How does an instrument, namely a contract, influence local public action and the way it is governed and steered? This is the core issue of this article, which deals with the effects of the negotiation, in the 1990s, of new concession contracts between EDF and local authorities in France, the latter owning public electricity networks. The author uses the notion of “script", developed by Madeleine Akrich, to show how EDF and rural politicians catched the contractual instrument as a means to protect themselves against the liberalization process. In such a perspective, contract is not simply a tool which organizes cooperative relationships between partners. It appears also as an instrument which can shape new institutional hierarchies, by designing new rules of the game. Such an action has long-term effects on local governance, especially in the current context of energy transition and metropolisation. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Chief executive officers, Government corporations, Contracts, Business enterprises, Electric power distribution, and Electricity
Elia, the Belgian electricity grid manager, is controlled by the main electricity producer, Electrabel, and by public authorities. The Belgian state has recently constrained the French group Suez to sell 3% of its stake in Elia in the context of the so-called Pax Electrica agreements. This article studies the impact of this transfer of property by means of the Banzhaf control index. The results show that the agreements have only modestly changed Suez' control intensity on Elia. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
VSE - Vie & Sciences Economiques / La revue de l'Economie et de l'Entreprise. Jun2010, Issue 183/184, p108-137. 30p.
Energy policy, Power resources, Energy industries, and Electricity
Our paper aims at assessing the efficiency of the European coordination in the field of electricity. For that purpose, we develop various indices allowing a comparison of the European countries as regards the adequacy of their performances with main European goals in terms of energy policy (sustainability, competitiveness, safety of supply). We show that such indices can provide an assessment of the efficiency regarding the coordination between European countries. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Economic competition, Power resources, Electric industries, Electric utilities, and Electricity
This article deals with the logic and the mechanisms according to which a competitive field evolves. More precisely, it aims at explaining the structuring process of the new French electricity market. It focuses on the role of rhetorical resources in constructing this new competitive market. These rhetorical resources, dialectically associated with symbolical resources, influence the definition of competitive rules and ease the implementation of strategic intent. Once the necessity of managing rhetorical content has been settled, this article suggests further research on the following matters : the set up of rhetorical arguments, the management of « areas of discussion » and the conceptualisation of discussion as a coordination mechanism. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]