Blum, David, Jorissen, Filip, Huang, Sen, Arroyo, Javier, Benne, Kyle, Li, Yanfei, Gavan, Valentin, Rivalin, Lisa, Helsen, Lieve, Vrabie, Draguna, Wetter, Michael, and Sofos, Marina
Advanced control strategies are becoming increasinglynecessary in buildings in order to meet and balancerequirements for energy efficiency, demand flexibility,and occupant comfort. Additional development andwidespread adoption of emerging control strategies,however, ultimately require low implementation costs toreduce payback period and verified performance to gaincontrol vendor, building owner, and operator trust. Thisis difficult in an already first-cost driven and risk-averseindustry. Recent innovations in building simulation cansignificantly aid in meeting these requirements andspurring innovation at early stages of development byevaluating performance, comparing state-of-the-art tonew strategies, providing installation experience, andtesting controller implementations. This paper presentsthe development of a simulation framework consisting oftest cases and software platform for the testing ofadvanced control strategies (BOPTEST - BuildingOptimization Performance Test). The objectives andrequirements of the framework, components of a test case,and proposed software platform architecture aredescribed, and the framework is demonstrated with aprototype implementation and example test case.
Chung, Philip, Heller, J Alex, Etemadi, Mozziyar, Ottoson, Paige E, Liu, Jonathan A, Rand, Larry, and Roy, Shuvo
Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE, iss 88
Vagina, Humans, Silicone Elastomers, Equipment and Supplies, Computer-Aided Design, Female, Printing, Three-Dimensional, Bioengineering, Issue 88, liquid injection molding, reaction injection molding, molds, 3D printing, fused deposition modeling, rapid prototyping, medical devices, low cost, low volume, rapid turnaround time, Cognitive Sciences, Biochemistry and Cell Biology, and Psychology
Biologically inert elastomers such as silicone are favorable materials for medical device fabrication, but forming and curing these elastomers using traditional liquid injection molding processes can be an expensive process due to tooling and equipment costs. As a result, it has traditionally been impractical to use liquid injection molding for low-cost, rapid prototyping applications. We have devised a method for rapid and low-cost production of liquid elastomer injection molded devices that utilizes fused deposition modeling 3D printers for mold design and a modified desiccator as an injection system. Low costs and rapid turnaround time in this technique lower the barrier to iteratively designing and prototyping complex elastomer devices. Furthermore, CAD models developed in this process can be later adapted for metal mold tooling design, enabling an easy transition to a traditional injection molding process. We have used this technique to manufacture intravaginal probes involving complex geometries, as well as overmolding over metal parts, using tools commonly available within an academic research laboratory. However, this technique can be easily adapted to create liquid injection molded devices for many other applications.
Coalgebraic models, Prototyping, and Higher-order programming
Construction and observation are two basic notions in Computer Science corresponding to precise dual mathematical concepts: those of algebra and coalgebra. This paper introduces a simple coalgebraic model for concurrent processes and discusses its animation in the declarative language Charity. It is argued that the ability to reason in an uniform way about data and behaviour, provides an unifying approach to functional prototyping of software speci cations.
Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes 4 – Conference Proceedings, vol 1, iss 1
Active optics, adaptive optics, Giant Magellan Telescope, phasing, and dispersed fringe sensor
The future diffraction-limited performance of the 25.4 meter Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT) will rely on the activeand adaptive wavefront sensing measurements made by the Acquisition, Guiding, and Wavefront Sensor (AGWS)currently being designed by SAO. One subsystem of the AGWS, the phasing camera, will be responsible for measuringthe piston phase difference between the seven GMT primary/secondary segment pairs to 50 nm accuracy with full skycoverage using natural guide stars that are 6-10 arcmin off-axis while the on-axis light is used for science operations.The phasing camera will use a dispersed fringe sensor to measure the phase difference in rectangular subaperturesspanning the gaps between adjacent mirror segments. The large gap between segments (>295 mm, compared to 3 mmfor the Keck telescope) reduces the coherence of light across the subapertures, making this problem particularlychallenging. In support of the AGWS phasing camera technical goals, SAO has undertaken a series of prototypingefforts at the Magellan 6.5 meter Clay telescope to demonstrate the dispersed fringe sensor technology and validateatmospheric models. Our latest on-sky test, completed in December 2015, employs a dual-band (I and J) dispersedfringe sensor. This prototype uses an adaptive optics corrected beam from the Magellan AO adaptive secondary system.The system operates both on-axis and 6 arcmin off-axis from the natural guide star feeding the MagAO wavefrontsensor. This on-sky data will inform the development of the AGWS phasing camera design towards the GMT first light.
