Hypertension Awareness, Treatment, and Control in US Adults: Trends in the Hypertension Control Cascade by Population Subgroup (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2016).
- Examination of changes in hypertension awareness, treatment, and control (i.e., the hypertension control cascade) by population subgroup can inform targeted efforts to improve hypertension control and reduce disparities. We analyzed 1999-2016 data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and examined trends across 6-year periods in hypertension awareness, treatment, and control by age, sex, and race/ethnicity. We included 39,589 participants (16,141 with hypertension). Hypertension awareness, treatment, and control increased from 1999 to 2016 among all age groups. However, there were few changes after 2010. Across all time periods, awareness, treatment, and control were higher among younger women (ages 25-44 years) than among younger men, while control was higher among older men (ages ≥65 years) than among older women. Hypertension control was persistently lower for blacks than for whites of all ages, and awareness, treatment, and control were lower among younger Hispanics. There have been few changes in hypertension awareness, treatment, and control since 2010. Disparities in hypertension control by sex highlight the need for effective interventions among younger men and older women. Concerted efforts are also needed to reduce persistent racial/ethnic disparities, particularly to improve treatment control among blacks and to further address gaps at all stages among younger Hispanics.
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- Academic Journal
- American journal of epidemiology
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