Book
1 online resource.
  • Title page; Table of Contents; Related titles; Copyright; Dedication; List of contributors; Woodhead Publishing Series in Composites Science and Engineering; Preface; 1. High-performance ballistic fibers and tapes; 1.1. Introduction to high-performance fibers and tapes; 1.2. High-performance ballistic fibers and tapes; 1.3. UHMWPE fibers (Prevorsek, 1996); 1.4. Aramid fibers; 1.5. UHMWPE tape/ribbon; 1.6. Ballistic fiberglass; 1.7. High-modulus polypropylene fiber (Elizabeth Cates, 2015); 1.8. Recycling of ballistic fibers and converted products; 2. High performance fabrics and 3D materials.
  • 2.1. Introduction2.2. Fiber types; 2.3. Composite fiber architectures; 2.4. Failure mechanisms; 2.5. Conclusions; Useful sources of further information; 3. Nonwoven and crossplied ballistic materials; 3.1. Introduction; 3.2. Protective materials, devices, and end-use requirements; 3.3. Fiber selection criteria for ballistic-resistant materials; 3.4. Variations of fiber forms; 3.5. Filament layup composites; 3.6. Historical uses of nonwoven ballistic-resistant fabrics; 3.7. Methodologies for use of nonwoven ballistic-resistant fabrics; 3.8. Future directions for nonwoven fabric applications.
  • 4. Ballistic threats: Bullets and fragments4.1. What is the threat?; 4.2. Small arms ammunition; 4.3. Fragments; 4.4. Projectile and target interaction; 4.5. Summary; 5. International ballistic and blast specifications and standards; 5.1. Introduction; 5.2. Why are there armor test methods and/or standards?; 5.3. General definitions used in test methods and standards; 5.4. Threat regimes for personal armor test methods and standards; 5.5. Threat regimes for vehicle armor test methods and standards; 5.6. Personal armor user communities.
  • 5.7. Personal armor law enforcement test methods and standards5.8. Personal armor military test methods and standards; 5.9. Personal armor general purpose test methods and standards; 5.10. Vehicle armor user communities; 5.11. Vehicle armor civilian test methods and standards; 5.12. Vehicle armor military test methods and standards; 5.13. General ballistic material test methods and standards; 5.14. Approach to use when there are no suitable standards or methods; 5.15. Issues with contents of some standards; 5.16. The possible future of armor test methods and standards; 5.17. Summary; Glossary.
  • 6. Lightweight composite materials processing6.1. Introduction; 6.2. Ballistic fibers; 6.3. Quality control of ballistic materials; 6.4. Various international ballistic specifications/standards; 6.5. Processing of ballistic materials; 6.6. Evaluation of molded articles; 6.7. Transportation and storage of ballistic material; 6.8. Durability of the products in field; 6.9. Recycling and disposal of prepregs; 6.10. Ballistic helmets; 6.11. Handheld riot shields; 7. Personal armor; 7.1. Introduction; 7.2. Body armor; 7.3. Helmets; 7.4. Face and eye protection; 7.5. Neck protection.
Book
1 online resource : illustrations (some color)
  • Front Cover; Personnel Protection and Safety Equipment for the Oil and Gas Industries; Copyright Page; Contents; Biography; Preface; Acknowledgments; 1 Breathing apparatus for personnel safety and protection; 1.1 Introduction; 1.1.1 Minimal acceptable program; 1.1.2 Medical limitations; 1.1.3 Communication; 1.1.4 Use of unapproved respiratory protective devices; 1.2 Selection of respiratory protective equipment; 1.3 Severity and location of the hazard; 1.3.1 Nature of the hazard; 1.3.2 Storage; 1.4 Special considerations; 1.4.1 Corrective lenses with full facepieces
  • 1.4.2 Eyewear with half-mask facepiece1.5 Classification of respiratory protective equipment; 1.5.1 By purifying the air breathed; 1.5.2 By supplying air or oxygen from an uncontaminated source; 1.5.3 Self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA); 1.5.4 Open-circuit escape BA; 1.5.5 Closed-circuit escape breathing apparatus; 1.6 Fresh-air hose and compressed air-line breathing apparatus; 1.6.1 General requirements; 1.6.2 Compressed-air-line apparatus (Demand-Valve Type); 1.6.3 Resistance to breathing; 1.6.4 Requirements for fresh-air hose apparatus
  • 1.6.5 Requirements for compressed-air-line apparatus1.6.6 High-efficiency dust respirators; 1.7 Positive-pressure, powered dust respirators; 1.7.1 Design; 1.7.2 Power pack; 1.8 Respirators for protection against harmful dust and gas; 1.9 Dust respirators; 1.9.1 Design; 1.10 Gas respirators, canister type; 1.10.1 Design; 1.10.2 Canisters; 1.11 Gas respirators, cartridge type; 1.11.1 Design; 1.12 Positive-pressure, powered dust hoods and suits; 1.12.1 Design; 1.12.2 Hood and suit; 1.12.3 Power pack; 1.13 Underwater breathing apparatus; 1.13.1 Cylinders
