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Book
1 online resource : illustrations
  • Definitions and experimental approach
  • The real solid
  • Thermodynamics of heterogenous systems
  • Elementary steps in heterogenous reactions
  • Chemical diffusion
  • Chemical adsorption
  • Mechanisms and kinetics of a process
  • Nucleation of a new solid phase
  • Growth of a solid phase
  • Transformation by surface nucleation and growth
  • Modeling and experiments
  • Granular coalescence
  • Decomposition reactions of solids
  • Reactions between solids
  • Gas-solid reactions
  • Transformations of solid solutions
  • Modeling of mechanisms
  • Mechanisms and kinetic laws
  • Mechanisms and reactivity
  • Sample shapes
  • Space functions of anisotropic growths for a grain
  • Laws of evolutions in the one-process models with instantaneous nucleation and anisotropic growth
  • Kinetic laws in two-process models with anisotropic growth
  • Tables of values in two-process models with anisotropic growth
  • Tables of values in some two-process models with isotropic growth
  • Tables of values in some two-process models with isotropic growth
  • Kinetics and mechanisms with parallel steps
  • Reaction with nucleation in the bulk
  • Mathematical complements
  • Physical units and constants
  • Bibliography
  • Index.
Book
xxii, 714 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
  • Interaction of theory and experiment in reaction kinetics / R.A. Marcus
  • The application of approximate analytical models in the development of modified electrodes for NADH oxidation / P.N. Bartlett and E.N.K. Wallace
  • Electrochemistry of DNA / A.M. Oliveira Brett, S.H.P. Serrano and A.J.P. Piedade
  • Kinetic modeling and the skin / J. Hadgraft
  • Electron transport and two-dimensional organization of metalloprotein absorbates investigated by cyclic voltammetry and in situ scanning tunnelling and atomic force microscopy / E.P. Friis, J.E.T. Andersen, L.L. Madsen, P. Møller, M.H. Thuesen, N.H. Andersen and J. Ulstrup
  • The kinetics of the partitioning of compounds between octanol and water, and its relationship to the movement of molecules in biological systems / P.R. Fisk, M.G. Ford and P. Watson
  • Redox mediated whole cell biosensors for toxicity assessment and environmental protection / B.G.D. Haggett
  • Photoelectrochemical kinetics at semiconductor electrodes / L.M. Peter
  • Kinetic modeling of electron transfer processes in colloidal semiconductor photocatalysis / C. Boxall
  • Hydrodynamic modulation methods in electrochemistry / D.E. Williams and J.V. Macpherson
  • AC impedance spectroscopy of polymer films - an overview / A.R. Mount and M.T. Robertson
  • Kinetic applications of the electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance / E.J. Calvo and R.A. Etechenique
  • Visualizing ion and solvent transfer processes in electroactive polymer films / S. Bruckenstein, A.R. Hillman and H.L. Bandey
  • Ab initio prediction of the performance of membrane separation processes / W.R. Bowen, N. Hilal, M. Jain, R.W. Lovitt, A.W. Mohammad, A.O. Sharif, P.M. Williams and C.J. Wright
  • A new approach to the prediction of diffusion coeffcients / P.R. Fisk and P. Jonathan
  • Electrode reactions in microvolumes / C.M.A. Brett
  • Some kinetic considerations of chemical vapour deposition processes / M.L. Hitchman
  • The mechanism of methanol electro-oxidation / A. Hamnett
  • Spontaneous formation and breakdown of vesicles in aqueous media / M. Misran, S. Bucak, and B.H. Robinson.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
p. 239-250 : ill., graphs : 23 cm.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
xix, 448 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
  • Preface xvii PART 1. BASIC CONCEPTS OF CHEMICAL KINETICS 1 Chapter 1. Chemical Reaction and Kinetic Quantities 3 1.1. The chemical reaction 3 1.2. Homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions 8 1.3. Extent and speed of a reaction 9 1.4. Volumetric and areal speed of a monozone reaction 12 1.5. Fractional extent and rate of a reaction 14 1.6. Reaction speeds and concentrations 18 1.7. Expression of volumetric speed according to variations in concentration in a closed system 19 1.8. Stoichiometric mixtures and progress 20 1.9. Factors influencing reaction speeds 21 Chapter 2. Reaction Mechanisms and Elementary Steps 25 2.1. Basic premise of kinetics 25 2.2. Reaction mechanism 26 2.3. Reaction intermediates 29 2.4. Reaction sequences and Semenov representation 32 2.5. Chain reactions 34 2.6. Catalytic reactions 