COVID-19 pandemic, POSTAL service -- United States, POSTAL workers, and DOMESTIC economic assistance
The article reports on the impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on the United States Postal Service. It mentions the financial effect of an enormous drop in the amount of mail sent, efforts to get additional economic assistance from the U.S. government, and the response of the American Postal Workers Union to protect its members.
Niska, Miira, Prakash, K. C., Siukola, Anna, Kosonen, Hanna, Luomanen, Jari, Lumme-Sandt, Kirsi, Neupane, Subas, Nikander, Pirjo, and Nygård, Clas-Håkan
Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies; 2020, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p19-39, 21p
JOB satisfaction, POSTAL service, EMPLOYEE reviews, RETIREMENT age, and EMPLOYEES
While policymakers emphasize the need to delay retirement age, numerous traditional industries, among them postal services, emphasize the need for employee downsizings. These can be contradictory needs. Downsizings can reduce work life satisfaction (WLS) among workers, and reduced WLS can decrease willingness to delay retirement age. In this cross-sectional study, we explore WLS trajectories of former postal service workers by analyzing quantitative survey data (N = 201) and qualitative interview data (N = 40). In the data, workers aged 50-67 years evaluate their lifelong work satisfaction. The results of the quantitative and the qualitative study complement and mirror each other. Same trajectories of WLS were identified in both data. One-third of the survey respondents reported decreasing WLS, which according to the qualitative data relates to employee downsizings. The article highlights the importance of acknowledging contextual elements of work satisfaction measurement and the benefits of combining methodological traditions to understand the longer-term dynamics involved. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Features ON MARCH 23, DEMOCRATIC HOUSE committee chairs Carolyn Maloney and Gerry Connolly called attention to an increasingly dire emergency. Its power to force refunds of excess profits - vigorously opposed by business - enhanced the effectiveness of the 1940 excess profits tax and was consolidated by the Renegotiation Act of 1942. Today's progressive Democrats should be at least as bold as Wilson, Roosevelt, and Harry Truman and draft a new excess profits tax bill in the House, with Amazon particularly in mind. [Extracted from the article]
Journal of Business & Accounting; Fall2019, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p19-35, 17p
POSTAL service, PRESIDENTS of the United States, COST accounting, and GOVERNMENT corporations
A concern has been raised by the President of the United States about the United States Postal Service (USPS) charging significantly discounted prices on the packages it ships for Amazon.com, Inc. Also, there were other critics of USPS's special package delivery pricing practices for Amazon, United Parcel Service (UPS), and Federal Express Corporation (FedEx). This paper describes how the USPS uses very sophisticated cost accounting, statistical, and other approaches to make sure its competitive products cover all their relevant costs and make an appropriate contribution towards covering institutional common costs. Market conditions are carefully considered in determining the prices of competitive products, including providing volume and other discounts to high volume customers, such as Amazon, UPS, and FedEx. It does seem that the concern expressed over the pricing of USPS competitive products is more appropriately directed towards the declining market for its market-dominant products. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
The article presents a report of the U.S. Government Accountability Office recommending the Congress to enable a sustainable business model. Topics include examination of issues faced by United States Postal Service (USPS), identification of how domestic businesses and foreign posts have addressed serious challenges; and consideration of financial self-sustenance for postal services.
Linnarsson, Magnus and Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen
Scandinavian Journal of History. 37(3):296-316
Humanities, History and Archaeology, History, Humaniora, Historia och arkeologi, Historia, Sweden, state, administration, postal service, early modern, lease contract, transaction costs, political transaction costs, organizational history, and historia
This article deals with the privatization of the Swedish postal service in the 1660s. In 1663 the Swedish state signed a lease contract for the management of the kingdom's postal service, handing over the leadership of the post to the nobleman Johan von Beijer. The purpose of this article is to show how the early modern Swedish state used private alternatives in executing its undertakings. An analysis of Johan von Beijer's lease contract will serve as an illuminating example of what such a private alternative might be. In order to answer the question of what influenced the choice of organization form, transaction cost theory is applied. Based on the analysis of the contract, and the negotiations between Beijer and the state, this article is able to complement and show the nuances of how the early modern Swedish state functioned in practice.
Allison, J.R., Currie, C., Trainor, J., Corson, M., and Durham, J.
