PRIVATIZATION, POSTAL service, LABOR unions -- United States, LABOR arbitration, and UNITED States
The United States Postal Service (USPS), the second largest employer of civilians in the United States, has been the focus of attempts to restructure the workforce and privatize its activities. The four unions which represent those employed by the USPS have been working together to resist these efforts. Recently, results of arbitration and proposed legislation have given some reason for optimism. The rate of union density within the postal service as well as the potential for private-sector profit making, however, means that it is likely that such struggles will continue. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
SCHEDULING, POSTAL service, EXPRESS service (Delivery of goods), TRUCKS, and CONVEYING machinery
The distribution networks of the postal service industry are organized according to the hub-and-spoke paradigm, so that parcel distribution centers play a crucial role to consolidate the parcel flows to full truckloads. In these terminals, inbound trucks are unloaded at gates, shipments are identified, sorted by the central sortation conveyor system, and loaded into outbound trailers, in which they are moved toward their next destination. In this context, the scheduling of inbound trucks, which assigns a gate and a processing interval to each truck, is an essential operational decision problem. We formalize the resulting optimization problem and provide suited solution procedures. Furthermore, we test the impact of truck scheduling on the sortation performance of the central conveyor system with the help of a comprehensive terminal simulation. The online appendix is available at . [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
POSTAL service, INDEPENDENT contractors, CARRIERS, and UNITED States
The article offers insights on Amazon Flex, a service in which independent contractors take delivery routes to supplement UPS, FedEx and the postal service in the U.S. Topics discussed include the requirements for joining Flex, how deliveries are accomplished, and how much the drivers make for each delivery are presented. Flex drivers Cory Moll, Beth Davis-Sramek, and Cleaven Smith share their thoughts on the benefits of doing the job.
Journal of the Operational Research Society. Jul2018, Vol. 69 Issue 7, p1061-1076. 16p.
CROSS-docking (Logistics), POSTAL service, TRUCK loading & unloading, INVENTORY control, and COMPUTATIONAL complexity
In cross-docks, incoming shipments are unloaded, moved across the facility, and loaded into outbound trucks, such that truck load factors are increased and transportation costs are reduced. In this context, we treat the question which outbound destinations should share a dock if not enough docking space is available to process each destination via its separate dock door. We aim at a partition of destinations (among docks), such that fixed processing intervals do not overlap and the maximum inventory accumulating in the staging areas is minimized. We define the resulting dock sharing problem specifically addressing the peculiarities of the postal service industry, investigate computational complexity, and provide solution procedures. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
INDUSTRIAL relations, POSTAL service, LABOR policy, ORGANIZATIONAL structure, LABOR unions, LABOR, and EXECUTIVE orders
Examining in the concrete the increasingly important labor relations problems of government employees, this article describes labor-management relations in the United States PoStal Service, both historically and as recently affected by the two executive orders of January 1962, relating to personnel and labor relations in the executive branch of the federal government. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
WAGES -- Law & legislation, POSTAL workers, WAGE differentials, MINIMUM wage, and PAY equity
Federal law requires that the U.S. Postal Service pay wages comparable to those paid in the private sector. The authors argue that the appropriate test of that concept is a comparison of the wages paid to all comparably skilled workers, not only to white male workers in the private sector. By that standard, the authors conclude, from an analysis of CPS data, that in 1978 postal workers enjoyed a 21 percent wage advantage. They also point to the low quit rates and long employment queues in the Postal Service as evidence confirming that the wage of postal workers is well above that of comparable workers elsewhere. The authors predict that since the mail transmission market has become increasingly competitive, either the wage advantage of postal workers will decline or postal Jobs will continue to shift to the private sector. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
(Bloomberg) -- Royal Mail Plc workers voted to strike, potentially throwing the world's oldest postal service into disarray and jeopardizing attempts to drive growth. Royal Mail, which was publicly owned for almost five centuries, is battling with the shift to online messaging from letters and is seeking a greater share of the growing market for parcels. [Extracted from the article]
Washington Monthly. Apr-Jun2019, Vol. 51 Issue 4-6, p39-43. 5p. 1 Color Photograph.
FINANCIAL crises, INFRASTRUCTURE (Economics), UNITED States, and DEMOCRACY -- United States
The article discusses that the U.S. Congress plunged the U.S. Postal Service into a financial crisis and suggests how to let it thrive again. Topics include with its massive infrastructure network, post offices could revolutionize how the people in the U.S. perform a variety of essential tasks, from voting to paying taxes to banking, and tapping into this network has the potential to revitalize both the Postal Service and the democracy in the U.S.