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Book
1 online resource (642 p.) : digital, PDF file.
With the goal of understanding environmental effects of a growing bioeconomy, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), national laboratories, and U.S. Forest Service research laboratories, together with academic and industry collaborators, undertook a study to estimate environmental effects of potential biomass production scenarios in the United States, with an emphasis on agricultural and forest biomass. Potential effects investigated include changes in soil organic carbon (SOC), greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, water quality and quantity, air emissions, and biodiversity. Effects of altered land-management regimes were analyzed based on select county-level biomass-production scenarios for 2017 and 2040 taken from the 2016 Billion-Ton Report: Advancing Domestic Resources for a Thriving Bioeconomy (BT16), volume 1, which assumes that the land bases for agricultural and forestry would not change over time. The scenarios reflect constraints on biomass supply (e.g., excluded areas; implementation of management practices; and consideration of food, feed, forage, and fiber demands and exports) that intend to address sustainability concerns. Nonetheless, both beneficial and adverse environmental effects might be expected. To characterize these potential effects, this research sought to estimate where and under what modeled scenarios or conditions positive and negative environmental effects could occur nationwide. The report also includes a discussion of land-use change (LUC) (i.e., land management change) assumptions associated with the scenario transitions (but not including analysis of indirect LUC [ILUC]), analyses of climate sensitivity of feedstock productivity under a set of potential scenarios, and a qualitative environmental effects analysis of algae production under carbon dioxide (CO<sub>2</sub>) co-location scenarios. Because BT16 biomass supplies are simulated independent of a defined end use, most analyses do not include benefits from displacing fossil fuels or other products, with the exception of including a few illustrative cases on potential reductions in GHG emissions and fossil energy consumption associated with using biomass supplies for fuel, power, heat, and chemicals. Most analyses in volume 2 show potential for a substantial increase in biomass production with minimal or negligible environmental effects under the biomass supply constraints assumed in BT16. Although corn ethanol has been shown to achieve GHG emissions improvements over fossil fuels, cellulosic biomass shows further improvements in certain environmental indicators covered in this report. The harvest of agricultural and forestry residues generally shows the smallest contributions to changes in certain environmental indicators investigated. The scenarios show national-level net SOC gains. When expanding the system boundary in illustrative cases that consider biomass end use, reductions in GHG emissions are estimated for scenarios in which biomass—rather than oil, coal, and natural gas—is used to produce fuel, power, heat, and chemicals. Analyses of water quality reveal that there could be tradeoffs between biomass productivity and some water quality indicators, but better outcomes for both biomass productivity and water quality can be achieved with selected conservation practices. Biodiversity analyses show possible habitat benefits to some species, with other species showing potential adverse effects that may require additional safeguards. Increasing productivity of algae can reduce GHG emissions and water consumption associated with producing algal biomass, though the effects of water consumption are likely of greater concern in some regions than in others. Moreover, the effects of climate change on potential biomass production show gains and losses in yield among feedstocks across the continental United States. Key research gaps and priorities include actions that can enhance benefits and reduce potential for negative effects of increased biomass...
Book
1 online resource (642 p.) : digital, PDF file.
On behalf of all the authors and contributors, it is a great privilege to present the 2016 Billion-Ton Report (BT16), volume 2: Environmental Sustainability Effects of Select Scenarios from volume 1. This report represents the culmination of several years of collaborative effort among national laboratories, government agencies, academic institutions, and industry. BT16 was developed to support the U.S. Department of Energy’s efforts towards national goals of energy security and associated quality of life.
Book
1 online resource : illustrations
  • Section I: Reinventing Farming Systems 1. Introduction 2. Agroecology: Principles and Practice 3. Farming-Related Livelihoods 4. Farming Systems for Sustainable Intensification 5. Designing for the Long-term: Sustainable Agriculture Section II: Resources for Agricultural Development 6. Low-Input Technology: An Integrative View 7. Ecologically Based Nutrient Management 8. Participatory Breeding: Developing Improved and Relevant Crop Varieties With Farmers 9. Research on Livestock, Livelihoods, and Innovation Section III: Context for Sustainable Agricultural Development 10. Gender and Agrarian Inequities 11. The Innovation Systems Approach to Agricultural Research and Development 12. Outreach to Support Rural Innovation 13. Climate Change and Agricultural Systems Section IV: Tying It All Together 14. Tying It All Together: Global, Regional, and Local Integrations.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128020708 20170410
Agricultural Systems, Second Edition, is a comprehensive text for developing sustainable farming systems. It presents a synthetic overview of the emerging area of agroecology applications to transforming farming systems and supporting rural innovation, with particular emphasis on how research can be harnessed for sustainable agriculture. The inclusion of research theory and examples using the principles of cropping system design allows students to gain a unique understanding of the technical, biological, ecological, economic and sociological aspects of farming systems science for rural livelihoods. This book explores topics such as: re-inventing farming systems; principles and practice of agroecology; agricultural change and low-input technology; ecologically-based nutrient management; participatory breeding for developing improved and relevant crops; participatory livestock research for development; gender and agrarian inequality at the local scale; the nature of agricultural innovation; and outreach to support rural innovation. The extensive coverage of subjects is complemented with integrated references and a companion website, making this book essential reading for courses in international agricultural systems and management, sustainable agricultural management, and cropping systems. This book will be a valuable resource for students of agricultural science, environmental engineering, and rural planning; researchers and scientists in agricultural development agencies; and practitioners of agricultural development in government extension programs, development agencies, and NGOs.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128020708 20170410
Book
1 online resource (1 volume) : illustrations
Book
1 online resource (527 pages) : illustrations.
