Industrial research, Rapid prototyping, Manufacturing processes, Printing industry, Time to market (New products), Computer-aided design, Printers (Persons), Printing machinery & supplies, and Agile manufacturing systems
The article discusses a research paper which focuses on how to gain agility through rapid prototyping technology in a manufacturing environment by using a 3D printer. It aims to investigate the adoption of rapid prototyping (RP) technology using three dimensional (3D) printer for infusing agility in traditional manufacturing environment. It reports an original research in which the practicality of using 3D printer is investigated with the objective of enabling the traditional manufacturing companies to imbibe agile characteristics. Findings are discussed which suggests that sensitization of the industry captains and employees of traditional manufacturing sector is the imperative for exploiting the power of 3D printer and achieving mass customization.
Rapid prototyping, Prototypes, Job analysis, and Manufacturing processes
Purpose ? Rapid prototyping (RP) technology is playing an important role in new product development but, because of the RP machines' costliness, many enterprises, especially those small and medium-sized enterprises, cannot afford them. Accordingly, in this paper, a web-based tele-manufacturing service system for RP is proposed, which enables geographically dispersed enterprises to share RP machines. Design/methodology/approach ? The system is composed of three parts: online commerce, online manufacturing service, and online data management. In addition, several distinctive supporting software packages are provided, which afford great convenience to enterprises to get RP services. Findings ? It is validated that the system can result in substantial saving in the cost and product development time. Practical implications ? The system is also a good reference for other similar shared resources. Originality/value ? The system embodies the new notion that an enterprise's full-course participation in the manufacturing service, and the rapidness of manufacturing, embody the full course of RP manufacturing service and not merely the manufacturing process itself. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
The article presents a knowledge-based view on conceptual framework for prototyping outsourcing in new product development. It aims to propose a conceptual framework for prototyping outsourcing. It provides guidelines for new product development managers in order to mitigate the risks associated with outsourcing and achieve effective prototyping. Results are discussed which identifies three factors including degree of the prototyping to core competence, prototyping complexity, and supplier's capability of providing knowledge and speed for prototyping and three types of risks including losing control over suppliers, dependency on suppliers, and supplier's lack of capabilities for prototyping outsourcing decisions.
Three-dimensional printing, Scientometrics, and Microstructure
Purpose Additive manufacturing has achieved rapid development in recent years. The purpose of this paper is to visualize the intellectual landscapes of additive manufacturing and identify the hotspots and emerging trends of additive manufacturing, which can provide references for scholars, enterprises and governments to promote the development of theory and practice in the additive manufacturing field.Design/methodology/approach Science mapping is a fast-growing interdisciplinary field originated in information science and technology. Based on this methodology, guided by a computational approach, the paper visualizes the co-occurring keywords network and co-citation references network by CiteSpaceIII software to explore the hotspots and emerging trends of additive manufacturing by the following five indicators: highly cited keywords, burst keywords, clusters, landmark references and burst references.Findings “Additive manufacturing,” “3D printing,” “3D powder printing,” “consolidation phenomena,” “microstructure,” “rapid prototyping,” etc., are the main hotspots of additive manufacturing. The trends of additive manufacturing generally consist of three stages: the fundamental concepts stage from 1995 to 2000 (“rapid prototyping,” “additive manufacturing,” etc.), the approaches and techniques applications stage from 2001 to 2010 (“stereolithography,” “scaffold,” etc.), and the emerging trends stage from 2011 to the present (“stem cell”, “selective laser,” “ti-6al-4v,” etc.). The research is most abundant in 2010 and 2012. The medical field is an important hotspot of additive manufacturing. Additive manufacturing has been researched in interdiscipline.Originality/value The paper maps the perspective of additive manufacturing and explore the hotspots and emerging trends of additive manufacturing. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Manufacturing processes, Commercial products, Rapid prototyping, and Creative ability
Purpose ? The purpose of this paper is to discuss a holistic framework for guiding applied research within the field of new product development. This work is a precursor to developing a framework for undertaking lean product lifecycle management (PLM). Design/methodology/approach ? The research approach taken in this work has been based around theory development from a review and synthesis of a range of primary industry cases, practical approaches and partial solutions available within the existing literature. Findings ? The result is a six-step theoretical framework that can be used as a point of reference for academics discussing the development of systemic approaches to the subject, as well as those from industry searching for a framework for their new product development activity. At this point the framework as a whole has not been tested, although each of the various elements has been successfully applied in isolation. The implications of this paper are that the existing technical product development literature has a number of gaps and weaknesses. These include, but are not limited to: a propensity to be functionally myopic, tending to be mostly dominated by marketing or quality/engineering perspective; a lack of focus on the human aspects of product development and a lack of focus on real world environments that often involve a high volume of medium to low innovation products being developed simultaneously. Research limitations/implications ? Owing to space limitations, we have not covered in detail the wider process of lean PLM which will be covered in future work Originality/value ? The originality of this paper is not in its constituent framework elements but more in its synthesis of existing best practice from industry, consultancy and academia into a coherent framework for the achievement of effective lean PLM. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Manufacturing processes, Product management, Rapid prototyping, and New product development
This paper considers organisations that have adopted the new product development (NPD) process to improve their innovative capabilities. It aims to bring an understanding of the underlying characteristics that may contribute to the degrees of success or failure of NPD within organisations. The paper presents a diagnostic tool described as the "innovation compass" that allows the comparison of empirical findings from case studies. In this paper the innovation compass will be used to illustrate the findings from two case studies which differ on certain characteristics. It permits the quantitative data gathered from the research to be directly compared, facilitating organisations to benchmark. The qualitative data substantiate and elaborate on the quantitative findings, providing a contextual understanding of the companies' product development process. The paper concludes that understanding the context is an important factor in ensuring an effective NPD process. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Management, Risk management in business, Cost effectiveness, and Industrial engineering
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to describe new methods to manage variation in complex manufacturing process chains and to show synergies between the variation risk management (VRM) and six-sigma approaches. Design/methodology/approach - The research methodology was experimental prototyping conducted in collaboration with industry partners. A prototype IT system was developed and tested to implement the approach. A quality cost-based system was used to assess variation at each operation stage, for every product characteristic. Findings - A comprehensive approach to the management of manufacturing variation is introduced, based on a new process risk matrix which can be used to specify an individual variation risk for every manufactured characteristic, throughout a manufacturing process chain. The approach has been implemented in a prototype software system and is aimed at the complex products such as those manufactured by the aerospace industry. Research limitations/implications - The IT approach described was developed during the research and is not commercially available. Practical implications - Manufacturing industry should be able to use this approach, in particular the process risk matrix concept, to develop more effective management of product variation and resultant cost, in complex process chains. Originality/value - The paper describes a novel approach to combine VRM and six-sigma concepts, and introduces the process risk matrix as a structure to understand process variation. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]