Edington, Jacqueline, Geekie, Moira, Carter, Robin, Benfield, Lisa, Fisher, Karen, Ball, Madeleine, and Mann, Jim
British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Edition). 2/7/1987, Vol. 294 Issue 6568, p333-336. 4p. 1 Diagram, 4 Charts.
LOW-fat diet and BLOOD cholesterol
Examines the effect of dietary cholesterol on plasma cholesterol concentration in subjects following low fat diet in Great Britain. Ratio of polyunsaturated to saturated fatty acids; Comparison of the cholesterol concentration among subjects; Importance of dietary cholesterol for the reduction of saturated fats.
Scull, Christopher, Ager, Barry, Bourn, Robert, Cameron, Esther, Clogg, P. W., Creighton, John, Edwards, Glynis, Gelling, Margaret, Gilmour, Brian, Harman, Mary, Henry, Pippa, Holgate, Robin, Huntley, Jacqueline P., Johnson, Paul, Linford, Neil, Marlow, C. A., Mortimer, Catherine, Mudd, Andrew, Odenstedt, Bengt, and Page, R. I.
Archaeological Journal; 1992, Vol. 149, p124-281, 158p, 13 Black and White Photographs, 66 Diagrams, 12 Charts, 2 Graphs, 2 Maps
Geophysical survey and excavation have demonstrated that iron age settlement features and early Anglo-Saxon burials discovered during road construction in 1983 were part o[ an extensive multi-period site, now a Scheduled Ancient Monument. This paper presents the results of the archaeological investigations. The bulk of the report is concerned with the early Anglo-Saxon burials, which included a grave containing a balance, weights and runic inscription. The evidence for late mesolithic, neolithic -- early bronze age, iron age and post-medieval activity is also discussed, and the site is considered in its regional and wider context. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Vallacher, Robin R., Wegner, Daniel M., McMahan, Susan C., Cotter, Jacqueline, and Larsen, Kathleen A.
Social Cognition. Fall, 1992, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p335, 21 p. graph
Self-presentation -- Research, Identification (Psychology) -- Research, and Social psychology -- Research
Eighty undergraduate students were asked to describe themselves using high-level or low-level terms of action identification theory and self-presentation. The subjects were told that they were trying to impress an easily-impressionable person or a difficult-to-impress person. Ratings made by the subjects and observers showed that low-level terms of action identificationtheory and self-presentation such as smiling when appropriate, were more effective in terms of getting positive first impressions.
Ferris, Jacqueline, Room, Robin, and Giesbrecht, Norman
Alcohol Health & Research World. Summer 1993, Vol. 17 Issue 3, p235, 7 p.
International trade, Laws, regulations and rules, Alcoholic beverage industry -- International trade, International trade regulation, and International trade -- Laws, regulations and rules
Public health often conflicts with economic benefit in trade agreements covering alcoholic beverages. In North America, states and provinces tend to bear the brunt of costs. Several alcohol trade and marketing agreements are discussed.
Western and Northern blot analyses and immunocytochemistry of the sea urchin egg receptor for sperm to study the receptor expression during oogenesis indicate that in the last two developmental phases of oogenesis the receptor mRNA level exhibits a very high increase despite the absence of receptor glycoprotein or receptor mRNA in the early oocytes. The development of receptor occurs in association with the spatial and temporal formation of cortical granules. Development of the receptor in the late stages and its localization to the cell surface and cortical granules indicates that the receptor mediates attachment of sperm to the surface of the mature egg cell.
In a national sample of 11 634 Canadians aged 15 years and above, risk curves for harm to six life-areas from one's own drinking and for assault by another drinker rose steadily with the respondent's volume of alcohol consumption. While drinking five or more drinks on an occasion at least once a month substantially raised the risk at a given volume of drinking, the risk rose with volume even among those not regularly drinking five or more drinks. These relationships remained in logistic regressions which controlled for gender, age and educational level. Younger respondents, those without higher education and men reported more harm for a given level of their own drinking although differences by gender disappeared above one-third of one drink per day. Three sets of guidelines for low-risk drinking-two from Canada, and one generally used in Britain-were compared in terms of the proportions of respondents reporting harm from their own drinking among those who had kept within the guideline in the previous 7 days' drinking. More restrictiveness in the guidelines was associated with substantial reductions in reported drinking-related harm. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Kunreuther, Howard, Meszaros, Jacqueline, Hogarth, Robin M., and Spranca, Mark
Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization. May 1995, Vol. 26 Issue 3, p337, 1 p.
