Salow, Katheryn R., Cohen, Adam C., Bristow, Claire C., McGrath, Mark R., and Klausner, Jeffrey D.
PLoS ONE. Dec 14, 2017, Vol. 12 Issue 12, e0189515
United States. Postal Service -- Services, Medical tests -- Usage, Medical tests -- Comparative analysis, Postal service -- Usage, Postal service -- Research, Sexually transmitted diseases -- Diagnosis, and Sexually transmitted diseases -- Research
Author(s): Katheryn R. Salow 1,*, Adam C. Cohen 1, Claire C. Bristow 2, Mark R. McGrath 1, Jeffrey D. Klausner 3,4 Introduction Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) infections [...] Objectives To evaluate the concordance between clinic-collected extra-genital specimens and self-collected mailed-in extra-genital specimens among participants seeking sexually transmitted infection testing at a free clinic in Hollywood, CA. Methods A convenience sample of 210 men who have sex with men were enrolled between February 29, 2016 and December 21, 2016 and received mail-in testing kits for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG). All testing was performed using the GeneXpert#174; CT/NG (Cepheid, Sunnyvale, CA). Results From the 210 mail-in kits distributed, 149 mail-in kits (71.0%) were returned to the laboratory, resulting in 145 pairs (clinic-collected and mail-in) of rectal test results and 148 pairs of pharyngeal test results for both CT and NG detection. The concordance was 95.0% for all CT rectal tests, 99.3% for all CT pharyngeal tests, 95.7% for all NG rectal tests, and 97.2% for all NG pharyngeal tests. Conclusion Roughly two-thirds of mail-in test kits were returned and concordance was generally high, however more than one-third of positive results were missed in mail-in samples. The prevalence of potential false-negative results among mail-in samples warrants caution when implementing mail-in STI testing strategies.
BMC Infectious Diseases. Dec 5, 2018, Vol. 18 Issue 1
HIV infection -- Risk factors, MSM (Men who have sex with men) -- Health aspects, Blood -- Medical examination, and Blood -- Usage
Author(s): Misao Takano[sup.1], Kohta Iwahashi[sup.2], Ikuo Satoh[sup.3], Junko Araki[sup.2], Takuya Kinami[sup.2], Yuzuru Ikushima[sup.3], Toshiya Fukuhara[sup.3], Hiroo Obinata[sup.4], Yasuyo Nakayama[sup.4], Yoshimi Kikuchi[sup.5], Shinichi Oka[sup.5] and [sup.] Background According to the current [...] Background Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at high risk of HIV infection. However, there are only few data on HIV prevalence in MSM in Japan. The objective of this study was to explore the HIV prevalence in MSM at Shinjuku 2-chome, a well known gay quarter in Tokyo. Methods MSM directly collected the dried blood spot (DBS) self-collection HIV test kit from a drop-in center in Shinjuku 2-chome between August 2015 and December 2016. The participants collected their own blood by finger-prick and anonymously posted the kit to the laboratory. The participants accessed the study website and checked the results of their tests using unique ID and password. DBS was soaked in phosphate buffered saline overnight and the eluted sample was examined by the fourth generation HIV Ag/Ab test of LUMIPULSE (FUJIREBIO INC.), and followed by HISCL (Sysmex Corp.) when the first assay was positive. The result was defined provisionally positive if both were positive. Results A total of 1702 HIV test kits were distributed and 1403 DBS were returned (return rate: 82.4%). Since 20.2% of participants collected the test kit more than once, the estimated number of actual test kit users was 1120. Based on the results of the test kit, 34 cases were provisionally diagnosed with HIV. The estimated prevalence was 3.04% (95% confidence interval: 2.03-4.04). Of these 34, 24 (70.6%) were later confirmed to be HIV-positive in the hospital, while the remaining 10 were lost to follow-up. Among the participants, 34.5% received HIV test for the first time. Especially in those aged 20-29, 46.0% were first time HIV testers. Conclusions The prevalence of HIV infection in the study population was 3.04%. The high collection suggested a demand for this type of testing in MSM. The test should be expanded further to difficult-to-reach or hidden populations. Trial registration This study was registered with the University Hospital Medical Information Network Clinical Trial Registry in August 20th, 2015 (Registry number: UMIN000018699). Keywords: HIV prevalence, MSM, Dried blood spot, Self-collection kit
Mayer, Joni A., Slymen, Donald J., Clapp, Elizabeth J., Pichon, Latrice C., Eckhardt, Laura, Eichenfield, Lawrence F., Elder, John P., Sallis, James F., Weinstock, Martin A., Achter, April, Balderrama, Cynthia, Galindo, Gabriel R., and Oh, Sam S.
