 Book
 xviii, 763 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
 The first law and other basic concepts volumetric properties of fluids heat effects the second law of thermodynamics thermodynamic properties of fluids thermodynamics of flow process production of power from heat refrigeration and liquefaction systems of variable compostion VLE at low to mederate pressure thermodynamic properties and VLE from equations of state topics in phase equilibria chemicalreaction equilibria thermodynamic analysis of processes.
 (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780070592391 20160527
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780070592391 20160527
 The first law and other basic concepts volumetric properties of fluids heat effects the second law of thermodynamics thermodynamic properties of fluids thermodynamics of flow process production of power from heat refrigeration and liquefaction systems of variable compostion VLE at low to mederate pressure thermodynamic properties and VLE from equations of state topics in phase equilibria chemicalreaction equilibria thermodynamic analysis of processes.
 (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780070592391 20160527
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780070592391 20160527
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Science Library (Li and Ma)  Status 

Stacks  
TP149 .S582 1996  Unknown 
TP149 .S582 1996  Unknown 
TP149 .S582 1996  Unknown 
TP149 .S582 1996  Unknown 
 Book
 xxvii, 876 p. : ill ; 26 cm.
A Practical, UptoDate Introduction to Applied Thermodynamics, Including Coverage of Process Simulation Models and an Introduction to Biological Systems Introductory Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, Second Edition, helps readers master the fundamentals of applied thermodynamics as practiced today: with extensive development of molecular perspectives that enables adaptation to fields including biological systems, environmental applications, and nanotechnology. This text is distinctive in making molecular perspectives accessible at the introductory level and connecting properties with practical implications. Features of the second edition include * Hierarchical instruction with increasing levels of detail: Content requiring deeper levels of theory is clearly delineated in separate sections and chapters * Early introduction to the overall perspective of composite systems like distillation columns, reactive processes, and biological systems * Learning objectives, problemsolving strategies for energy balances and phase equilibria, chapter summaries, and "important equations" for every chapter * Extensive practical examples, especially coverage of nonideal mixtures, which include water contamination via hydrocarbons, polymer blending/recycling, oxygenated fuels, hydrogen bonding, osmotic pressure, electrolyte solutions, zwitterions and biological molecules, and other contemporary issues * Supporting software in formats for both MATLAB(R) and spreadsheets * Online supplemental sections and resources including instructor slides, ConcepTests, coursecast videos, and other useful resources.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780136068549 20160608
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780136068549 20160608
A Practical, UptoDate Introduction to Applied Thermodynamics, Including Coverage of Process Simulation Models and an Introduction to Biological Systems Introductory Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, Second Edition, helps readers master the fundamentals of applied thermodynamics as practiced today: with extensive development of molecular perspectives that enables adaptation to fields including biological systems, environmental applications, and nanotechnology. This text is distinctive in making molecular perspectives accessible at the introductory level and connecting properties with practical implications. Features of the second edition include * Hierarchical instruction with increasing levels of detail: Content requiring deeper levels of theory is clearly delineated in separate sections and chapters * Early introduction to the overall perspective of composite systems like distillation columns, reactive processes, and biological systems * Learning objectives, problemsolving strategies for energy balances and phase equilibria, chapter summaries, and "important equations" for every chapter * Extensive practical examples, especially coverage of nonideal mixtures, which include water contamination via hydrocarbons, polymer blending/recycling, oxygenated fuels, hydrogen bonding, osmotic pressure, electrolyte solutions, zwitterions and biological molecules, and other contemporary issues * Supporting software in formats for both MATLAB(R) and spreadsheets * Online supplemental sections and resources including instructor slides, ConcepTests, coursecast videos, and other useful resources.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780136068549 20160608
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780136068549 20160608
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Science Library (Li and Ma)  Status 

Stacks  
TP149 .E45 2012  Unknown 
 Book
 xix, 357 p. : ill.
 Book
 xviii, 817 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
 Preface 1 Introduction 2 The First Law and Other Basic Concepts 3 Volumetric Properties of Pure Fluids 4 Heat Effects 5 The Second Law of Thermodynamics 6 Thermodynamic Properties of Fluids 7 Applications of Thermodynamics to Flow Processes 8 Production of Power from Heat 9 Refrigeration and Liquefaction 10 Vapor/Liquid Equilbrium: Introduction 11 Solution Thermodynamics: Theory 12 Solution Thermodynamics: Applications 13 ChemicalReaction Equilibria 14 Topics in Phase Equilibria 15 Thermodynamic Analysis of Processes 16 Introduciton to Molecular Thermodynamics Appendixes A Conversion Factors and Values of the Gas Constant B Properties of Pure Species C Heat Capacities and Property Changes of Formation D Representative Computer Programs E The Lee/Kesler GeneralizedCorrelation Tables F Steam Tables G Thermodynamic Diagrams H UNIFAC Method I Newton's Method Author Index Subject Index.
 (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780072402964 20160527
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780072402964 20160527
 Preface 1 Introduction 2 The First Law and Other Basic Concepts 3 Volumetric Properties of Pure Fluids 4 Heat Effects 5 The Second Law of Thermodynamics 6 Thermodynamic Properties of Fluids 7 Applications of Thermodynamics to Flow Processes 8 Production of Power from Heat 9 Refrigeration and Liquefaction 10 Vapor/Liquid Equilbrium: Introduction 11 Solution Thermodynamics: Theory 12 Solution Thermodynamics: Applications 13 ChemicalReaction Equilibria 14 Topics in Phase Equilibria 15 Thermodynamic Analysis of Processes 16 Introduciton to Molecular Thermodynamics Appendixes A Conversion Factors and Values of the Gas Constant B Properties of Pure Species C Heat Capacities and Property Changes of Formation D Representative Computer Programs E The Lee/Kesler GeneralizedCorrelation Tables F Steam Tables G Thermodynamic Diagrams H UNIFAC Method I Newton's Method Author Index Subject Index.
 (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780072402964 20160527
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780072402964 20160527
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Science Library (Li and Ma)  Status 

Stacks  
TP155.2 .T45 S58 2005  Unknown 
TP155.2 .T45 S58 2005  Unknown 
 Book
 xviii, 789 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
 Preface 1 Introduction 2 The First Law and Other Basic Concepts 3 Volumetric Properties of Pure Fluids 4 Heat Effects 5 The Second Law of Thermodynamics 6 Thermodynamic Properties of Fluids 7 Applications of Thermodynamics to Flow Processes 8 Production of Power from Heat 9 Refrigeration and Liquefaction 10 Vapor/Liquid Equilbrium: Introduction 11 Solution Thermodynamics: Theory 12 Solution Thermodynamics: Applications 13 ChemicalReaction Equilibria 14 Topics in Phase Equilibria 15 Thermodynamic Analysis of Processes 16 Introduciton to Molecular Thermodynamics Appendixes A Conversion Factors and Values of the Gas Constant B Properties of Pure Species C Heat Capacities and Property Changes of Formation D Representative Computer Programs E The Lee/Kesler GeneralizedCorrelation Tables F Steam Tables G Thermodynamic Diagrams H UNIFAC Method I Newton's Method Author Index Subject Index.
 (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780072402964 20160527
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780072402964 20160527
 Preface 1 Introduction 2 The First Law and Other Basic Concepts 3 Volumetric Properties of Pure Fluids 4 Heat Effects 5 The Second Law of Thermodynamics 6 Thermodynamic Properties of Fluids 7 Applications of Thermodynamics to Flow Processes 8 Production of Power from Heat 9 Refrigeration and Liquefaction 10 Vapor/Liquid Equilbrium: Introduction 11 Solution Thermodynamics: Theory 12 Solution Thermodynamics: Applications 13 ChemicalReaction Equilibria 14 Topics in Phase Equilibria 15 Thermodynamic Analysis of Processes 16 Introduciton to Molecular Thermodynamics Appendixes A Conversion Factors and Values of the Gas Constant B Properties of Pure Species C Heat Capacities and Property Changes of Formation D Representative Computer Programs E The Lee/Kesler GeneralizedCorrelation Tables F Steam Tables G Thermodynamic Diagrams H UNIFAC Method I Newton's Method Author Index Subject Index.
 (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780072402964 20160527
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780072402964 20160527
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Science Library (Li and Ma)  Status 

Stacks  
TP155.2 .T45 S58 2001  Unknown 
6. Chemical and engineering thermodynamics [1999]
 Book
 xx, 772 p. : ill. ; 26 cm.
 Introduction. 1. Conservation of Mass and Energy. 2. Entropy: An Additional Balance Equation. 3. The Thermodynamic Properties of Real Substances. 4. Equilibrium and Stability in OneComponent Systems. 5. The Thermodynamics of Multicomponent Mixtures. 6. The Estimation of the Gibbs Free Energy and Fugacity of a Component in a Mixture. 7. Phase Equilibrium in Mixtures. 8. Chemical Equilibrium and the Balance Equations for Chemically Reacting Systems. Appendices. I. Conversion Factors for SI Units. II. The Molar Heat Capacities of Gases in the Ideal Gas. III. The Thermodynamic Properties of Water and Steam. IV. Heat and Free Energies of Formation. V. Heats of Combustion. Index.
