International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health. 8:5545
Occupational asthma is usually characterized by airway hyperresponsiveness, airway obstruction, and airway inflammation that usually result from exposure to specific irritants in the workplace and is not usually associated with any evidence of exacerbation outside the workplace. Occupational asthma can be associated with complicated long-term outcomes because affected patients are not usually aware of the hazards of the condition. Therefore, applying adequate diagnostic and management approaches is essential to enhance the outcomes among high-risk workers. In the present literature review, we have discussed the causes, diagnosis, and management of occupational asthma based on the evidence obtained from the current studies in the literature. Our findings indicated the presence of various environmental triggers that can lead to the development of asthma in the workplace, including HMW and LMW compounds. The diagnosis of asthma is based on obtaining a thorough personal and clinical history from the affected patient. However, such approaches have been reported to have low specificity rates, and therefore, the diagnosis should be established by other measures as lung function tests. The management of asthma is hugely dependent on the clinical phenotypes of occupational asthma. Nevertheless, applying adequate interventions can significantly enhance the outcomes in the affected patients, in addition to the other measures that have been adequately discussed in the manuscript.
Danah Alsadun, Hassan Arishi, Abdullah Alhaqbani, Reema Alzighaibi, Emad Masuadi, Yazeed Aldakhil, Zeyad Yousef, Sami Almalki, Mohammed Alnaser, and Sami Boghdadly
Global Journal on Quality and Safety in Healthcare. 4:135-140
Introduction The aim of this study was to evaluate the change in the healthcare providers' perceptions regarding the World Health Organization Surgical Safety Checklist (WHO SSC) and patient safety in the operating room (OR) at a tertiary hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted at King Abdulaziz Medical City. Data were collected from two years (2011 and 2019) for comparison. The co-investigators distributed a self-administered Likert scale questionnaire in the various operating areas (35 ORs). Results The total sample was 461. Number of participants enrolled from both years was 235 (51%) and 226 (49%), respectively. The results indicated a statistically significant difference in the attitude of the participants regarding all aspects of patient safety in the OR when the two periods were compared (p < 0.001). Similarly, healthcare providers' perceptions regarding the importance of the WHO SSC increased from 50% (2011) excellent to 68% excellent (2019) (p < 0.001). Conclusions Currently, more healthcare providers recognize the importance of the WHO SSC, and more have a positive attitude toward teamwork, communication, and feeling free to speak out when surgical safety is compromised. All of these cultural changes have positive impact on the overall safety of the OR; however, there are still aspects requiring improvement to provide a safer OR and surgery. Educational interventions regarding the importance of communication and teamwork would improve the safety of surgical care in the OR.
AcademicSubjects/MED00910, jscrep/070, and Case Report
The frontal sinus is the most common site for paranasal mucoceles, resulting in potentially threatening intraorbital or intracranial complications. Surgical drainage of mucoceles is the mainstay of treatment, which can be achieved usually through open or endoscopic transnasal approaches. Transorbital endoscopic surgery is a relatively novel approach to selective skull base lesions with limited data in the literature. It could be utilized as a safe and effective alternative approach in managing frontal sinus lesions when the endoscopic transnasal access alone is insufficient or inadequate. Here, we present a case of an isolated lateral left frontal mucocele that was managed successfully using an endoscopic transorbital approach alone with complete resolution of symptoms during a 10-month follow-up period.
Communication, Public relations, business.industry, business, Publics, Public life, Social media, Architecture, Affordance, Information technology, and Sociology
Social media complicate the very nature of public life. In this article, we consider how technology reconfigures publicness, blurs 'audiences' and publics, and alters what it means to engage in public life. The nature of publicness online is shaped by the architecture and affordances of social media, but also by people's social contexts, identities, and practices. Navigating socially mediated publicness requires new mechanisms of control and new skills. Understanding socially-mediated publicness is an ever-shifting process throughout which people juggle blurred boundaries, multi-layered audiences, individual attributes, the specifics of the systems they use, and the contexts of their use.