  • Global warming as a socioscientific controversy / Craig O. Stewart, Claire Rhodes
  • Water resources management: case study / Sabyasachi Nayak
  • Green School Frameworks / Anisa Baldwin Metzger
  • Developing a framework for next generation integrated agro food-advisory systems in developing countries / Alcardo Alex Barakabitze [and 3 others]
  • Regional development disparities in Romanian agriculture and rural development: a multi-criteria approach / Gabriel Popescu, Simona Bara
  • Transcritical carbon dioxide refrigeration as an alternative to subcritical plants: an experimental study / Adriana Greco, Ciro Aprea, Angelo Maiorino
  • Retrofitting of R404a commercial refrigeration systems with R410a and R407f HFCs refrigerants / Mauro Gamberi [and 3 others]
  • Basin-scale, real-time salinity management using telemetered sensor networks and model-based salt assimilative capacity forecasts / Nigel W.T. Quinn, Roberta Tassey, Jun Wang
  • Organic agriculture as a tool to make economy green / Mykhailo Guz, Ivan Ivolga
  • Nanotechnology applications for sustainable crop production / Gaurav Mishra [and 3 others]
  • Analyzing farmers' learning process in sustainable development: the case of organic paddy farmers in North Sumatra, Indonesia / Diana Chalil
  • Cultivating global entrepreneurs in the food supply chain / Ye-Sho Chen, Ismail Hakki Polat
  • The evolution of effective leadership practices in Botswana Horticulture Council / Cheneso Bolden Montsho, Dama Mosweunyane
  • Organic farming: growth and issues / Aditya Vikram Agrawal [and 5 others]
  • Can toxicity for different species be correlated?: the concept and emerging applications of interspecies quantitative structure-toxicity relationship (i-QSTR) modeling / Supratik Kar [and 3 others]
  • Management of drought and floods in the Dobrogea Region / Lucica Rosu, Lavinia Istratie Macarov
  • An agent based hydro informatics approach for the engagement of farmers in irrigation water management in Saudi Arabia / Tagelsir Mohamed Gasmelseid
  • Towards sustainable agri-food systems: the role of integrated sustainability and value assessment across the supply-chain / John E. Morrissey, Niall P. Dunphy
  • Trends in the evolution of Romania's agricultural resources in the context of sustainable development / Cornel Lazar, Mirela Lazar
  • Current and future trends of refrigerants development / M. V. Duarte [and 3 others].
The development of a sustainable agricultural system is a critical concern for any nation in modern society. By implementing proper supply chain processes, available natural resources and food can be better utilized. Agri-Food Supply Chain Management: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice is a compendium of emerging perspectives on the development of an effective agricultural value chain and the optimization of supply chain management within the agriculture and food sectors. Highlighting theoretical frameworks, real-world applications, and future outlooks, this book is a primary reference source for professionals, students, practitioners, and managers actively involved in agricultural development.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781522516293 20161213
Book
1 online resource () : illustrations (some color).
  • Foreword; Preface; Contents; Contributors; Chapter 1: Microbial Signaling in Plant-Microbe Interactions and Its Role on Sustainability of Agroecosystems; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 Signalling Molecules in Plant-Microbe Interactions; 1.3 Microbial Coordination of Complex Network Interaction Within Soil Food Web and Plant-Microbe Interactions; 1.4 Regulation of Microbial Signalling Compounds by Biotic and Abiotic Factors; 1.5 Signalling Pathways in Soil Food Web Improve Ecosystem Functioning and Sustainability; 1.6 Technical Advances in Identifying Signalling Pathways in Soil-Plant System
  • 1.7 Conclusions and Future PerspectivesReferences; Chapter 2: Exploiting Beneficial Traits of Plant-ƯAssociated Fluorescent Pseudomonads for Plant Health; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Rhizosphere and Plant-Microbe Interaction; 2.3 Mechanisms of Plant Growth Promotion; 2.3.1 Phosphate Solubilization; 2.3.2 Phytohormones; 2.3.3 Siderophores; 2.3.4 Antibiotics; 2.3.5 Enzymes; 2.3.6 Hydrogen Cyanide; 2.4 Induced Systemic Resistance; 2.5 Biological Control of Plant Pathogens; 2.6 Fluorescent Pseudomonads in Agriculture and Plant Health; 2.7 Conclusions; References
  • Chapter 3: N2-Fixing Cyanobacterial Systems as Biofertilizer3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Distribution of Cyanobacteria; 3.3 Free-Living Cyanobacteria; 3.4 Azolla-Anabaena Symbiotic System; 3.5 Artificial Cyanobacterial-Plant Association; 3.6 Molecular Signaling Mechanism; 3.7 Selection of Competent Biofertilizer Strains; 3.8 Conclusions; References; Chapter 4: Exploring the Role of Secondary Metabolites of Trichoderma in Tripartite Interaction with Plant and Pathogens; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Trichoderma Secondary Metabolites in Trichoderma-Pathogen Interaction
  • 4.3 Trichoderma Secondary Metabolites in Trichoderma-Plant Interactions4.4 Secondary Metabolites Mediated Induction of Defense Response in Plants; 4.5 Secondary Metabolites Mediated Growth Regulation in Plants; 4.6 Biosynthesized Secondary Metabolites-Based Bioformulation; 4.7 Constrains in Commercialization of Secondary Metabolites-Based Bioformulation; 4.8 Conclusions; References; Chapter 5: Managing Soil Fertility Through Microbes: Prospects, Challenges and Future Strategies; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Organisms in Soil; 5.3 Macroorganisms in Soil; 5.3.1 Earthworms; 5.3.2 Termites
  • 5.3.3 Plant Roots5.4 Microorganisms in Soil; 5.4.1 Bacteria; 5.4.2 Actinomycetes; 5.4.3 Fungi; 5.4.4 Algae; 5.4.5 Protozoa; 5.4.6 Nematodes; 5.4.7 Viruses; 5.5 Role of Organism in Soil Fertility Enhancement; 5.5.1 N Transformations; 5.5.2 Phosphorus Cycle; 5.5.3 Sulfur Cycle; 5.5.4 Other Mineral Elements; 5.6 Environmental Contaminants and Climate Change; 5.6.1 Potentially Toxic Element; 5.6.2 Chromium (Cr); 5.6.3 Cadmium (Cd); 5.6.4 Lead (Pb); 5.6.5 Mercury (Hg); 5.6.6 Arsenic (As); 5.6.7 Selenium (Se); 5.6.8 Radionuclides; 5.7 Pesticides/Insecticides/Fungicides; 5.8 Effluents
EBSCOhost Access limited to 1 user
Book
1 online resource () : illustrations (some color).