Oral Surgery (1752-2471); Aug2019, Vol. 12 Issue 3, p224-229, 6p
PATIENT satisfaction, POSTAL service, PERIODONTAL splints, TOOTH abrasion, TEMPOROMANDIBULAR disorders, and RESPONSE rates
Aim: Occlusal splints are an effective intervention for temporomandibular disorders, and are often used in tooth wear, for protection of extensive adhesive restorations, and as a means of applying medications to gingival conditions. Patients may be required to attend a second appointment to fit the device after impressions are taken, however, some units may send the device in the post once constructed. These appliances rarely require modification to fit and are not occlusally adjusted. The aim of the present study was to assess patients' satisfaction with a postal system for soft splints. Methods: 100 consecutive patients who had been issued with a soft occlusal splint by post immediately prior to August 2015 were sent a questionnaire assessing their satisfaction with receiving the splint in this manner. Results: The response rate was 42%. 93% of respondents reported that their splint fitted correctly and 98% reported that they had used it, with the mean length of wear being 8.7 weeks (SD: 5.7). 81% of patients reported that the splint helped "a lot" or "a little". 83% of patients reported being "very happy" or "happy", and 15% were "not bothered" about not seeing a clinician. Conclusions: Our results would suggest that patients are generally pleased with receiving a splint in the post. This system may allow reduced demand on services and may reduce out of pocket and time costs incurred to patients. The low response rate however may affect generalisability. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
POSTAL service -- United States, BUSINESS revenue, CUSTOMER services, and COST
The article reviews the opportunities to enhance the value of the U.S. Postal Service (USPS) retail facilities such as post offices. Topics discussed include information on costs, revenues, and other benefits associated with USPS's retail facilities; suggestion for offering additional nonpostal products and services that could help USPS generate revenue; focus on enhance convenience for customers.
PRIVATIZATION -- United States, POSTAL service -- United States, LABOR unions -- United States, and LABOR arbitration -- United States
The United States Postal Service (USPS), the second largest employer of civilians in the United States, has been the focus of attempts to restructure the workforce and privatize its activities. The four unions which represent those employed by the USPS have been working together to resist these efforts. Recently, results of arbitration and proposed legislation have given some reason for optimism. The rate of union density within the postal service as well as the potential for private-sector profit making, however, means that it is likely that such struggles will continue. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
SANTA Claus, CHRISTMAS, POSTAL service, POPULAR culture, and INFLUENCE (Literary, artistic, etc.)
The French postal service has been opening a bureau for Father Christmas every winter since 1962. Sixty employees are responsible for responding to letters to Father Christmas. In 2018, more than one million children corresponded with him. But what would happen if someone were to write to Father Christmas, developing a close epistolary relationship with him? This short story explores such a scenario. Pierre M. and Father Christmas have during many years maintained regular and personal correspondence. Yet Father Christmas's attitude seems to have changed. Pierre M. reveals the evolution of their secret relationship to his mysterious friend. On substance, the short story offers an original perspective on modern marketplace mythologies. Previous studies depict myths as liminal spaces in which people negotiate contradictory meanings, practices and realities. The myth of Father Christmas thus involves compromises between ignorance and knowledge, life and death, the sacred and the profane. The short story tells how they evolve to define the identity of the protagonists and the world they live in. It highlights how they are embodied in hybrid artefacts like letters to Father Christmas and extraordinary servicescape. The short story also questions the performative force of the myth. It shows that it results from the interpretative work and ritual practices of the protagonists involved in an unstable actantial system structured around an enlightened person, an ignorant person and a mythical character. This is constantly negotiated throughout sociotechnical interactions, which, as in the case of witchcraft, may or may not realize the myth. On form, the short story adopts the principle of the eternal return inherent to the myth: it is plotted as a series of small variations on recurring themes and structural repetitions. Intertextual references to academic publications, literary tradition and popular culture enrich the narrative by extending it beyond its textual boundaries. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
SOCIAL & economic rights, POSTAL service, POLLING places, PRIMARIES, and PARIS Agreement (2016)
Neither Snow nor Rain nor Covid-19 Re "How to Save the Postal Service", by Mike Davis [April 20/27]: Thanks to The Nation for recognizing the US Postal Service as an essential public service as it carries on undaunted through the coronavirus contagion. The voters have made clear that he is their choice, but one doesn't need to be a Biden supporter to grasp the reality that the next administration will be either Biden's or an extension of Donald Trump's. If Biden defeats Trump, I will be at the head of the queue demanding that The Nation return to illuminating Biden's regressive policy positions and helping hold his administration accountable. [Extracted from the article]