Galvin, M., Delacroix, Christian, Limbach, M. A., Groff, T., Rizzo, M., Jeremy Kasdin, N., Barto, A. A., Breckinridge, J. B., Stahl, H. P., NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration, sponsor, The Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE), sponsor, and GSFC - Goddard Space Flight Center, sponsor
Rapid-prototyping a tabletop integral field spectrograph. Proceedings of SPIE: The International Society for Optical Engineering, 11115.SPIE. (2019).
IFS, Integral field spectrograph, Optomechanics, PISCES, Rapid prototype, Rapid prototyping, WFIRST, Data mining, NASA, Space telescopes, Spectrographs, Data cube, Data pipelines, ITS data, Parallel path, Engineering, computing & technology :: Aerospace & aeronautics engineering, and Ingénierie, informatique & technologie :: Ingénierie aérospatiale
design, utopia, alteration, prototyping, progetto, and alterazione
The purpose of this paper is to re-explore the relationship between utopia and architecture, trying first and foremost to challenge the way utopia has been conceived by architectural thought: i.e., as the prefiguration of a future seen as an ‘otherness’ distinct from the present, as far as the totality of its spatial, social, and political dimensions are concerned. Such vision – as we will argue – turns out to be deeply linked to a design logic of ‘projection’ and ‘prescription’; this, however, is not the only possible logic of design. Through a reflection upon some contemporary architectural practices, we will try to highlight a new horizon for design action, in which even utopia abandons its traditional ‘projective’ role and takes on a new meaning: rather than being the non-place of a possible future, utopia stands for what doesn’t have place in the present but can emerge from its alteration. Such notion of utopia as a form of ‘situated critique’, in a concrete space and time, helps to dig more deeply into the political potential of many contemporary forms of architectural and urban design. Il proposito di questo contributo è tornare a esplorare la relazione tra utopia e architettura, cercando innanzitutto di mettere in questione il modo in cui l’utopia è stata concepita tradizionalmente nel pensiero architettonico: vale a dire, come la prefigurazione di un futuro concepito come alterità rispetto al presente, nella totalità delle sue dimensioni spaziali, sociali e politiche. Tale visione - come si cercherà di illustrare - è intimamente legata a una certa logica “proiettiva” e “prescrittiva” che, tuttavia, non è l’unica logica possibile del progetto. Attraverso una riflessione su alcuni modi del progetto di architettura contemporaneo, si cercherà infatti di mettere in evidenza una nuova logica progettuale, in cui anche l’utopia abbandona il suo carattere proiettivo tradizionale per acquisire un nuovo senso: non più il non-luogo di un futuro possibile, bensì ciò che non ha luogo nel presente e che può tuttavia emergere dalla sua alterazione. Questa nozione di utopia come “critica situata” concretamente in uno spazio e in un tempo aiuta a comprendere più in profondità il potenziale politico di molte delle forme contemporanee di progetto architettonico e urbano.
In this paper, we describe a teaching and research experiment which has beentaking place in two Faculties of Architecture in Belgium for the last five years. This experiment focuses ondiscovering and exploring new design issues based on digital concepts and aims identifying andcharacterizing the design praxis shifts (mutations) by the digital culture integration. More precisely, thisexperiment aims at having students discovering and exploring design issues in the first stage of virtual(parametric) model elaboration including fabrication possibilities within its own internal logic.
Delvaux, Fréderic, Faculté d'architecture ULg, sponsor, and Unité de Recherches de la Faculté d'Architecture - URA, research center
design framing, experimentation, algorithmic thinking, design and build, Engineering, computing & technology :: Architecture, and Ingénierie, informatique & technologie :: Architecture
As teachers in a Belgian Faculty of Architecture, we present a learning-by-doing workshop experience.It aims to achieve on one hand the design and the building of a prototype of kinetic and adaptive architectural skin and on the other hand to develop a design frame.Using an advanced educational process as a guide line, based on designing / prototyping we discuss what accurate knowledges and specific skills are needed to perform a usable and relevant modeling associated to an appropriate production method.We demonstrate how incorporate complexity into the design space, and develop an accurate help for creative thinking, especially to manage a kinetic architectural object.
Conservation Biology. Dec2019, Vol. 33 Issue 6, p1448-1450. 3p. 1 Black and White Photograph.
Wildlife recovery, Conservation of natural resources, Rapid prototyping, Python programming language, Programming languages, Scientific community, and Social acceptance
Rapid prototyping of decision-support tools for conservation A list of alternative web-application development tools that may be useful for conservation scientists is available in Supporting Information. 1 Article impact statement: Web-application development frameworks enable the creation of decision-support tool prototypes for actionable conservation science. [Extracted from the article]
Energy Technology. Jun2020, Vol. 8 Issue 6, p1-10. 10p.
Carbon-black, Carbon nanotubes, Energy density, Small-angle neutron scattering, Lithium-ion batteries, Multiwalled carbon nanotubes, and Nuclear activation analysis
This article is devoted to the laboratory technology aspects of high areal capacity electrode (more than 5 mAh cm−2) fabrication using carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as conductive additives and LiFePO4 as an active material. The influence of electrode slurry rheological properties and electrode composition on its areal (mAh cm−2), volumetric (mAh cm−3), and gravimetric (mAh g−1) capacity, and C‐rate performance has been studied. Using the small‐angle neutron scattering technique, it is shown that the CNT network embedded in the electrode layer provides greater wettability by an electrolyte compared with carbon black used as conductive additive. The practical applicability of the considered electrode technology is approved on a pouch cell prototype with a capacity of approximately 1.9 Ah and specific energy density of 150 Wh kg (cell)−1/295 Wh L (cell)−1. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Elsen, Catherine, Häggman, Anders, Tomonori, Honda, Yang, Maria C., and The work described in this paper was supported in part by the National Science Foundation under Award CMMI-1130791; by the IK Investment Fund / The League of Finnish American Societies, the Fulbright-Technology Industries of Finland Grant co-funded with the Federation of Finnish Technology Industries, the Finnish Foundation for Technology Promotion, the Finnish Cultural Foundation, the Emil Aaltonen Foundation grant (for Anders Häggman) and by the Belgian American Education Foundation (for Catherine Elsen)., sponsor
Proceedings of the ASME 2012 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference (pp. 11). ASME (2012).
sketching, prototyping, best practice, Engineering, computing & technology :: Multidisciplinary, general & others, Ingénierie, informatique & technologie :: Multidisciplinaire, généralités & autres, Engineering, computing & technology :: Mechanical engineering, and Ingénierie, informatique & technologie :: Ingénierie mécanique
Sketching and prototyping of design concepts have long been valued as tools to support productive early stage design. This study investigates previous findings about the use and timing of use of such design tools. This study considers such tools in the context of team design projects. General trends and statistically significant results about “sketchstorming” and prototyping suggest that, in certain constrained contexts, the focus should be on the quality of information rather than on the quantity of information generated, and that prototyping should begin as soon as possible during the design process. Ramifications of these findings are discussed in the context of educating future designers on the efficient use of design tools.