37 2.7. Important figures in reaction mechanisms 41 Chapter 3. Kinetic Properties of Elementary Reactions 43 3.1. Space function of an elementary reaction 43 3.2. Reactivity and rate of an elementary step 44 3.3. Kinetic constants of an elementary step 45 3.4. Opposite elementary reactions 47 3.5. Influence of temperature on the reactivities of elementary steps 49 3.6. Modeling of a gas phase elementary step 51 3.7. A particular elementary step: diffusion 58 3.8. Gases adsorption onto solids 64 3.9. Important figures in the kinetic properties of elementary reactions 71 Chapter 4. Kinetic Data Acquisition 73 4.1. Experimental kinetic data of a reaction 73 4.2. Generalities on measuring methods 74 4.3. Chemical methods 74 4.4. Physical methods 75 4.5. Researching the influence of various variables 87 Chapter 5. Experimental Laws and Calculation of Kinetic Laws of Homogeneous Systems 91 5.1. Experimental laws in homogeneous kinetics 91 5.2. Relationship between the speed of a reaction and the speeds of its elementary steps 95 5.3. Mathematical formulation of speed from a mechanism and experimental conditions 96 5.4. Mathematical formulation of a homogeneous reaction with open sequence 99 5.5. Mathematical formulation of chain reactions 101 Chapter 6. Experimental Data and Calculation of Kinetic Laws of Heterogeneous Reactions 109 6.1. Heterogeneous reactions 109 6.2. Experimental kinetic data of heterogeneous reactions 112 6.3. Involvement of diffusion in matter balances 119 6.4. Example of mathematical formulation of a heterogeneous catalytic reaction 124 6.5. Example of the mathematical formulation of an evolution process of a phase 127 Chapter 7. Pseudo- and Quasi-steady State Modes 135 7.1. Pseudo-steady state mode 135 7.2. Pseudo-steady state sequences with constant volume (or surface) -- quasi-steady state 147 7.3. Pseudo- and quasi-steady state of diffusion 150 7.4. Application to the calculation of speeds in pseudo-steady state or quasi-steady state 151 7.5. Pseudo-steady state and open or closed systems 159 7.6. Conclusion 162 7.7. Important figure in pseudo-steady state 163 Chapter 8. Modes with Rate-determining Steps 165 8.1. Mode with one determining step 166 8.2. Pseudo-steady state mode with two determining steps 185 8.3. Generalization to more than two determining steps 189 8.4. Conclusion to the study of modes with one or several rate-determining steps 190 8.5. First order mode changes 190 8.6. Conclusion 191 PART 2. REACTION MECHANISMS AND KINETIC PROPERTIES 193 Chapter 9. Establishment and Resolution of a Reaction Mechanism 195 9.1. Families of reaction mechanisms 195 9.2. Different categories of elementary steps 196 9.3. Establishment of a reaction mechanism 201 9.4. Research into a mechanism: intermediary reactions 205 9.5. Back to the modes and laws of kinetics 210 9.6. Experimental tests 212 9.7. Looking for the type of rate law 218 Chapter 10. Theory of the Activated Complex in the Gas Phase 223 10.1. The notion of molecular energy: the energy of a group of atoms 223 10.2. Bimolecular reactions in the gas phase 227 10.3. Monomolecular reactions in the gas phase 243 10.4. Photochemical elementary reactions 248 10.5. The theory of activated complexes 252 Chapter 11. Modeling Elementary Reactions in Condensed Phase 253 11.1. Elementary reaction in the liquid phase 253 11.2. Elementary reaction in the solid state 268 11.3. Interphase reactions 276 11.4. Electrochemical reactions 280 11.5. Conclusion 290 Chapter 12. The Kinetics of Chain Reactions 291 12.1. Definition of a chain reaction 291 12.2. The kinetic characteristics of chain reactions 292 12.3. Classification of chain reactions 293 12.4. Chain reaction sequences 295 12.5. Kinetic study of straight chain or non-branch chain reactions 299 12.6. Kinetic study of chain reactions with direct branching 311 12.7. Semenov and the kinetics of chain reactions 321 Chapter 13. Catalysis and Catalyzed Reactions 323 13.1. Homogenous catalysis 324 13.2. Heterogeneous catalysis reactions 335 13.3. Gas--solid reactions leading to a gas 351 13.4. Conclusion on catalysis 352 13.5. Langmiur and Hinshelwood 352 Chapter 14. Kinetics of Heterogeneous Stoichiometric Reactions 353 14.1. Extent versus time and rate versus extent curves 354 14.2. The global model with two processes 355 14.3. The OE law 356 14.4. Morphological modeling of the growing space function 357 14.5. The nucleation process 373 14.6. Physico-chemical growth models 384 14.7. Conclusion on heterogeneous reactions 386 14.8. Important figures in reaction kinetics 387 Chapter 15. Kinetics of Non-pseudo-steady State Modes 389 15.1. Partial pseudo-steady state modes 389 15.2. The paralinear law of metal oxidation 392 15.3. Thermal runaway and ignition of reactions 395 15.4. Chemical ignition of gaseous mixtures 397 APPENDICES 405 Appendix 1. Point Defects and Structure Elements of Solids 407 Appendix 2. Notions of Microscopic Thermodynamics 413 Appendix 3. Vibration Frequency of the Activated Complex 425 Notations and Symbols 431 Bibliography 439 Index 441.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781848213029 20160606
