Obesity, Fitness & Wellness Week. April 18, 2020, 2735
Nova Southeastern University, Cancer -- Reports, Biological markers -- Reports, Biological markers -- Research, Physical fitness -- Research, Physical fitness -- Reports, Microfluidics -- Reports, and Microfluidics -- Research
2020 APR 18 (NewsRx) -- By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Obesity, Fitness Wellness Week -- Investigators publish new report on cancer biomarkers. According to news reporting originating from [...]
Bare PCBs are the foundation of any electronic device. With the increasing role of electronics in everyday life, including mobile phones, self-driving and electric cars, home automation and especially IoT, [...]
Modern Machine Shop. Jan 2019, Vol. 91 Issue 8, p98, 5 p.
COMPANY Lumenium LLC PROBLEM Long lead times hampered product development SOLUTION Studio System from Desktop Metal RESULTS Produced parts cheaper, faster and lighter than traditional machining The ability to rapidly [...]
Defense AT & L. May-June, 2017, Vol. 46 Issue 3, p30, 5 p.
United States. Department of Defense -- Innovations, United States. Army. Acquisition Corps -- Innovations, United States. Army -- Innovations, Soldiers, and Rapid prototyping
As technological advancements increasingly render once cutting-edge capabilities obsolete in just a few years, the Army's ability to maintain technological overmatch, and ultimately combat overmatch, is inextricably bound up in [...]
The article informs that rapid prototyping plays a critical role in the development of various consumer products. One might think that with today's high-end computer-aided design systems and high-resolution display screens, a product can be designed and assembled correctly in virtual space, then communicated to a factory and mass-produced at the touch of a button. Product development today always keeps the consumer in mind. In focus groups, ideation groups, and ethnography studies, the invited participants prefer to see and feel real products, not just look at computer-generated images. To refine the feel of a product, its ergonomic aspects must be evaluated, including the position and shape of handgrips, buttons, screens, dials, and ports. The overall development cycle is short. Creating a prototype--or rather a series of prototypes--is critical. Some markets change so quickly that toy makers in particular create two models--one that "works like" and one that "looks like"--before compressing all design considerations and iterations into a single footprint and launching into mass production in late summer.
Appliance Design. July 2018, Vol. 66 Issue 7, p20, 5 p.
Time to market, Product development, 3D printing, and Machining
Using rapid prototyping to manufacture parts to test for component fit and function can help get your product to market faster than your competition. Adjustments in design, materials, size, shape, [...]
Shalpegin, Timofey, Sommer, Svenja, and Wan, Zhixi
Production and Operations Management. March 2018, Vol. 27 Issue 3, p496, 20 p.
Cost reduction and Cost control -- Analysis
Byline: Timofey Shalpegin, Svenja Sommer, Zhixi Wan Keywords: collaborative prototyping; parallel and sequential testing; supplier involvement; target costing Prototyping allows firms to evaluate the technical feasibility of alternative product designs and to better estimate their costs. We study a collaborative prototyping scenario in which a manufacturer involves a supplier in the prototyping process by letting the supplier make detailed design choices for critical components and provide prototypes for testing. While the supplier can obtain private information about the costs, the manufacturer uses target costing to gain control over the design choice. We show that involving the supplier in the prototyping process has an important influence on the manufacturer's optimal decisions. The collaboration results in information asymmetry, which makes parallel prototyping less attractive and potentially reverses the optimal testing sequence under sequential prototyping: It may be optimal to test designs in increasing order of attractiveness to avoid that the supplier does not release technically and economically feasible prototypes for strategic reasons. We also find that the classical target costing approaches (cost- and market-based) need to be adjusted in the presence of alternative designs: Due to the strategic behavior of suppliers, it is not always optimal to provide identical target costs for designs with similar cost and performance estimates, nor to provide different target costs for dissimilar designs. Furthermore, the timing is important: While committing upfront to carefully chosen target costs reduces the supplier's strategic behavior, in some circumstances, the manufacturer can take advantage of this behavior by remaining flexible and specifying the second prototype's target costs later. CAPTION(S): Appendix A: Detailed Derivations. Appendix B: Numerical Analysis.