International Journal of Listening. Sep-Dec2019, Vol. 33 Issue 3, p133-137. 5p.
Sounds, Prisons, Repentance, Solitary confinement, and Imprisonment
The Eastern State Penitentiary, located in Philadelphia, was opened for use as a prison in 1829 and closed in 1971. The penitentiary's early practice of placing all inmates in solitary confinement has often misleadingly been referred to as the "Silent System." Sounds were present in the penitentiary, but they were carefully controlled and channeled towards the primary goal of the institution: forcing the prisoners to experience true penitence. The sounds that were made audible to the inmates were meant to signal the purpose of their imprisonment. Looms clattered inside cells as inmates were made to weave cloth; alarm bells rang from the central tower, discouraging escape; and perhaps most importantly, the gate clanged shut, symbolizing the permanence of the inmates' separation from the outside world. My paper reveals that in addition to the manipulation of the inmate's external soundworld, the prison also attempted to control the sounds inside the inmates' minds, through encouraging inmates to read the Bible to themselves in their cells. Listening to the Eastern State Penitentiary brings into perspective previously overlooked aspects of the prisoners' experience at the institution and clarifies how the sonic design of the prison contributed to its goal of reforming the inmates into moral citizens. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Language in India. May2019, Vol. 19 Issue 5, p494-544. 51p.
Linguostylistics, Prose literature, Irony, Poetry (Literary form), and Deuteronomistic history (Biblical criticism)
The article discusses Jeremiah who was one of the major prophets of the Hebrew Bible with respect to stylistics in prose and poetry in the Book of Jeremiah. It discusses the prose and poetic tradition of Jeremiah, and the Deuteronomistic tradition followed in the book. It discusses the prose and poetry on topics including the destruction to the restoration of Jerusalem, irony and breakdown of the symbol system, the irony in poetry and prophetic consciousness, the rhetoric, and semantics.
This paper deals with the aorist voice system in NT Greek and focuses on middle-passive markers, namely middle inflection, e.g. in the middle sigmatic aorist, and affixes -η-/-θη-, in the so-called passive aorist. The research is corpus-based and investigates the occurrences of ca. 1800 verbal items. According to the grammarians, in the NT both middle and passive aorists spread. The present study confirms this observation by providing a comprehensive account of the distribution of these forms, but also shows how they have functionally reorganised. Passive aorists spread at the expense of middle aorists in all kinds of intransitive constructions, namely passive, unaccusative, and reflexive, whereas middle aorists are either found in transitive middles, e.g. possessive, benefactive etc., or occur as deponent verbs in both transitive and intransitive clauses. The parameter transitive vs intransitive appears to be relevant for this functional reorganisation. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Communication Research Trends. 2018, Vol. 37 Issue 2, p15-19. 5p.
Pastoral societies, Protestant liturgy, Religion, and Religious identity
The article discusses the essay which seeks to outline a new paradigm for the pastoral ministry of the proclamation of the Word in and for post-literate, digital culture. Also discussed re the evangelical Protestant liturgies that are designed to reach out to the young people of digital culture such those who identified their religious affiliation as "nones".
Clauses (Grammar), Language & languages, Terms & phrases, and Nominals (Grammar)
The paper will argue for the existence of null resumption in Kaqchikel (Mayan) by showing new empirical facts that the language has two strategies to make a possessor interrogative: one type of the possessor wh is base‐generated in Spec‐CP and heads a resumptive chain, while the other type undergoes movement to Spec‐CP. I will present a set of paradoxical cases in which resumption in Kaqchikel displays no movement properties in a simple clause, whereas it does in a long‐distance dependency. I will suggest that the domain of locality relevant to resumptive dependencies in Kaqchikel is more constrained than in other widely discussed resumptive languages like Irish and Hebrew. Specifically, it will be proposed that a resumptive pronoun in Kaqchikel must be licensed within a clause: the Clause‐Mate Condition on Resumptive Chains (CCRC). The CCRC will explain why resumptive dependencies in Kaqchikel display island effects, while those in Irish and Hebrew do not by suggesting that the CCRC is not operative in Irish and Hebrew. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]