  • 1.13.2 Compressed air for human respiration1.14 Ventilatory resuscitators; 1.14.1 Classification; 1.14.2 Physical requirements; 1.14.3 Gas-Powered resuscitators; 1.14.4 Gas supply; 1.15 Nominal protection factor; 2 Masks and respiratory equipment materials; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Masks and respiratory equipment (Breathing apparatus); 2.2.1 Classification of respiratory equipment; 2.2.2 Classification of environment; 2.2.3 Classification of respiratory protective devices (see Figure 2.2); 2.2.4 Breathing apparatus; 2.3 Selection of breathing apparatus; 2.4 Respirators for dusts and gases
  • 2.4.1 Filtering facepiece dust respirators2.4.2 High-efficiency dust respirators; 2.4.3 Positive-pressure dust respirators; 2.4.4 Filters; 2.4.5 Harness; 2.4.6 Connecting fittings; 2.4.7 Performance requirement; 2.4.8 Marking; 2.5 Positive-pressure, powered dust hood and suits; 2.5.1 Construction; 2.5.2 Hood and suits; 2.5.3 Power pack; 2.5.4 Performance requirement; 2.5.5 Marking; 2.5.6 Gas respirators, canister type; 2.6 Gas respirators, cartridge type; 2.6.1 Design and construction; 2.6.2 Tests and certification; 2.7 Combination respirators
Oil and gas companies are repeatedly cited by regulatory organizations for poor training and maintenance on providing personal protective equipment to their refinery workers. Managers of refinery and petrochemical plants are responsible for instructing their workers with the types of equipment available, how to properly wear the equipment, how to properly care and maintain the equipment, and, most importantly, it's their responsibility to enforce these regulations and safety requirements. While there are many reference materials on the subject, most are too broad to apply directly to the unique and highly volatile atmosphere of an oil and gas operation. Personnel Protection and Safety Equipment for the Oil and Gas Industries answers the call for safety managers onsite as well as workers to understand all the safety equipment available specifically for the energy sector. Condensed into one convenient reference location, this training guide is designed to inform on several types of personnel protective clothing, firefighting protective clothing, respiratory protective devises available as well as many other types of protective equipment, including fall protection and vehicle safety belts and harnesses. Industry-specific examples, multiple illustrations, and a glossary of terms make Personnel Protection and Safety Equipment for the Oil and Gas Industries a must-have on every oil and gas operation. * Know recommended US and international protective safety equipment regulations* Learn the types, classes, and materials of safety and protective equipment specific to the oil and gas industry* Gain knowledge on how to select, test, maintain, and store protective equipment properly.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128028148 20160619
Book
1 online resource : illustrations (some color)
  • Front Cover; Personnel Protection and Safety Equipment for the Oil and Gas Industries; Copyright Page; Contents; Biography; Preface; Acknowledgments; 1 Breathing apparatus for personnel safety and protection; 1.1 Introduction; 1.1.1 Minimal acceptable program; 1.1.2 Medical limitations; 1.1.3 Communication; 1.1.4 Use of unapproved respiratory protective devices; 1.2 Selection of respiratory protective equipment; 1.3 Severity and location of the hazard; 1.3.1 Nature of the hazard; 1.3.2 Storage; 1.4 Special considerations; 1.4.1 Corrective lenses with full facepieces
  • 1.4.2 Eyewear with half-mask facepiece1.5 Classification of respiratory protective equipment; 1.5.1 By purifying the air breathed; 1.5.2 By supplying air or oxygen from an uncontaminated source; 1.5.3 Self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA); 1.5.4 Open-circuit escape BA; 1.5.5 Closed-circuit escape breathing apparatus; 1.6 Fresh-air hose and compressed air-line breathing apparatus; 1.6.1 General requirements; 1.6.2 Compressed-air-line apparatus (Demand-Valve Type); 1.6.3 Resistance to breathing; 1.6.4 Requirements for fresh-air hose apparatus
  • 1.6.5 Requirements for compressed-air-line apparatus1.6.6 High-efficiency dust respirators; 1.7 Positive-pressure, powered dust respirators; 1.7.1 Design; 1.7.2 Power pack; 1.8 Respirators for protection against harmful dust and gas; 1.9 Dust respirators; 1.9.1 Design; 1.10 Gas respirators, canister type; 1.10.1 Design; 1.10.2 Canisters; 1.11 Gas respirators, cartridge type; 1.11.1 Design; 1.12 Positive-pressure, powered dust hoods and suits; 1.12.1 Design; 1.12.2 Hood and suit; 1.12.3 Power pack; 1.13 Underwater breathing apparatus; 1.13.1 Cylinders
  • 1.13.2 Compressed air for human respiration1.14 Ventilatory resuscitators; 1.14.1 Classification; 1.14.2 Physical requirements; 1.14.3 Gas-Powered resuscitators; 1.14.4 Gas supply; 1.15 Nominal protection factor; 2 Masks and respiratory equipment materials; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Masks and respiratory equipment (Breathing apparatus); 2.2.1 Classification of respiratory equipment; 2.2.2 Classification of environment; 2.2.3 Classification of respiratory protective devices (see Figure 2.2); 2.2.4 Breathing apparatus; 2.3 Selection of breathing apparatus; 2.4 Respirators for dusts and gases