 (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780471182108 20160527
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780471182108 20160527
 Introduction. 1. Conservation of Mass and Energy. 2. Entropy: An Additional Balance Equation. 3. The Thermodynamic Properties of Real Substances. 4. Equilibrium and Stability in OneComponent Systems. 5. The Thermodynamics of Multicomponent Mixtures. 6. The Estimation of the Gibbs Free Energy and Fugacity of a Component in a Mixture. 7. Phase Equilibrium in Mixtures. 8. Chemical Equilibrium and the Balance Equations for Chemically Reacting Systems. Appendices. I. Conversion Factors for SI Units. II. The Molar Heat Capacities of Gases in the Ideal Gas. III. The Thermodynamic Properties of Water and Steam. IV. Heat and Free Energies of Formation. V. Heats of Combustion. Index.
 (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780471182108 20160527
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780471182108 20160527
SAL3 (offcampus storage)
SAL3 (offcampus storage)  Status 

Stacks  Request 
QD504 .S25 1999  Available 
7. Chemical and process thermodynamics [1999]
 Book
 xix, 760 p. : ill. ; 25 cm. + 1 computer laser optical disc (4 3/4 in.)
 1. Introduction. The Anatomy of Thermodynamics. The Terminology of Thermodynamics. The Variables and Quantities of Thermodynamics. Equilibrium and the Equilibrium State. The Phase Rule. The Reversible Process. 2. The First Law of Thermodynamics. The First Law and Internal Energy. The Enthalpy. The Heat Capacity. The First Law for Open Systems. Problems. 3. The Behavior of Fluids. The PVT Behavior of Fluids. Equations of State. The Ideal Gas. The Compressibility Factor. Generalized Equations of State. 4. The Second Law of Thermodynamics. Heat Engines and the Carnot Cycle. The IdealGas Carnot Cycle. The Absolute Temperature Scale. The Entropy Function. Entropy and the Spontaneity of Natural Processes. Calculation of Entropy Changes. Open Systems. Applications of the Second Law. The Microscopic View of Entropy. The Third Law of Thermodynamics. 5. The Thermodynamic Network. The Free Energy Functions. The Clausius Inequality and the Fundamental Equation. The Thermodynamic Network. Measurable Quantities. Calculation of H and S as Functions of P and T. Property Estimation from Corresponding States. Property Estimation Via Generalized Equations of State. The Method of Jacobians. The Generality of the Thermodynamic Method. Problems. 6. Heat Effects. The Computational Path. Heat Effects Due to Change of Temperature. Heat Effects Due to Change of Pressure. Heat Effects Due to Change of Phase. Mixing Heat Effects. EnthalpyConcentration Diagrams. Chemical Heat Effects. Heats of Formation in Solution. Applied Thermochemistry. Problems. 7. Equilibrium and Stability. Criteria of Equilibrium. The Chemical Potential. Application of the Equilibrium Criteria. The Essence of Thermodynamics. Stability. Constraints, Equilibrium, and Virtual Variations. Problems. 8. Thermodynamics of Pure Substances. The Phase Diagram. The Clapeyron Equation. SolidLiquid Equilibrium. SolidVapor and LiquidVapor Equilibrium. Presentation of Thermodynamic Property Data. Problems. 9. Principles of Phase Equilibrium. Presentation of VaporLiquid Equilibrium Data. Determination of VaporLiquid Equilibrium Data. The Thermodynamic Basis for the Phase Rule. The Fugacity. Determination of Fugacities of Pure Substances. Determination of Fugacities in Mixtures. Ideal Systems. The Activity Coefficient. Experimental Determination of Activity Coefficients. Henry's Law. Activity Coefficient Equations. Phase Equilibrium via an Equation of State. The Thermodynamic Approach to Phase Equilibrium. Problems. 10. Applied Phase Equilibrium. The Consummate Thermodynamic Correlation of VaporLiquid Equilibrium. ConstantPressure VLE Data. Total Pressure Data. Azeotropes. Thermodynamic Consistency Tests. Multicomponent VaporLiquid Equilibrium. Phase Behavior in Partially Miscible Systems. LiquidLiquid Equilibrium. Ternary LiquidLiquid Equilibrium. Estimates from Fragmentary Data. Recapitulation. Problems. 11. Additional Topics in Phase Equilibrium. Partial Molar Properties. Experimental Determination of Mixture and Partial Molar Properties. Mixture Properties for Ideal Solutions. Activity Coefficients Based on Henry's Law. The Solubility of Gases in Liquids. SolidLiquid Equilibria. SolidSupercritical Fluid Equilibrium. Prediction of Solution Behavior. Problems. 12. Chemical Equilibrium. Generalized Stoichemtry. The Condition of Equilibrium for a Chemical Reaction. Standard States and AG0. Temperature Dependence of the Equilibrium Constant. Experimental Determination of Thermochemical Data. Other Free Energy Functions. Homogeneous GasPhase Reactions. Heterogeneous Chemical Equilibrium. Reactions in Solution. Reactions in Aqueous Solution. Electrolyte Solutions. Coupled Reactions. Problems. 13. Complex Chemical Equilibrium. The Phase Rule for Reacting Systems. Analyzing Complex Chemical Equilibrium Problems. Formulating Complex Chemical Equilibrium Problems. The CHO System and Carbon Deposition Boundaries. The SiClH System and Silicon Deposition Boundaries. Problems. 14. Thermodynamic Analysis of Processes. Work and Free Energy Functions. The Availability. Mixing and Separation Processes. Heat Exchange. Systems Involving Chemical Transformations. Problems. 15. Physicomechanical Processes. Compression and Expansion of Gases. The JouleThomson Expansion. Liquefaction of Gases. Refrigeration. Heat Pumps. Power Generation. Cogeneration of Steam and Power. Problems. 16. Compressible Fluid Flow. The Basic Equations of Fluid Mechanics. Sonic Velocity. Isentropic Flow. Isentropic Flow Through Nozzles. Nonisentropic Flow. Problems. 17. Thermodynamics and Models. Standard Models. Ad Hoc Models. Evaluation of Models. Appendixes. Index.
 (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780130874115 20160527
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780130812445 20160527
Designed for undergraduate and graduate chemical engineering students.This book/disk package explains the rationale of thermodynamics from an experimental perspective. The Third Edition offers a thorough update and is unique in its recognition of the everexpanding role of the personal computer in engineering practice. Focuses on learning the "Why" as well as the "How" of thermodynamics and integrates software to reinforce course concepts.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780130874115 20160527
 1. Introduction. The Anatomy of Thermodynamics. The Terminology of Thermodynamics. The Variables and Quantities of Thermodynamics. Equilibrium and the Equilibrium State. The Phase Rule. The Reversible Process. 2. The First Law of Thermodynamics. The First Law and Internal Energy. The Enthalpy. The Heat Capacity. The First Law for Open Systems. Problems. 3. The Behavior of Fluids. The PVT Behavior of Fluids. Equations of State. The Ideal Gas. The Compressibility Factor. Generalized Equations of State. 4. The Second Law of Thermodynamics. Heat Engines and the Carnot Cycle. The IdealGas Carnot Cycle. The Absolute Temperature Scale. The Entropy Function. Entropy and the Spontaneity of Natural Processes. Calculation of Entropy Changes. Open Systems. Applications of the Second Law. The Microscopic View of Entropy. The Third Law of Thermodynamics. 5. The Thermodynamic Network. The Free Energy Functions. The Clausius Inequality and the Fundamental Equation. The Thermodynamic Network. Measurable Quantities. Calculation of H and S as Functions of P and T. Property Estimation from Corresponding States. Property Estimation Via Generalized Equations of State. The Method of Jacobians. The Generality of the Thermodynamic Method. Problems. 6. Heat Effects. The Computational Path. Heat Effects Due to Change of Temperature. Heat Effects Due to Change of Pressure. Heat Effects Due to Change of Phase. Mixing Heat Effects. EnthalpyConcentration Diagrams. Chemical Heat Effects. Heats of Formation in Solution. Applied Thermochemistry. Problems. 7. Equilibrium and Stability. Criteria of Equilibrium. The Chemical Potential. Application of the Equilibrium Criteria. The Essence of Thermodynamics. Stability. Constraints, Equilibrium, and Virtual Variations. Problems. 8. Thermodynamics of Pure Substances. The Phase Diagram. The Clapeyron Equation. SolidLiquid Equilibrium. SolidVapor and LiquidVapor Equilibrium. Presentation of Thermodynamic Property Data. Problems. 9. Principles of Phase Equilibrium. Presentation of VaporLiquid Equilibrium Data. Determination of VaporLiquid Equilibrium Data. The Thermodynamic Basis for the Phase Rule. The Fugacity. Determination of Fugacities of Pure Substances. Determination of Fugacities in Mixtures. Ideal Systems. The Activity Coefficient. Experimental Determination of Activity Coefficients. Henry's Law. Activity Coefficient Equations. Phase Equilibrium via an Equation of State. The Thermodynamic Approach to Phase Equilibrium. Problems. 10. Applied Phase Equilibrium. The Consummate Thermodynamic Correlation of VaporLiquid Equilibrium. ConstantPressure VLE Data. Total Pressure Data. Azeotropes. Thermodynamic Consistency Tests. Multicomponent VaporLiquid Equilibrium. Phase Behavior in Partially Miscible Systems. LiquidLiquid Equilibrium. Ternary LiquidLiquid Equilibrium. Estimates from Fragmentary Data. Recapitulation. Problems. 11. Additional Topics in Phase Equilibrium. Partial Molar Properties. Experimental Determination of Mixture and Partial Molar Properties. Mixture Properties for Ideal Solutions. Activity Coefficients Based on Henry's Law. The Solubility of Gases in Liquids. SolidLiquid Equilibria. SolidSupercritical Fluid Equilibrium. Prediction of Solution Behavior. Problems. 12. Chemical Equilibrium. Generalized Stoichemtry. The Condition of Equilibrium for a Chemical Reaction. Standard States and AG0. Temperature Dependence of the Equilibrium Constant. Experimental Determination of Thermochemical Data. Other Free Energy Functions. Homogeneous GasPhase Reactions. Heterogeneous Chemical Equilibrium. Reactions in Solution. Reactions in Aqueous Solution. Electrolyte Solutions. Coupled Reactions. Problems. 13. Complex Chemical Equilibrium. The Phase Rule for Reacting Systems. Analyzing Complex Chemical Equilibrium Problems. Formulating Complex Chemical Equilibrium Problems. The CHO System and Carbon Deposition Boundaries. The SiClH System and Silicon Deposition Boundaries. Problems. 14. Thermodynamic Analysis of Processes. Work and Free Energy Functions. The Availability. Mixing and Separation Processes. Heat Exchange. Systems Involving Chemical Transformations. Problems. 15. Physicomechanical Processes. Compression and Expansion of Gases. The JouleThomson Expansion. Liquefaction of Gases. Refrigeration. Heat Pumps. Power Generation. Cogeneration of Steam and Power. Problems. 16. Compressible Fluid Flow. The Basic Equations of Fluid Mechanics. Sonic Velocity. Isentropic Flow. Isentropic Flow Through Nozzles. Nonisentropic Flow. Problems. 17. Thermodynamics and Models. Standard Models. Ad Hoc Models. Evaluation of Models. Appendixes. Index.