  • Methanotrophs: An Emerging Bioremediation Tool Due to Unique Broad Substrate Enzyme Methane Monooxygenase.- Methanotrophs: Methane Mitigation, Bioremediation and Wastewater Treatment.- Prospects of Plant-Bacteria Interactions in Remediation of Metal Contaminated Soils.- Cyanoremediation: A Green-Clean Tool for Decontamination of Synthetic Pesticides from Agro- and Aquatic Ecosystems.- Aromatic Plant-Microbe Associations: A Sustainable Approach for Remediation of Polluted Soils.- Cyanobacteria-mediated bioremediation of heavy metals.- Biochar application in management of paddy crop production and methane mitigation.- Role of Rhizospheric Microbes in Heavy Metal Uptake in Metallophytes.- Role of Biosurfactants on Microbial Degradation of Oil Contaminated Soils.- Microbial Oxidation of Atmospheric Methane in Natural and Agricultural Upland Soils.- Microbial Mediated Lindane Bioremediation: A Cost Effective and Naturally Renewable Technology.- Wastewater Effluent Discharge: Impact on Human Health and Microbial Remediation.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319497266 20170410
This two-volume work is a testament to the increasing interest in the role of microbes in sustainable agriculture and food security. Advances in microbial technologies are explored in chapters dealing with topics such as plant-microbe interactions, rhizoremediation and cyanoremediation, and bio-immobilization. Volume II is a collection of research findings that invites readers to examine the application of microbes in pollution reduction, decontamination of agro- and aquatic ecosystems, and remediation of various toxic compounds. Highly readable entries attempt to close the knowledge gap between soil microbial associations and sustainable agriculture. Traditional agricultural management techniques have relied heavily on application of chemical fertilizers and pesticides; and recent land use change practices have led to over exploitation of natural resources. Strategies outlined here simplify a complicated picture of the way microbial communities can improve the quality of environment and eliminate food scarcity in the coming generations. This work is a significant contribution to research in this increasingly important discipline of soil sciences, and will appeal to researchers in microbiology, agriculture, environmental sciences, and soil and crop sciences.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319497266 20170410
EBSCOhost Access limited to 1 user
Book
xxvi, 557 pages : illustrations ; 29 cm.
Nanomaterials have been used for years in industries such as consumer products, textile production, and biomedicine, yet the literature outlining their use in environmental causes is limited. The safety, toxicity, transportation, and removal of this technology must be addressed as nanotechnology and nanomaterial use is expected to grow. Applying Nanotechnology for Environmental Sustainability addresses the applications of nanomaterials in the field of environmental conservation and sustainability, and analyses the potential risks associated with their use. It elucidates the scientific concepts and emerging technologies in nanoscience and nanotoxicity by offering a wide range of innovative topics and reviews regarding its use. This publication is essential for environmental engineers, researchers, consultants, students, regulators, and professionals in the field of nanotechnology.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781522505853 20161114
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
200 pages : illustrations (chiefly color), maps (some color), charts ; 24 cm
  • Variabilité des risques de submersion au Tuamotu -- Des atolls et des hommes -- Les Tuamotu aujourd'hui -- Le cas de l'atoll de Tabiteuea, République de Kiribati -- Les études sur Kiribati et la situation politique précoloniale (1850-1892) -- Postface. Aplanir les nouveaux chemins de la résilience.