  • 2.4.1 Filtering facepiece dust respirators2.4.2 High-efficiency dust respirators; 2.4.3 Positive-pressure dust respirators; 2.4.4 Filters; 2.4.5 Harness; 2.4.6 Connecting fittings; 2.4.7 Performance requirement; 2.4.8 Marking; 2.5 Positive-pressure, powered dust hood and suits; 2.5.1 Construction; 2.5.2 Hood and suits; 2.5.3 Power pack; 2.5.4 Performance requirement; 2.5.5 Marking; 2.5.6 Gas respirators, canister type; 2.6 Gas respirators, cartridge type; 2.6.1 Design and construction; 2.6.2 Tests and certification; 2.7 Combination respirators
Oil and gas companies are repeatedly cited by regulatory organizations for poor training and maintenance on providing personal protective equipment to their refinery workers. Managers of refinery and petrochemical plants are responsible for instructing their workers with the types of equipment available, how to properly wear the equipment, how to properly care and maintain the equipment, and, most importantly, it's their responsibility to enforce these regulations and safety requirements. While there are many reference materials on the subject, most are too broad to apply directly to the unique and highly volatile atmosphere of an oil and gas operation. Personnel Protection and Safety Equipment for the Oil and Gas Industries answers the call for safety managers onsite as well as workers to understand all the safety equipment available specifically for the energy sector. Condensed into one convenient reference location, this training guide is designed to inform on several types of personnel protective clothing, firefighting protective clothing, respiratory protective devises available as well as many other types of protective equipment, including fall protection and vehicle safety belts and harnesses. Industry-specific examples, multiple illustrations, and a glossary of terms make Personnel Protection and Safety Equipment for the Oil and Gas Industries a must-have on every oil and gas operation. * Know recommended US and international protective safety equipment regulations* Learn the types, classes, and materials of safety and protective equipment specific to the oil and gas industry* Gain knowledge on how to select, test, maintain, and store protective equipment properly.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128028148 20160619
Book
1 online resource (xxvi, 472 pages) : illustrations.
  • Cover; Protective Clothing: Managing Thermal Stress; Copyright; Contents; Contributor contact details; Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles; Introduction; References; Dedication; Part I:Types of protective clothing and their requirements; 1:Cold-protective clothing: types, design and standards; 1.1 Introduction: types of cold-protective clothing; 1.2 Human responses to cold; 1.3 Requirements of cold-protective clothing; 1.4 Design of clothing to protect wearers from the cold; 1.5 Examples and applications of cold-protective clothing; 1.6 Standards and testing for cold-protective clothing.
  • 1.7 Conclusions: key challenges in managing thermal stress in the cold1.8 Future trends; 1.9 Source of further information and advice; 1.10 References; 2:Cold-water immersion suits; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Maintenance, fit and sizing of immersion suits; 2.3 Thermal ratings for immersion suits; 2.4 Managing thermal protection/stress associated with cold water: the problem of water ingress; 2.5 Assessing the performance of immersion suits in resisting water ingress; 2.6 Protecting airways and hands; 2.7 Active heating systems for immersion suits.
  • 2.8 Effect of environmental factors and flotation position on performance of immersion suits2.9 Conclusions and recommendations; 2.10 References; 3: Clothing for protection against heat and flames; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Types of clothing for protection against heat and flames; 3.3 The human response to heat; 3.4 Requirements for heatand flame-protective clothing; 3.5 Challenges in managing thermal stress; 3.6 Design of clothing for protection against heat and flames; 3.7 Future trends; 3.8 Conclusions; 3.9 References; 4:Clothing for protection against hot-liquid splash and steam hazards.
  • 4.1 Introduction4.2 Requirements of clothing for protection against hot-liquid splash and steam hazards; 4.3 Assessment methods and standards; 4.4 Examples and applications of protective materials; 4.5 Thermal stored energy and its contribution to burn injury; 4.6 Conclusions and future trends; 4.7 References; 5:Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) protective clothing; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Types of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) threats; 5.3 Personal protective equipment for specific routes of exposure; 5.4 Respiratory protection.