The American Journal of Public Health. March 2007, Vol. 97 Issue 3, p559, 7 p.
Letter carriers -- Health aspects, Postal service -- Officials and employees, Sun exposure -- Health aspects, and Occupational health and safety
Objectives. We examined whether US Postal Service letter carriers who received a sun safety intervention would wear wide-brim hats and sunscreen significantly more often than those who did not receive the intervention. Methods. We used a 2-group randomized design with 2662 evaluation cohort participants from 70 US postal stations. Evaluations were conducted at baseline, 3 months, 1 year, and 2 years. Questionnaire items assessed occupational use of sunscreen and wide-brim hats. The 2-year sun safety intervention included the provision of wide-brim hats, accessible sunscreen, reminders, and 6 educational sessions. Results. At the 3-month follow-up evaluations, the odds ratio (OR) for regular sunscreen use was 2.8 times higher among the intervention group than among the control group (95% confidence interval [CI]=2.2, 3.5); at the 2-year follow-up evaluations, the rate was still significantly higher (OR = 2.0; 95% CI= 1.6, 2.6). Intervention group participants also had significantly higher rates of hat use, with the differences remaining consistent across all follow-ups (OR=2.9; 95% CI =2.3, 3.6). Conclusions. The intervention should be disseminated to postal stations nationwide and possibly to other occupational groups that work outdoors. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2005.083907
Although considerable experience had been gained during the 1914–18 War in connection with the conduct of Army postal activities, very little information was available in the early stages of the Second World War. The functions, etc., of most of the other arms of the Service were covered by textbooks, but little information of value was to be fo...
Modern Healthcare. May 3, 2010, Vol. 40 Issue 18, 22
Health care industry, Health care industry -- Public opinion, Health care industry -- Services, Postal service -- Public opinion, Health care reform -- Political aspects, and Health care reform -- Social aspects
The sound bites should still sound familiar. It wasn't that long ago, near the height of last summer's town-hall furor over what would become of our country if Congress had [...]
Stace, Nita Rubina, 1896-1940, Taylor, Olive, active 1910, Horses, New Zealand, Northland Region, Letter carriers, Uniform, Letters, Postal service, Employees, Rural women, Women, and Employment
Paranui to Mangonui postal service, circa 1910. Shows Nita Lomba on horseback, with a sack of mail, delivering/uplifting? a letter from Mrs Olive Taylor. Photograph likely to have been taken by Arthur James Northwood. Source of descriptive information - Women identified by Library client Quantity: 1 b&w original negative(s). Physical Description: Film negative
Compliance Week. May 2010, Vol. 7 Issue 76, p62, 2 p.
Chief compliance officers -- Interviews
In the latest of our conversations with compliance and governance executives, we talk with Steven Phelps, manager of the Sarbanes-Oxley implementation program now underway at the U.S. Postal Service. The [...]
Photograph taken by the Steffano Webb Photographic Studio, Christchurch. Source of descriptive information - Negative register and inscriptions on negative. Quantity: 1 b&w original negative(s). Physical Description: Dry plate glass negative, 6.5 x 8.5 inches
Environmental Health Perspectives. Sept, 2001, Vol. 109 Issue 9, A419, 1 p.
Quiet, clean, ultramodern vans are making their way into California and D.C. neighborhoods as part of the U.S. Postal Service's efforts to make its 200,000-vehicle fleet as environmentally beneficial and [...]