Journal of Business & Accounting. Fall2019, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p19-35. 17p.
Postal service, Cost accounting, Government corporations, and Presidents of the United States
A concern has been raised by the President of the United States about the United States Postal Service (USPS) charging significantly discounted prices on the packages it ships for Amazon.com, Inc. Also, there were other critics of USPS's special package delivery pricing practices for Amazon, United Parcel Service (UPS), and Federal Express Corporation (FedEx). This paper describes how the USPS uses very sophisticated cost accounting, statistical, and other approaches to make sure its competitive products cover all their relevant costs and make an appropriate contribution towards covering institutional common costs. Market conditions are carefully considered in determining the prices of competitive products, including providing volume and other discounts to high volume customers, such as Amazon, UPS, and FedEx. It does seem that the concern expressed over the pricing of USPS competitive products is more appropriately directed towards the declining market for its market-dominant products. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Labor unions -- United States, Privatization -- United States, Postal service -- United States, and Labor arbitration -- United States
The United States Postal Service (USPS), the second largest employer of civilians in the United States, has been the focus of attempts to restructure the workforce and privatize its activities. The four unions which represent those employed by the USPS have been working together to resist these efforts. Recently, results of arbitration and proposed legislation have given some reason for optimism. The rate of union density within the postal service as well as the potential for private-sector profit making, however, means that it is likely that such struggles will continue. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
COVID-19 pandemic, Postal workers, Domestic economic assistance, and Postal service -- United States
The article reports on the impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on the United States Postal Service. It mentions the financial effect of an enormous drop in the amount of mail sent, efforts to get additional economic assistance from the U.S. government, and the response of the American Postal Workers Union to protect its members.
Scheduling, Postal service, Express service (Delivery of goods), Trucks, and Conveying machinery
The distribution networks of the postal service industry are organized according to the hub-and-spoke paradigm, so that parcel distribution centers play a crucial role to consolidate the parcel flows to full truckloads. In these terminals, inbound trucks are unloaded at gates, shipments are identified, sorted by the central sortation conveyor system, and loaded into outbound trailers, in which they are moved toward their next destination. In this context, the scheduling of inbound trucks, which assigns a gate and a processing interval to each truck, is an essential operational decision problem. We formalize the resulting optimization problem and provide suited solution procedures. Furthermore, we test the impact of truck scheduling on the sortation performance of the central conveyor system with the help of a comprehensive terminal simulation. The online appendix is available at . [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Bloomberg Businessweek. 9/7/2020, Issue 4670, p55-59. 5p. 3 Black and White Photographs.
Postal voting, Postal service -- United States, United States presidential election, 2020, and Ballots
The article reports on the state of the U.S. Postal Service and its role in voting by mail. It mentions the appointment of Louis DeJoy as postmaster general, his actions that have created delays in the delivery of mail, and whether this will affect the ballots being sent by mail.
Industrial relations, Postal service, Labor policy, Organizational structure, Labor unions, Labor, and Executive orders
Examining in the concrete the increasingly important labor relations problems of government employees, this article describes labor-management relations in the United States PoStal Service, both historically and as recently affected by the two executive orders of January 1962, relating to personnel and labor relations in the executive branch of the federal government. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Wage laws, Postal workers, Wage differentials, Minimum wage, and Pay equity
Federal law requires that the U.S. Postal Service pay wages comparable to those paid in the private sector. The authors argue that the appropriate test of that concept is a comparison of the wages paid to all comparably skilled workers, not only to white male workers in the private sector. By that standard, the authors conclude, from an analysis of CPS data, that in 1978 postal workers enjoyed a 21 percent wage advantage. They also point to the low quit rates and long employment queues in the Postal Service as evidence confirming that the wage of postal workers is well above that of comparable workers elsewhere. The authors predict that since the mail transmission market has become increasingly competitive, either the wage advantage of postal workers will decline or postal Jobs will continue to shift to the private sector. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]