Ferrari, Ana Lya Moya, Piculo dos Santos, Aline Darc, Bertolaccini, Guilherme da Silva, Medola, Fausto Orsi, and Sandnes, Frode Eika
Ferrari, A.L.M., Piculo dos Santos, A.D., Bertolaccini, G.S., Medola, F.O. & Sandnes, F.E. (2020). Evaluation of orthosis rapid prototyping during the design process: Analysis of verification models. In: M. Di Nicolantonio, E. Rossi & T. Alexander (Eds.), Advances in additive manufacturing, modeling systems and 3D prototyping: Proceedings of the AHFE 2019 International Conference on Additive Manufacturing, Modeling Systems and 3D Prototyping, Cham: Springer (pp. 298-307)
Usó, Vanessa Ghiraldeli, Sandnes, Frode Eika, and Medola, Fausto Orsi
Usó, V.G., Sandnes, F.E. & Medola, F.O. (2020). Using virtual reality and rapid prototyping to co-create together with hospitalized children. In: M. Di Nicolantonio, E. Rossi & T. Alexander (Eds.). Advances in additive manufacturing, modeling systems and 3D prototyping: Proceedings of the AHFE 2019 International Conference on Additive Manufacturing, Modeling Systems and 3D Prototyping, 2020 (pp. 279-288) Cham: Springer
Shu, Sziebig, Pieters. Architecture for Safe Human-Robot Collaboration: Multi-Modal Communication in Virtual Reality for Efficient Task Execution. Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics. 2019:2297-2302
Dørum, Kine and Larsen, Jelena Nikolajevna Tsjasjina
Dørum, K. & Larsen, J.N.T. (2019). Individual Development and Collective Change: A Dynamic Approach to University Teacher Training. In: van Braak J. et.al. (Eds.), Proceedings of EdMedia + Innovate Learning 2019 (p 1329-1333). Wayneswille, NC: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE).
Prototypes, Engineering models, Industrial design, and Engineering design
A prototype is an early model of a product. A prototype is born from an idea for a product. It is typically built, tested, and redesigned as necessary until an acceptable final version is achieved. Once a prototype is considered final, the product can be developed from it. The word prototype is derived from the Latin words proto, which means "original," and typus, which means "form or model."
The Sculpture word “sculpture” comes from Latin sculpere, meaning “to carve.” Sculptures can be made from variety of materials, including wood, metal, glass, clay, textiles, or plastic that is carved, cast, welded, cut, or otherwise formed into shapes. Topiary and bonsai are living sculptures. Modern sculptors even experiment with light and sound. Additionally, sculptures may be free-standing objects or appear as reliefs on surfaces like walls.
Rapid application development (Computer software development)
Rapid application development (RAD) is a system of software development that focuses on speed and prototyping. Unlike other development methodologies, which often call for extensive planning, RAD features a shorter planning period and a greater emphasis on the creation of multiple prototypes, ongoing testing, and iterative development. Using RAD allows software developers to create applications quickly to meet an immediate need, and because the project takes less time, the situation or requirements ideally will not change during this period, thus simplifying the creation process. RAD is generally considered most appropriate for well-defined projects carried out by small teams.
The traditional model of innovation holds that innovation, research, and development are activities that take place within a company. The knowledge that is leveraged to develop new innovations comes from the employees who work at the company, and the firm then seeks to capitalize on the innovative developments by protecting that innovation. This is contrasted with open innovation, which leverages knowledge both internal and external to the company. Open innovation acknowledges that the firm may not always be the only vehicle for bringing innovations to market. Licensing, collaboration, and joint ventures (JVs) or even spin-off companies are all valid and potentially more appropriates way to utilize knowledge than having it remain in-house.
