Codesign of remote data collection for chronic management of pediatric home mechanical ventilation.
- Foster CC
De Sonia A
Pediatric pulmonology[Pediatr Pulmonol] 2023 Dec; Vol. 58 (12), pp. 3416-3427. Date of Electronic Publication: 2023 Sep 13.
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- Introduction: Outpatient monitoring of children using invasive home mechanical ventilation (IHMV) is recommended, but access to care can be difficult. This study tested if remote (home-based) data collection was feasible and acceptable in chronic IHMV management.
Methods: A codesign study was conducted with an IHMV program, home nurses, and English- and Spanish-speaking parent-guardians of children using IHMV (0-17 years; n = 19). After prototyping, parents used a remote patient monitoring (RPM) bundle to collect patient heart rate, respiratory rate (RR), oxygen saturation, end-tidal carbon dioxide (EtCO 2 ), and ventilator pressure/volume over 8 weeks. User feedback was analyzed using qualitative methods and the System Usability Scale (SUS). Expected marginal mean differences within patient measures when awake, asleep, or after a break were calculated using mixed effects models.
Results: Patients were a median 2.9 years old and 11 (58%) took breaks off the ventilator. RPM data were entered on a mean of 83.7% (SD ± 29.1%) weeks. SUS scores were 84.8 (SD ± 10.5) for nurses and 91.8 (SD ± 10.1) for parents. Over 90% of parents agreed/strongly agreed that RPM data collection was feasible and relevant to their child's care. Within-patient comparisons revealed that EtCO 2 (break-vs-asleep 2.55 mmHg, d = 0.79 [0.42-1.15], p < .001; awake-vs-break 1.48, d = -0.49 [0.13-0.84], p = .02) and RR (break-vs-asleep 16.14, d = 2.12 [1.71-2.53], p < .001; awake-vs-break 3.44, d = 0.45 [0.10-0.04], p = .03) were significantly higher during ventilator breaks.
Conclusions: RPM data collection in children with IHMV was feasible, acceptable, and captured clinically meaningful vital sign changes during ventilator breaks, supporting the clinical utility of RPM in IHMV management.
(© 2023 The Authors. Pediatric Pulmonology published by Wiley Periodicals LLC.)
- Academic Journal
- Pediatric pulmonology
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