ATHLETES, FATIGUE, PHYSICAL education, QUESTIONNAIRES, and SPORTS medicine
Abstract: Objective. – The group of consensus of the French Society of Sport Medicine prepared a questionnaire in order to detect early stage of overtraining. This questionnaire includes 54 items which the subjects have to answer by “yes” or by “not”. A score is then established by summing the “yes”. Taking into account the formulation of the questions, this score will increase with the training load. The aim of our study is to propose a score of overtraining, and also to highlight the importance of some items or groups of items. Methods. – Our population consisted of French sportsmen of both sexes, from different geographical origins, age, sporting practice and level. A multicentric analysis was carried out on the basis of 1984 collected questionnaires. We analysed the evolution of the percentage of subjects, the weight of various parameters (age, overtraining) and the evolution of the frequency of each item as a function of the score. Results. – A score of 20 was proposed as an overtraining state threshold, which has to be confirmed on the basis of correlations with biological indices, in particular with a state of clinically established overtraining. Sixteen items present a linear evolution traducing an increase of tiredness according to the overload. Six items have a logarithmic increase, traducing a kind of “background noise”. The others items (N =32) presenting a non-linear increase are sign of a decompensation phenomenon. Conclusion. – This analysis by item make possible an improve of the questionnaire, by selecting items groups which may give an orientation on the type of tiredness. It also confirms the usefulness of this questionnaire as a tool for the follow-up of the training state of sportsmen, a score equal to or higher than 20 constituting the overtraining threshold. [Copyright &y& Elsevier]
For the development of the subject we first need the concept of constitutional state -aluding to its substantive distancing with the old rule of law-, and seeking its direct entanglement with a broad democratic order, yes, in Colombia, impaired with the continuity of the everlasting reformist custom of the Political Charter, basically along the way of art. 375 constitutional (and mainly on initiative or with the endorsement of the executive in office), which, for that task, the referred rule empowers the Congress of the Republic through the figure of legislative acts. Next (point 2), we alluded to tht' theme of the different constitutional reforms that have cracked the text of the Charter, and on them we need and develop (point 3), in our opinion, one of the most reactionary reforms, if not the most, altering the precarious state legitimacy achieved with the issuance of the Constitution itself. We refer here to the detriment that, by different legal paths, the democratic figure of the administrative career has suffered. In this last aspect we specify the obstinacy of the Uribe Velez period for depreciating and despising the importance of the institution of merit in the public service; inheritance received by the Santos government, trying to give continuity. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
BIPOLAR disorder, MENTAL depression, DEPRESSED persons, ANTIPSYCHOTIC agents, and MENTAL health
Abstract: Introduction: Although depressive moods are recognised as a very broad condition, there is still only one definition in international classifications for describing a major depressive episode (MDE). However, there is currently some controversy surround the treatment of depressive states. This includes SSRIs and suicide in adolescents, and more specifically in bipolar disorders where some depressions are made worse by antidepressants. New data has suggested that depressive states in BP patients can be improved by atypical antipsychotics. Aim: We aimed to assess 1) whether it is possible to distinguish different forms of bipolar depression using a dimensional approach, and 2) if, yes, whether there are different patterns of treatment response. Method: We characterised 60 bipolar patients with a Major Depressive Episode (DSM-IV) using a new tool (MATHYS: Multidimensional Assessment of Thymic States) assessing five fundamental dimensions (emotional reactivity, cognitive speed, psycho-motricity, motivation and senses perception) of mood states (full description elsewhere). Results: A cluster analysis using the items of the dimensional scale revealed two types of depressive states. One group (G1; N =38), which had a low score, is characterised by an inhibition in all dimensions, whereas the other group (G2; N =22) is characterised by an over-activation. Emotional reactivity is a useful dimension for discriminating these two types of depression (G1: hyporeactivity; G2: hyperreactivity) whereas sadness is not. A lower score on the MAThyS scale at day 1 was associated with a good response to antidepressant treatment, whereas higher scores were linked to a good response to a mood stabilizers alone or in combination with an antipsychotic. Conclusion: Bipolar depressive states are not homogeneous and this heterogeneity can explain various patterns of treatment response. A dimensional approach could be useful for discriminating the different forms of bipolar depression and to help manage treatment. [Copyright &y& Elsevier]