This book is a progressive presentation of kinetics of the chemical reactions. It provides complete coverage of the domain of chemical kinetics, which is necessary for the various future users in the fields of Chemistry, Physical Chemistry, Materials Science, Chemical Engineering, Macromolecular Chemistry and Combustion. It will help them to understand the most sophisticated knowledge of their future job area. Over 15 chapters, this book present the fundamentals of chemical kinetics, its relations with reaction mechanisms and kinetic properties. Two chapters are then devoted to experimental results and how to calculate the kinetic laws in both homogeneous and heterogeneous systems. The following two chapters describe the main approximation modes to calculate these laws. Three chapters are devoted to elementary steps with the various classes, the principles used to write them and their modeling using the theory of the activated complex in gas and condensed phases. Three chapters are devoted to the particular areas of chemical reactions, chain reactions, catalysis and the stoichiometric heterogeneous reactions. Finally the non-steady-state processes of combustion and explosion are treated in the final chapter.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781848213029 20160606
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xix, 448 p. : ill.
  • pt. 1. Basic concepts of chemical kinetics
  • pt. 2. Reaction mechanisms and kinetic properties.
Book
xii, 549 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
  • 1. Introduction 2. Reaction rate laws 3. Experimental methods 4. Rate constants and reaction orders 5. Collisions and molecular dynamics 6. Reactivity in thermalized systems 7. Structure-Reactivity Relationships 8. Unimolecular Reactions 9. Reaction in solution 10. Reactions in surfaces 11. Nucleophilic substitution reactions 12. Chain reactions 13. Acid-base catalysis and proton-transfer reactions 14. Enzyme catalysis 15. Transitions between electronic states 16. Electron transfers 17. Fractals, chaos and oscillatory reactions.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780444521866 20160528
"Chemical Kinetics" bridges the gap between beginner and specialist with a path that leads the reader from the phenomenological approach to the rates of chemical reactions to the state-of-the-art calculation of the rate constants of the most prevalent reactions: atom transfers, catalysis, proton transfers, substitution reactions, energy transfers and electron transfers. For the beginner, it provides the basics: the simplest concepts, the fundamental experiments, and the underlying theories. For the specialist, it shows where sophisticated experimental and theoretical methods combine to offer a panorama of time-dependent molecular phenomena connected by a new rational. "Chemical Kinetics" goes far beyond the qualitative description: with the guidance of theory, the path becomes a reaction path that can actually be inspected and calculated. But "Chemical Kinetics" is more about structure and reactivity than numbers and calculations. A great emphasis in the clarity of the concepts is achieved by illustrating all the theories and mechanisms with recent examples, some of them described with sufficient detail and simplicity to be used in general chemistry and lab courses. It looks at atoms and molecules, and how molecular structures change with time. It provides practical examples and detailed theoretical calculations. It is of special interest to industrial chemistry and biochemistry.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780444521866 20160528
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
x, 326 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
  • Fundamental ideas of kinetics
  • Kinetics of more complex systems
  • Techniques and methods
  • Reactions in the gas phase
  • Reactions in solutions
  • Enzyme catalysis
  • Kinetics of reactions in the solid state
  • Nonisothermal methods in kinetics
  • Additional applications of kinetics.
