Organ-on-chip” (OOC). Microfluidic OOCs are advanced platforms designed to mimic physiological structures and continuous flow conditions, thus allowing the culture of cells in a friendlier microenvironment. This thesis, titled “Cell culture interfaces for different organ-on-chip applications: from photolithography to rapid-prototyping techniques with sensor embedding”, aims to design, simulate and test new OOC devices to reproduce cell culture interface under flow conditions. The work has a focus on the exploration of novel fabrication techniques which enable rapid prototyping of OOC devices, reducing costs, time and human labor associated to the fabrication process. The final objective is to demonstrate the viability of the devices as research tools for biological problems, applying them to the tubular kidney and the blood brain barrier (BBB). To achieve the objective, at least three device version have been developed: 1) OOCv1, fabricated by multilayer PDMS soft lithography; 2) OOCv2, fabricated in thermoplastic by layered object manufacturing using both a vinyl cutter and a laser cutter, integrating standard fluidic connectors alone (OOCv2.1) or together with embedded electrodes (OOCv2.2); 3) OOCv3 using a mixed technique of laser cut and 3D printing by stereolithography. All devices are fabricated using biocompatible materials with high optical quality and an embedded commercial membrane. The biological experiments with renal tubular epithelial cells, realized on OOCv1 and OOCv2.1 devices, demonstrated the viability of the device for culturing cells under flow conditions. The study realized on fatty acid oxidation and accumulation in cells exposed to physiological and diabetogenic oscillating levels of glucose suggest a possible positive role of shear stress in activation of fatty acid metabolism. The studies were performed using a compact experimental unit with embedded flow control which reduce significatively the complexity and cost of the fluidic experimental setup. The biological experiments on the BBB confirmed viability of OOCv2.1 and OOCv2.2 for compartmentalized co-culturing of endothelial cells and pericytes. The formation and recovery of the barrier after disruptive treatment has been assessed using different techniques, including immunostaining, fluorescence and live phase contrast imaging, and electrical impedance spectroscopy. The repeatability of measurements using electrodes was verified. A model to classify measurements from different timepoints has been developed, resulting in accuracy of 100% in learning and 90% in testing case. Results are confirmed by imaging data, which also suggest a critical role of pericytes in the development, maintenance, and regulation of BBB, in accordance with the literature.