"Cet ouvrage pluridisciplinaire réunissant géographie, anthropologie, histoire et archéologie, est le premier à aborder d'une manière comparative l'avenir des atolls du Pacifique considéré du point de vue des sociétés qui y vivent et du ressenti de leurs habitants confrontés au changement climatique. Il présente les résultats d'enquêtes de terrain effectuées simultanément en 2015 dans l'archipel des Tuamotu en Polynésie française et dans celui des îles Gilbert en République de Kiribati. Des synthèses historiques sur les axes traditionnels de la résilience d'îles basses, très exposées aux risques cycloniques et aux submersions marines, complètent ces observations contemporaines pour souligner les dangers d'un développement économique oublieux de l'équilibre socio-environnemental et des effets potentiels du changement climatique. Ces analyses lancées à l'initiative de I'AFD (Agence française de développement) s'adressent autant à un public sensibilisé aux enjeux climatiques mondiaux qu'à des responsables et acteurs des politiques publiques. Au-delà des différences ponctuelles, elles témoignent du rejet d'ensemble des consignes internationales par des sociétés insulaires voulant demeurer libres de leur destin et s'appuyant sur l'expérience des savoirs traditionnels. Elles dégagent une orientation centrale pour le développement durable d'atolls situés en première ligne du risque climatique : éviter, dans un contexte de crise, que deux conceptions de la résilience, celle de la vision locale et celle des États, ne s'affrontent pour devenir antagonistes."--Page 4 of cover.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
xv, 368 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm.
  • Brazil in the history of the anthropocene / José Augusto Pádua
  • Population, development and environmental degradation in Brazil / José Eustáquio Diniz Alves and George Martine
  • The Amazon before the Brazilian environmental issue / Violeta Refskalevsky Loureiro
  • Deregulation, relocation and environmental conflict : considerations on the control of social demands in contemporary Brazil / Henri Acselrad and Gustavo Neves Bezerra
  • Markets or the commons? : the role of indigenous peoples, traditional communities and sectors of the peasantry in the environmental crisis / Jean-Pierre Leroy
  • Planned disinformation : the example of the Belo Monte dam as a source of greenhouse gases / Philip M. Fearnside
  • Biosafety regulations and practices and consequences in Brazil : who wants to hide the problems? / Leonardo Melgarejo
  • Tax incentive for pesticides : a debate on its (un)constitutionality from the environmental rule of law and the environmental public order / João Alfredo Telles Melo and Geovana de Oliveira Patrício Marques
  • From co-leader to loner : understanding the Brazilian wavering positions in climate change negotiations / Larissa Basso and Eduardo Viola
  • From environmental information to precaution in the face of environmental risks : an analysis of Brazil's National Policy on Climate Change and rulings by higher courts / Carlos José Saldanha Machado and Rodrigo Machado Vilani
  • Shaping up Brazil's long-term development considering climate change impacts / Sérgio Margulis and Natalie Unterstell
  • Pathways to a low carbon economy in Brazil / Emilio Lèbre La Rovere, Claudio Gesteira, Carolina Grotera and William Wills
  • Financing sustainability : where has all the money gone? / Ladislau Dowbor
  • Climate change and the integration of public policies / Marcel Bursztyn and Maria Augusta Bursztyn
  • Environment policy and governance in Brazil : challenges and prospects / Adriana Maria Magalhães de Moura
  • Collective forest reserves in agrarian reform settlements: measures to prevent a non-commons tragedy in the Brazilian Amazon / Peter May, Robert Davenport, Pedro Nogueira and Paulo César Nunes
  • Are the multiple social-ecological initiatives the sign of a political and cultural shift? / Philippe Léna and Liz-Rejane Issberner.
Green Library
Book
1 online resource (xvi, 254 pages)
  • About the Authors xi Foreword xii Preface xiv Acknowledgement xvii Section 1 On contexts 1 1 Introduction 3 1.1 Why sustainability matters 3 1.2 Why asia matters 4 1.3 Why buildings matter 5 1.3.1 Root causes and solutions to the problem 6 1.3.2 Eco city principles 6 1.3.3 Liveable spaces 7 1.4 Dimensions of sustainable development 8 1.4.1 Policy support 8 1.4.2 Green market and consumption 9 1.4.3 Technology Push 10 1.5 Sustainability in practice 10 1.5.1 History of green building in Asia 11 1.5.2 Capacity building green professionals 11 1.5.3 Sustainable change for the green movement 15 1.6 Organisation of the book 15 2 Rapid urbanisation 16 2.1 Introduction 16 2.2 Asian urbanisation in context 16 2.3 Demographic changes 17 2.3.1 Global population trends 17 2.3.2 Urban population growth 18 2.3.3 The challenge of an ageing population 21 2.4 Economic changes 22 2.4.1 Growth in GDP 22 2.4.2 Increased income 22 2.4.3 Consuming society 24 2.5 Social changes 25 2.5.1 Housing needs 25 2.5.2 Employment needs 26 2.6 New growth model 26 2.6.1 Mega and compact cities 27 2.6.2 Green building markets 28 2.7 Summary 29 3 Urban environmental challenges 30 3.1 Introduction 30 3.2 Urban challenges in context 31 3.3 Climate change challenges 32 3.3.1 Vulnerability to extreme weather 32 3.3.2 Global warming 34 3.4 Urban environmental degradation 37 3.4.1 Air pollution 37 3.4.2 Energy depletion 38 3.4.3 Waste generation 42 3.4.4 Pandemic and epidemic diseases 42 3.5 Liveability degradation 43 3.5.1 Urban heat Island 43 3.5.2 Ecological footprint 44 3.6 Summary 45 4 Quest for solutions 46 4.1 Introduction 46 4.2 History of international collaborations and partnerships 47 4.3 C40 cities climate leadership