James House's revised "Principles of Chemical Kinetics" provides a clear and logical description of chemical kinetics in a manner unlike any other book of its kind. Clearly written with detailed derivations, the text allows students to move rapidly from theoretical concepts of rates of reaction to concrete applications. Unlike other texts, House presents a balanced treatment of kinetic reactions in gas, solution, and solid states. The entire text has been revised and includes many new sections and an additional chapter on applications of kinetics. The topics covered include quantitative relationships between molecular structure and chemical activity, organic/inorganic chemistry, biochemical kinetics, surface kinetics and reaction mechanisms.Chapters also include new problems, with answers to selected questions, to test the reader's understanding of each area. A solutions manual with answers to all questions is available for instructors. A useful text for both students and interested readers alike, Dr. House has once again written a comprehensive text simply explaining an otherwise complicated subject. This title provides an introduction to all the major areas of kinetics and demonstrates the use of these concepts in real life applications. Detailed derivations of formula are shown to help students with a limited background in mathematics. It presents a balanced treatment of kinetics of reactions in gas phase, solutions and solids. Solutions manual is available for instructors.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780123567871 20160528
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
vi, 198 p. : ill. ; 27 cm.
  • Contents: 1,4-Trans-Polydienes-- Polyhalogenated Flame Retardants and Dioxins-- Kinetics of Growth of the Bacterial Strain Rhodococcus Luteus AC-1169 on Different Substrate-- Kinetics of Growth Pseudomonas Sp. PS-17-- Tribochemical Synthesis of Pyromellit-amidoacids Olygomers-- Integral Diffusion Coefficients of Symmetrical 1:1 Strong Electrolytes in Water Swollen Acrylamide-Based Hydrogels-- Differential Mutual Diffusion Coefficients of Electrolytes Measured by an Open-ended Conductoimetric Capillary Cell: A Review-- The Relationship Between Thermodynamical Parameters of Activated Complexes and Initial Reactants in the Reaction of Peroxides with Amines-- The Relationship Between Thermodynamical Behaviours of Activated Complexes and Initial Reactants in Peroxide Decay Reactions-- Basaltic Continuous Multifilament Yarns Ageing in Aggressive Alkaline Media-- Effect of Technological Parameters Stability at Synthesis of Polybutylene Terephthalate on its Properties-- Levels of Fractality in Polymers-- Change of Microgel Structures at Curing Epoxy Polymers in Fractal Space.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781590330692 20160528
Contents: 1,4-Trans-Polydienes; Polyhalogenated Flame Retardants and Dioxins; Kinetics of Growth of the Bacterial Strain Rhodococcus Luteus AC-1169 on Different Substrate; Kinetics of Growth Pseudomonas Sp. PS-17; Tribochemical Synthesis of Pyromellit-amidoacids Olygomers; Integral Diffusion Coefficients of Symmetrical 1:1 Strong Electrolytes in Water Swollen Acrylamide-Based Hydrogels; Differential Mutual Diffusion Coefficients of Electrolytes Measured by an Open-ended Conductoimetric Capillary Cell: A Review; The Relationship Between Thermodynamical Parameters of Activated Complexes and Initial Reactants in the Reaction of Peroxides with Amines; The Relationship Between Thermodynamical Behaviours of Activated Complexes and Initial Reactants in Peroxide Decay Reactions; Basaltic Continuous Multifilament Yarns Ageing in Aggressive Alkaline Media; Effect of Technological Parameters Stability at Synthesis of Polybutylene Terephthalate on its Properties; Levels of Fractality in Polymers; Change of Microgel Structures at Curing Epoxy Polymers in Fractal Space.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781590330692 20160528
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
xix, 441 p. : ill.
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Experimental procedures
  • 3. The kinetic analysis of experimental data
  • 4. Theories of chemical reactions
  • 5. Potential energy surfaces
  • 6. Complex reactions in the gas phase
  • 7. Reactions in solution
  • 8. Examples of reaction in solution.
