Waart, van, P., lid lectoraat, Bont, C.J.P.M., and Mulder, I.J., lector
PIN-C 2015: Proceedings of the 4th Participatory Innovation Conference 2015: Reframing design, The Hague, The Netherlands, 18-20 May, 2015. :337-345
internet of things and open data
Emerging pervasive technologies such as the Internet of Things and Open Data will have severe impact on the experience, interactions and wellbeing of citizens in future smart cities. Local governments are concerned how to engage and embed citizens in the process of smart city development because without them it is difficult for governments and industrial technology providers to understand what future city is desired. We explore how prototyping methods can be used in a multi-helix approach towards a participatory domain in which multiple stakeholders collaboratively envision a desired future smart city. We adopted the different qualities of generative sessions, hackathons and design jams in our method of participatory prototyping for smart cities. Results show that participants appreciate this setting for exploration, experimentation, and making, in diverse teams with members from industry, government, university, and citizens. We will discuss issues for improvement of participatory prototyping to make it more robust for use in urban development processes.
Perotoni, Marcelo Bender, Andrade, Luiz Alberto, and Junqueira, Cynthia
Journal of Aerospace Technology and Management. June 2016 8(2):137-142
ENGINEERING, AEROSPACE, Frequency Selective Surface, Filter, Free-space measurement, and Measurement and prototyping
The design, prototyping, and free-space measurement of a 6-GHz Frequency Selective Surface filter is presented. The prototyping resolution of a large (A4 sheet size) Frequency Selective Surface with small loops as elements is checked, as well as the correlation with measurements performed with a 3-D full-wave solver. The test also involved the effect of cascading two different Frequency Selective Surfaces with a viewpoint towards a narrower frequency range, which provided good results.
Munhoz, Rodrigo, Moraes, Cícero André da Costa, Tanaka, Harki, and Kunkel, Maria Elizete
Research on Biomedical Engineering. March 2016 32(1):63-73
ENGINEERING, BIOMEDICAL, Developmental dysplasia of the hip, Orthosis, and Rapid prototyping
Introduction Immobilization in a hip spica cast is required in surgical and nonsurgical treatments for children aged three months to four years diagnosed with developmental dysplasia of the hip. Skin complications are associated with the use of the spica cast in 30% of the cases. This research explores the use of photogrammetry and rapid prototyping for the production of a lighter, shower friendly and hygienic hip orthosis that could replace the hip spica cast. Methods Digitalized data of a plastic dool was used for design and fabrication of a customised hip orthosis following four steps: 1) Digitalization of the external anatomical structure by photogrammetry using a smartphone and open source software; 2) Idealization and 3D modeling of the hip orthosis; 3) Rapid prototyping of a low cost orthosis in polymer polylact acid; 4) Evaluation tests. Results Photogrammetry provided a good 3D reconstruction of the dool's hip and legs. The manufacture method to produce the hip orthosis was accurate in fitting the hip orthosis to the contours of the doll. The orthosis could be easily placed on the doll ensuring mechanical strength to immobilize the region of the hip. Conclusion A new approach and the feasibility of both techniques for hip orthosis fabrication were described. It represents an exciting advance for the development of hip orthosis that could be used in orthopedics. To test the effectiveness of this orthosis for developmental dysplasia of the hip treatment in newborns, material and mechanical tests, design optimization and physical tests with patients should be carried.
