Academic libraries, Librarians, Libraries, and Manufacturing processes
Prototyping is an incremental process that facilitates those looking to make changes in products, services, or resources. Originating in industrial fabrication process, prototyping can be adapted by librarians to examine changes made to library services, amenities, and resources. They offer a cost-effective way of trying something new and needed, to ensure that patron needs are met. This article modifies prototyping into a five-step process and reviews five examples where the Lee Library used prototyping to inform library decisions to inform the development of library services, amenities, processes, and resources to better serve its patrons. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Journal of Library Administration. Oct2018, Vol. 58 Issue 7, p698-727. 30p. 1 Color Photograph.
Scholars, Prototypes, Behavioral research, Discipline, and Technology
How do researchers search for knowledge? What are their behaviors and habits, and what technologies do they use? This article proposes that three design shifts - involving more human senses, enabling comparative and simultaneous viewing, and allowing immediate access to full content - will create a more fruitful research process for scholars who conduct a literature review, learn about a new topic in a related discipline, or catch up on advances in their field. The three proposed designed shifts were tested with prototyping. The systematic prototyping procedure is a method that can be employed by others to advance this field. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Iglesias, P., Izquierdo, P., Yañez, P., Vilán, J.A., Arias, A., Segade, A., and Casarejos, E.
Instrumentation viewpoint; 2018: Núm.: 20
It is at least two decades since the conventional robotic manipulators have become a common manufacturing tool for different industries, from automotive to pharmaceutical. The advances in manipulators and sensors have given robots the opportunity to become useful for more and more applications. Engineers have taken advantage of the extra mobility of the advanced robots to make them work in constrained environments, ranging from limited joint motions for redundant manipulators to obstacles in the way of mobile (ground, marine, and aerial) robots . However, the incorporation some of these abilities and capacities that are already being used in land, have not made their way to the sea domain. This Abstract describes the project consisting in the design, development and manufacture of a prototype manipulator arm for ROVs introducing innovative fabrication technologies. The work has been done collaboratively among ACSM Maritime Agency SL, CIMA Group and the University of Vigo.
Online library catalogs, Library catalogs & users, Library catalog use studies, Mobile apps, Application software, Data analysis, Academic libraries, Rapid prototyping, College students, Formative evaluation, Wayfinding, and Performance evaluation
This research presents the results of a project that investigated how students use a library developed mobile app to locate books in the library. The study employed a methodology of formative evaluation so that the development of the mobile app would be informed by user preferences for next generation wayfinding systems. A key finding is the importance of gathering ongoing user feedback for designing useful and used mobile academic library applications. Elements and data points to include in future mobile interfaces are discussed. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Schulz, Axel, Loza Mencía, Eneldo, and Schmidt, Benedikt
Information Systems. Apr2016, Vol. 57, p88-110. 23p.
Information theory, Microblogs, Information resources, Rapid prototyping, Traffic accidents, and Emergency management
Small scale-incidents such as car crashes or fires occur with high frequency and in sum involve more people and consume more money than large and infrequent incidents. Therefore, the support of small-scale incident management is of high importance. Microblogs are an important source of information to support incident management as important situational information is shared, both by citizens and official sources. While microblogs are already used to address large-scale incidents detecting small-scale incident-related information was not satisfyingly possible so far. In this paper we investigate small-scale incident reporting behavior with microblogs. Based on our findings, we present an easily extensible rapid prototyping framework for information extraction of incident-related tweets. The framework enables the precise identification and extraction of information relevant for emergency management. We evaluate the rapid prototyping capabilities and usefulness of the framework by implementing the multi-label classification of tweets related to small-scale incidents. An evaluation shows that our approach is applicable for detecting multiple labels with an match rate of 84.35%. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
In this paper we propose to explore different dedicated hardware solutions in terms of area-speed trade-offs for computing-oriented fuzzy logic systems in the algorithmic abstraction level that fulfil the application requirements applying high level synthesis techniques. The main benefits of this proposal are the capability of selecting the best implementation for any application not being tied down to a predefined architecture, the use of the required number of hardware units and the reduction of the design cycle time. The results obtained in the control of a maximum power point of a photovoltaic plant are presented as an example.
Information Services & Use. 2016, Vol. 35 Issue 1/2, p71-75. 5p. 2 Color Photographs, 1 Black and White Photograph.
Information technology, Technological innovations, Rapid prototyping, and Business partnerships
To build a platform for (high, sustainable) use, we need to know what will thrill users. Finding the right concoction of technology, functionality and design to delight users takes a thousand decisions, pivots and changes. The JSTOR Labs team has been using Flash Builds -- high-intensity, short-burst, user-driven development efforts -- in order to prototype new ideas and get to a user saying "Wow" in as little as a week. In this paper, a distillation of a presentation I gave at NFAIS 2015, I will describe how we have done this, highlighting the partnerships, skills, tools and content that help us innovate. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Proceedings of the European Conference on Knowledge Management. 2019, Vol. 1, p151-159. 9p.
Technological innovations, Knowledge transfer, Digital technology, Knowledge management, Industrial cooperation, Small business, and Rapid prototyping
For a number of different reasons the cooperation between Digital Innovation Labs (e.g. FabLabs) and Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) is currently not being used to its full extent. This paper reports on the results of an applied research project in Italy and Austria that aims at supervising, stimulating and assisting the cooperation between Labs and SMEs with a number of pilot projects that have been executed on different locations in two countries. It sheds light on the challenges and direct as well as indirect benefits of such a cooperation for all involved partners. The findings of the specific projects are used to derive a generalized Cooperation Model for FabLabs and SME ("CoMod"). This model can be used to provide guidance to other Labs and SMEs to realize the benefits of a collaborative Innovation project. For the Knowledge Management community, the project demonstrates, that the collaboration between Labs and SMEs involves significant amounts of tacit knowledge, which can be made more visible using our model. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Learning, Libraries, Organizational structure, and Rapid prototyping
At Penn State University Libraries, we are endeavoring to support a library and user community in a state of flux by moving from a culture of rigidity to one of flexibility. Changes to Penn State University Libraries' organizational structures and strategic priorities have been swift and ongoing. In some contexts, we are using rapid prototyping practices to respond with agility to these changes, as well as to the changing needs of our faculty, staff, student, and community users. This article describes the general rapid prototyping approach, showcases the concept in use by a library's teaching and learning department, and uses a case study to illustrate how these practices can be applied to a specific learning object. We also suggest applications in other, more systemic, areas of organizational work. Key takeaways include encouraging a culture of experimentation, being open to failure, and keeping lines of communication open to strengthen collaboration. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]