ETHICS, PSYCHIATRISTS, MENTAL health personnel, PSYCHIATRY, and PSYCHOTHERAPISTS
Abstract: In legal proceedings the expert witness testimony may be considered a medical act only if the expert conducts his clinical observations within the limits established by the medical code of ethics. This will then allow the psychiatrist to help the judge reach a more informed legal decision. The difficulty inherent in this process is for the expert to give an exact answer (“yes” or “no”) to the questions formulated in order for the judge to arrive at an accurate decision. To better understand the evidence presented, the judge may ask empirical questions that require the expert witness to give testimony going beyond the information directly gathered through clinical observations. It is the expert witness'' responsibility to determine what amount of interpretation of material drawn from a clinical observation is appropriate to help the judge make a legal decision. This requires defining legal standards such as credibility, truth, and suggestibility. One must also recognize that the clinical observation of a victim is often the person''s first contact with a psychiatrist. [Copyright &y& Elsevier]
Abstract: Objective: Various drugs including hydroxyzine are preoperatively administered to facilitate the induction of general anaesthesia. We investigated the effect of hydroxyzine premedication on BIS-based etomidate induction of general anaesthesia. Patients and methods: Sixty-seven ASA I–II consecutive patients were randomly allocated to receive oral hydroxyzine 1.5 mg/kg or placebo, 90 min prior to inducing general anaesthesia using intravenous etomidate alone 0.3 mg/kg. BIS values were continuously recorded. The times for the BIS to decrease to 50 and to loss of eyelid reflex; the evolution of arterial pressure and heart rate; and myoclonia rate and grade were investigated and compared. Results: The results for the hydroxyzine and placebo groups were similar with respect to: a) time [median (range) (seconds)] to a BIS decrease to 50 [100 (21–266) versus 113 (30–510), P =0.1] and to loss of eyelid reflex [83 (21–210) versus 97 (30–300), P =0.1]; b) myoclonia frequency (yes/no) (9/26 versus 4/28, P =0.2) and grade (P =0.3); the evolution of mean arterial pressure and heart rate (P =0.3). Conclusion: Oral weight-related hydroxyzine premedication does not alter BIS-based etomidate induction of GA. [Copyright &y& Elsevier]
ANTIBIOTICS, MOLECULES, PHARMACEUTICAL industry, SCIENCE, and CLINICAL trials
Abstract: The golden age of antibacterial antibiotics extend from year 1941 to the 1990s decade. At that time, something like an earth quake occurred: from the thirty molecules or so whose development was being achieved or was already marketed, only three were put on the French market, and faced the greatest difficulties to be prescribed by practicians, because: [-] the knights of good practice want a strict limitation of their use to precise indications; [-] the pharmaceutical companies find that the return on investment is almost impossible; [-] the prescribers are stunned by the inconsistency between the MAs, the advances in science and the health economic authorities advices which claim that these products are not very interesting; [-] the research for new antibiotics is stalling; [-] thus, for the first time in 60 years, an iconoclastic question arises: do we need new antibiotics? However, while the debate is raging, many of us think “yes we do”, as it is a duty to anticipate today the consequences of tomorrow''s bacterial resistances. This paper presents three types of propositions to optimise the development of future molecules: [-] sharpening of the data concerning preclinical security for a better predicting both the activity and the toxicity; [-] improvement in performances and organization of clinical trials, which implicates to reconsider some of the present methodological rules; [-] inclusion in the evaluation data of some relevant and new features measuring the anti-bacterial activity while taking into account the present and future bacterial resistances. The development of new concepts to develop new drugs which would be active against tomorrow''s bacteria compels us to manage in a new fashion today''s systems, which have reached their own limits. [Copyright &y& Elsevier]
Broche Candó, Regla Caridad, Sosa Palacios, Oramis, and Broche Candó, Juan Miguel
Revista Cubana de Pediatría. Abr-Jun2020, Vol. 92 Issue 2, p1-14. 14p.