ENGINEERING, MANUFACTURING, Product engineering, Rapid prototyping, Decision making, Multiattribute criteria, Engenharia do produto, Prototipagem rápida, Tomada de decisão, and Critério multiatributos
A tecnologia de prototipagem de produtos por adição de material (Rapid Prototyping) e por remoção de material (Subtractive Rapid Prototyping) pode variar em: qualidade, tempo e custos, dependendo das características do produto. A escolha da tecnologia muitas vezes está condicionada à decisão empírica do designer/engenheiro ou operador, devido ao tipo de material, dimensão e precisão. Este artigo apresenta um método para tomada de decisão que auxilia a escolha da tecnologia de prototipagem rápida mais adequada na concepção de novos produtos. Foram utilizados os conceitos de DFM (Design for Manufacturing), CAD (Computer Aided Design), RPD (Rapid Product Development) e MAUT (Multiattribute Utility) em dois produtos de diferente estrutura e material (composto leve e simples maciço) para avaliar e validar o método proposto. Os resultados apresentam comparações entre as tecnologias de prototipagem rápida a partir de critérios para tomada de decisão, aperfeiçoando a concepção de protótipos mais eficientes. The prototyping of products by additive material (Rapid Prototyping) and by subtractive material (Subtractive Rapid Prototyping) technology can vary in: quality, time and costs, depending on the product characteristics. The selection of technology often is conditioned to the designer/engineer or operator empirical decision due to the type of material, size and accuracy. This paper presents a method for decision making to assist the best choice of rapid prototyping technology on new product conception. We used the concepts of design for manufacturing (DFM), rapid product development (RPD) and computer aided design (CAD) for two products of different structure and material (lightweight dual and simple solid) to evaluate and validate the proposed method. The results show comparisons between the rapid prototyping technologies based on decision making, improving the conception of most efficient prototype.
Ferreira, Maria Engracinda dos Santos and Silva, Luiz Felipe Coutinho Ferreira da
Boletim de Ciências Geodésicas. June 2014 20(2):411-426
GEOCHEMISTRY & GEOPHYSICS, REMOTE SENSING, Tactile Cartography, Tactile Maps, Rapid Prototyping, Visually Impaired People, Cartografia Tátil, Mapa Tátil, Prototipagem Rápida, and Pessoas com Deficiência Visual
No Brasil, as matrizes necessárias para a reprodução de mapas táteis ainda são produzidas de modo artesanal e demorado. Este artigo apresenta uma proposta de confeccionar matrizes táteis a partir de diferentes tecnologias de prototipagem rápida e determinar a sua viabilidade na automação do processo de fabricação das matrizes táteis. Primeiro foi realizada uma revisão na literatura sobre o assunto para verificar, dentro dos processos de prototipagem existentes, quais podem ser utilizados na confecção de matrizes táteis, principalmente quanto a capacidade da matéria-prima em resistir à pressão e altas temperaturas durante o processo de produção dos mapas finais. Apesar destes requisitos operacionais constituírem uma desvantagem em termos de equipamento especializado, o principal ganho no emprego destes poderá ser obtido pela garantia de geração de matrizes idênticas e flexibilidade na escolha de padrões. Os primeiros protótipos foram produzidos em poliuretano, pó de gesso e Uriol, em dois processos: impressoras 3D e máquinas fresadoras. As matrizes foram feitas apenas com o uso da fresadora, com poliuretano e MDF como matéria-prima. Foram conduzidos testes de percepção tátil pelo revisor de Braille do Instituto Benjamin Constant, seguindo metodologia padrão adotada pela instituição em todos os materiais produzidos. In Brazil, the matrices required for the reproduction of tactile maps still favor a craft production and time-consuming. This article presents one proposal to manufacture tactile arrays from different techniques and rapid prototyping technology and to determine the feasibility of rapid prototyping in the automation of the manufacture process of tactile arrays. First, a revision of the literature on the subject was done, within the existing prototyping processes which can be used for making tactile arrays, especially regarding the ability of the raw materials on resist pressure high temperatures, during the production of the final maps. Despite the fact that these operational requirements constitute a disadvantage in terms of specialized equipment, the main gain in employment of these can be got by ensuring a generation of identical matrices and flexibility in the choice of tactile patterns. The first prototypes were made of different materials (polyurethane, plaster dust and Uriol) using two processes: 3D printers and milling machine. The matrices were made only with the use of the milling machine, using polyurethane and MDF. Tactile perception test were done by the reviewer Braille Institute Benjamin Constant, observing the standard methodology adopted by the institution in all materials produced.