IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering. Feb 1988, Vol. 14 Issue 2, p211, 17 p. chart Fuels sales (modified).
Information Systems, Decision Support Software, Operations Research, Technology, New Technique, Maintenance, Support Services, Systems Analysis, and System Design
It is shown that systems maintenance activity in large information systems would benefit greatly if the process knowledge reflecting the teleology of a design could be captured. It could be used to anticipate the consequences of changing conditions or requirements. Representation and Maintenance of Process knowledge (REMAP) is a formalism that accumulates design process knowledge to manage systems evolution. REMAP acquires and maintains dependencies among the design decisions made during a prototyping process and learns general domain-specific design rules on which the dependencies are based. The knowledge is applicable to prototype refinement, systems maintenance, and the reuse of existing design or software fragments to construct similar ones with analogical reasoning techniques.
MIS Quarterly. Dec 1988, Vol. 12 Issue 4, p550, 19 p. chart The cabinet decision-making process before IDSC.
Decision Support Software, Executive, Information Systems, Requirements Analysis, Strategic Planning, Implementation, Study, Egypt, and Politics
This paper provides a new approach for managing the design and delivery of information and decision support systems for strategic decision making. It draws on experiences gained from implementing systems and services for enhancing the strategic decision-making process of the the Cabinet of Egypt. The article challenges the conventional views of conceptualizing decision support systems and methods for managing them. It introduces an 'issue-based' management method for the design and delivery processes. The distinctive features of this approach include a focus on issues rather than decisions, a distinction between information support services and decision support services, prototyping the management of delivery as well as design, and dynamic tracking back-end. Finally, the article compares the conventional and issue-based DSS approaches. Such a comparison suggests that the issue-based approach can be an effective stepping stone for the design and delivery of executive information systems (EIS) in corporate contexts by providing DSS that are 'EIS-ready.' (Reprinted with permission of the publisher)