Introduction: The newborn undergoing a surgery is exposed to the development of infections. The serum lactate has been recommended as a diagnostic criterion of sepsis. Objective: To determine the magnitude of association of the value of serum lactate with sepsis in the newborn undergoing a surgery. Methods: Study conducted from 2013 to 2016 in "William Soler" Pediatric Teaching Hospital, to 307 newborns whom underwent surgery. The variables were grouped in: clinical (gestational age, birth weight, cause of surgical intervention, location of the infection) and paraclinical (causative microorganisms, serum lactate). The partial Pearson's test of linear correlation was applied and it was estimated the odds ratio with the control of the variable infection (yes and no) to identify correlation between serum lactate values in the preoperative and postoperative results. Results: Of the newborns, 63 were under weight (20.52%) and 55 were preterm infants (17.92%). In the infected newborns, 20.83% were operated due to digestive conditions (n= 35); systemic infections reached 67.74% (n= 42), caused in 45.24% by Candida sp. The rate of change of the values of serum lactate in infected subjects (p= 0.001) meant that for each unit in mmol/L in which increased the preoperative lactate, the postoperative increased 0.489 mmol/L; and these changes were due in a 16.9% to the values of preoperative lactate. Conclusions: The serum lactate is associated to the infection in newborns that underwent surgery and is a useful biomarker of sepsis in neonatal intensive care. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
ULCER treatment, COMBINATORIAL optimization, SURGICAL emergencies, ORAL diseases, HOSPITAL care, and PHYSICIAN practice patterns
Résumé: La prise en charge chirurgicale de l’escarre en France demeure très coûteuse même si les mesures de prévention et l’amélioration du parcours de soins ont permis de limiter les dépenses dans ce domaine ces dernières années. Depuis 2004, le mode de financement des établissements de santé français par la tarification à l’acte (TAA) et la maîtrise médicalisée des dépenses de soins hospitaliers nous obligent forcément à nous intéresser à ces considérations purement économiques et parfois à nuancer nos besoins en durée d’hospitalisation ou en soins spécialisés pour optimiser le groupe homogène de séjour (GHS) d’un patient. Cela ne risque-t-il pas à l’avenir d’obliger le chirurgien à biaiser les réels besoins du patient au profit de l’établissement hospitalier ? Au travers d’une analyse médico-économique de nos pratiques, réalisée dans le service de chirurgie plastique du CHU de Toulouse, nous avons tenté d’identifier comment optimiser la prise en charge chirurgicale de l’escarre en termes de valorisation de séjour. L’objectif étant néanmoins de rester critique sur les dérives que cela pourrait instaurer à l’avenir pour notre activité clinique. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
ATTITUDE (Psychology), CULTURE, EXPERIENTIAL learning, FAMILY psychotherapy, HOSPITAL medical staff, INTERPROFESSIONAL relations, INTERVIEWING, MEDICAL personnel, PROFESSIONS, SELF-efficacy, SUPERVISION of employees, PEER relations, and THEMATIC analysis
This article explores family therapy trainees' subjective experiences of working as cotherapists with a supervisory‐level therapist in a Chinese context, regarding their perceptions of and positioning in it and also their opinions on the benefits and/or pitfalls of cotherapy. Individual interviews with a total of six cotherapists revealed three themes: (1) Cotherapy was perceived as an experiential learning journey that evolved from anxiety and excitement to empowerment and nurturing; (2) a collaborative master–apprentice relationship of openness, trust, and mutual respect was developed with both sides' interactive effort, which included common commitment and concern for the client, the supervisor's awareness and explicit address of the role hierarchy, principle setting prior to the cooperation, and honest pre‐ and‐postsession sharing and discussion; (3) the dual‐purpose supervisor–trainee cotherapy brought direct benefits for all involved parties and for others. The findings have useful implications for integrating treatment and training for optimal training/learning outcomes and for advancing knowledge transfer from senior to junior and from academia to the field, with reference to local cultural characteristics.comment="AUTHOR: Please suggest whether the terms ‘co‐therapy, co‐learning, and cotherapist’ could be changed to ‘cotherapy, colearning, and cotherapist’ throughout the article as per style sheet requirement."comment="Dear Editor,Yes, I think these terms could be changed as suggested according to the style sheet requirement, as the meaning remains the same. Thank you.Best regards,Lily" [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Sutton, Arnethea L., Hurtado-de-Mendoza, Alejandra, Quillin, John, Rubinsak, Lisa, Temkin, Sarah M., Gal, Tamas, and Sheppard, Vanessa B.