Meruje, Manuel, Samaila, Musa Gwani, Franqueira, Virginia, Freire, Mario, and Inácio, Pedro R. M.
Internet of Things, Design, Prototyping, IoT hardware development platforms, Arduino, and Raspberry Pi
The dramatic drop in the price of computing hardware, coupled with the recent breakthroughs in embedded systems design that enabled the integration of high-level software and low-level electronics, have created a paradigm shift in embedded systems development. This has led to the development of different varieties of user-friendly Internet of Things (IoT) hardware development platforms for IoT prototyping. The ubiquity of such prototyping platforms has undoubtedly contributed towards the explosive growth of the IoT, which is already seeping into all areas of human endeavor, including transportation, logistics, business, and healthcare. Building IoT projects that can be controlled over the Internet can be challenging, especially for beginners. This chapter discusses the design and development of prototypes for IoT applications with focus on Arduino and Raspberry Pi platforms. The aim is to provide insightful information on best practices for designing and prototyping IoT projects, as well as to serve as step-by-step guidelines for beginners.
Silva, Ana Rita, Santos, Fernando, Espírito Santo, António, Páscoa, J. C., and Fael, Cristina Maria Sena
Renewable Energy, Energy Maximization, Optimization of Integrated Systems, and Prototyping
Currently, the concept of smart cities and renewable energy are more consolidated and developed. With each passing day, new technological advances are emerging within both themes. At the same time, the water sector has becoming increasingly demanding in terms of quality and compliance with all existing legislation. That said, it is understandable that both sectors and their management entities come together in search of more sustainable operations that go against the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, decentralization of energy production and the improvement of efficiency, quality and use of resources. It is important to understand the synergies between water and energy to contradict what has been said so far about the increasing demand for energy, its exponential trend and the negative repercussions on freshwater resources. As such, this article aims to address the interconnection between both sectors to promote alternative scientific and technological improvements to the management and development of Integrated Water-Energy systems, while studying the dynamics between the theoretical development of the problem and the challenges of prototyping of such complex systems in real and urban context.
Mechanical engineering, 3D User Interface, Computer Aided Design, Finite Element Analysis, Product Developement, Virtual Reality, and Virtual Reality Aided Design
Computer Aided Design and Engineering (CAD/ CAE) tools currently available in the market have dramatically improved since their inception. In product development, CAD/ CAE has enabled the user to design, test, analyze and optimize the product virtually even before the first prototype is built. Use of direct modeling for product conceptualization allows the designer to create concept design iterations freely, quickly, flexibly and fast optimization. While modeling geometric databases have been 3D since long time, the interaction technology still uses 2D input devices like mouse, with Virtual Reality (VR) as a standalone visualization tool. Over the years, it has been recognized that the conventional 2D input devices for entering 3D shape information makes the interaction cumbersome and negatively affect creativity. This research focuses on design of virtual reality based user interface for automotive chassis designVirtual reality based user interface is developed to iteratively design and prototype various automotive chassis concepts. The tools for ergonomic analysis and center of mass visualization enable the user to rapidly optimize the design in VR. The VR environment is interfaced with commercial finite element software to test the design concepts for structural integrity. Virtual constrains aid modeling tasks and minimize the processing effort required on the conceptual model to a parametric model.The thesis is concluded with a preliminary cognitive walkthrough study. The VR based user interface can allow the user to rapidly test various design concepts quickly, and flexibly. The user interface can reduce the concept to market time, enhance creativity, and reduce the total cost of product development. This interface can be a stepping stone for the future VR based CAD interfaces.