 (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780130874115 20160527
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780130812445 20160527
Designed for undergraduate and graduate chemical engineering students.This book/disk package explains the rationale of thermodynamics from an experimental perspective. The Third Edition offers a thorough update and is unique in its recognition of the everexpanding role of the personal computer in engineering practice. Focuses on learning the "Why" as well as the "How" of thermodynamics and integrates software to reinforce course concepts.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780130874115 20160527
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Science Library (Li and Ma)  Status 

Stacks


QD504 .K94 1999  Unknown 
 Book
 xxi, 660 p. : ill. ; 26 cm.
 I. FIRST AND SECOND LAWS. 1. Introduction. 2. The Energy Balance. 3. Entropy. 4. Thermodynamics of Processes. II. GENERALIZED ANALYSIS OF FLUID PROPERTIES. 5. Classical Thermodynamics  Generalization to Any Fluid. 6. Engineering Equations of State for PVT Properties. 7. Departure Functions. 8. Phase Equilibrium in a Pure Fluid. III. FLUID PHASE EQUILIBRIA IN MIXTURES. 9. Introduction to Multicomponent Systems. 10. Phase Equilibria in Mixtures by an Equation of State. 11. Activity Models. 12. LiquidLiquid Phase Equilibria. 13. Special Topics.  Phase Behavior.  SolidLiquid Equilibrium.  Residue Curves. IV. REACTING SYSTEMS. 14. Reacting Systems. 15. Molecular Association and Solvation. Appendix A. Glossary. Appendix B. Summary of Computer Programs. Appendix C. Mathematics. Appendix D. Strategy for Solving VLE Problems. Appendix E. Models for Process Simulators. Appendix F. Pure Component Properties.
 (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780130113863 20160528
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780130113863 20160528
 I. FIRST AND SECOND LAWS. 1. Introduction. 2. The Energy Balance. 3. Entropy. 4. Thermodynamics of Processes. II. GENERALIZED ANALYSIS OF FLUID PROPERTIES. 5. Classical Thermodynamics  Generalization to Any Fluid. 6. Engineering Equations of State for PVT Properties. 7. Departure Functions. 8. Phase Equilibrium in a Pure Fluid. III. FLUID PHASE EQUILIBRIA IN MIXTURES. 9. Introduction to Multicomponent Systems. 10. Phase Equilibria in Mixtures by an Equation of State. 11. Activity Models. 12. LiquidLiquid Phase Equilibria. 13. Special Topics.  Phase Behavior.  SolidLiquid Equilibrium.  Residue Curves. IV. REACTING SYSTEMS. 14. Reacting Systems. 15. Molecular Association and Solvation. Appendix A. Glossary. Appendix B. Summary of Computer Programs. Appendix C. Mathematics. Appendix D. Strategy for Solving VLE Problems. Appendix E. Models for Process Simulators. Appendix F. Pure Component Properties.
 (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780130113863 20160528
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780130113863 20160528
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Science Library (Li and Ma)  Status 

Stacks  
TP149 .E45 1999  Unknown 
 Book
 xv, 702 p. : ill. ; 26 cm. + 1 computer disk (3 1/2 in.)
 Basic Principles. The Energy Balance. The Entropy Balance. Thermodynamic Properties. Property Interrelations. Flow of Fluids. Power Production. Compression Machinery. Motive Power. Refrigeration. Phase EquilibriumFundamentals. Nonideal Gas Mixtures. Real Liquid Mixtures. Phase EquilibriumNonideal. Chemical Reaction Equilibria. Appendices. Index.
 (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780471055907 20160528
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780471055907 20160528
 Basic Principles. The Energy Balance. The Entropy Balance. Thermodynamic Properties. Property Interrelations. Flow of Fluids. Power Production. Compression Machinery. Motive Power. Refrigeration. Phase EquilibriumFundamentals. Nonideal Gas Mixtures. Real Liquid Mixtures. Phase EquilibriumNonideal. Chemical Reaction Equilibria. Appendices. Index.
 (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780471055907 20160528
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780471055907 20160528
SAL3 (offcampus storage)
SAL3 (offcampus storage)  Status 

Stacks

Request 
TP149 .W526 1996  Available 
 Book
 1 online resource (xii, 322 pages 245 illustrations)
 1. Structure of Turbulent Diffusion Flames. 1.1 Introduction of Turbulent Diffusion Flame Structures. 1.1.1 Importance of turbulent diffusion flames. 1.1.2 History of measuring methods. 1.1.3 Laser diagnostics. 1.1.4 Twodimensional or sheetcut imaging of turbulent diffusion flames. 1.1.5 Turbulent diffusion flame structure and how to attain high combustion efficiency and control pollutants formation. 1.2 Optical Measurement of Flame Structure Analysis. 1.2.1 Introduction. 1.2.2 Experimental Apparatus and Procedures. 1.2.3 Results and Discussions. 1.3 Effect of Surrounding Gas Motion on Turbulent Diffusion Flames. 1.3.1 Introduction. 1.3.2 Experimental apparatus and procedures. 1.3.3 Numerical analysis. 1.3.4 Results and discussions. 1.4 Visualization of Turbulent Diffusion Flame Surface. 1.4.1 Introduction. 1.4.2 Experimental apparatus and procedures. 1.4.3 Numerical calculation. 1.4.4 Visualization of turbulent diffusion flame surface. 1.5 Colorimetric Analysis of Turbulent Flames. 1.5.1 Introduction. 1.5.2 Principle of flame color utilization. 1.5.3 Factors affecting the flame color. 1.5.4 Application to practical flames. 2. Modeling of Turbulent Diffusion Flames. 2.1 Introduction. 2.2 Modelling of Turbulent Diffusion Flames. 2.2.1 The mixture fraction variable. 2.2.2 The flamelet concept of diffusion flames. 2.2.3 Comparison of time scales. 2.2.4 Applications of the flamelet concept. 2.2.5 Conclusions. 2.3 A Lagrangian Stochastic Model for NonPremixed Reacting Flows. 2.3.1 A Lagrangian stochastic model. 2.3.2 Model computations. 2.4 Estimation of Combustion Models. 2.4.1 Local reaction rate. 2.4.2 Modeling. 2.4.3 Results and discussion. 2.5 Simulation of the Vortex Generation and Mixing Process in Gas Jets. 2.5.1 Method of numerical analysis. 2.5.2 Numerical simulation. 2.5.3 Conclusions. 2.6 Laminarization Due to Combustion and Its Modeling. 2.6.1 Laminarization due to combustion. 2.6.2 A triple jet diffusion flames[42]. 2.6.3 Modeling of the laminarization. 2.7 Simulation of Mixing and Combustion in Swirling Flames. 2.7.1 Formulation. 2.7.2 Analysis and discussions. 2.7.3 Conclusions. 2.8 Modeling of Spray Combustion of Slurry Fuels. 2.8.1 Numerical analysis. 2.8.2 Experimental apparatus and conditions. 2.8.3 Simulation of combustion characteristics for PWM and CWM. 2.8.4 Conclusions. 3. Spray Formation and Combustion. 3.1 Diagnostics. 3.1.1 Reviews. 3.1.2 Phasedoppler anemometry and spray measurements. 3.1.3 The polarization properties of the scattered light to study the condensed phases in combustion systems. 3.1.4 2D soot imaging. 3.2 Spray and Ignition. 3.2.1 Reviews. 3.2.2 Atomization and spray formation. 3.2.3 Evaporation and impingement. 3.2.4 Turbulent mixing process in unsteady gas jets. 3.2.5 Application of the Stochastic Ignition Theory. 3.3 Spray Combustion. 3.3.1 Review. 3.3.2 Combustion with high injection pressure. 3.3.3 Numerical Simulation of Transient Spray Combustion. 3.3.4 Flame Structure of Steady Spray Flames. 4. Kinetics. 4.1 Chemical Kinetics and Modeling of Combustion. 4.1.1 Recent development of reaction kinetics and modeling study. 4.1.2 Kinetic models of individual fuels. 4.2 The Rate Constants of Elementary Combustion Reactions and Empirical Rate Laws. 4.2.1 Measurement of rate constant. 4.2.2 Empirical rate laws. 4.3 Combustion and Oxidation Mechanism of Aromatic Compounds. 4.3.1 Kinetic study of benzene oxidation and some problems. 4.3.2 A Study of reaction mechanism of benzene oxidation at high temperature by means of shock tube method. 4.4 Applications of Simulation Work to Some Combustion Problems. 4.4.1 Introduction. 4.4.2 Zerodimensional modeling with kinetics. 4.4.3 Spatiallydependent models with kinetics. 4.5 Applications of Modeling Study to Combustible Gas Flow. 4.5.1 Introduction. 4.5.2 Numerical algorithm of chemically reactive flows. 4.5.3 Numerical calculation of flame ignition. 5. Soot Formation Fundamentals. 5.1 Overview and Characterization of Soot. 5.1.1 Introduction. 5.1.2 Overview. 5.1.3 Outline of nucleation theories. 5.1.4 Characterization of soot particle. 5.2 Detailed Mechanism and Modeling of Soot Formation. 5.2.1 PAH formation and growth. 5.2.2 Soot particle inception in flames. 