Journal of Women's Health (15409996). Aug2020, Vol. 29 Issue 8, p1131-1135. 5p.
ACADEMIC medical centers, CANCER genetics, CHI-squared test, CONFIDENCE intervals, EMPLOYMENT, GENETIC counseling, HEALTH services accessibility, HEALTH status indicators, HEALTH insurance, MARITAL status, MEDICAL care use, MEDICAL referrals, METROPOLITAN areas, MULTIVARIATE analysis, RACISM, LOGISTIC regression analysis, ELECTRONIC health records, DESCRIPTIVE statistics, ODDS ratio, and DISEASE risk factors
Purpose: Genetic counseling (GC) provides critical risk prediction information to women at-risk of carrying a genetic alternation; yet racial/ethnic and socioeconomic disparities persist with regard to GC uptake. This study examined patterns of GC uptake after a referral in a racially diverse population. Materials and Methods: In an urban academic medical center, medical records were reviewed between January 2016 and December 2017 for women who were referred to a genetic counselor for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer. Study outcomes were making an appointment (yes/no) and keeping an appointment. We assessed sociodemographic factors and clinical factors. Associations between factors and the outcomes were analyzed using chi square, and logistic regression was used for multivariable analysis. Results: A total of 510 women were referred to GC and most made appointments. More than half were white (55.3%) and employed (53.1%). No significant associations were observed between sociodemographic factors and making an appointment. A total of 425 women made an appointment and 268 kept their appointment. Insurance status ( p = 0.003), marital status ( p = 0.000), and work status ( p = 0.039) were associated with receiving GC. In the logistic model, being married (odds ratio [OR] 2.119 [95% confidence interval, CI 1.341–3.347] p = 0.001) and having insurance (OR 2.203 [95% CI 1.208–4.016] p = 0.021) increased the likelihood of receiving counseling. Conclusions: Racial disparities in GC uptake were not observed in this sample. Unmarried women may need additional support to obtain GC. Financial assistance or other options need to be discussed during navigation as a way to lessen the disparity between women with insurance and those without. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Díaz-Díaz, Miriam, Sánchez Hurtado de Mendoza, Danieyis, Cupull Santana, René, Bernal Cabrera, Alexander, Medina Marrero, Ricardo, Carballo Bargos, Miriam, García Bernal, Milagros, and Acosta-Suárez, Mayra
Revista Centro Agricola. abr-jun2018, Vol. 45 Issue 2, p5-11. 7p.
ACTINOMYCETALES, COMMON bean, RHIZOCTONIA solani, CORTICIUM sasakii, and GREENHOUSES
The effect of seed treatment with the actinomycetes strains EA2 and CB14, and their combination, on damping-off incidence caused by Rhizoctonia solani Kühn in Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv. Velasco largo was evaluated under greenhouse conditions. These strains were compared with Trichoderma harzianum A-34, Celest®Top 312 FS and two controls (positive and negative). Inceptisol sterile and non-sterile soil was used under a completely randomized design. The coating seeds with strains were made using 8 % cassava starch. The incidence of R. solani was determined 21 days after sowing. In non-sterile soil, the lowest incidences caused by R. solani were found with Celest®Top 312 FS, which did not significantly differ from the combination of actinomycete strains CB14 + EA2, but yes with the rest of the treatments. In the sterile soil, the lowest percentages of incidences were obtained with the combination of actinomycete strains (CB14 + EA2). [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Schneider, Paul Peter, Ramaekers, Bram L., Pouwels, Xavier, Geurts, Sandra, Ibragimova, Khava, de Boer, Maaike, Vriens, Birgit, van de Wouw, Yes, den Boer, Marien, Pepels, Manon, Tjan-Heijnen, Vivianne, and Joore, Manuela
Value in Health. May2021, Vol. 24 Issue 5, p668-675. 8p.
