The purpose of this project was to specifically identify important works within the National Bureau of Standards library collection of approximately 125,000 items that are generally acknowledged to be pertinent to the development of modern science and technology. Presented is an annotated list including 197 items selected from the pre-1900 holdings in the library. The arrangement is alphabetical by author, and the annotations describe the nature and significance of either the specific publication entry or its author in cases of multiple entries by author. The list provides a general cross-section of the collection and includes important works from the fields of mathematics, physics, electricity, chemistry, mechanics, metrology, and the history of science. (Author/DS)
Journal of Chemical Education, v72 n2 p99-102 Feb 1995.
Chemistry, Electric Batteries, Electricity, Higher Education, Laboratory Experiments, Physics, Science Curriculum, Science History, Science Instruction, and Secondary Education
Traces the history of the observation of the production of electric sparks and the early history of battery design. Detail is provided about laboratory experiments performed by Robert Bunsen, who spent a great deal of time developing an efficient and comparatively cheap battery. (36 references) (DDR)
Journal of College Science Teaching, v23 n1 p62-64 Sep-Oct 1993.
Chemistry, College Science, Demonstrations (Educational), Electricity, Higher Education, Science Education, Science History, Science Instruction, Scientific Concepts, and Teaching Methods
Presents historical background and modern explanations for the popular demonstration of showing conductivity of solutions through the insertion of a light-bulb conductivity tester into deionized water and water with salt in it. (PR)
Chemistry, College Science, Electricity, Higher Education, Physics, Science Education, Science History, Scientific and Technical Information, Semiconductor Devices, and Superconductors
Describes the new class of oxide superconductors, the importance of these materials, and the concepts that led to its discovery. Summarizes the discovery itself and its early confirmation. Discusses the observation of a superconductive glass state in percolative samples. (TW)
Chemistry, College Science, Electricity, Exhibits, High Schools, Higher Education, Science Education, Science Equipment, Science Experiments, Science History, Science Instruction, and Secondary School Science
Suggests preparing displays which include both dynamic and static items to attract observers' attention and hold their interest. Includes instructions for making exhibits related to phenomena associated with Joseph Priestley and Michael Faraday. (DH)