group initiative 47 4.3.1 Key issues 49 4.3.2 Action plan on buildings 49 4.4 WEF partnership for future of urban development 50 4.5 Regional integration 52 4.6 Changes for solutions 53 4.6.1 Re think of sustainable development framework 53 4.6.2 Issues of policy 54 4.6.3 Issues of practices/design 55 4.6.4 Issues of people 55 4.7 Paradigm shift 56 Section 2 On policy 57 5 Policy framework 59 5.1 Introduction 59 5.2 Policy framework 60 5.3 Policy priorities 61 5.3.1 The moving target 61 5.3.2 Prioritisation of policy issues 63 5.3.3 The Asian way of change 71 5.4 Policy instruments 71 5.4.1 Regulations and standards The Stick 73 5.4.2 Economic instruments The Carrot and Stick 74 5.4.3 Voluntary schemes instrument 74 5.5 Institutional arrangements 76 5.5.1 Hierarchy who to lead 76 5.5.2 Government coordination and authority 78 5.5.3 Proposal for eco city implementation 79 5.6 Summary 80 6 Policy implementation 81 6.1 Introduction 81 6.2 General approach 81 6.3 Review of the regulations 83 6.3.1 Building energy regulations 84 6.3.2 Planning control for a better environment 86 6.4 Market solutions 87 6.4.1 Incentivising the market 87 6.5 Market based approach 90 6.5.1 Green building certification 90 6.5.2 Sustainability report and index 90 6.6 Public private partnership (PPP) 91 6.7 Collaboration with private sector 93 6.8 Capacity building 94 6.8.1 Demonstration projects and research and development 94 6.8.2 Education and training of green practitioners 95 6.9 Summary 96 Section 3 On design 97 7 Sustainability transformation 99 7.1 Introduction 99 7.2 Green transformation of building industry 100 7.2.1 Engaging stakeholders 100 7.2.2 Empowering the practitioners 102 7.3 Practice of building sustainability 103 7.3.1 Definition of sustainable building 103 7.3.2 Standardisation of practice 106 7.4 Sustainable building in action 107 7.4.1 Life cycle consideration 107 7.4.2 Design stage integrated design 110 7.4.3 Construction stage sustainable materials 113 7.4.4 Operation stage behavioural changes 120 7.5 Building information modelling 121 7.6 Summary 123 8 Engineering solutions 124 8.1 Introduction 124 8.2 Design provisions for sustainable building 125 8.3 Adaptation to climate change and resilient designs 125 8.3.1 Extreme wind engineering 125 8.3.2 Flood mitigation and prevention 128 8.3.3 Seismic design 129 8.3.4 Fire engineering 130 8.4 High performance buildings 130 8.4.1 Building physics analysis 132 8.4.2 Energy appraisal 133 8.4.3 Indoor environment 133 8.4.4 Outdoor environment 135 8.5 Design innovations 135 8.5.1 Outside building: High performance envelope 137 8.5.2 Inside building: Low energy and carbon designs 143 8.6 Summary 146 9 De-carbonisation 147 9.1 Introduction 147 9.2 Building energy performance 148 9.3 Low/zero carbon design 152 9.3.1 Definition of zero carbon 152 9.3.2 Design strategy 152 9.4 Renewable energy for urban developments and buildings 158 9.4.1 Solar energy 160 9.4.2 Wind energy 162 9.4.3 Bioenergy 162 9.4.4 Hydropower 163 9.4.5 Marine/ocean energy 164 9.4.6 Geothermal energy 164 9.5 District wide de carbonisation 166 9.5.1 Micro energy grid 167 9.5.2 District energy 169 9.6 Towards a low carbon and smart city 172 9.7 Summary 173 Section 4 On people 175 10 Space for people 177 10.1 Introduction 177 10.2 Urban context of Asia city 178 10.2.1 Liveability 178 10.2.2 A compact and vertical city 178 10.2.3 A sick building environment 180 10.3 The quest for a quality built environment 180 10.3.1 A novel planning framework for the environment 181 10.3.2 The urban climatic map 182 10.3.3 Air ventilation 183 10.3.4 Micro climate and landscape design integration 186 10.4 Reducing the urban heat Island 190 10.5 Street canyon effect roadside air pollution 192 10.6 Right of light 193 10.7 Health and well being 193 10.7.1 Natural ventilation 195 10.7.2 Daylight for habitation 196 10.7.3 Water quality 197 10.8 Summary 198 11 Community making 199 11.1 Introduction 199 11.2 Sustainable community 200 11.3 Community based design 202 11.3.1 Cultural aspect (social) 202 11.3.2 Placemaking (environment) 202 11.3.3 Sustainable housing (economics) 203 11.4 Neighbourhood assessment 207 11.4.1 History of overseas schemes 207 11.4.2 Definition of community/neighbourhood 207 11.4.3 Assessment aspects/categories 209 11.5 Development of BEAM plus neighbourhood in Hong Kong 212 11.5.1 Landscape and ecology in built environment 213 11.5.2 Stakeholder engagement 213 11.5.3 The establishment of BEAM plus neighbourhood 215 11.6 Summary 216 12 Low carbon living 217 12.1 Introduction 217 12.2 Carbon footprint of urban living 217 12.3 Behavioural changes 219 12.4 Changes in design culture 220 12.4.1 Task lighting 221 12.4.2 Thermal comfort 221 12.4.3 Natural ventilation 221 12.4.4 Green products 222 12.4.5 Smart metering 222 12.5 Eco education 222 12.6 Zero energy living experience 226 12.7 Community centre 228 12.8 Urban farming 230 12.9 Living LOHAS 231 12.10 Summary 234 Section 5 235 13 Conclusions 237 On context 237 On policy 238 On design and practice . 238 On people . 239 Way forward . 239 References 240 Index 000.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119277002 20170522
Building Sustainability in East Asia: Policy, Design and People illustrates the holistic approaches and individual strategies to building sustainability that have been implemented in construction projects in Asia. Top-down and bottom-up approaches (from formulating policy to constructing individual buildings) are effective in terms of the sustainable development of cities, and this book covers both, illustrated with a range of case study developments.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119277002 20170522
Book
xii, 367 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm.
