International Journal of Product Development, 2004, 1, 2, 147.
rapid prototyping, rapid tooling, rapid manufacturing, 3D printing, solid freeform fabrication, CAD, solid modeling, medical modeling, RP materials, layered manufacturing, and reverse engineering.
This paper provides an overview of the information published in Wohlers Report 2003, a 270-page market study. The report addresses many aspects of rapid prototyping, including: industries served; applications; revenues; unit sales; forecasts. It also provides current information on industry trends and developments in the areas of service providers, advanced approaches to tooling, system manufacturers and technology advances in the USA, Europe, Asia and other parts of the world. The report covers research and development activities, growth trends in CAD solid modelling, rapid prototyping materials, medical modelling, rapid manufacturing and reverse engineering. Wohlers Report 2003 concludes with a discussion of the future of rapid prototyping â€“ where it is headed and what is expected â€“ to assist in strategic and tactical planning.
Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 2016, 102, C, 225.
3D printing, Additive manufacturing, Business models, Digital fabrication, Glocalized production, Rapid manufacturing, Rapid prototyping, and Supply chains
Digital fabrication—including additive manufacturing (AM), rapid prototyping and 3D printing—has the potential to revolutionize the way in which products are produced and delivered to the customer. Therefore, it challenges companies to reinvent their business model—describing the logic of creating and capturing value. In this paper, we explore the implications that AM technologies have for manufacturing systems in the new business models that they enable. In particular, we consider how a consumer goods manufacturer can organize the operations of a more open business model when moving from a manufacturer-centric to a consumer-centric value logic. A major shift includes a move from centralized to decentralized supply chains, where consumer goods manufacturers can implement a “hybrid” approach with a focus on localization and accessibility or develop a fully personalized model where the consumer effectively takes over the productive activities of the manufacturer. We discuss some of the main implications for research and practice of consumer-centric business models and the changing decoupling point in consumer goods' manufacturing supply chains.
Baumers, Martin, Dickens, Phill, Tuck, Chris, and Hague, Richard
Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 2016, 102, C, 193.
Additive manufacturing, Rapid manufacturing, Rapid prototyping, 3D printing, Digital fabrication, Production cost, Productivity, and Economies of scale
As part of the cosmos of digital fabrication technology, Additive Manufacturing (AM) systems are able to manufacture three-dimensional components and products directly from raw material and 3D design data. The layer-by-layer operating process of these systems does not require the use of tools, moulds or dies.