Power resources, Feasibility studies, Fuel cells, Electric batteries, Electricity, Caloric expenditure, and Cities & towns
This article was originally published as manuscript Risk.S04 in the 2006 AACE International Transactions. However, the figure and tables were inadvertently omitted from the article. It is reprinted here with all the information included. To test the feasibility of using fuel cells as the only source of electricity in a stationary urban environment, a fictitious town was used as tile basis of this feasibility study. This small town was calculated to have a population of 1,600. For the cost of fuel cells, a model of a 5kW fuel cell and a 250kW fuel cell was used. The cost was plotted at $40,000 for a 5kW fuel cell and $600,000 for a 250kW fuel cell. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AACE International Transactions. 2006, p9.1-9.3. 3p.
Feasibility studies, Fuel cells, Direct energy conversion, Electricity, and Energy conversion
The article presents information on a feasibility study of fuel cells, which are energy conversion devices that transform the energy stored in a fuel into electricity and heat. A small town with a population of 1600 has been designed to test the feasibility of using fuel cells as the only source of electricity in a stationary urban environment.
AACE International Transactions. 2003, preceding p1-1. 3p.
Budget, Railroads, Environmental protection, Quality standards, Electricity, and Safety
This article focuses on the role and application of quotas. The cost quotas published by government departments are commonly classed by estimate indexes, budget quota, budget estimate quota, and charge quota. The scope involves all the construction departments, e.g., railway ministry, traffic ministry, ministry of water conservancy bureau, and electricity power. The quotas are edited on the basis of normal construction conditions, standard drawing and accepting criterion published by government departments, quality access standards, safety technique manipulation regulations, civilization construction and environment protection.
Major natural disasters can and do have critical economic impacts. Although the most severe economic impacts appear to be short-lived, disasters also appear to have longer lasting consequences affecting economic development and growth. These negative economic changes reach beyond the communities directly affected by natural hazards. Current trends in globalization have made societies much more dependent on services such as transportation, gas, electricity, and water. Failures of these services can and do have considerable consequences for people in areas not directly affected by a natural disaster. Such failures of services are known as indirect losses of natural disasters, or losses resulting from the consequences of physical destruction. These indirect losses, which include changes in economic flow, have not been measured, studied, and modeled to the same extent as direct losses (physical damage). This article serves to identify trends in the impact of natural disaster on construction rebuilding costs as a direct result of changes in economic flow. An analysis of the general direct effects of disaster on existing infrastructure versus indirect effects of disaster and their impact on recovery efforts and risk management will be made. Economic changes resulting from supply and demand will be analyzed and suggestions will be made for the monitoring and mitigation of future natural disasters. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]