Organic Chemistry, Supramolecular chemistry, Spin chemistry, Chemistry (relationship), Electronic spin, High energy, Intellectual development, Physical organic chemistry, History of science, Chemistry, and Photochemistry
This Perspective presents a review and survey of the science and philosophy of my research career over the past five decades at Columbia as a physical organic chemist and photochemist. I explore the role of paradigms, structure, and geometric thinking in my own cognitive and intellectual development. The Perspective describes my investigations of high energy content molecules in electronically excited states and the development of electronic spin and supramolecular photochemistry chemistry. Current research dealing with the nuclear spin chemistry of H2 incarcerated in buckyballs is illustrated. In the second part of this Perspective, I recount a personal role of the philosophy and history of science and the scientific communities’ use of paradigms in their every day research and intellectual activities. Examples are given of the crucial role of geometry and structure in the rapid development of organic chemistry and physical organic chemistry over the past century.
J. Troe, R. F. Hampson, J. A. Kerr, Donald L. Baulch, R. A. Cox, Roger Atkinson, and Michel J. Rossi
Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data. 28:191-393
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, General Physics and Astronomy, General Chemistry, Quantum yield, Standard enthalpy of formation, Chemical nomenclature, Experimental data, Chemistry, Kinetic energy, Atmospheric chemistry, Photochemistry, Chemical kinetics, and Chemical reaction
This paper updates and extends part of the previous data base of critical evaluations of the kinetics and photochemistry of gas-phase chemical reactions of neutral species involved in atmospheric chemistry [J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 9, 295 (1980); 11, 327 (1982); 13, 1259 (1984); 18, 881 (1989); 21, 1125 (1992); 26, 521 (1997); 26, 1329 (1997)]. The present evaluation is limited to the organic family of atmospherically important reactions. The work has been carried out by the authors under the auspices of the IUPAC Subcommittee on Gas Phase Kinetic Data Evaluation for Atmospheric Chemistry. Data sheets have been prepared for 171 thermal and photochemical reactions, containing summaries of the available experimental data with notes giving details of the experimental procedures. For each thermal reaction, a preferred value of the rate coefficient at 298 K is given together with a temperature dependence where possible. The selection of the preferred value is discussed and estimates of the accuracies of the rate coefficients and temperature coefficients have been made for each reaction. For each photochemical reaction the data sheets list the preferred values of the photoabsorption cross sections and the quantum yields of the photochemical reactions together with comments on how they were selected. The data sheets are intended to provide the basic physical chemical data needed as input for calculations which model atmospheric chemistry. A table summarizing the preferred rate data is provided, together with an Appendix listing the available values of enthalpies of formation of the reactant and product species.
The diastereoselective synthesis of two families of pyrrolopiperazine-2,6-diones is presented. These compounds were prepared by one-pot Ugi/nucleophilic substitution/N-acylation/debenzoylation/(elimination) sequences. This novel route provides straightforward access to a wide variety of pyrrolopiperazine-2,6-diones with high chemical yields and complete diastereoselectivities. The proposed synthetic strategy poses a significant improvement compared to the syntheses of pyrrolopiperazine-2,6-diones previously described, as it allows introduction of different substituents to the C4 position and the diastereoselective generation of a new stereogenic center on the bridgehead carbon (C8a). Funding from Consejería de Educación de la Junta de Castilla y León and FEDER (project BU075G19 and project BU067P20) and MCIN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033 (grant PID2020-117610RB-I00) is gratefully acknowledged. B.G.-S. and J.G.-A. thank Consejería de Educación de la Junta de Castilla y León for their predoctoral contracts. We also thank Inés María del Olmo for her contributions to the synthesis of some of the reported compounds.