www3.interscience.wiley.com Wiley Online Library
Book
xviii, 488 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
  • Chapter 1. Concepts, definitions, conventions, and notation. Chapter 2. Fundamentals. Chapter 3. Experiments and their evaluation. Chapter 4. Tools for reduction of complexity. Chapter 5. Elementary combinations of reaction steps. Chapter 6. Practical mathematics of multistep reactions. Chapter 7. Network elucidation. Chapter 8. Homogeneous catalysis. Chapter 9. Heterogeneous catalysis. Chapter 10. Chain reactions. Chapter 11. Polymerization. Chapter 12. Mathematical modeling. Chapter 13. Unusual thermal and mass-transfer effects. Chapter 14. Instability, periodic reactions, and chaos.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780444516534 20160528
This book addresses primarily the engineer in industrial process development, the research chemist in academia and industry, and the graduate student intending to become a reaction engineer. In industry, competitive pressures put a premium on scale-up by large factors to cut development time. To be safe, such development should be based on 'fundamental' kinetics that reflect the elementary steps of which the reaction consists. The book forges fundamental kinetics into a practical tool by presenting new, effective methods for elucidation of mechanisms and reduction of complexity without unacceptable sacrifice in accuracy: fewer equations (lesser computational load), fewer coefficients (fewer experiment to determine them). For network elucidation, new rules relating network configurations to observable kinetic behavior allow incorrect networks to be ruled out by whole classes instead of one by one. For modeling, general equations and algorithms are given from which equations for specific networks can be recovered by simple substitutions. The procedures are illustrated with examples of industrial reactions including, among others, paraffin oxidation, ethoxylation, hydroformylation, hydrocyanation, shape-selective catalysis, ethane pyrolysis, styrene polymerization, and ethene oligomerization. Many of the rate equations have not been published before. The expanded edition of the 2001 title, "Kinetics of Homogeneous Multistep Reactions" includes new chapters on heterogeneous catalysis and periodic and chaotic reactions; new sections on adsorption, statistical methods, and lumping; and other new detail. This book contains new chapters on heterogeneous catalysis, oscillations and chaos. It includes new sections on statistical methods, lumping adsorption and software and databases. It provides a better understanding of complex reaction mechanisms.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780444516534 20160528
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
xviii, 488 p. : ill.
Book
volumes : illustrations.
  • Doppler-Selected Time-of-Flight technique: a versatile three-dimensional velocity mapping approach / Shih-Huang Lee and Kopin Liu
  • The effect of ractive resonance on collision observables / Sheng Der Chao and Rex T. Skodje
  • State-to-state dynamics of elementary chemical reactions using Rydberg H-atom translational spectroscopy / Xueming Yang
  • Multimass ion imaging - a new experimental method and its application in the photodissociation of small aromatic molecules / Cheng-Liang Huang, Yuan T. Lee and Chi-Kung Ni
  • Reactions of neutral transition metal atoms with small molecules in the Gas phase / Jonathan J. Schroden and H. Floyd Davis
  • Photodissociation dynamics of ozone in the Hartley Band / Paul L. Houston
  • Crossed molecular beam reactive scattering: towards Universal Product Detection by soft electron-impact ionization / Piergiorgio Casavecchia, Giovanni Capozza and Enrico Segoloni
  • Interactions of vibrationally-excited molecules at surfaces: a probe for electronically nonadiabatic effects in heterogeneous chemistry / Alec M. Wodtke
  • First principles quantum dynamical study of four-atom reactions / Dong H. Zhang, Minghui Yang, Soo-Y. Lee and Michael A. Collins
  • Photodissociation dynamics of free radicals / Jingsong Zhang.
