Social Science Quarterly (University of Texas Press). Mar1979, Vol. 59 Issue 4, p732-742. 11p. 3 Charts.
REPUBLICANISM, PRESIDENTS of the United States, RACISM, and POLITICAL parties
The article examines some of the propositions about the correlates of southern U.S. presidential Republicanism and test to see if similar factors influence Republican strength in southern elections to the House of Representatives in the 1970s. A number of explanations have been posited to explain the phenomenon of the changeover from solid Democratic loyalties to substantial Republican support at the Presidential level. Some of these arguments rest on the theory that the South is realigning around much the same class-related issues the North did during the New Deal era while other arguments focus on the importance of the racial issue in bringing about the dramatic changes in southern party loyalty at the presidential level. A fourth component of the Republican vote in the South consists of the traditional Republicans located in the mountain areas of Virginia, North Carolina and Tennessee, and to a lesser extent in other states. The choice of congressional districts was made because this is the lowest electoral unit in which Republican competition is significant throughout the South. The literature on southern presidential Republicanism has frequently cited the two strains of support for Republican candidates. One is based on the same economic considerations as in the North, the Republican support coming largely from the white-collar groups, particularly of the Peripheral South.