International Journal of the Arts in Society; 2011, Vol. 5 Issue 5, p117-128, 12p, 1 Illustration, 2 Diagrams, 1 Chart
WOMEN in music and 19TH century music
Throughout the 19th century, the idealized German maiden was molded in the vein of Goethe's Gretchen and praised for her innocence. Literature and art emphasized her purity and lack of artifice by associating her with elements of nature, such as flowers. Literary critics, and to some extent art historians, have acknowledged the societal significance of these types of female figures, noting that such characters modeled behavior that the 19th century extolled as the embodiment of German womanhood. By contrast, musicologists have been slow to explore the societal implications of this character. This paper begins to explore how similar gentle, submissive maidens were portrayed in lieder, beginning with the early 19th century songs of Friedrich Heinrich Himmel. Later songs, including those by Schumann and Brahms portrayed similar maidens, and in some cases these works resembled Himmel's in that they drew on elements of folk music to emphasize the girls' innocence and grace. In the last decades of the century, new images of cosmopolitan young women began to appear in literature and the visual arts. Lieder were also influenced by this transformation and more sexually experienced female characters are vividly portrayed in the music of Hugo Wolf. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Journal of Music Theory; Fall2007, Vol. 51 Issue 2, p187-210, 24p
MUSICA ficta, CHROMATICISM (Music theory), MUSICAL intervals & scales, SONGS, MUSICAL analysis, MUSIC theory, and HERMENEUTICS
This article analyzes Hugo Wolf's Auf eine Christblume I and II in relation to Robert Bailey's concept of the "double-tonic complex." These songs project an intricate pairing of D and F# tonalities that often result in various hexatonic relationships. My interpretation associates the D/F# complex with the central poetic subject: the Christmas rose. The article introduces Wolf's setting, reevaluates Bailey's idea, and offers an in-depth hermeneutic analysis of the two songs. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Music Analysis; Oct2006, Vol. 25 Issue 3, p289-314, 26p
MUSIC theorists, MUSIC theory, MUSICAL analysis, and REPETITION in music
The songs of Hugo Wolf continue to intrigue music theorists, not least because of their characteristic fusion of traditional tonal conventions with sophisticated chromatic processes. This article analyses a particularly intricate example: ‘Mühvoll komm ich und beladen’ from the Spanisches Liederbuch. The song projects a complex pattern of tonal relationships that reinforces an obsessive sense of repetition and circularity – issues that are explicit in the song's poetic text. The present reading engages a number of external sources, including the philosophy of Nietzsche, the operatic figure of Kundry and the myth of Sisyphus. These elements provide a series of cultural co-ordinates that together serve to illuminate primary facets of the song's structure, including its formal design and distinctive harmonic syntax. Each of these topics is considered in the service of a larger, overriding purpose: to reveal the ways in which the composer seeks to characterise sin and spiritual torment using techniques of cyclic organisation. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Journal of the Royal Musical Association; 2000, Vol. 125 Issue 2, p271, 16p
LITERARY form and SONGS
Reflects the nature and genre in Hugo Wolf's setting of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's Der Sanger. Highlights on the myths surrounding the myths of the early writing of Wolf; Underestimation on the complexity of the Lieder; Disturbance of Romantic conceptions of the luric.
Presents the criticism of composer Hugo Wolf to the `Lieder' of composer Johannes Brahms. Criticism for Brahms to appear in `Wiener Salonblatt'; Comment of Wolf to the Lieder to be based on different conceptions; Failure to acknowledge the impact of Lieder.
CONFERENCES & conventions and THEATER -- Congresses
Information about several papers discussed at the conference "Adapting Byron" held at the Byron Center, University of Manchester, England from December 4-5, 2008 is presented. Topics include various adaptations of George Gordon Byron's "Hebrew Melodies," intertextual resonance of his life and works, and influence of his work on music, theatre, dance, and fine arts. The conference featured several speakers including Robert Schumann, Hugo Wolf and Charles Ives.