Business Insurance. 11/9/2009, Vol. 43 Issue 40, p24-25. 2p. 2 Color Photographs.
DISCRIMINATION, JUDGMENTS (Law), ASHCROFT v. Iqbal (Supreme Court case), and HUMAN rights violations
The article reports on a review being conducted by the U.S. Congress on a ruling issued by the U.S. Supreme Court in the case John D. Ashcroft et al. vs. Javaid Iqbal et al. In the said case, Iqbal accused the top federal justice officials of violating U.S. Arab Muslims' constitutional rights by having them detained after the 2001 terrorist attacks. The court ruled that the plaintiff needs to plead with sufficient factual matter claim showing that defendants discriminate on grounds of race, religion or national origin.
Resendiz, Ramon, Resendiz, Rosalva, and Klaver, Irene J.
Perspectives on Global Development & Technology. 2017, Vol. 16 Issue 1-3, p15-33. 19p.
IMPERIALISM, COLONIES, and FEDERAL courts
The Rio Grande River became a boundary after the Mexican-American War (1846- 1848), dividing families and communities living along its banks. In 2005 the US Congress began enacting legislation for the purposes of building a physical fence along the US-Mexico border. As such, this digital media project foregrounds the story of Dr. Tamez, a tribal elder and retired colonel, and her Lipan Apache Band in their fight for social justice, a fight that went to federal court, and spurred an inquiry and report by the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
FOREIGN trade regulation and HUMAN rights violations
The article reports that the U.S. House of Representatives passed the bill, HR 6156, that would lift restrictions on trade with Russia which includes penalties for Russian human rights violators on November 16, 2012
Latin Trade (English). Oct2007, Vol. 15 Issue 10, p18-18. 1p.
FREE trade, LABOR union personnel, and HUMAN rights violations
The article reports that the U.S. Congress will have to hold a pending free-trade pact with Colombia, until President Álvaro Uribe stops the murders of union leaders and investigates corporate complicity in human-rights abuse. A thorough investigation is needed into ties between American corporations and the paramilitary death squads. Three civil lawsuits have been filed against U.S. concerns in U.S. According to U.S. law, residents of other nations can sue for damages resulting from illegal actions in their country by U.S. entities.
SANCTIONS (International law), HUMAN rights violations, and DEMOCRACY
Reports on the decision of the U.S. House to extend trade sanctions against Myanmar for another year. Role of the extension of the sanctions in protesting against its anti-democratic military junta and human rights violations; Importance of the sanction in terms of democracy in the region according to Representative E. Clay Shaw Jr. (R-Fla.), chairman of the Ways and Means Subcommittee on Trade; Introduction of a Senate bill identical to the House legislation by Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.).
(Bloomberg) -- A Republican senator put additional pressure on China over Hong Kong protests, calling for a United Nations resolution condemning Beijing for its crackdown just as Congress rushed to pass a bill supporting demonstrators. U.S. Senator Josh Hawley, a Missouri Republican, wrote to UN Ambassador Kelly Craft asking her to introduce a resolution "to condemn and hold accountable the People's Republic of China" for human rights violations in Hong Kong. [Extracted from the article]
(Bloomberg) -- A Republican senator put additional pressure on China over Hong Kong protests, calling for a United Nations resolution condemning Beijing for its crackdown just as Congress rushes to pass a bill supporting demonstrators. U.S. Senator Josh Hawley, a Republican from Missouri, wrote to UN Ambassador Kelly Craft asking her to introduce a resolution "to condemn and hold accountable the People's Republic of China" for human rights violations in Hong Kong. [Extracted from the article]
Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law. Spring2014, Vol. 46 Issue 3, p627-673. 47p.
INTERNATIONAL economic assistance, ADMINISTRATIVE procedure, HUMAN rights violations, UNITED States. Federal Tort Claims Act, and UNITED States
The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) has been the chief arm of U.S. foreign assistance, dedicated to sustainable development in developing countries. However, in the aftermath of the Cold War, support for USAID waned, resulting in a loss of autonomy, structural integrity, and overall effectiveness. A troubling consequence of these internal problems has been the misappropriation of USAID funds, where local governments in developing countries have abused these contributions by using them for personal gain at the expense of their citizens' human rights. With reduced capacity and inadequate monitoring mechanisms, USAID has been unable to address these pressing human rights violations. Current victims do not have any means of domestic recourse, and this Note submits that it is USAID's duty to provide some form of redress. This Note proposes that Congress should amend the Foreign Assistance Act to include a private right of action for victims and their representatives to challenge USAID's actions. Such an amendment would be consistent with other U.S. agency practice, and more importantly, would comport with the U.S.' and international community's commitment to addressing human rights abuses. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
LEGAL sanctions, INVOICES, and HUMAN rights violations
(Bloomberg) -- The U.S. Congress overwhelmingly voted to send a bill supporting Hong Kong protesters to President Donald Trump, setting up a confrontation with China that could imperil a long-awaited trade deal between the world's two largest economies. Trump has been silent as the Hong Kong protests escalated into violence in recent weeks, even as lawmakers of both parties demanded action on the measure. [Extracted from the article]
(Bloomberg) -- China's efforts to curtail freedom and erode local political autonomy in Hong Kong over the past year will have implications for future U.S. policy toward the former British colony, a congressional report said. The assessment came in an annual report on China's human rights released Wednesday by the Congressional-Executive Commission on China, a bipartisan body that makes policy recommendations to Congress. [Extracted from the article]
HUMAN rights -- United States and HUMAN rights violations
In this article the author discusses the passage of the Magnitsky Act by both houses of U.S. Congress, legislation which would prevent Russian human rights violators from entering and banking in the U.S., and commends Congress for taking a stand to protect human rights.
COMMERCIAL treaties, LEGAL status of activists, LEGISLATIVE bills -- United States, CHINA-United States relations, CHINA, HUMAN rights violations, and TEAR gas
(Bloomberg) -- President Donald Trump is expected to sign legislation passed by Congress supporting Hong Kong protesters, setting up a confrontation with China that could imperil a long-awaited trade deal between the world's two largest economies. Trump has been silent as the Hong Kong protests escalated into violence in recent weeks, even as lawmakers of both parties demanded action on the measure. [Extracted from the article]
New Republic. 6/18/90, Vol. 202 Issue 25, p7-8. 2p.
FOREIGN relations of the United States -- 1989-, EL Salvador -- Politics & government -- 1979-1992, MILITARY assistance, DEATH squads, HUMAN rights violations, and ARMED Forces
This article stresses the need for restructured United States policy toward aid to the Salvadoran military. Murder, citizen abuse, inefficiency and corruption in the current military; How Congress' proposed cuts in aid could force change; Argument in favor of requiring specific reforms before additional funds are sent; Proposed solutions.