Linan, Lamia Zuniga, Lima, Nadson Murilo Nascimento, Benatti, Carol, Xavier, Mariana, Rodrigues, Ana A., Manenti, Flavio, Jardini, Andre, Maciel Filho, Rubens, and Gilioli, Rovilson
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology. January 2018 61
BIOLOGY, PMMA, synthesis, cytotoxicity, viability, and mesenchymal cells.
A cytotoxicity study is performed on a poly(methyl methacrylate) polymer (PMMA) to be used for the fabrication of bone tissue by Rapid Prototyping (RP). The solution polymerization is conducted in a pilot plant reactor using more appropriated reagents in consideration of the medical application. Moreover, the polymer is efficiently handled to avoid the side effect of the monomer, reducing the concentration of this specie to 287,731 µg MMA/kg PMMA. The cytotoxicity of the polymer is determined through growth monitoring, adherence and morphology of L-929 cells. Additionally, MTT and LIVE/DEAD tests are performed. The results showed continuous and progressive growth of the cells on the surface of the specimens. Moreover, the material did not influence on the viability of mesenchymal cells and inverted fluorescence microscopy images showed a polyanionic dye calcein well retained in the cells in contact with the PMMA as well as the negative control after 72 hours. Thus, the polymer was efficiently synthesized and handled for the expected demands.