5.3 Nucleation and Carbon Clustering. 5.3.1 Chemical inception. 5.3.2 Species in flames. 5.3.3 Mechanistic study of carbon clusters. 5.4 Prediction of Soot and Soot Precursors. 5.4.1 Predictions based on PAH model. 5.4.2 Soot prediction based on homogeneous nucleation. 5.5 Growth and Destruction of Soot Particles. 5.5.1 Growth of soot particles. 5.5.2 Soot oxidation. 5.5.3 The Effect of Oxygen Addition on Sooting in Diffusion Flames. 6. Emissions and Heat Transfer in Combustion Systems. 6.1 General. 6.1.1 Emissions in Combustion Systems. 6.1.2 The role of heat transfer in combustion systems. 6.2 Fuel Pyrolysis and FuelAir Mixing in the Diesel Combustion Process.. 6.2.1 Introduction. 6.2.2 Fuel pyrolysis. 6.2.3 Diesel combustion process. 6.2.4 Conclusions. 6.3 Particulate Formation in CompressionIgnited Mixtures. 6.3.1 Introduction. 6.3.2 Experimental apparatus. 6.3.3 Results and discussion. 6.3.4 Conclusions. 6.4 Surrounding Gas Effects on Soot Formation and Oxidation Process in Spray Combustion. 6.4.1 Introduction. 6.4.2 Experimental procedures and results. 6.4.3 Summary. 6.5 Characteristics of Opposed Spray Combustion. 6.5.1 Introduction. 6.5.2 Experimental apparatus and procedure. 6.5.3 Experimental results and discussion. 6.5.4 Concluding remarks. 6.6 Heat Transfer in Exothermic Turbulent Thermal Boundary Layers. 6.6.1 Introduction. 6.6.2 Wall temperature dependance of heat transfer in a steady turbulent diffusion flame  Experimental study. 6.6.3 Wall temperature dependance of heat transfer in an unsteady turbulent flame in a pistoncylinder apparatus  Computational study in one dimension. 6.7 Heat Transfer Measurements in Combustion Systems. 6.7.1 Thinfilm thermocouple for measuring the instantaneous temperature on surface of combustion chamber wall. 6.7.2 Heat transfer in a cycle to the combustion chamber wall surface... 6.7.3 Real rate of heat release under hightemperature combustion. 6.8 Simulation of Radiative Heat Transfer in Flames. 6.8.1 Introduction. 6.8.2 Heat ray tracing method. 6.8.3 Results. 7. Effects of Fuel Properties in Combustion Systems... 7.1 Introduction. 7.2 Basic Studies of Fuel Effects on Combustion. 7.2.1 Fuel effects on the turbulent diffusion flame structure. 7.2.2 Liquid fuel properties and combustion characteristics. 7.3 Application of Extremely Light and Heavy Fuels for Engines. 7.3.1 Hydrogeninjected engines. 7.3.2 Spray combustion of heavy oil fuels. 8. New Approaches to Controlling Combustion. 8.1 Combustion Control Based on Electrical Aspects. 8.1.1 Introduction. 8.1.2 Plasma jet ignition fundamentals. 8.1.3 Plasma jet effect on steady diffusion flames. 8.1.4 Plasma jet effects on unsteady diffusion flames. 8.1.5 Effect of electric fields on diffusion flames. 8.2 Magnetic Field Effect on Combustion Reactions. 8.2.1 Introduction. 8.2.2 Review of MFEs on the gas phase reactions. 8.2.3 MFEs in low pressure diffusion flames. 8.2.4 SO2 afterglow and LIF intensity of SO2 C state. 8.2.5 Concluding remarks. 8.3 Catalytic Combustion  Roles of Catalyst. 8.3.1 Introduction. 8.3.2 Mechanism of catalytic combustion. 8.3.3 Catalytic combustion of methane. List of Authors.
 (source: Nielsen Book Data)9784431682301 20160614
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9784431682301 20160614
 1. Structure of Turbulent Diffusion Flames. 1.1 Introduction of Turbulent Diffusion Flame Structures. 1.1.1 Importance of turbulent diffusion flames. 1.1.2 History of measuring methods. 1.1.3 Laser diagnostics. 1.1.4 Twodimensional or sheetcut imaging of turbulent diffusion flames. 1.1.5 Turbulent diffusion flame structure and how to attain high combustion efficiency and control pollutants formation. 1.2 Optical Measurement of Flame Structure Analysis. 1.2.1 Introduction. 1.2.2 Experimental Apparatus and Procedures. 1.2.3 Results and Discussions. 1.3 Effect of Surrounding Gas Motion on Turbulent Diffusion Flames. 1.3.1 Introduction. 1.3.2 Experimental apparatus and procedures. 1.3.3 Numerical analysis. 1.3.4 Results and discussions. 1.4 Visualization of Turbulent Diffusion Flame Surface. 1.4.1 Introduction. 1.4.2 Experimental apparatus and procedures. 1.4.3 Numerical calculation. 1.4.4 Visualization of turbulent diffusion flame surface. 1.5 Colorimetric Analysis of Turbulent Flames. 1.5.1 Introduction. 1.5.2 Principle of flame color utilization. 1.5.3 Factors affecting the flame color. 1.5.4 Application to practical flames. 2. Modeling of Turbulent Diffusion Flames. 2.1 Introduction. 2.2 Modelling of Turbulent Diffusion Flames. 2.2.1 The mixture fraction variable. 2.2.2 The flamelet concept of diffusion flames. 2.2.3 Comparison of time scales. 2.2.4 Applications of the flamelet concept. 2.2.5 Conclusions. 2.3 A Lagrangian Stochastic Model for NonPremixed Reacting Flows. 2.3.1 A Lagrangian stochastic model. 2.3.2 Model computations. 2.4 Estimation of Combustion Models. 2.4.1 Local reaction rate. 2.4.2 Modeling. 2.4.3 Results and discussion. 2.5 Simulation of the Vortex Generation and Mixing Process in Gas Jets. 2.5.1 Method of numerical analysis. 2.5.2 Numerical simulation. 2.5.3 Conclusions. 2.6 Laminarization Due to Combustion and Its Modeling. 2.6.1 Laminarization due to combustion. 2.6.2 A triple jet diffusion flames[42]. 2.6.3 Modeling of the laminarization. 2.7 Simulation of Mixing and Combustion in Swirling Flames. 2.7.1 Formulation. 2.7.2 Analysis and discussions. 2.7.3 Conclusions. 2.8 Modeling of Spray Combustion of Slurry Fuels. 2.8.1 Numerical analysis. 2.8.2 Experimental apparatus and conditions. 2.8.3 Simulation of combustion characteristics for PWM and CWM. 2.8.4 Conclusions. 3. Spray Formation and Combustion. 3.1 Diagnostics. 3.1.1 Reviews. 3.1.2 Phasedoppler anemometry and spray measurements. 3.1.3 The polarization properties of the scattered light to study the condensed phases in combustion systems. 3.1.4 2D soot imaging. 3.2 Spray and Ignition. 3.2.1 Reviews. 3.2.2 Atomization and spray formation. 3.2.3 Evaporation and impingement. 3.2.4 Turbulent mixing process in unsteady gas jets. 3.2.5 Application of the Stochastic Ignition Theory. 3.3 Spray Combustion. 3.3.1 Review. 3.3.2 Combustion with high injection pressure. 3.3.3 Numerical Simulation of Transient Spray Combustion. 3.3.4 Flame Structure of Steady Spray Flames. 4. Kinetics. 4.1 Chemical Kinetics and Modeling of Combustion. 4.1.1 Recent development of reaction kinetics and modeling study. 4.1.2 Kinetic models of individual fuels. 4.2 The Rate Constants of Elementary Combustion Reactions and Empirical Rate Laws. 4.2.1 Measurement of rate constant. 4.2.2 Empirical rate laws. 4.3 Combustion and Oxidation Mechanism of Aromatic Compounds. 4.3.1 Kinetic study of benzene oxidation and some problems. 4.3.2 A Study of reaction mechanism of benzene oxidation at high temperature by means of shock tube method. 4.4 Applications of Simulation Work to Some Combustion Problems. 4.4.1 Introduction. 4.4.2 Zerodimensional modeling with kinetics. 4.4.3 Spatiallydependent models with kinetics. 4.5 Applications of Modeling Study to Combustible Gas Flow. 4.5.1 Introduction. 4.5.2 Numerical algorithm of chemically reactive flows. 4.5.3 Numerical calculation of flame ignition. 5. Soot Formation Fundamentals. 5.1 Overview and Characterization of Soot. 5.1.1 Introduction. 5.1.2 Overview. 5.1.3 Outline of nucleation theories. 5.1.4 Characterization of soot particle. 5.2 Detailed Mechanism and Modeling of Soot Formation. 5.2.1 PAH formation and growth. 5.2.2 Soot particle inception in flames. 5.3 Nucleation and Carbon Clustering. 5.3.1 Chemical inception. 5.3.2 Species in flames. 5.3.3 Mechanistic study of carbon clusters. 5.4 Prediction of Soot and Soot Precursors. 5.4.1 Predictions based on PAH model. 5.4.2 Soot prediction based on homogeneous nucleation. 5.5 Growth and Destruction of Soot Particles. 5.5.1 Growth of soot particles. 5.5.2 Soot oxidation. 5.5.3 The Effect of Oxygen Addition on Sooting in Diffusion Flames. 6. Emissions and Heat Transfer in Combustion Systems. 6.1 General. 6.1.1 Emissions in Combustion Systems. 6.1.2 The role of heat transfer in combustion systems. 6.2 Fuel Pyrolysis and FuelAir Mixing in the Diesel Combustion Process.. 6.2.1 Introduction. 6.2.2 Fuel pyrolysis. 6.2.3 Diesel combustion process. 6.2.4 Conclusions. 6.3 Particulate Formation in CompressionIgnited Mixtures. 6.3.1 Introduction. 6.3.2 Experimental apparatus. 6.3.3 Results and discussion. 6.3.4 Conclusions. 6.4 Surrounding Gas Effects on Soot Formation and Oxidation Process in Spray Combustion. 6.4.1 Introduction. 