Book
xvii, 547 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
  • General Problems of Chemical Kinetics: Basic concepts of chemical kinetics. Elementary Gas Phase Reactions: Theory of elementary reactions-- Methods of investigation of elementary reactions-- Experimental investigation of gas phase reactions. Chemical Reactions in Liquid Phase: Diffusion-controlled reactions in solution-- Bimolecular reactions in solutions-- Influence of media-- Free radical reactions-- Reactions of ions and radical ions-- Reactions of molecules. Chain Reactions: Chain non-branched reactions-- Oxidation of organic compounds by dioxygen-- Chain branched reactions-- Methods to study chain reactions. Homogeneous Catlysis: General kinetics-- Regularities in Homogeneous catalysis-- Acid-base catalysis-- Redox catalysis-- Catalysis by metal complexes-- Enzymes as catalysts.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780444509383 20160528
This is a comprehensive manual embracing essentially all the classical and modern areas of chemical kinetics. It provides details of modern applications in chemistry, technology and biochemistry. Special sections of the book treat subjects not covered sufficiently in other manuals, including: modern methods of experimental determination of rate constants of reactions including laser pico- and femtochemistry, magnetochemistry, and ESR; and descriptions of advanced theories of elementary chemical processes. It covers fundamentals and recent developments in homogeneous catalysis and its modeling from a chemical kinetics perspective.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780444509383 20160528
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
1 online resource (323 pages) : illustrations, graphs
  • 1. Reactor Types and their Characteristics 2. Collecting Data under Isothermal Operation 3. Using Kinetic Data in Reaction Studies 4. Difficulties with Mechanistic Rate Expressions 5. The Theory of Temperature Scanning Operation 6. Verification of Kinetic Dominance 7. Processing of Data 8. Fitting Rate Expressions to TSR Data 9. Interpretation of Rate Parameters 10. Statistical Evaluation of Multiparameter Fits 11. Experimental Studies Using TSR Methods 12. Using a Mechanistic Rate Expression 13. TSR Hardware Configurations References Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780444513144 20180521
This book is a guide to kinetic studies of reaction mechanisms. It reviews conventional reactor types and data collection methods, and introduces a new methodology for data collection using Temperature Scanning Reactors (TSR). It provides a theoretical and practical approach to temperature scanning (TS) methodology and supports a revival of kinetic studies as a useful approach to the fundamental understanding of chemical reaction mechanisms and the consequential reaction kinetics.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780444513144 20180521
Book
xii, 310 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
  • 1. Reactor Types and their Characteristics 2. Collecting Data under Isothermal Operation 3. Using Kinetic Data in Reaction Studies 4. Difficulties with Mechanistic Rate Expressions 5. The Theory of Temperature Scanning Operation 6. Verification of Kinetic Dominance 7. Processing of Data 8. Fitting Rate Expressions to TSR Data 9. Interpretation of Rate Parameters 10. Statistical Evaluation of Multiparameter Fits 11. Experimental Studies Using TSR Methods 12. Using a Mechanistic Rate Expression 13. TSR Hardware Configurations References Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780444513144 20180521
This book is a guide to kinetic studies of reaction mechanisms. It reviews conventional reactor types and data collection methods, and introduces a new methodology for data collection using Temperature Scanning Reactors (TSR). It provides a theoretical and practical approach to temperature scanning (TS) methodology and supports a revival of kinetic studies as a useful approach to the fundamental understanding of chemical reaction mechanisms and the consequential reaction kinetics.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780444513144 20180521
SAL3 (off-campus storage)

17. Dispersive kinetics [2001]

Book
234 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
  • 1. Introduction. 2. Phenomenological approach to dispersive kinetics. 3. Approximation of classical kinetics. 4. Kinetics in condensed media. 5. References. 6. Subject index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780792371281 20160528
Dynamical processes in which many timescales coexist are called dispersive. The rate coefficients for dispersive processes depend on time. In the case of a chemical reaction, the time dependence of the rate coefficient k (t), termed the specific reaction rate, is rationalized in the following way. Reactions by their very nature have to disturb reactivity distributions of the reactants in condensed media, as the more reactive species are the first ones to disappear from the system. The extent of this disturbance depends on the ratio of the rates of reactions to the rate of internal rearrangements (mixing) in the system restoring the initial distribution in reactivity of reactants.If the rates of chemical reactions exceed the rates of internal rearrangements, then the initial distributions in reactant reactivity are not preserved during the course of reactions and the specific reaction rates depend on time. Otherwise the extent of disturbance is negligible and classical kinetics, with a constant specific reaction rate, k, termed the reaction rate constant, may be valid as an approximation. In condensed media dispersive dynamical processes are endemic and this is the first monograph devoted to these processes.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780792371281 20160528
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
xv, 410 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
