Race-Sex Differences in Statin Use and Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Control Among People With Diabetes Mellitus in the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke Study.
- Background: Statin therapy is a cornerstone of cardiovascular disease risk reduction for people with diabetes mellitus. Past reports have shown race-sex differences in statin use in general populations, but statin patterns by race and sex in those with diabetes mellitus have not been thoroughly studied.
Methods and Results: Our sample of 4288 adults ≥45 years of age with diagnosed diabetes mellitus who had low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) >100 mg/dL or were taking statins recruited for the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke study from 2003 to 2007. Exposures included race-sex groups (white men [WM], black men [BM], white women [WW], black women [BW]) and factors that may influence healthcare utilization. Proportions and prevalence ratios were calculated for statin use and LDL-C control. Statin use for WM, BM, WW, and BW was 66.0%, 57.8%, 55.0%, and 53.6%, respectively ( P <0.001). After adjustment for healthcare utilization factors, statin use was lower for BM, WW, and BW compared with WM (prevalence ratios [95%CI]: 0.96 [0.89-1.03], 0.86 [0.80-0.92], and 0.87 [0.81-0.93], respectively, P <0.001). LDL-C control among those taking statins for WM, BM, WW, and BW was 75.3%, 62.7%, 69.0%, and 56.0%, respectively ( P <0.001). After adjustment, LDL-C control was lower for BM, WW, and BW compared with WM (prevalence ratios [95%CI]: 0.85 [0.79-0.93], 0.89 [0.82-0.96], and 0.73 [0.67-0.80], respectively, P <0.001).
Conclusions: Race-sex disparities in statin use and LDL-C control were only partly explained by factors influencing health services utilization. Healthcare provider awareness of these disparities may help to close the observed race-sex gaps in statin use and LDL-C control among people with diabetes mellitus.
(© 2017 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley.)
Diabetes Mellitus blood
Diabetes Mellitus diagnosis
Drug Utilization Review
Practice Patterns, Physicians'
United States epidemiology
Cholesterol, LDL blood
Diabetes Mellitus ethnology
Dyslipidemias drug therapy
European Continental Ancestry Group
Healthcare Disparities ethnology
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors therapeutic use
Stroke prevention control
- Academic Journal
- Journal of the American Heart Association