6.4.2 Experimental procedures and results. 6.4.3 Summary. 6.5 Characteristics of Opposed Spray Combustion. 6.5.1 Introduction. 6.5.2 Experimental apparatus and procedure. 6.5.3 Experimental results and discussion. 6.5.4 Concluding remarks. 6.6 Heat Transfer in Exothermic Turbulent Thermal Boundary Layers. 6.6.1 Introduction. 6.6.2 Wall temperature dependance of heat transfer in a steady turbulent diffusion flame  Experimental study. 6.6.3 Wall temperature dependance of heat transfer in an unsteady turbulent flame in a pistoncylinder apparatus  Computational study in one dimension. 6.7 Heat Transfer Measurements in Combustion Systems. 6.7.1 Thinfilm thermocouple for measuring the instantaneous temperature on surface of combustion chamber wall. 6.7.2 Heat transfer in a cycle to the combustion chamber wall surface... 6.7.3 Real rate of heat release under hightemperature combustion. 6.8 Simulation of Radiative Heat Transfer in Flames. 6.8.1 Introduction. 6.8.2 Heat ray tracing method. 6.8.3 Results. 7. Effects of Fuel Properties in Combustion Systems... 7.1 Introduction. 7.2 Basic Studies of Fuel Effects on Combustion. 7.2.1 Fuel effects on the turbulent diffusion flame structure. 7.2.2 Liquid fuel properties and combustion characteristics. 7.3 Application of Extremely Light and Heavy Fuels for Engines. 7.3.1 Hydrogeninjected engines. 7.3.2 Spray combustion of heavy oil fuels. 8. New Approaches to Controlling Combustion. 8.1 Combustion Control Based on Electrical Aspects. 8.1.1 Introduction. 8.1.2 Plasma jet ignition fundamentals. 8.1.3 Plasma jet effect on steady diffusion flames. 8.1.4 Plasma jet effects on unsteady diffusion flames. 8.1.5 Effect of electric fields on diffusion flames. 8.2 Magnetic Field Effect on Combustion Reactions. 8.2.1 Introduction. 8.2.2 Review of MFEs on the gas phase reactions. 8.2.3 MFEs in low pressure diffusion flames. 8.2.4 SO2 afterglow and LIF intensity of SO2 C state. 8.2.5 Concluding remarks. 8.3 Catalytic Combustion  Roles of Catalyst. 8.3.1 Introduction. 8.3.2 Mechanism of catalytic combustion. 8.3.3 Catalytic combustion of methane. List of Authors.
 (source: Nielsen Book Data)9784431682301 20160614
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9784431682301 20160614
 Book
 1 online resource (ix, 439 pages 236 illustrations).
 General Problems. Selected problems in heat exchanger design. Compact new formulae for mean temperature difference and efficiency of heat exchangers. The multidimensional thermalhydraulics code TRIO applications to heat exchangers. Heat exchanger control by stream(s) bypass. Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers. Effects of unequal transfer area in multipass heat exchangers. Variable pitch tube layout concept for shell and tube heat exchanger. Design improvements of a shell and tube heat exchanger based on practical experience and numerical analysis. Simple algorithms for optimization of shell and tube heat exchangers. Dispersion model for dividedflow heat exchanger. Heat exchanger in transient conditions. CrossFlow Heat Exchangers. Approximate equations for the design of crossflow heat exchangers. Numerical analysis of crossflow heat exchangers in order to establish a new design method. Improvement of fintube heat exchangers by longitudinal vortex generators. Numerical studies of a compact fintube heat exchanger. Heat transfer and pressure drop in single rows. Pressure losses in tube bundles of close spacings. Improvement of existing fuelair heat exchangers of modern airbreathing engines. A model for predicting the performance of domestic gasfired water heaters. Plastic heat exchangers. Condition monitoring of air cooled heat exchangers. Plate Heat Exchangers. Approximate theory of spiral heat exchanger. Thermal hydraulic performances of plate and frame heat exchangers  The CEPAJ software. Flow distribution in plate heat exchangers and consequences on thermal and hydraulic performances. Welded plate heat exchangers as refrigerants dryex evaporators. Development of a compact heat exchanger for gas turbine heat recovery. High performance titanium plate fin heat exchanger using a novel manufacturing process. Regenerators. Optimal thermal control of regenerative heat exchangers. A simplified model for a helical heat exchanger for longterm energy storage in soil. Multiphase Systems. Pressure drop during condensation in vertical tubes. Intensification of heat transfer in horizontaltube vapour condensers. Measurements and modelling: a 350 MWe power plant condenser. The computer aided design of steam surface condensers. Some comments on the use of mixed bundles of smooth and enhanced tubes in reboilers. The heat pipe heat exchangers: design, technology and applications. Performance analysis and test of a twophase closed thermosyphon heat exchanger. An application of semiempirical turbulence theory to the hydrodynamics and heat exchange in gasliquid foam. Prediction of heat transfer rates in a liquidliquid directcontact heat exchanger.
 (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783642844522 20160614
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783642844522 20160614
 General Problems. Selected problems in heat exchanger design. Compact new formulae for mean temperature difference and efficiency of heat exchangers. The multidimensional thermalhydraulics code TRIO applications to heat exchangers. Heat exchanger control by stream(s) bypass. Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers. Effects of unequal transfer area in multipass heat exchangers. Variable pitch tube layout concept for shell and tube heat exchanger. Design improvements of a shell and tube heat exchanger based on practical experience and numerical analysis. Simple algorithms for optimization of shell and tube heat exchangers. Dispersion model for dividedflow heat exchanger. Heat exchanger in transient conditions. CrossFlow Heat Exchangers. Approximate equations for the design of crossflow heat exchangers. Numerical analysis of crossflow heat exchangers in order to establish a new design method. Improvement of fintube heat exchangers by longitudinal vortex generators. Numerical studies of a compact fintube heat exchanger. Heat transfer and pressure drop in single rows. Pressure losses in tube bundles of close spacings. Improvement of existing fuelair heat exchangers of modern airbreathing engines. A model for predicting the performance of domestic gasfired water heaters. Plastic heat exchangers. Condition monitoring of air cooled heat exchangers. Plate Heat Exchangers. Approximate theory of spiral heat exchanger. Thermal hydraulic performances of plate and frame heat exchangers  The CEPAJ software. Flow distribution in plate heat exchangers and consequences on thermal and hydraulic performances. Welded plate heat exchangers as refrigerants dryex evaporators. Development of a compact heat exchanger for gas turbine heat recovery. High performance titanium plate fin heat exchanger using a novel manufacturing process. Regenerators. Optimal thermal control of regenerative heat exchangers. A simplified model for a helical heat exchanger for longterm energy storage in soil. Multiphase Systems. Pressure drop during condensation in vertical tubes. Intensification of heat transfer in horizontaltube vapour condensers. Measurements and modelling: a 350 MWe power plant condenser. The computer aided design of steam surface condensers. Some comments on the use of mixed bundles of smooth and enhanced tubes in reboilers. The heat pipe heat exchangers: design, technology and applications. Performance analysis and test of a twophase closed thermosyphon heat exchanger. An application of semiempirical turbulence theory to the hydrodynamics and heat exchange in gasliquid foam. Prediction of heat transfer rates in a liquidliquid directcontact heat exchanger.
 (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783642844522 20160614
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783642844522 20160614
12. Chemical and engineering thermodynamics [1989]
 Book
 xxiii, 622 p., [1] p. of plates ; 26 cm. + l diskette (5 in.)
 Conservation of mass energy entropy: an additional balance equation the thermodynamic properties of real substances equilibrium and stability in onecomponent systems the thermodynamics of multicomponent mixtures the estimation of the gibbs free energy and fugacity of a component in a mixture phase equilibrium in mixtures chemical equilibrium and the balance equations for chemically reacting systems.