"During Latin America's China-led commodity boom, governments turned a blind eye to the inherent flaws in the region's economic policy. Now that the commodity boom is coming to an end, those flaws cannot be ignored. High on the list of shortcomings is the fact that Latin American governments--and Chinese investors--largely fell short of mitigating the social and environmental impacts of commodity-led growth. The recent commodity boom exacerbated pressure on the region's waterways and forests, accentuating threats to human health, biodiversity, global climate change and local livelihoods. China and Sustainable Development in Latin America documents the social and environmental impact of the China-led commodity boom in the region. It also highlights important areas of innovation, like Chile's solar energy sector, in which governments, communities and investors worked together to harness the commodity boom for the benefit of the people and the planet. "-- Provided by publisher.
Green Library
Book
xviii, 183 pages ; 24 cm
  • List of Figures List of Tables Preface Acronyms and Abbreviations Introduction 1 The Sleeping Giant has Awoken: China's New Great Leap Forward 2 Some of the Factors that Contributed to China's Awakening 3 China's Entry into the World Trade Organisation (WTO) 4 Why is China Interested in Africa? 5 China's Foray into Africa: The Benefits 6 China's Foray into Africa: The Criticisms 7 Africa and Millions of Chinese Migrants 8 How African Countries Can Position Themselves to Benefit from China's Foray into Africa 9 China's Foray into Africa: Impact on Interests of External Players? 10 China and Africa: The Way Forward and Prospects for the Future Conclusion: China and Africa: Looking Backward to Move Forward Bibliography Internet Resources Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781472480217 20170306
China leads the world when it comes to investment and influence on the African continent. The extent of Chinese investment in Africa is well known and much has been written about China's foray into Africa. However, most of the available material has approached this issue by looking at China as the 'New Colonialist' - more interested in Africa's vast natural resources than working in partnership for sustained development. Whilst China's interest in Africa's resources is evident, it is just half of the story. China's foray into Africa goes beyond its appetite for natural resources and into the realm of geo-politics and international political economics. For example, China is all too aware of how it can cultivate Africa's support on global issues at the United Nations and at other international fora. Breaking free from the binary arguments and analysis which characterize this topic, Professor Abdulai presents a refreshing perspective that China's foray into Africa can produce win-win outcomes for China and Africa - if Africans really know what they want from China. Hitherto, each African country has tended to engage China with an individual bucket list; acting in isolation and not as part of a wider continent (indeed Africa and the African Union does not yet have a coordinated policy towards China). For Africa to be able to do that it needs to know where China is coming from, the factors that contributed to its awakening and success, and the benefits and possible pitfalls of this foray, in order to better position itself for a win-win engagement with China. This book will be a valuable read for policy makers, think-tanks and students of Africa-China studies programmes alike.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781472480217 20170306
Green Library
Book
xxi, 133 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm.
  • Part I Southern grounding of community: livelihood, healing, truth quest 1 Securing livelihoods: grounding of the relational path - a natural-communal perspective on community activation 2 Healing community: grounding of the eastern path of renewal - a Pax Africana perspective on community activation 3 Truth quest: grounding of the north-western path of reasoned realization - a primocracy perspective on community activation Part II Eastern emergence of community: permaculture, vitality of place, disclose new worlds 4 Permaculture: emergence via awakening of the relational path - an ecodynamic perspective on community activation 5 Vitality of place: emergence via awakening of the path of renewal - a developmental perspective on community activation 6 Disclose new worlds: integral awakening of community activation Part III Northern communal navigation: participatory action research, study circles, networks 7 Participatory action research: a research-laden institutional perspective on community activation 8 Study circles: an educational and institutional research perspective on community activation 9 Wealth of networks: a networked and institutionalized research perspective on community activation Part IV Western communal effect: build community, self-sufficiency, mutual development 10 Community building: an enterprise perspective on community activation 11 Self-sufficiency: an economic perspective on community activation 12 Mutual development: purveyors of the province - a mutual educational perspective on community activation Epilogue: the gene of community activation - relational, renewal, and reasoned realization paths.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138701243 20170220
As mass global and social media communications spread across the globe, we are seeing a need for a change in the way we approach issues of political and economic development. The effects of these growing communications are that, on the one hand, we see the significance of place rising, while on the other, marginalized people clamour to be heard and identities become increasingly threatened. We are quickly realizing that a 'one-size fits all' approach is not going to work. Despite more than half a century of attempts to address issues of development, we have seen fairly bleak results. In fact, the rising of economic stars, such as Japan and the Pacific Tigers hitherto, and China and India of late, have little to do with such programs of development or cultural studies, notwithstanding their accomplishment. Typically, such successes have developed top-down, with theories born and bred in the 'West' affecting, or maligning, practices in the 'rest'. The approach taken in this book looks at these developments by turning them on their head: instead, starting bottom-up with an emphasis on what the author terms 'community activation'. With a selection of case studies, this volume looks at where community activation can be found and explores how it could evolve and be of use in developing societies at large. In the process, he addresses such topics as how to embed development in a particular society, how to generate social and economic solidarity, and how to generate wealth from pre-industrial and post-industrial networks. This book provides a guide for readers on how to build community within their organization-and-society from the ground up.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138701243 20170220
Green Library
Book
1 online resource (607 KB ): digital, PDF file.