In a world increasingly dependent on the secure storage and transmission of large amounts of sensitive data across a growing interconnected global network, hacking is a term broadly used to describe strategies designed to exploit security vulnerabilities in those systems and, in turn, either access restricted information, distort it, even destroy it. Computer experts bent on criminal trespass (commonly termed black hat hackers) represent a significant and growing menace to any protected information system. Other hackers are simply computer enthusiasts savvy in the elaborate security systems set in place to thwart intrusion and determined to test their own skills against them (commonly termed white hat hackers). Hacking has emerged as a formidable reality in the computer age, despite the unlikely elevation of hackers into underground heroes for their technological abilities and their rogue personas.
Energy industries, Tidal power-plants, and Electric power
During the closing days of 1968, the Soviet Union began operating the Kislaya Guba Experimental Tidal Plant, its first facility to generate electrical energy from tidal energy. This plant differed in capacity and construction from the first large-scale tidal power plant, which went on line in 1966 at the Rance estuary in Brittany, the westernmost region of France. The Soviet plant had a rated capacity of less than 2 percent that of the French facility: 400 kilowatts compared to 240 megawatts. More important, the Soviet approach required a far shorter construction period and vastly curtailed costs.
CAD/CAM systems, Manufactures -- United States, Engineering -- United States, History, and Twentieth century
Architects and mechanical parts designers once planned their buildings and machines with pencil and paper only, making elaborate blueprint drawings. Much of this method changed in 1982 with the groundbreaking introduction of computer software useful for vehicle design called AutoCAD, released by a company called Autodesk. By the end of the twentieth century, many architects and mechanical designers were working on computers using specialty software that enables computer-aided design (CAD) and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM): CAD/CAM software.
Systems analysis and design (SA&D) is an important process that creates information systems that support strategic organizational objectives. SA&D skills are important and a critical component of technology education. Most systems analysis and design skills are introduced during the educational process and fine-tuned with on-the-job experience. Systems education initially emphasized the technical portion of SA&D skills and now incorporates more interpersonal and planning skills. The goal of systems analysis and design is to make business processes more efficient and effective by improving the design and function of computer systems that drive and support business processes. Systems analysts usually perform the functions related to systems analysis and design and turn user requirements into technology implementations. Analysts must also determine the feasibility of implementing user requirements. Analysts use interviewing techniques and questionnaires to query users and use flow charts and data diagrams to begin to map systems. Over time, various models have been used to conduct the systems analysis and design process. More recently, analysts may opt to use a combination of proven models to provide the best result for a particular organization's needs (Siau & Rossi, 2011).
This article explains the concept of structured programming and examines some of the key aspects of the structured programming process. The impact of the information systems development life cycle on structured programming is also examined. The use of Function Point Analysis as a tool to measure the complexity of a computer program is explained along with the basic process of applying function point analysis. The issue of improving quality in the software development is examined and various methods that can be employed to improve software quality are investigated.
The proliferation of new products on the market today means that most organizations need to be involved in new product development in order to stay competitive. This requires the application of systematic methods to all processes from conceptualization through marketing. Management of new product development efforts, however, can be more difficult than the management of established product lines. To be successful, a new product needs to be managed as if it were an entrepreneurial enterprise. Part of managing a new product development effort is the function of risk management and control. Although some factors in new product development are beyond the control of the manager, many are not. There are a number of tools available to help the new product development manager successfully bring a new product to market.
Manufacturing processes, Strategic planning, Lean management, Product life cycle, Contracting out, and Manufacturing industries & the environment
Manufacturing strategies are the plans and methods that are particular to furthering the goals of a company that makes products. This article outlines features of five strategies that are frequently used by manufacturing companies: Strategic management; design for manufacturability; lean manufacturing; Six Sigma; and manufacturing for a sustainable society. The article includes a glossary of relevant terms.
Design information storage & retrieval systems, Management of information storage & retrieval systems, and Management information systems
The information systems (IS) that provide business data management support are both complex and expensive. This article explains the processes and problems of information systems analysis and design. The types of situations in which systems are developed are examined as well as the types of problems that can occur during the requirement analysis process. Traditional information system development life-cycle methods are explained along with a popular alternative development method: prototyping. The impact of computer-aided software engineer (CASE) tools is also reviewed. The issue of software development success is examined from a traditional perspective as well as from the perspective of software developers.