 (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780471830504 20160527
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780471830504 20160527
 Conservation of mass energy entropy: an additional balance equation the thermodynamic properties of real substances equilibrium and stability in onecomponent systems the thermodynamics of multicomponent mixtures the estimation of the gibbs free energy and fugacity of a component in a mixture phase equilibrium in mixtures chemical equilibrium and the balance equations for chemically reacting systems.
 (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780471830504 20160527
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780471830504 20160527
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 xii, 698 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
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TP149 .S582 1987  Available 
TP149 .S582 1987  Available 
14. Chemical engineering thermodynamics [1983]
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 xi, 544 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
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15. Chemical and engineering thermodynamics [1977]
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 xviii, 587 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
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18. Thermodynamics for chemical engineers [1957]
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 507 p. illus. 24 cm.
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 Book
 1 online resource (1 v.) : ill.
 Preface xiii Acknowledgments xvii About the Author xix Nomenclature xxi Part I: Pure Fluids 1 Chapter 1: Scope and Language of Thermodynamics 3 1.1 Molecular Basis of Thermodynamics 5 1.2 Statistical versus Classical Thermodynamics 11 1.3 Definitions 13 1.4 Units 22 1.5 Summary 26 1.6 Problems 26 Chapter 2: Phase Diagrams of Pure Fluids 29 2.1 The PVT Behavior of Pure Fluid 29 2.2 Tabulation of Properties 40 2.3 Compressibility Factor and the ZP Graph 43 2.4 Corresponding States 45 2.5 Virial Equation 53 2.6 Cubic Equations of State 57 2.7 PVT Behavior of Cubic Equations of State 61 2.8 Working with Cubic Equations 64 2.9 Other Equations of State 67 2.10 Thermal Expansion and Isothermal Compression 71 2.11 Empirical Equations for Density 72 2.12 Summary 77 2.13 Problems 78 Chapter 3: Energy and the First Law 87 3.1 Energy and Mechanical Work 88 3.2 Shaft Work and PV Work 90 3.3 Internal Energy and Heat 96 3.4 First Law for a Closed System 98 3.5 Elementary Paths 101 3.6 Sensible HeatHeat Capacities 109 3.7 Heat of Vaporization 119 3.8 IdealGas State 124 3.9 Energy Balances and Irreversible Processes 133 3.10 Summary 139 3.11 Problems 140 Chapter 4: Entropy and the Second Law 149 4.1 The Second Law in a Closed System 150 4.2 Calculation of Entropy 153 4.3 Energy Balances Using Entropy 163 4.4 Entropy Generation 167 4.5 Carnot Cycle 168 4.6 Alternative Statements of the Second Law 177 4.7 Ideal and Lost Work 183 4.8 Ambient Surroundings as a Default BathExergy 189 4.9 Equilibrium and Stability 191 4.10 Molecular View of Entropy 195 4.11 Summary 199 4.12 Problems 201 Chapter 5: Calculation of Properties 205 5.1 Calculus of Thermodynamics 205 5.2 Integration of Differentials 213 5.3 Fundamental Relationships 214 5.4 Equations for Enthalpy and Entropy 217 5.5 IdealGas State 219 5.6 Incompressible Phases 220 5.7 Residual Properties 222 5.8 PressureExplicit Relations 228 5.9 Application to Cubic Equations 230 5.10 Generalized Correlations 235 5.11 Reference States 236 5.12 Thermodynamic Charts 242 5.13 Summary 245 5.14 Problems 246 Chapter 6: Balances in Open Systems 251 6.1 Flow Streams 252 6.2 Mass Balance 253 6.3 Energy Balance in Open System 255 6.4 Entropy Balance 258 6.5 Ideal and Lost Work 266 6.6 Thermodynamics of SteadyState Processes 272 6.7 Power Generation 295 6.8 Refrigeration 301 6.9 Liquefaction 309 6.10 UnsteadyState Balances 315 6.11 Summary 323 6.12 Problems 324 Chapter 7: VLE of Pure Fluid 337 7.1 TwoPhase Systems 337 7.2 VaporLiquid Equilibrium 340 7.3 Fugacity 343 7.4 Calculation of Fugacity 345 7.5 Saturation Pressure from Equations of State 353 7.6 Phase Diagrams from Equations of State 356 7.7 Summary 358 7.8 Problems 360 Part II: Mixtures 367 Chapter 8: Phase Behavior of Mixtures 369 8.1 The Txy Graph 370 8.2 The Pxy Graph 373 8.3 Azeotropes 380 8.4 The xy Graph 381 8.5 VLE at Elevated Pressures and Temperatures 383 8.6 Partially Miscible Liquids 384 8.7 Ternary Systems 390 8.8 Summary 393 8.9 Problems 394 Chapter 9: Properties of Mixtures 401 9.1 Composition 402 9.2 Mathematical Treatment of Mixtures 404 9.3 Properties of Mixing 409 9.4 Mixing and Separation 411 9.5 Mixtures in the IdealGas State 413 9.6 Equations of State for Mixtures 419 9.7 Mixture Properties from Equations of State 421 9.8 Summary 428 9.9 Problems 428 Chapter 10: Theory of VaporLiquid Equilibrium 435 10.1 Gibbs Free Energy of Mixture 435 10.2 Chemical Potential 439 10.3 Fugacity in a Mixture 443 10.4 Fugacity from Equations of State 446 10.5 VLE of Mixture Using Equations of State 448 10.6 Summary 453 10.7 Problems 454 Chapter 11: Ideal Solution 461 11.1 Ideality in Solution 461 11.2 Fugacity in Ideal Solution 464 11.3 VLE in Ideal SolutionRaoult's Law 466 11.4 Energy Balances 475 11.5 Noncondensable Gases 480 11.6 Summary 484 11.7 Problems 484 Chapter 12: Nonideal Solutions 489 12.1 Excess Properties 489 12.2 Heat Effects of Mixing 496 12.3 Activity Coefficient 504 12.4 Activity Coefficient and Phase Equilibrium 507 12.5 Data Reduction: Fitting Experimental Activity Coefficients 512 12.6 Models for the Activity Coefficient 515 12.7 Summary 531 12.8 Problems 533 Chapter 13: Miscibility, Solubility, and Other Phase Equilibria 545 13.1 Equilibrium between Partially Miscible Liquids 545 13.2 Gibbs Free Energy and Phase Splitting 548 13.3 Liquid Miscibility and Temperature 556 13.4 Completely Immiscible Liquids 558 13.5 Solubility of Gases in Liquids 563 13.6 Solubility of Solids in Liquids 575 13.7 Osmotic Equilibrium 580 13.8 Summary 586 13.9 Problems 586 Chapter 14: Reactions 593 14.1 Stoichiometry 593 14.2 Standard Enthalpy of Reaction 596 14.3 Energy Balances in Reacting Systems 601 14.4 Activity 606 14.5 Equilibrium Constant 614 14.6 Composition at Equilibrium 622 14.7 Reaction and Phase Equilibrium 624 14.8 Reaction Equilibrium Involving Solids 629 14.9 Multiple Reactions 632 14.10 Summary 636 14.11 Problems 637 Bibliography 647 Appendix A: Critical Properties of Selected Compounds 649 Appendix B: IdealGas Heat Capacities 653 Appendix C: Standard Enthalpy and Gibbs Free Energy of Reaction 655 Appendix D: UNIFAC Tables 659 Appendix E: Steam Tables 663 Index 677.
