Stini, Naya A., Gkizis, Petros L., and Kokotos, Christoforos G.
Green Chemistry; 9/7/2022, Vol. 24 Issue 17, p6435-6449, 15p
ORGANIC solvents, PEPTIDES, POISONS, FIELD research, RESEARCH teams, ORGANIC synthesis, and SOLVENTS
Dihydrolevoclucosenone (Cyrene is its market name) is a biomass-derived solvent that can be produced in only two steps from biomass, while being biodegradable, non-mutagenic and non-toxic. Its "green" profile combined with its physical properties makes Cyrene a plausible substitute for a number of widely used toxic organic solvents. The first attempt to assess Cyrene as a solvent dates back to 2014 and since then, numerous research groups have opted for this promising alternative. Cyrene has successfully been employed as a solvent in materials chemistry, peptide chemistry, organic synthesis and many more research fields, which are going to be discussed in the context of this review. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
COMPOSITION of water, POLYMERS, CATALYSTS, INORGANIC chemistry, and POWER resources
The article discusses research on how the light-induced splitting of water into oxygen and hydrogen generates storable polymers and chemical fuels that could be used to address the world's energy demands. Particular attention is also given to the use of inorganic materials as semiconductor catalysts for such splits.
Chemistry - A European Journal; 1/26/2021, Vol. 27 Issue 6, p1865-1869, 5p
SUSTAINABLE chemistry, ORGANIC synthesis, CHEMICAL engineering, CHEMICAL processes, INORGANIC chemistry, AMMONIUM sulfate, and METHACRYLATES
Keywords: green chemistry; industrial chemistry; organic synthesis; synthetic methods EN green chemistry industrial chemistry organic synthesis synthetic methods 1865 1869 5 01/29/21 20210126 NES 210126 B Making industry greener b : Many principles for the economic production of organic bulk chemicals, the syntheses of which have potentially the highest environmental impact, currently overlap with principles of green chemistry. For about 93 % of the 250 million tons organic chemicals produced annually by oxidation, oxygen is used as the oxidant, in most cases in combination with catalysts to achieve appropriate selectivities. I Addressed Principles of Green Chemistry: Prevent Waste, Atom Economy, Reduce Derivatives, Catalysis vs. Getting Greener: Propylene Oxide O SB 2 sb is not always the most efficient oxidant, as shown in the different synthetic routes to valuable propylene oxide (Scheme 4). The chlorohydrin process uses chlorine and produces CaCl SB 2 sb as the by-product and is therefore not that green. This would allow the entry into a circular economy.[18, 19] Certain initiatives involving large chemical producers were recently started to introduce a circular economy based on chemcycling in order to replace the current linear use of feedstocks. Greener alternatives should also be as economic as possible. [Extracted from the article]
Efficient conversion of light from short wavelengths to longer wavelengths using color conversion layers (CCLs) underpins the successful operation of numerous contemporary display and lighting technologies. Inorganic quantum dots, based on CdSe or InP, for example, have received much attention in this context, however, suffer from instability and toxic cadmium or phosphine chemistry. Organic nanoparticles (NPs), though less often studied, are capable of very competitive performance, including outstanding stability and water-processability. Surfactants, which are critical in stabilizing many types of nano-structures, have not yet been used extensively in organic NPs. Here we show the utility of surfactants in the synthesis and processing of organic NPs by thoroughly characterizing the effect of ionic and non-ionic surfactants on the properties of fluorescent organic NPs. Using this information, we identify surfactant processing conditions that result in nearly 100 % conversion of organic fluorophores into sub-micrometer particles, or nano-dots, with outstanding performance as CCLs. Such water dispersions are environmentally benign and efficiently convert light. They can be used for a range of fluorophores covering a full spectral gamut, with excellent color purity, including full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) values as low as 21 nm. Compared to inorganic (InP) reference CCLs, the organic nano-dot based CCLs show superior color conversion efficiency and substantially improved long-term stability. Compared to inorganic nanoparticles, organic nanoparticles aren't as well understood. Here the authors explore the use of surfactants to prepare organic semiconductor nanoparticles with outstanding photophysical properties. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
During the COVID-19 pandemic, various drug candidates have been developed, molnupiravir (MK-4482 and EIDD-2801), which is a new orally anti-viral agent under development for the treatment of COVID-19, is under study in the final stage of the clinical trial. Molnupiravir enhances the replication of viral RNA mutations in animals and humans. Due to the high demand for the synthesis of this drug, it was essential to develop an efficient and suitable synthetic pathway from raw material. In this study, molecular docking analysis on molnupiravir is examined also, the mechanism of action (MOA) and the recent synthetic pathway is reported. This review will be helpful to different disciplines such as medicinal chemistry, organic chemistry, biochemistry, and pharmacology. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
A pharmacophore system has been found as 1,2,3-triazole, a five-membered heterocycle ring with nitrogen heteroatoms. These heterocyclic compounds can be produced using azide-alkyne cycloaddition processes catalyzed by ruthenium or copper. The bioactive compounds demonstrated antitubercular, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antioxidant, antiviral, and antidiabetic properties. This heterocycle molecule, in particular, with one or more 1,2,3-triazole cores has been found to have the most powerful antifungal effects. The goal of this review is to highlight recent developments in the synthesis and structure-activity relationship (SAR) investigation of this prospective fungicidal chemical. Also there have been explained drugs and mechanism of action of a triazole compound with antifungal activity. This review will be useful in a variety of fields, including medicinal chemistry, organic chemistry, mycology, and pharmacology. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]