Yasmina, Bennani, Andras, Perl, Anish, Patil, Christian, van Someren, Leo, Heijne, Machiel, van Steenis, and Life Sciences & Renewable Energy
power to gas, renewable energy, electricity, ammonia, hydrogen, feasability study, chemical storage, energie, Energy (miscellaneous), Energy, and Professional practice & society
This report focuses on the feasibility of the power-to-ammonia concept. Power-to-ammonia uses produced excess renewable electricity to electrolyze water, and then to react the obtained hydrogen with nitrogen, which is obtained through air separation, to produce ammonia. This process may be used as a 'balancing load' to consume excess electricity on the grid and maintain grid stability. The product, ammonia, plays the role of a chemical storage option for excess renewable energy. This excess energy in the form of ammonia can be stored for long periods of time using mature technologies and an existing global infrastructure, and can further be used either as a fuel or a chemical commodity. Ammonia has a higher energy density than hydrogen; it is easier to store and transport than hydrogen, and it is much easier to liquefy than methane, and offers an energy chain with low carbon emissions. The objective of this study is to analyze technical, institutional and economic aspects of power-to-ammonia and the usage of ammonia as a flexible energy carrier.
Audio recording of session B14 of the March 2016 annual meeting of the American Physical Society, held in Baltimore, Maryland in March 2016. This session was chaired by Amy Fisher, University of Puget Sound. Talks (and speakers) include: "Electrical Enlightment: Joseph Priestley's Historical and Experimental Studies of Electricity" (Victor Boantza); "Lomonosov's Electrical Experiments" (Robert Crease); "Priestley's Shadow and Lavoisier's Influence: Electricity and Heat in the Late Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries" (Amy Fisher); "Broken Circuits? International Scientific Communication on Galvanic Electricity During the Napoleonic Wars" (Iain Watts); "The Bottom Line: Cable Telegraphy and the Rise of Field Theory in the Victorian British Empire" (Bruce Hunt). Topics discussed include Joseph Priestley; electricity; the Enlightenment; Mikhail Lomonosov; Antoine Lavoisier; relationship between heat and electricity; telegraphy; electromagnetic field theory.