MEDICAL care costs, EPIDERMAL growth factor receptors, BREAST cancer, HORMONE receptors, HOSPITAL costs, and CANCER treatment
Objectives: Policy makers increasingly seek to complement data from clinical trials with information from routine care. This study aims to provide a detailed account of the hospital resource use and associated costs of patients with advanced breast cancer in The Netherlands.Methods: Data from 597 patients with advanced breast cancer, diagnosed between 2010 and 2014, were retrieved from the Southeast Netherlands Advanced Breast Cancer Registry. Database lock for this study was in October 2017. We report the observed hospital costs for different resource categories and the lifetime costs per patient, adjusted for censoring using Lin's method. The relationship between patients' characteristics and costs was studied using multivariable regression.Results: The average (SE) lifetime hospital costs of patients with advanced breast cancer were €52 709 (405). Costs differed considerably between patient subgroups, ranging from €29 803 for patients with a triple-negative subtype to €92 272 for patients with hormone receptor positive and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 positive cancer. Apart from the cancer subtype, several other factors, including age and survival time, were independently associated with patient lifetime costs. Overall, a large share of costs was attributed to systemic therapies (56%), predominantly to a few expensive agents, such as trastuzumab (15%), everolimus (10%), and bevacizumab (9%), as well as to inpatient hospital days (20%).Conclusions: This real-world study shows the high degree of variability in hospital resource use and associated costs in advanced breast cancer care. The presented resource use and costs data provide researchers and policy makers with key figures for economic evaluations and budget impact analyses. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
P., Orozco-Cortez, L. E., Herrera-Barrera, and F., Bustos-Rodríguez
Patologia Revista Latinoamericana. Jul-Sep2016, Vol. 54 Issue 3, p90-95. 6p.
Colorrectal adenocarcinoma it's a common entity, but the vulvar metastasis from it, it's very rare, they can be metachronous. The vulvar metastasis it's only 5 to 8 % of all of the site tumors. W e present a case of a 35 years old woman, who was diagnosed with a poorly differentiated, infiltrating and ulcerated colorrectal adenocarcinoma by colonoscopy biopsy, latter a surgical resection it's taken so Dukes C2 stratification it's made. After 14 months a skin injury appears in vulvar and perirectal area, the next step skin biopsy is realized, the histopathological findings are a metastasic disease from invasive adenocarcinoma, an immunohistochemical cytokeratin (Cl<) 20 reactive shows positivity therefore the origin its colorrectal adenocarcinoma. The most frequent metastasis from colon adenocarcinoma is the liver, the female genital tract is rare, but within this system the ovary is the most common. Metastasis to skin is exceptional, but when it happens periumbilical area is the most frequent site, that means our case presentation has low incidence so the importance of it and the bad prognosis of it. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Couto, Leticia Rebollo, da Silva, Carolina Gomes, and da Silva Miranda, Luma
Revista de Estudos da Linguagem. jul-out2017, Vol. 25 Issue 3, p1105-1142. 38p.
This work aims at describing differences between the dialectal varieties of Portuguese spoken at Salvador, Fortaleza and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in both the declarative and interrogative modalities. Analyses of prosodic parameters (fundamental frequency, duration, intensity) are made on the final nucleus of oxytonic, paroxytonic and proparoxytonic sentences. There are systematic prosodic changes between modalities - with a higher / rising F0 in interrogative nucleus where it is lower / decreasing for declaratives. The interrogative nucleus are also longer and stronger than the declaratives. Dialectal variations are also observed. The accentual patterns H + L*L% for declaratives and L + H*L% for interrogatives proposed by Moraes (2008) are observed in Rio de Janeiro speakers - the latter being truncated or compressed in oxytonic sentences due to lack of post-tonic material. Meanwhile, in the Salvador and Fortaleza varieties, interrogatives may also be performed with a L + H*H% pattern. More syllable elisions are also observed in Fortaleza speakers. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Lima, Marco A., Silva, Marcus Tulius T., Oliveira, Raquel V., Soares, Cristiane N., Takano, Crissi L., Azevedo, Anna E., Moraes, Raissa L., Rezende, Rafaela B., Chagas, Ingrid T., Espíndola, Otávio, Leite, Ana Claudia, and Araujo, Abelardo
Journal of the Neurological Sciences. Nov2020, Vol. 418, pN.PAG-N.PAG. 1p.
