International Journal of Sustainable Engineering. Aug-Oct2017, Vol. 10 Issue 4/5, p207-214. 8p.
Fashion, Rapid prototyping, and New product development
In this paper, coming out of a broader research project on how the digital prototype can be effectively integrated in the product development process of the clothing industry, the authors investigate the relationship between Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and Collective Actions on Sustainability and the environmental impact of the new model of fast and accelerating fashion. Extensive research was contacted with personal interviews and analysed primary data shows how new technology solutions like Product Lifecycle Management (PLM), 3D visualisation or 3D prototyping can work with and across supply chain partners to reduce the environmental footprint of their processes. The final phase of the paper involves the conceptualisation of a new apparel product development model, encompassing various digital tools which aim at addressing fit problems, extending the useful life of clothes and reducing the environmental impact of clothing in use through design and services. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Ameta, Gaurav, Mani, Mahesh, Rachuri, Sudarsan, Feng, Shaw C., Sriram, Ram D., and Lyons, Kevin W.
International Journal of Sustainable Engineering. Dec2009, Vol. 2 Issue 4, p241-251. 11p.
Manufacturing processes, Carbon, Materials analysis, Industrial engineering, and Rapid prototyping
The objective of this research paper is to explore and develop a new methodology for computing carbon weight (CW) - often referred to as carbon footprint, in manufacturing processes from part level to assembly level. In this initial study, we focused on machining operations, specifically turning and milling, for computing CW. Our initial study demonstrates that CW can be computed using either actual measured data from process level information or from initial material and manufacturing process information. In mechanical design, tolerance analysis principles extend from design to manufacturing and tolerances accumulate for parts and processes. By extending this notion to CW, we apply mechanical tolerancing principles for computing worst case and statistical case CW of a product. We call this the CW tolerance approach (CWTA). Two case studies demonstrate the computation of CW. Based on the tolerance allocation concepts; CW allocation is also demonstrated through specific redesign examples. CWTA helps in identifying carbon intensive parts/processes and can be used to make appropriate design decisions. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Management of national parks & reserves, Wildfires, and Social processes
There are many challenges in managing a national park in the common interest. In Podocarpus National Park (PNP), we identified three kinds of problems. First are problems about biophysical entities (e.g., trees, forests, wildlife, fire, water, and so on). Second are problems about how people interact with one another (e.g., social process—participants, perspectives, values). Third are problems about how people make decisions (e.g., the process of gathering information, debating it, deciding, implementing the decision, appraising accomplishments, and ending the process). We used “problem orientation” to understand and address these three classes of problems. Problem orientation is a form of rationality that helps people clarify their goals, identify what problems stand in their way, and what alternatives exist to achieve goals and solve problems. This strategy requires users to be clear about their goals, historical trends, explanations and conditions behind trends, future projections, problem definitions, and alternatives to solve identified problems. We explore three options for improved PNP management policy. First is the status quo option. Second is active use of problem orientation by leaders to more clearly understand challenges and identify management options. Third is to target key management decision-making processes and improve or upgrade them. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Management of national parks & reserves, Social context, and Poaching
The establishment of Podocarpus National Park (PNP), Ecuador, created a new social context (process) in which people interact. The outcomes and effects of this process determine the management policy for the park and surrounding buffer zone. Social process is the interaction of people as they influence the actions, plans, or policies of other people, even if they are unaware of each other. This process is made up of participants with varying perspectives, interacting in situations, seeking values, using strategies to achieve outcomes that have effects. Our rapid assessment (March 10-19, 2005) gave us an introduction to this dynamic context in PNP and these seven variables. Our initial assessment suggests there are procedural problems with how people interact with one another (e.g., poor communication, limited data sharing, conflict), leading to content problems managing the biological features of the park (e.g., orchid poaching, illegal logging, fires). We suggest that participants in PNP develop their own social process map, work to build new cooperative partnerships, and use prototyping to improve finding social process outcomes in the interest of all participants in the arena. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Conservation of natural resources, Decision making, and Social interaction
Successful conservation is as much about people and how they make decisions as it is about flora and fauna. Just as it is possible for a practitioner to systematically understand the biophysical patterns and processes of a natural resource issue, there are methods to systematically understand patterns of human interactions and the processes of decision making that affects these issues. Understanding these patterns and processes can unearth more effective interventions to improve management and policy. We use case material from a rapid assessment of Podocarpus National Park (PNP), Ecuador (March 10-19, 2005) to introduce a proven framework that is systematic yet flexible, designed to understand patterns of human interactions (arenas) and decision making. While outlining this framework, we begin to create a narrative map of how people interact and how the decision-making process occurs around PNP. We suggest that participants involved in the conservation of PNP use such a framework to better understand the situation in which they find themselves. In reference to our initial assessment of PNP, we suggest the concept of prototyping, particularly through community-based initiatives, as a tool to help improve arenas and decision making. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
This introduction first describes the context of La Amistad Biosphere Reserve and surrounding areas. Secondly, it examines natural resource problems present in the region and the concepts of sustain- ability, the common interest, and innovation through prototyping briefly. Third, it briefly describes our Yale University course, our analytic approach, and the field trip itself. The eleven papers in this volume, including the introduction and synthesis, describe results of our course and field trip in 2002. Combined, these papers are descriptive, analytical, and offer practical recommendations to improve decision making and management policy in regards to sustainability efforts in La Amistad, Bocas del Toro, Panama and Talamanca, Costa Rica regions. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Natural resources management, Conservation of natural resources, and Ecotourism
The Panama Canal is inextricably linked to the Watershed which contains it. Effective policy is critical to manage this resource efficiently. Currently, a myriad of divisions along socio-political, organizational and technical lines are hindering integration of practical knowledge and policy experience. This lack of integration is resulting in inefficient management of the natural resources of the Panama CanalWatershed. This paper will rely on the policy sciences framework to describe, analyze and address this problem. It will begin by highlighting important organizations and their efforts in the Panama Canal Watershed, to understand the social context. Next, the trends and conditions which have shaped the problem will be described, to provide a historical context and help make projections for the future. Finally, alternatives will be presented to address the problem. Some of these options include: prototyping exercises to build practice-based experience, workshops designed to teach integration skills and to provide acommon experience base for the participants, and an information coordinator to equalize the flow of information between organizations. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]