Blum, David, Jorissen, Filip, Huang, Sen, Arroyo, Javier, Benne, Kyle, Li, Yanfei, Gavan, Valentin, Rivalin, Lisa, Helsen, Lieve, Vrabie, Draguna, Wetter, Michael, and Sofos, Marina
Advanced control strategies are becoming increasinglynecessary in buildings in order to meet and balancerequirements for energy efficiency, demand flexibility,and occupant comfort. Additional development andwidespread adoption of emerging control strategies,however, ultimately require low implementation costs toreduce payback period and verified performance to gaincontrol vendor, building owner, and operator trust. Thisis difficult in an already first-cost driven and risk-averseindustry. Recent innovations in building simulation cansignificantly aid in meeting these requirements andspurring innovation at early stages of development byevaluating performance, comparing state-of-the-art tonew strategies, providing installation experience, andtesting controller implementations. This paper presentsthe development of a simulation framework consisting oftest cases and software platform for the testing ofadvanced control strategies (BOPTEST - BuildingOptimization Performance Test). The objectives andrequirements of the framework, components of a test case,and proposed software platform architecture aredescribed, and the framework is demonstrated with aprototype implementation and example test case.
Chung, Philip, Heller, J Alex, Etemadi, Mozziyar, Ottoson, Paige E, Liu, Jonathan A, Rand, Larry, and Roy, Shuvo
Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE, iss 88
Vagina, Humans, Silicone Elastomers, Equipment and Supplies, Computer-Aided Design, Female, Printing, Three-Dimensional, Bioengineering, Issue 88, liquid injection molding, reaction injection molding, molds, 3D printing, fused deposition modeling, rapid prototyping, medical devices, low cost, low volume, rapid turnaround time, Cognitive Sciences, Biochemistry and Cell Biology, and Psychology
Biologically inert elastomers such as silicone are favorable materials for medical device fabrication, but forming and curing these elastomers using traditional liquid injection molding processes can be an expensive process due to tooling and equipment costs. As a result, it has traditionally been impractical to use liquid injection molding for low-cost, rapid prototyping applications. We have devised a method for rapid and low-cost production of liquid elastomer injection molded devices that utilizes fused deposition modeling 3D printers for mold design and a modified desiccator as an injection system. Low costs and rapid turnaround time in this technique lower the barrier to iteratively designing and prototyping complex elastomer devices. Furthermore, CAD models developed in this process can be later adapted for metal mold tooling design, enabling an easy transition to a traditional injection molding process. We have used this technique to manufacture intravaginal probes involving complex geometries, as well as overmolding over metal parts, using tools commonly available within an academic research laboratory. However, this technique can be easily adapted to create liquid injection molded devices for many other applications.
Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes 4 – Conference Proceedings, vol 1, iss 1
Active optics, adaptive optics, Giant Magellan Telescope, phasing, and dispersed fringe sensor
The future diffraction-limited performance of the 25.4 meter Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT) will rely on the activeand adaptive wavefront sensing measurements made by the Acquisition, Guiding, and Wavefront Sensor (AGWS)currently being designed by SAO. One subsystem of the AGWS, the phasing camera, will be responsible for measuringthe piston phase difference between the seven GMT primary/secondary segment pairs to 50 nm accuracy with full skycoverage using natural guide stars that are 6-10 arcmin off-axis while the on-axis light is used for science operations.The phasing camera will use a dispersed fringe sensor to measure the phase difference in rectangular subaperturesspanning the gaps between adjacent mirror segments. The large gap between segments (>295 mm, compared to 3 mmfor the Keck telescope) reduces the coherence of light across the subapertures, making this problem particularlychallenging. In support of the AGWS phasing camera technical goals, SAO has undertaken a series of prototypingefforts at the Magellan 6.5 meter Clay telescope to demonstrate the dispersed fringe sensor technology and validateatmospheric models. Our latest on-sky test, completed in December 2015, employs a dual-band (I and J) dispersedfringe sensor. This prototype uses an adaptive optics corrected beam from the Magellan AO adaptive secondary system.The system operates both on-axis and 6 arcmin off-axis from the natural guide star feeding the MagAO wavefrontsensor. This on-sky data will inform the development of the AGWS phasing camera design towards the GMT first light.
Mechanical engineering, 3D User Interface, Computer Aided Design, Finite Element Analysis, Product Developement, Virtual Reality, and Virtual Reality Aided Design
Computer Aided Design and Engineering (CAD/ CAE) tools currently available in the market have dramatically improved since their inception. In product development, CAD/ CAE has enabled the user to design, test, analyze and optimize the product virtually even before the first prototype is built. Use of direct modeling for product conceptualization allows the designer to create concept design iterations freely, quickly, flexibly and fast optimization. While modeling geometric databases have been 3D since long time, the interaction technology still uses 2D input devices like mouse, with Virtual Reality (VR) as a standalone visualization tool. Over the years, it has been recognized that the conventional 2D input devices for entering 3D shape information makes the interaction cumbersome and negatively affect creativity. This research focuses on design of virtual reality based user interface for automotive chassis designVirtual reality based user interface is developed to iteratively design and prototype various automotive chassis concepts. The tools for ergonomic analysis and center of mass visualization enable the user to rapidly optimize the design in VR. The VR environment is interfaced with commercial finite element software to test the design concepts for structural integrity. Virtual constrains aid modeling tasks and minimize the processing effort required on the conceptual model to a parametric model.The thesis is concluded with a preliminary cognitive walkthrough study. The VR based user interface can allow the user to rapidly test various design concepts quickly, and flexibly. The user interface can reduce the concept to market time, enhance creativity, and reduce the total cost of product development. This interface can be a stepping stone for the future VR based CAD interfaces.
Staadt, Oliver G., Näf, M., Lamboray, Edouard, and Würmlin, S.
We present JAPE, a flexible prototyping system to support the design of a new advanced collaborative virtual environment. We describe the utilization of different hard- and software components to quickly build a flexible, yet powerful test bed for application and algorithm development. These components include a 3-D rendering toolkit, live video acquisition, speech transmission, and the control of tracking and interaction devices. To facilitate the simultaneous design of applications and algorithms that take advantage of unique features of new collaborative virtual environments, we provide the developer with a flexible prototyping toolkit which emulates the functionality of the final system. The applicability of JAPE is demonstrated with several prototype applications and algorithms.
Thoen, Bart, Callebaut, Gilles, Leenders, Guus, and Wielandt, Stijn
Sensors (Basel, Switzerland), vol 19, iss 3
Arduino, IoT, LPWAN, LoRaWAN, low power, prototyping platform, sensor node, Analytical Chemistry, and Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Many commercial platforms for fast prototyping have gained support for lpwan technologies. However, these solutions do not meet the low-cost and low-power requirements for a large-scale distribution of battery-powered sensor nodes. This paper presents the design, realization and validation of an open-source lpwan versatile platform. Energy and cost are considered key constraints for this hardware design. A power-efficient LoRa radio interface is implemented by hosting MAC functionality on the application microcontroller, eliminating the need for a modem. In the system architecture, power and cost savings are obtained by omitting and controlling lossy power circuitry. The resulting platform allows entry-level prototyping, while featuring an ultra-low sleep power of 25.2 μ W . This makes lpwan sensor applications accessible in domains that would otherwise require custom hardware development. The proposed design is validated by an illustrative but functional example of sensor nodes deployed in the field.