Ambiguity -- Economic aspects, Decision-making -- Research, Insurance industry -- Psychological aspects, and Risk assessment -- Psychological aspects
Research is presented demonstrating the impact of ambiguity and risk on the insurance pricing decisions of underwriters. Premiums are shown to be substantially higher where there is uncertainty about potential loss levels and where the probability of an event occurring is ambiguous.
Boshoff, Chris, Endo, Yoshio, Collins, Paul D., Takeuchi, Yasuhiro, Reeves, Jacqueline D., Schweickart, Vicki L., Siani, Michael A., Sasaki, Takuma, Williams, Timothy J., Gray, Patrick W., Moore, Patrick S., Chang, Yuan, and Weiss, Robin A.
Science. Oct 10, 1997, Vol. 278 Issue 5336, p290, 5 p.
Physiological aspects, Kaposi's sarcoma -- Physiological aspects, HIV, Virus inactivation, HIV infections -- Physiological aspects, HIV (Viruses) -- Inactivation, and HIV infection -- Physiological aspects
Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is a highly angiogenic multicentric tumor most commonly seen in immunodeficient individuals. Since the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic, KS has become one of the most common [...] Unique among known human herpesviruses, Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV or HHV-8) encodes chemokine-like proteins (vMIP-I and vMIP-II). vMIP-II was shown to block infection of human immunodeficiency virus-type 1 (HIV-1) on a CD4-positive cell line expressing CCR3 and to a lesser extent on one expressing CCR5, whereas both vMIP-I and vMIP-II partially inhibited HIV infection of peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Like eotaxin, vMIP-II activated and chemoattracted human eosinophils by way of CCR3. vMIP-I and vMIP-II, but not cellular MIP-1 [Alpha] or RANTES, were highly angiogenic in the chorioallantoic assay, suggesting a possible pathogenic role in Kaposi's sarcoma.
TUBERCULOSIS prevention, MEDICAL care of HIV-positive persons, ISONIAZID, PTERIDINES, and DRUG efficacy
Studies the effectiveness of isoniazid versus rifampicin with pyrazinamide for prevention of tuberculosis in HIV-1 positive individuals. Methods for comparing efficacy of the chemoprophylaxis regimens; Findings; Interpretation. INSET: Disease categories.
Brondolo, Elizabeth, Masheb, Robin, Stores, Jacqueline, Stockhammer, Tanya, Tunick, Wendy, Melhado, Elizabeth, Karlin, William A., Schwartz, Joseph, Harburg, Ernest, and Contrada, Richard J.
Journal of Applied Social Psychology. 11/16/98, Vol. 28 Issue 22, p2089-2118. 30p.
PERSONALITY, ANGER, CITY traffic, AFRICAN Americans, AUTOMOBILE drivers, ATTITUDE (Psychology), and PSYCHOLOGICAL burnout
This study evaluates the psychosocial correlates of anger-related traits. Participants include New York City traffic enforcement agents (TEAs), who issue summonses for vehicular and parking violations and are frequently confronted by angry motorists. This sample of TEAs is 53% African American and 57% female. Participants completed surveys at 2 points, 4 months apart, which measured attitudinal, affective, and expressive components of hostility and anger, as well as dimensions of workplace psychosocial response. Results indicate that trait anger-in was positively associated with frequency of conflict, anger intensity, and burnout in cross-sectional analyses; and positively associated with frequency of conflict in prospective analyses. Trait anger was positively associated with an increase in burnout over a 4-month period. These findings provide support for the transactional model of hostility and health and have implications for worksite interventions promoting cardiovascular health. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]