SMELL disorders, COVID-19, CENTRAL nervous system viral diseases, ODORS, and OLFACTOMETRY
Anosmia has been recognized as a prevalent and early symptom by many COVID-19 patients. However, most researchers have recorded smell dysfunction solely as present or absent and based on subjective evaluation by patients. We described the results of 57 consecutive COVID-19 patients seen at FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from April to May 2020. Data about the presence of smell loss, the onset of smell loss and other COVID-19 symptoms such as ageusia and nasal congestion or rhinorrhea were recorded. All patients at the initial consultation and 34 healthy controls underwent the Q-SIT, which is a quick disposable three-item smell identification test, by a trained physician. We compared three groups: healthy controls, COVID+ patients with reported smell loss (COVID w/ SL) and COVID+ patients without smell loss (COVID+ w/o SL). The mean age of patients was 41.4 years (SD ± 10.4), and 54.4% were women. Smell loss was reported by 40.4% of COVID-19 patients. We observed a gradual effect with higher Q-SIT scores in healthy controls, followed by COVID+ w/o SL and COVID+ w/ SL (medians = 3, 2 and 0; respectively, p < 0.001). Anosmia or severe microsmia (Q-SIT≤1) was present in 11.1% (CI: 3.1%–26.1%) of controls, 32.4% (CI: 17.4%–50.5%) of COVID-19 w/o SL and 87% (CI: 66.4%–97.2%) of COVID+ w/ SL (p < 0.001). This study provides evidence that olfactory dysfunction in COVID-19 is common and more prevalent than what is perceived by patients. Q-SIT is a quick and reliable screening test for the detection of smell dysfunction during the pandemics. • Smell dysfunction is frequent in COVID-19 patients. • Subtle olfactory dysfunction is frequently not perceived by patients when inquired during medical visits. • Q-SIT is a quick and reliable screening test for the detection of smell dysfunction during the pandemics. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Righi Badaró, Flávia Azevedo, Araújo, Rubens Corrêa, and Behlau, Mara
Revista Brasileira de Crescimento e Desenvolvimento Humano. 2014, Vol. 24 Issue 3, p1-9. 9p.
Introduction: the Danish questionnaire entitled The Copenhagen Neck Functional Disability Scale(CNFDS) is a tool for self-assessment of cervical complaints,originally developed in English, of which there is, so far, no translation into Brazilian Portuguese. The process involvedin this researchproved to be relevant for the exploration of the questionnaire and the realization of adjustments necessary for it to be functiona l and applicable in Portuguese Language and Brazilian Culture settings. Thus, once this has been carried out, many health professionals will benefit from this version in their clinical practice. Objective: To perform the translation and cultural adaptation to Brazilian Portuguese of the Escala funcional de incapacidade do pescoço de Copenhagen (The Copenhagen Neck Functional Disability Scale -- CNFDS). Methods: The questionnaire was translated into Brazilian Portuguese by two bilingual, Brazilian physiotherapists who were aware of the objective of this research. The back-translation was performed by a third person, a Brazilian, bilingual English teacher, who had not participated in the previous step. After comparing the resulting translations, a single translated version was produced named the Escala Funcional de Incapacidade do Pescoço de Copenhagen (EFIPC) and in each question the option "not applicable" was added to the answer key. During the translation and cultural adaptation process there were no changes and/or eliminations of any questions. Result: The composition of the Escala Funcional de Incapacidade do Pescoço de Copenhagen reflects the original English version, with a total of 15 questions, with the questions numbered 1 to 5 presenting a positive direction response (a "yes" answer indicates good cervical condition), and questions numbered 6 to 15 presenting a negative direction response (a "yes" answer indicates poor cervical condition). Conclusion: The process involved in this research allowed the achievement of thedesired goal, and thus it was possible totranslate and culturally adapt to Brazilian Portuguese the content of the CNFDS questionnaire, giving riseto the Escala funcional de incapacidade do pescoço de Copenhagen. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]