This paper presents a comparative techno-economic analysis of five conversion pathways from biomass to gasoline-, jet-, and diesel-range hydrocarbons via indirect liquefaction with specific focus on pathways utilizing oxygenated intermediates (derived either via thermochemical or biochemical conversion steps). The four emerging pathways of interest are compared with one conventional pathway (Fischer-Tropsch) for the production of the hydrocarbon blendstocks. The processing steps of the four emerging pathways include: biomass-to-syngas via indirect gasification, gas cleanup, conversion of syngas to alcohols/oxygenates, followed by conversion of alcohols/oxygenates to hydrocarbon blendstocks via dehydration, oligomerization, and hydrogenation. We show that the emerging pathways via oxygenated intermediates have the potential to be cost competitive with the conventional Fischer-Tropsch process. The evaluated pathways and the benchmark process generally exhibit similar fuel yields and carbon conversion efficiencies. The resulting minimum fuel selling prices are comparable to the benchmark at approximately $3.60 per gallon-gasoline equivalent, with potential for two new pathways to be more economically competitive. Additionally, the coproduct values can play an important role in the economics of the processes with oxygenated intermediates derived via syngas fermentation. Major cost drivers for the integrated processes are tied to achievable fuel yields and conversion efficiency of the intermediate steps, i.e., the production of oxygenates/alcohols from syngas and the conversion of oxygenates/alcohols to hydrocarbon fuels.
Book
xxviii, 289 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
  • 1Conservation Agriculture in Africa: An Overview Chapter 2Weather-Proofing Agriculture with Conservation Agriculture Chapter 3Conservation Agriculture: Growing more with less - the future of sustainable intensification Chapter 4Empowering Smallholder Farmers with Profitable and Sustainable Farming using Conservation Agriculture - the Case of East Africa Chapter 5Implementing the Principles of Conservation Agriculture in Malawi: Crop Yields and Factors Affecting Adoption Chapter 6Innovation Systems and farmer perceptions regarding Conservation Agriculture in Cabo Delgado, Mozambique Chapter 7Conservation Agriculture in North Africa: Experiences, Achievements and Challenges Chapter 8How Can We Cover Millions of Hectares with Conservation Agriculture in Africa? Chapter 9Climate-Smart push-pull - A conservation agriculture technology for food security and environmental sustainability in Africa Chapter 10How to Make Conservation Agriculture Ever Green Chapter 11Mechanization of smallholder Conservation Agriculture in Africa: contributing resilience to precarious systems Chapter 12Conservation Agriculture in South Africa: Lessons from Case Studies Chapter 13Extending Conservation Agriculture benefits through Innovation Platforms Chapter 14Summing Up.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781780645681 20170220
This book assesses the latest trends in the adoption of conservation agriculture. Focusing on the most recent technologies to improve agricultural resilience to climate change, as well as increase profitability and sustainability, it takes a continental and sub-regional approach to African agriculture. Covering climate-proofing, resilience, sustainable intensification, and the extension and adoption process for new techniques, this book is a vital resource for researchers of agriculture and sustainability.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781780645681 20170220
SAL1&2 (on-campus shelving)
Book
xviii, 200 pages ; 24 cm
  • Contents Foreword. Paul Wapner Preface Acknowledgements Part One: Theoretical Underpinnings * Why Sustainability Education Needs Pedagogies of Reflection and Contemplation. Marie Eaton, Kate Davies, Sarah Williams and Jean MacGregor. * The Power of Pause in the Process of Human Development. Sharon Daloz Parks. * The Practice of Inner Habitat Restoration: A Contemplative Approach to Sustainability Studies. Kurt Hoelting. * Navigating Anger, Fear, Grief, and Despair. Marie Eaton. * Using Reflective and Contemplative Practices with Integrity. Patricia O'Connell Killen. Part Two: Teaching Contexts and Practices * No Time to Think: Contemplation and Reflection in a Highly Technologized Learning Environment. David M. Levy. * The Practice of Place: Deepening Connections with Our Natural and Human Communities. Holly J. Hughes. * Listening Deeply to and Engaging Multiple Perspectives. Maureen E. Ryan. * Attending to Loyalties, Affections, Convictions...and Doubts. Jane Compson. * Make a Creative Response. Michael Gillespie and Karen T. Litfin. * Bodies of Earthly Delight: Engaging in Somatic Inquiry as Contemplation. Sarah Williams. * Sustainability from the Inside Out: Discernment as Practice. Karen K. Gaul. * Fostering Hope and Moral Agency for Eco-Justice. Cynthia Moe-Lobeda and Frederica Helmiere. * Nurturing Students' Resilience and Agency Kate Davies. Afterword Contributors.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138190184 20170418
How do we foster in college students the cognitive complexity, ethical development, and personal resolve that are required for living in this "sustainability century"? Tackling these complex and highly interdependent problems requires nuanced interdisciplinary understandings, collective endeavors, systemic solutions, and profound cultural shifts. Contributors in this book present both a rationale as well as a theoretical framework for incorporating reflective and contemplative pedagogies to help students pause, deepen their awareness, think more carefully, and work with complexity in sustainability-focused courses. Also offering a variety of relevant, timely resources for faculty to use in their classrooms, Contemplative Approaches to Sustainability in Higher Education serves as a key asset to the efforts of educators to enhance students' capacities for long-term engagement and resilience in a future where sustainability is vital.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138190184 20170418
