Sarath B. Tennakoon, Mostafa I. Marei, and Hatem Diab
Journal of Power Electronics. 16:1743-1751
Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Control and Systems Engineering, Current limiting, Topology, Engineering, business.industry, business, Rapid control prototyping, Control theory, Electronic engineering, Power control, Control system, Direct current, Flow control (data), and Grid
The increasing demand for high voltage DC grids resulting from the continuous installation of offshore wind farms in the North Sea has led to the concept of multi-terminal direct current (MTDC) grids, which face some challenges. Power (current) flow control is a challenge that must be addressed to realize a reliable operation of MTDC grids. This paper presents a reduced switch count topology of a current flow controller (CFC) for power flow and current limiting applications in MTDC grids. A simple control system based on hysteresis band current control is proposed for the CFC. The theory of operation and control of the CFC are demonstrated. The key features of the proposed controller, including cable current balancing, cable current limiting, and current nulling, are illustrated. An MTDC grid is simulated using MATLAB/SIMULINK software to evaluate the steady state and dynamic performance of the proposed CFC topology. Furthermore, a low power prototype is built for a CFC to experimentally validate its performance using rapid control prototyping. Simulation and experimental studies indicate the fast dynamic response and precise results of the proposed topology. Furthermore, the proposed controller offers a real solution for power flow challenges in MTDC grids.
Yi Tang, Chuan-Jin Zhang, Zhang Hui, Wang Yang, Ke Wang, and Zhang Xiao
Journal of Power Electronics. 16:1950-1963
Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Control and Systems Engineering, Control theory, Expression (mathematics), AC power, Insulated-gate bipolar transistor, Open-circuit voltage, Engineering, business.industry, business, Correlation, Field-programmable gate array, Voltage, Electronic engineering, Network analysis, Computer Science::Hardware Architecture, Hardware_PERFORMANCEANDRELIABILITY, and Hardware_INTEGRATEDCIRCUITS
A novel open-circuit fault diagnosis method for 3-phase 4-wire 3-level active power filters based on voltage error correlation is proposed in this paper. This method is based on observing the output pole voltage error of the active power filter through two kinds of algorithms. One algorithm is a voltage error analytical algorithm, which derives four output voltage error analytic expressions through the pulse state, current value and dc bus voltage, respectively, assuming that all of the IGBTs of a certain phase come to an OC fault. The other algorithm is a current circuit equation algorithm, which calculates the real-time output voltage error through basic circuit theory. A correlation is introduced to measure the similarity of the output voltage errors between the two algorithms, and OC faults are located by the maximum of the correlations. A FPGA has been chosen to implement the proposed method due to its fast prototyping. Simulation and experimental results are presented to show the performance of the proposed OC fault diagnosis method.
The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Power Electronics. 19:327-331
Diode, Dimmer, Incandescent light bulb, law.invention, law, Transformer, Computer science, Voltage, Flicker, Light-emitting diode, Flicker-free, Electrical engineering, business.industry, and business
LED(Light Emitting Diode) is a semiconductor device utilizing electroluminescent effect is a phenomenon in which a type of P-N junction diode, the light of short wavelength which a voltage is applied in the forward direction is released. LED is advantageous in reducing the energy as environmentally materials that can greatly reduce the carbon emissions, recent it has attracted attention IT(Information Technology) and GT(Green Technology) industry. In addition, there are advantages long life, high efficiency, and excellent response speed, LED have come into the spotlight as the illumination means to replace the existing fluorescent light and incandescent light bulb. When connecting to MR16 electronic transformer for existing LED driver circuit, due to malfunction of the dimmer and the electronic transformer, flicker occurs and linear dimming is not possible. Therefore, in this paper, we suggest an LED drive circuit there is no flicker with the corresponding dimming MR16 electronic transformer. Further, we explain the principles of the LED current control technique and the principle of the drive circuit of the LED, in order to validate the proposed circuit through prototyping and simulation.
Brian A. Hacker, Chris S. Edrington, and O. Vodyakho
Journal of Power Electronics. 11:471-478
Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Control and Systems Engineering, Control system, Grid, Electronics, Electrical grid, Engineering, business.industry, business, Battery (electricity), Energy source, Hardware-in-the-loop simulation, Electrical engineering, and Power electronics
This paper addresses the establishment of a kVA-range plug-in hybrid electrical vehicle (PHEV) integration test platform and associated issues. Advancements in battery and power electronic technology, hybrid vehicles are becoming increasingly dependent on the electrical energy provided by the batteries. Minimal or no support by the internal combustion engine may result in the vehicle being occasionally unable to recharge the batteries during highly dynamic driving that occurs in urban areas. The inability to sustain its own energy source creates a situation where the vehicle must connect to the electrical grid in order to recharge its batteries. The effects of a large penetration of electric vehicles connected into the grid are still relatively unknown. This paper presents a novel methodology that will be utilized to study the effects of PHEV charging at the sub-transmission level. The proposed test platform utilizes the power hardware-in-the-loop (PHIL) concept in conjunction with high-fidelity PHEV energy system simulation models. The battery, in particular, is simulated utilizing a real-time digital simulator (RTDS™) which generates appropriate control commands to a power electronics-based voltage amplifier that interfaces via a LC-LC-type filter to a power grid. In addition, the PHEV impact is evaluated via another power electronic converter controlled through dSPACE™, a rapid control systems prototyping software.
Damien Grenier, Abdellah Ait Ouahman, Said Belkouch, Bruno Dehez, Driss Yousfi, and Eric Richard
Journal of Power Electronics. 10:647-659
Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Control and Systems Engineering, Digital signal processing, business.industry, business, Traction system, Mobile robot, Engineering, Control engineering, Motor drive, Simulation, Motor controller, Power electronics, Rapid prototyping, and Robot
This paper presents a part of North Africa/Europe collaboration results in education to develop project-oriented courses in power electronics and motor drive field. The course aims to teach Permanent Magnet motor drives close to a real world project of significant size and depth so as to be motivational, namely mobile robot project. Particular skills, student will acquire, are those relative to the detailed design and implementation of PM motor controllers in DSP based rapid prototyping environment. Simulation work is completed using graphical modeling tools in Simulink/Plecs, while real-time implementation is achieved by means of eZdspF2812 board and Simulink/TI C2000 Embedded Target tools. This flexible development environment fit the robot traction system very well and provides exactly the functionality necessary for an efficient PM motor drives teaching as demonstrated by a set of simulation and experiments.