  • Preface. Introduction. References. Concepts, definitions, conventions, and notation. Classification of reactions. Steps, pathways, networks, and cycles. Rates. Rate equations and activation energies. Orders, molecularities, and ranks. Conversion, yield, and selectivity. Summary. References. Fundamentals. Statistical basis: molecularities and reaction orders. Nonideality. Temperature dependence. Compilation of rate equations of multistep reactions. Consistency criteria. Summary. References. Determination of rates, orders, and rate coefficients. Research reactors. Analytical support. Reaction orders and apparent rate coefficients. Numerical work-up, error recognition, and reliability. Summary. References. Tools for reduction of complexity. Rate-controlling steps. Quasi-equilibrium steps. Quasi-stationary states: the Bodenstein approximation. Relative abundance in catalysis and polymerization and long-chain approximation. Summary. References. Elementary step combinations. Reversible reactions. Parallel steps. Coupled parallel steps. Sequential steps. Competing steps. Reactions with fast pre-dissociation. General solution for first-order networks. Summary. References. Practical mathematics of multistep reactions. Simple and non-simple pathways and networks. Pseudo-first order rate coefficients. Simple pathways. Simple networks. Non-simple pathways and networks. Summary. References. Network elucidation. Order and rank. "One plus" rate equations. Relationships between network properties and kinetic behavior. Other criteria and guidelines. Auxiliary techniques. Summary. References. Homogeneous catalysis. Single-species catalysis. Complex catalysis. Classical models of enzyme kinetics. General formula for single catalytic cycles: Christiansen mathematics. Reduction of complexity. Relationships between pathway properties and kinetic behavior. Cycles with external reactions. Multiple cycles. Competing reactions (cycles with common members). Dual- and multiple-form catalysts (connected cycles). Reactions with multiple products (cycles with common pathway segments). Self-accelerating reactions (autocatalysis). Analogies to heterogeneous catalysis. Summary. References. Chain reactions. General properties. Initiation. Reactions with two chain carriers: the hydrogen-bromide reaction. Identification of relevant steps. Transmission of reactivity: indirect initiation, chain transfer. Reactions with more than two free radicals. Inhibition and induction periods. Summary. References. Polymerization. Types of polymerization reactions. Step-growth polymerization. Free-radical polymerization. Ionic polymerization. Coordination polymerization. Chain-growth copolymerization. Summary. References. Mathematical Modeling. Strategies of process development. Effective mathematical modeling. "Shortsightedness" of elementary reaction steps. Model validation. Summary. References. Unusual thermal and mass-transfer effects. Anomalous temperature dependence. Uncommon heat-transfer problems. Uncommon mass-transfer problems. Summary. References. Glossary of symbols. Author Index. Subject Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780444826060 20160528
This book addresses primarily the chemist and engineer in industrial research and process development, where competitive pressures put a premium on scale-up by large factors to cut development time. To be safe, such scale-up should be based on 'fundamental' kinetics, that is, mathematics that reflect the elementary steps of which the reactions consist. The book forges fundamental kinetics into a practical tool by presenting new effective methods for elucidation of mechanisms and reduction of mathematical complexity without unacceptable sacrifice in accuracy.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780444826060 20160528
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
xi, 192 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
x, 244 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
  • Part 1 Some fundamental ideas of kinetics: rates of reactions-- dependence on concentration-- cautions on treating kinetic data-- effects of temperature-- mechanisms of reactions-- catalysis. Part 2 Kinetics of more complex systems: second-order case, first-order in two components-- other reaction orders-- parallel first order reactions-- series first-order reactions-- reversible reactions-- autocatalysis-- effects of temperature. Part 3 Techniques and methods: calculating rate constants-- method of half-lives-- initial rates-- flooding-- logarithmic method-- effects of pressure-- flow techniques-- tracer methods-- kinetic isotope effects. Part 4 Reactions in the gas phase: collision theory-- the potential energy surface-- transitional state theory-- unimolecular decomposition of gases-- free radical and chain mechanisms-- adsorption-- catalysis. Part 5 Reactions in solutions: the nature of liquids-- solvent polarity effects on rates-- ideal solutions-- ideal solutions and cohesion energies-- effects of solvent cohesion energy on rates-- solvation and its effects on rates-- effects of ionic strength-- linear free-energy relationships-- compensation effect-- some correlations of rate with solubility parameter. Part 6 Enzyme catalysis: enzyme action-- kinetics of reactions catalyzed by enzymes-- inhibition of enzyme action-- enzyme activation by metal ions-- regulatory enzymes. Part 7 Kinetics of reactions in the solid state: general considerations-- factors affecting reaction rates in solids-- rate laws-- the Prout-Tompkins equation-- rate laws based on nucleation-- kinetic studies-- nonisothermal methods in kinetics-- TGA and DSC methods-- kinetic analysis by the Coats and Redfern method-- the Reich and Stivala method-- a method based on three data pairs-- a method based on four data pairs-- a differential method-- a comprehensive nonisothermal kinetic method-- the general rate law and comprehensive method.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780697328816 20160527
Designed to allow students to move quickly from theoretical concepts to concrete applications, this textbook takes a balanced approach to the study of kinetics. It stresses not only gas kinetics, but solution and solid state kinetics also.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780697328816 20160527
Science Library (Li and Ma)

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