 (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780132693066 20160609
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780132693066 20160609
 Preface xiii Acknowledgments xvii About the Author xix Nomenclature xxi Part I: Pure Fluids 1 Chapter 1: Scope and Language of Thermodynamics 3 1.1 Molecular Basis of Thermodynamics 5 1.2 Statistical versus Classical Thermodynamics 11 1.3 Definitions 13 1.4 Units 22 1.5 Summary 26 1.6 Problems 26 Chapter 2: Phase Diagrams of Pure Fluids 29 2.1 The PVT Behavior of Pure Fluid 29 2.2 Tabulation of Properties 40 2.3 Compressibility Factor and the ZP Graph 43 2.4 Corresponding States 45 2.5 Virial Equation 53 2.6 Cubic Equations of State 57 2.7 PVT Behavior of Cubic Equations of State 61 2.8 Working with Cubic Equations 64 2.9 Other Equations of State 67 2.10 Thermal Expansion and Isothermal Compression 71 2.11 Empirical Equations for Density 72 2.12 Summary 77 2.13 Problems 78 Chapter 3: Energy and the First Law 87 3.1 Energy and Mechanical Work 88 3.2 Shaft Work and PV Work 90 3.3 Internal Energy and Heat 96 3.4 First Law for a Closed System 98 3.5 Elementary Paths 101 3.6 Sensible HeatHeat Capacities 109 3.7 Heat of Vaporization 119 3.8 IdealGas State 124 3.9 Energy Balances and Irreversible Processes 133 3.10 Summary 139 3.11 Problems 140 Chapter 4: Entropy and the Second Law 149 4.1 The Second Law in a Closed System 150 4.2 Calculation of Entropy 153 4.3 Energy Balances Using Entropy 163 4.4 Entropy Generation 167 4.5 Carnot Cycle 168 4.6 Alternative Statements of the Second Law 177 4.7 Ideal and Lost Work 183 4.8 Ambient Surroundings as a Default BathExergy 189 4.9 Equilibrium and Stability 191 4.10 Molecular View of Entropy 195 4.11 Summary 199 4.12 Problems 201 Chapter 5: Calculation of Properties 205 5.1 Calculus of Thermodynamics 205 5.2 Integration of Differentials 213 5.3 Fundamental Relationships 214 5.4 Equations for Enthalpy and Entropy 217 5.5 IdealGas State 219 5.6 Incompressible Phases 220 5.7 Residual Properties 222 5.8 PressureExplicit Relations 228 5.9 Application to Cubic Equations 230 5.10 Generalized Correlations 235 5.11 Reference States 236 5.12 Thermodynamic Charts 242 5.13 Summary 245 5.14 Problems 246 Chapter 6: Balances in Open Systems 251 6.1 Flow Streams 252 6.2 Mass Balance 253 6.3 Energy Balance in Open System 255 6.4 Entropy Balance 258 6.5 Ideal and Lost Work 266 6.6 Thermodynamics of SteadyState Processes 272 6.7 Power Generation 295 6.8 Refrigeration 301 6.9 Liquefaction 309 6.10 UnsteadyState Balances 315 6.11 Summary 323 6.12 Problems 324 Chapter 7: VLE of Pure Fluid 337 7.1 TwoPhase Systems 337 7.2 VaporLiquid Equilibrium 340 7.3 Fugacity 343 7.4 Calculation of Fugacity 345 7.5 Saturation Pressure from Equations of State 353 7.6 Phase Diagrams from Equations of State 356 7.7 Summary 358 7.8 Problems 360 Part II: Mixtures 367 Chapter 8: Phase Behavior of Mixtures 369 8.1 The Txy Graph 370 8.2 The Pxy Graph 373 8.3 Azeotropes 380 8.4 The xy Graph 381 8.5 VLE at Elevated Pressures and Temperatures 383 8.6 Partially Miscible Liquids 384 8.7 Ternary Systems 390 8.8 Summary 393 8.9 Problems 394 Chapter 9: Properties of Mixtures 401 9.1 Composition 402 9.2 Mathematical Treatment of Mixtures 404 9.3 Properties of Mixing 409 9.4 Mixing and Separation 411 9.5 Mixtures in the IdealGas State 413 9.6 Equations of State for Mixtures 419 9.7 Mixture Properties from Equations of State 421 9.8 Summary 428 9.9 Problems 428 Chapter 10: Theory of VaporLiquid Equilibrium 435 10.1 Gibbs Free Energy of Mixture 435 10.2 Chemical Potential 439 10.3 Fugacity in a Mixture 443 10.4 Fugacity from Equations of State 446 10.5 VLE of Mixture Using Equations of State 448 10.6 Summary 453 10.7 Problems 454 Chapter 11: Ideal Solution 461 11.1 Ideality in Solution 461 11.2 Fugacity in Ideal Solution 464 11.3 VLE in Ideal SolutionRaoult's Law 466 11.4 Energy Balances 475 11.5 Noncondensable Gases 480 11.6 Summary 484 11.7 Problems 484 Chapter 12: Nonideal Solutions 489 12.1 Excess Properties 489 12.2 Heat Effects of Mixing 496 12.3 Activity Coefficient 504 12.4 Activity Coefficient and Phase Equilibrium 507 12.5 Data Reduction: Fitting Experimental Activity Coefficients 512 12.6 Models for the Activity Coefficient 515 12.7 Summary 531 12.8 Problems 533 Chapter 13: Miscibility, Solubility, and Other Phase Equilibria 545 13.1 Equilibrium between Partially Miscible Liquids 545 13.2 Gibbs Free Energy and Phase Splitting 548 13.3 Liquid Miscibility and Temperature 556 13.4 Completely Immiscible Liquids 558 13.5 Solubility of Gases in Liquids 563 13.6 Solubility of Solids in Liquids 575 13.7 Osmotic Equilibrium 580 13.8 Summary 586 13.9 Problems 586 Chapter 14: Reactions 593 14.1 Stoichiometry 593 14.2 Standard Enthalpy of Reaction 596 14.3 Energy Balances in Reacting Systems 601 14.4 Activity 606 14.5 Equilibrium Constant 614 14.6 Composition at Equilibrium 622 14.7 Reaction and Phase Equilibrium 624 14.8 Reaction Equilibrium Involving Solids 629 14.9 Multiple Reactions 632 14.10 Summary 636 14.11 Problems 637 Bibliography 647 Appendix A: Critical Properties of Selected Compounds 649 Appendix B: IdealGas Heat Capacities 653 Appendix C: Standard Enthalpy and Gibbs Free Energy of Reaction 655 Appendix D: UNIFAC Tables 659 Appendix E: Steam Tables 663 Index 677.
 (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780132693066 20160609
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780132693066 20160609
 Book
 1 online resource )xxxi, 692 p.) : ǂb ill.
 Preface. About the Authors. Acknowledgments. List of Abbreviations. List of Symbols. PART A INTRODUCTION. 1 Thermodynamics for Process and Product Design. Appendix. References. 2 Intermolecular Forces and Thermodynamic Models. 2.1 General. 2.2 Coulombic and van der Waals forces. 2.3 Quasichemical forces with emphasis on hydrogen bonding. 2.4 Some applications of intermolecular forces in model development. 2.5 Concluding remarks. References. PART B THE CLASSICAL MODELS. 3 Cubic equations of state: the classical mixing rules. 3.1 General. 3.2 On the parameter estimation. 3.3 Analysis of the advantages and shortcomings of cubic EoS. 3.4 Some recent developments with cubic EoS. 3.5 Concluding remarks. Appendix. References. 4 Activity coefficient models Part 1: randommixing based models 4.1 Introduction to the randommixing models. 4.2 Experimental activity coefficients. 4.3 The Margules equation. 4.4 From the van der Waals and van Laar equation to the regular solution theory. 4.5 Applications of the Regular Solution Theory. 4.6 SLE with emphasis on wax formation. 4.7 Asphaltene precipitation. 4.8 Concluding remarks about the randommixingbased models. Appendix. References. 5 Activity coefficient models Part 2: local composition models, from Wilson and NRTL to UNIQUAC and UNIFAC. 5.1 General. 5.2 Overview of the local composition models. 5.3 The theoretical limitations. 5.4 Range of applicability of the LC models. 5.5 On the theoretical significance of the interaction parameters. 5.6 LC models: some unifying concepts. 5.7 The group contribution principle and UNIFAC. 5.8 Localcompositionfreevolume models for polymers. 5.9 Conclusions: is UNIQUAC the best local composition model available today? Appendix. References. 6 The EoS/ G E mixing rules for cubic equations of state. 6.1 General. 6.2 The infinite pressure limit (the HuronVidal mixing rule). 6.3 The zeroreference pressure limit (The Michelsen approach). 6.4 Successes and limitations of zero reference pressure models. 6.5 The WongSandler (WS) mixing rule. 6.6 EoS/ G E approaches suitable for asymmetric mixtures. 6.7 Applications of the LCVM, MHV2, PSRK and WS mixing rules. 6.8 Cubic EoS for polymers. 6.9 Conclusions: achievements and limitations of the EoS/ G E models. 6.10 Recommended models  so far. Appendix. References. PART C ADVANCED MODELS AND THEIR APPLICATIONS. 7 Association theories and models: the role of spectroscopy. 7.1 Introduction. 7.2 Three different association theories. 7.3 The chemical and perturbation theories. 7.4 Spectroscopy and association theories. 7.5 Concluding remarks. Appendix. References. 8 The Statistical Associating Fluid Theory (SAFT). 8.1 The SAFT EoS: a brief look at the history and major developments. 8.2 The SAFT equations. 8.3 Parameterization of SAFT. 8.4 Applications of SAFT to nonpolar molecules. 8.5 GC SAFT approaches. 8.6 Concluding remarks. Appendix. References. 9 The CubicPlusAssociation equation of state. 9.1 Introduction. 9.2 The CPA EoS. 9.3 Parameter estimation: pure compounds. 9.4 The First applications. 9.5 Conclusions. Appendix. References. 10 Applications of CPA to the oil and gas industry. 10.1 General. 10.2 Glycolwaterhydrocarbon phase equilibria. 10.3 Gas hydrates. 10.4 Gas phase water content calculations. 10.5 Mixtures with acid gases (CO 2 and H 2 S). 10.6 Reservoir fluids. 10.7 Conclusions. References. 11 Applications of CPA to chemical industries. 11.1 Introduction. 11.2 Aqueous mixtures with heavy alcohols. 11.3 Amines and ketones. 11.4 Mixtures with organic acids. 11.5 Mixtures with ethers and esters. 11.6 Multifunctional chemicals: glycolethers and alkanolamines. 11.7 Complex aqueous mixtures. 11.8 Concluding remarks. Appendix. References. 12 Extension of CPA and SAFT to new systems: worked examples and guidelines. 12.1 Introduction. 12.2 The case of sulfolane: CPA application. 12.3 Application of sPCSAFT to sulfolanerelated systems. 12.4 Applicability of association theories and cubic EoS with advanced mixing rules (EoS/ G E models) to polar chemicals. 12.5 Phenols. 12.6 Conclusions. References. 13 Applications of SAFT to polar and associating mixtures. 13.1 Introduction. 13.2 Waterhydrocarbons. 13.3 Alcohols, amines and alkanolamines. 13.4 Glycols. 13.5 Organic Acids. 13.6 Polar nonassociating compounds. 13.7 Flow assurance (asphaltenes and gas hydrate inhibitors). 13.8 Concluding Remarks. References. 14 Applications of SAFT to polymers. 14.1 Overview. 14.2 Estimation of parameters for polymers for SAFTtype EoS. 14.3 Lowpressure phase equilibria (VLE and LLE) using simplified PCSAFT. 14.4 Highpressure phase equilibria. 14.5 Copolymers. 14.6 Concluding remarks. Appendix. References. PART D THERMODYNAMICS AND OTHER DISCIPLINES. 15 Models for electrolyte systems. 15.1 Introduction: importance of electrolyte systems and modeling challenges. 15.2 Theories of ionic (longrange) interactions. 15.3 Electrolyte models: activity coefficients. 15.4 Electrolyte models: Equation of State. 15.5 Comparison of electrolyte EoS: capabilities and limitations. 15.6 Thermodynamic models for CO 2 wateralkanolamines. 15.7 Concluding remarks. References. 16 Quantum chemistry in engineering thermodynamics. 16.1 Introduction. 16.2 The COSMORS method. 16.3 Estimation of association model parameters using QC. 16.4 Estimation of size parameters of SFTtype models from QC. 16.5 Conclusions. References. 17 Environmental thermodynamics. 17.1 Introduction. 17.2 Distribution of chemicals in environmental ecosystems. 17.3 Environmentally friendly solvents: supercritical fluids. 17.4 Conclusions. References. 18 Thermodynamics and colloid and surface chemistry. 18.1 General. 18.2 Intermolecular vs. interparticle forces. 18.3 Interparticle forces in colloids and interfaces. 18.4 Acidbase concepts in adhesion studies. 18.5 Surface and interfacial tensions from thermodynamic models. 18.6 Hydrophilicity. 18.7 Micellization and surfactant solutions. 18.8 Adsorption. 18.9 Conclusions. References. 19 Thermodynamics for biotechnology. 19.1 Introduction. 19.2 Models for Pharmaceuticals. 19.3 Models for amino acids and polypeptides. 19.4 Adsorption of proteins and chromatography. 19.5 Semiproductive models for protein systems. 19.6 Concluding Remarks. Appendix. References. 20 Epilogue: thermodynamic challenges in the twentyfirst century. 20.1 In brief. 20.2 Petroleum and chemical industries. 20.3 Chemicals including polymers and complex product design. 20.4 Biotechnology including pharmaceuticals. 20.5 How future needs will be addressed. References. Index.
