Software - Practice & Experience. June 1983, Vol. 13 Issue 6, p479
Prototype, Forms Design, System Development, and Forms
Prototypes are often used to evaluate the feasibility of doing a full design of a new mechanism. A prototype of an electronic form system is presented with a discussion of prototypes. The mechanism being explored is a high level form definition mechanism based on abstract data types in programming languages. The prototype provided better understanding of implementation and facilities of a form definition language. Statements of prototype objectives assisted in developing a successful prototype.
CORPORATE growth, RESOURCE-based theory of the firm, ORGANIZATIONAL structure, CHARTERS, and RESOURCE allocation
Research summary: Although most theories of growth presume that growth varies with the focus and limits of managerial attention, the actual role played by attention has remained largely implicit. In contrast, this article explicitly considers attention structure and the processes that place sustained focus on growth issues. We explain how attention structure—specialized attention within a particular unit and integrated attention between units—affects both bottom‐up (stimulus‐driven) and top‐down (schema‐driven) attentional processing of new issues. We also examine the relationship between attention structure and divisional interdependencies, identifying conditions under which different attentional patterns generate organizational tensions that lead to architectural elaboration: the delineation of new organizational units. This logic is illustrated with examples from Motorola, a large telecommunications equipment provider, during a period of sustained growth. In linking theories of growth with the attention‐based view (ABV), we augment both perspectives and offer an approach that provides a better understand growth's cognitive underpinnings. Managerial summary: We examine how, within a multi‐divisional firm, the pattern of organizational attention affects firm growth. We highlight the attention focus within and between divisions and the corporate office and specific processes that shape the intensity and direction of attention in the firm's constituent units. In particular, we examine how corporate interventions, appointment of managerial resources, prototyping, and corporate charters direct managerial attention and the identification and advancement new opportunities in support of growth. Our approach also considers how attention patterns and formal organizational structure interact to cause tensions between managers, and when these tensions lead to the delineation of new subunits. To illustrate our logic, we use examples drawn from Motorola, a large telecommunications equipment provider, during a period of sustained growth. Our approach offers managers insights into attentional design of the multi‐divisional firm. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
National Productivity Review. Winter, 1998, Vol. 18 Issue 1, p37, 6 p. 4
Hewlett-Packard Co. -- Production management, Computer peripherals industry -- Production management, Computer industry -- Production management, and Production management -- Methods
Hewlett-Packard's (HP) Printed Circuit Layout department at Lake Stevens Division has been blamed for delaying HP's time to market. Lake Stevens makes printed circuit assembly prototypes for HP's various products. It has been found that bottlenecks occur since prototyping is done late during the product development process and is outside the control of the project team. However, Lake Stevens managers decided to focus on business, technical and people issues to speed up the prototyping process. They also implemented concurrent engineering and used faster tools.
Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. Dec 2002, Vol. 53 Issue 14, p1192
Company Web site/Web page, Web site/Web page development, Information storage and retrieval -- Analysis, Web sites -- Usage, and Organizational communication -- Analysis
A study, which describes the user, interfaces for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) web site, which evolved; with the larger organizational interface and how this co-evolution has influenced the institution itself is presented. Interviews with the BLS staff and transaction log analysis are the foci in this analysis that also included user information-seeking studies and user interface prototyping and testing.