Green Library
Book
xix, 275 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
  • Section 1. Introduction: Why this book? Foreword. Joachim von Braun, Chair of the German Government's Bioeconomy Council. Chapter 1. Background and overview of the book, E Jane Morris, University of Leeds, UK Ivar Virgin, Stockholm Environment Institute Chapter 2. Benefits and challenges of a new knowledge based bioeconomy Ivar Virgin, Matthew Fielding, Melinda Fones Sundell, Holger Hoff and Jakob Granit Stockholm Environment Institute. Chapter 3. The gene revolution: What can and can't be done with modern biosciences? E. Jane Morris, University of Leeds, UK. Section 2-Towards sustainable food security Chapter 4. The European Perspective. The case for a highly productive and innovative agriculture in Europe Harald von Witzke, Humboldt University of Berlin Steffen Noleppa, Humboldt Forum for Food and Agriculture Chapter 5. The African Perspective. New biosciences making African agriculture more productive and resilient Jennifer A. Thomson, University of Cape Town, South Africa Chapter 6. Europe and Africa: Addressing the food security challenges Philipp Aerni, Isabelle Schluep Campo, University of Zurich Ruth K. Oniang'o, African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development Section 3- Towards resource efficient economies Broadening the base of agriculture. Chapter 7. The European Perspective. Potential of crop biosciences to support resource-use efficiency, climate change mitigation and adaptation in European agriculture Olle Olsson1, Torbjorn Fagerstrom2, Jens Sundstrom2, Thomas Katterer2 and Ivar Virgin1. 1Stockholm Environment Institute. 2Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. Chapter 8. The European Perspective. A renewable resource base for the European Chemical industry: Getting to a European bioeconomy. Sten Stymne, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Chapter 9. The African Perspective. Using the new biosciences to support the African development agenda E Jane Morris, University of Leeds, UK Corinda Erasmus, STEPS Science Training, South Africa Martha M O'Kennedy, CSIR, South Africa Chapter 10. The African Perspective. Developing an African bio-resource based industry: the case for Cassava Yona Baguma, Ephraim Nuwamanya, NARO, Uganda Chrissie Rey, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa Chapter 11. Europe and Africa: Biofuels for sustainable energy and mobility in the EU and Africa Francis X. Johnson, SEI and Yacob Mulugetta, University College London Section 4. Broadening the bioscience innovation agenda Chapter 12. The potential of biosciences for agricultural improvement in Africa and Europe: looking forward to 2050 Denis J Murphy, University of South Wales, UK Chapter 13. The Need for International Bioscience Collaboration and a Shared Agenda John Komen, bioscience policy advisor, The Netherlands Julius Ecuru, Uganda National Council for Science and Technology, Uganda Chapter 14. The social and economic challenges for a bioeconomy Richard Smart, Technische Universitat Munchen, Germany Justus Wesseler, Wageningen University, The Netherlands Chapter 15. Two decades of European-African bioscience collaboration. From Bio-EARN to Bio-Innovate Ivar Virgin, SEI and Allan Liavoga, ILRI BioInnovate coordinator. Section 5. Transitions to a modern bioeconomy: Analysis of policies Chapter 16. European strategies and policies getting towards a bioeconomy Dirk Carrez, Clever Consult, Belgium. Chapter 17. Getting towards an African bioeconomy Julius Ecuru, , Uganda National Council for Science and Technology Chapter 18. Intellectual Property challenges for a bioeconomy. Rosemary Wolson, CSIR, South Africa Chapter 19. Europe and Africa: How European policies influence bioscience adoption in Africa John Komen, Bioscience policy advisor, The Netherlands Section 6. Way forward-progressing towards European and African bioeconomies Chapter 20. Conclusions and key messages Ivar Virgin, Stockholm Environment Institute E Jane Morris, University of Leeds, UK.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138818538 20161213
The growing global demand for food, feed and bio-based renewable material is changing the conditions for agricultural production worldwide. At the same time, revolutionary achievements in the field of biosciences are contributing to a transition whereby bio-based alternatives for energy and materials are becoming more competitive. Creating Sustainable Bioeconomies explores the prospects for biosciences and how its innovation has the potential to help countries in the North (Europe) and the South (Africa) to move towards resource efficient agriculture and sustainable bioeconomies. Throughout the book, the situations of Europe and Sub-Saharan Africa will be compared and contrasted, and opportunities for mutual learning and collaboration are explored. The chapters have been written by high profile authors and deal with a wide range of issues affecting the development of bioeconomies on both continents. This book compares and contrasts the situations of these two regions as they endeavour to develop knowledge based bioeconomies. This volume is suitable for those who are interested in ecological economics, development economics and environmental economics. It also provides action plans assisting policy-makers in both areas to support the transition to knowledge based and sustainable bioeconomies.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138818538 20161213
Green Library

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