Miller, Alyson A., Maxwell, Kate F., Chrissobolis, Sophocles, Bullen, Michelle L., Ku, Jacqueline M., Michael De Silva, T., Selemidis, Stavros, Hooker, Elizabeth U., Drummond, Grant R., Sobey, Christopher G., and Kemp-Harper, Barbara K.
Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 2013 July, v. 60, p. 264-271.
angiotensin II, vasoconstriction, chemiluminescence, guanylate cyclase, nitric oxide, cysteine, guanosine monophosphate, oxidative stress, mice, fluorescence, hydrogen peroxide, potassium, protein kinases, and arteries
Nox2 oxidase activity underlies the oxidative stress and vascular dysfunction associated with several vascular-related diseases. We have reported that nitric oxide (NO) decreases reactive oxygen species production by endothelial Nox2. This study tested the hypothesis that nitroxyl (HNO), the redox sibling of NO, also suppresses vascular Nox2 oxidase activity. Specifically, we examined the influence of two well-characterized HNO donors, Angeli’s salt and isopropylamine NONOate (IPA/NO), on Nox2-dependent responses to angiotensin II (reactive oxygen species production and vasoconstriction) in mouse cerebral arteries. Angiotensin II (0.1μmol/L)-stimulated superoxide (measured by lucigenin-enhanced chemiluminescence) and hydrogen peroxide (Amplex red fluorescence) levels in cerebral arteries (pooled basilar and middle cerebral (MCA)) from wild-type (WT) mice were ~60% lower (P