 (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780470697269 20160604
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780470697269 20160604
 Preface. About the Authors. Acknowledgments. List of Abbreviations. List of Symbols. PART A INTRODUCTION. 1 Thermodynamics for Process and Product Design. Appendix. References. 2 Intermolecular Forces and Thermodynamic Models. 2.1 General. 2.2 Coulombic and van der Waals forces. 2.3 Quasichemical forces with emphasis on hydrogen bonding. 2.4 Some applications of intermolecular forces in model development. 2.5 Concluding remarks. References. PART B THE CLASSICAL MODELS. 3 Cubic equations of state: the classical mixing rules. 3.1 General. 3.2 On the parameter estimation. 3.3 Analysis of the advantages and shortcomings of cubic EoS. 3.4 Some recent developments with cubic EoS. 3.5 Concluding remarks. Appendix. References. 4 Activity coefficient models Part 1: randommixing based models 4.1 Introduction to the randommixing models. 4.2 Experimental activity coefficients. 4.3 The Margules equation. 4.4 From the van der Waals and van Laar equation to the regular solution theory. 4.5 Applications of the Regular Solution Theory. 4.6 SLE with emphasis on wax formation. 4.7 Asphaltene precipitation. 4.8 Concluding remarks about the randommixingbased models. Appendix. References. 5 Activity coefficient models Part 2: local composition models, from Wilson and NRTL to UNIQUAC and UNIFAC. 5.1 General. 5.2 Overview of the local composition models. 5.3 The theoretical limitations. 5.4 Range of applicability of the LC models. 5.5 On the theoretical significance of the interaction parameters. 5.6 LC models: some unifying concepts. 5.7 The group contribution principle and UNIFAC. 5.8 Localcompositionfreevolume models for polymers. 5.9 Conclusions: is UNIQUAC the best local composition model available today? Appendix. References. 6 The EoS/ G E mixing rules for cubic equations of state. 6.1 General. 6.2 The infinite pressure limit (the HuronVidal mixing rule). 6.3 The zeroreference pressure limit (The Michelsen approach). 6.4 Successes and limitations of zero reference pressure models. 6.5 The WongSandler (WS) mixing rule. 6.6 EoS/ G E approaches suitable for asymmetric mixtures. 6.7 Applications of the LCVM, MHV2, PSRK and WS mixing rules. 6.8 Cubic EoS for polymers. 6.9 Conclusions: achievements and limitations of the EoS/ G E models. 6.10 Recommended models  so far. Appendix. References. PART C ADVANCED MODELS AND THEIR APPLICATIONS. 7 Association theories and models: the role of spectroscopy. 7.1 Introduction. 7.2 Three different association theories. 7.3 The chemical and perturbation theories. 7.4 Spectroscopy and association theories. 7.5 Concluding remarks. Appendix. References. 8 The Statistical Associating Fluid Theory (SAFT). 8.1 The SAFT EoS: a brief look at the history and major developments. 8.2 The SAFT equations. 8.3 Parameterization of SAFT. 8.4 Applications of SAFT to nonpolar molecules. 8.5 GC SAFT approaches. 8.6 Concluding remarks. Appendix. References. 9 The CubicPlusAssociation equation of state. 9.1 Introduction. 9.2 The CPA EoS. 9.3 Parameter estimation: pure compounds. 9.4 The First applications. 9.5 Conclusions. Appendix. References. 10 Applications of CPA to the oil and gas industry. 10.1 General. 10.2 Glycolwaterhydrocarbon phase equilibria. 10.3 Gas hydrates. 10.4 Gas phase water content calculations. 10.5 Mixtures with acid gases (CO 2 and H 2 S). 10.6 Reservoir fluids. 10.7 Conclusions. References. 11 Applications of CPA to chemical industries. 11.1 Introduction. 11.2 Aqueous mixtures with heavy alcohols. 11.3 Amines and ketones. 11.4 Mixtures with organic acids. 11.5 Mixtures with ethers and esters. 11.6 Multifunctional chemicals: glycolethers and alkanolamines. 11.7 Complex aqueous mixtures. 11.8 Concluding remarks. Appendix. References. 12 Extension of CPA and SAFT to new systems: worked examples and guidelines. 12.1 Introduction. 12.2 The case of sulfolane: CPA application. 12.3 Application of sPCSAFT to sulfolanerelated systems. 12.4 Applicability of association theories and cubic EoS with advanced mixing rules (EoS/ G E models) to polar chemicals. 12.5 Phenols. 12.6 Conclusions. References. 13 Applications of SAFT to polar and associating mixtures. 13.1 Introduction. 13.2 Waterhydrocarbons. 13.3 Alcohols, amines and alkanolamines. 13.4 Glycols. 13.5 Organic Acids. 13.6 Polar nonassociating compounds. 13.7 Flow assurance (asphaltenes and gas hydrate inhibitors). 13.8 Concluding Remarks. References. 14 Applications of SAFT to polymers. 14.1 Overview. 14.2 Estimation of parameters for polymers for SAFTtype EoS. 14.3 Lowpressure phase equilibria (VLE and LLE) using simplified PCSAFT. 14.4 Highpressure phase equilibria. 14.5 Copolymers. 14.6 Concluding remarks. Appendix. References. PART D THERMODYNAMICS AND OTHER DISCIPLINES. 15 Models for electrolyte systems. 15.1 Introduction: importance of electrolyte systems and modeling challenges. 15.2 Theories of ionic (longrange) interactions. 15.3 Electrolyte models: activity coefficients. 15.4 Electrolyte models: Equation of State. 15.5 Comparison of electrolyte EoS: capabilities and limitations. 15.6 Thermodynamic models for CO 2 wateralkanolamines. 15.7 Concluding remarks. References. 16 Quantum chemistry in engineering thermodynamics. 16.1 Introduction. 16.2 The COSMORS method. 16.3 Estimation of association model parameters using QC. 16.4 Estimation of size parameters of SFTtype models from QC. 16.5 Conclusions. References. 17 Environmental thermodynamics. 17.1 Introduction. 17.2 Distribution of chemicals in environmental ecosystems. 17.3 Environmentally friendly solvents: supercritical fluids. 17.4 Conclusions. References. 18 Thermodynamics and colloid and surface chemistry. 18.1 General. 18.2 Intermolecular vs. interparticle forces. 18.3 Interparticle forces in colloids and interfaces. 18.4 Acidbase concepts in adhesion studies. 18.5 Surface and interfacial tensions from thermodynamic models. 18.6 Hydrophilicity. 18.7 Micellization and surfactant solutions. 18.8 Adsorption. 18.9 Conclusions. References. 19 Thermodynamics for biotechnology. 19.1 Introduction. 19.2 Models for Pharmaceuticals. 19.3 Models for amino acids and polypeptides. 19.4 Adsorption of proteins and chromatography. 19.5 Semiproductive models for protein systems. 19.6 Concluding Remarks. Appendix. References. 20 Epilogue: thermodynamic challenges in the twentyfirst century. 20.1 In brief. 20.2 Petroleum and chemical industries. 20.3 Chemicals including polymers and complex product design. 20.4 Biotechnology including pharmaceuticals. 20.5 How future needs will be addressed. References. Index.
 (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780470697269 20160604
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780470697269 20160604
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