  • 5.5 Total body protection5.6 Standard test methods for evaluating chemical-protective materials; 5.7 Standard test methods for evaluating whole CBRN ensembles; 5.8 Impact of wearing CBRN protective clothing; 5.9 Conclusions and future trends; 5.10 Sources of further information and advice; 5.11 References; 6:Ballistic-protective clothing and body armour; 6.1 Introduction; 6.2 UK military ballistic-protective clothing; 6.3 Environmental operating conditions; 6.4 Test methods; 6.5 Thermophysiological aspects; 6.6 Conclusions and future trends; 6.7 References.
Protective clothing protects wearers from hostile environments, including extremes of heat and cold. Whilst some types of protective clothing may be designed primarily for non-thermal hazards (e.g. biological hazards), a key challenge in all protective clothing remains wearer comfort and the management of thermal stress (i.e. excessive heat or cold). This book reviews key types of protective clothing, technologies for heating and cooling and, finally, modeling aspects of thermal stress and strain. Explores different types of protective clothing, their uses and their requirements, with an emphas.
Book
1 online resource (272 pages) : illustrations, tables
  • Preface vii Acknowledgments ix SECTION I Introduction to the Quick Selection Process 1 How to Use This Guide 1 SECTION II Selection and Use of Chemical Protective Clothing 5 Chemical Resistance of Protective Clothing What Does It Mean and How to Evaluate It 5 Standards and Requirements Related to CPCs 10 The Selection Process 15 Correct Use, Care, Maintenance, and Disposability of CPCs 25 Create Your Own Checklist 28 SECTION III Chemical Index 31 Chemical Class Numbers 31 Chemical Names 32 Synonyms 32 Chemical Abstract Service Number CAS # 32 Risk Codes 33 Chemical Warfare Agents 35 SECTION IV Selection Recommendations 111 Color Codes Used in the Tables 111 Introduction to the Trade Name Table 113 Important Notes 117 Barriers Related to the Master Chemical Resistance Table 129 Important Notes Related to the Master Chemical Resistance Table 131 SECTION V Glossary 231 SECTION VI Standards for Chemical Protective Clothing 249 ASTM Standards (http://www.astm.org/COMMITTEE/F23.htm) 249 NFPA Standards (http://www.nfpa.org) 252 EN Standards (http://www.cen.eu) 253 ISO Standards (http://www.iso.org) 255 SECTION VII Manufacturers of Chemical Protective Clothing 257.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118567708 20160618
Quick Selection Guide to Chemical Protective Clothing provides the reader with the latest information on Selection, Care and Use of Chemical Protective garments and gloves. Topics in the widely-used reference guide include Selection and Use of Chemical Protective Clothing, Chemical Index, Selection Recommendations, Glossary, Standards for Chemical Protective Clothing, Manufactures of Chemical Protective Clothing and European requirements for chemical resistant gloves. The key feature of the book is the color-coded selection recommendations. The red, yellow or green indications are highly appreciated by the users. This sixth edition of the Quick Selection Guide to Chemical Protective Clothing has been updated, to include approximately 1,000 chemicals/chemical brands or mixture of chemicals more than twice the information provided in the original edition. The performance of 9 generic materials and 32 proprietary barriers are compared against the 21 standard test chemicals listed in ASTM F1001. The color-coded recommendations against the broader list of materials now contain 27 representative barrier materials. This best selling pocket guide is the an essential field source for HazMat teams, spill responder, safety professionals, chemists and chemical engineers, industrial hygienists, supervisors, purchase agents, salespeople and other users of chemical protective clothing.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118567708 20160618
Book
x, 260 pages : illustrations ; 13 x 22 cm
  • Preface vii Acknowledgments ix SECTION I Introduction to the Quick Selection Process 1 How to Use This Guide 1 SECTION II Selection and Use of Chemical Protective Clothing 5 Chemical Resistance of Protective Clothing What Does It Mean and How to Evaluate It 5 Standards and Requirements Related to CPCs 10 The Selection Process 15 Correct Use, Care, Maintenance, and Disposability of CPCs 25 Create Your Own Checklist 28 SECTION III Chemical Index 31 Chemical Class Numbers 31 Chemical Names 32 Synonyms 32 Chemical Abstract Service Number CAS # 32 Risk Codes 33 Chemical Warfare Agents 35 SECTION IV Selection Recommendations 111 Color Codes Used in the Tables 111 Introduction to the Trade Name Table 113 Important Notes 117 Barriers Related to the Master Chemical Resistance Table 129 Important Notes Related to the Master Chemical Resistance Table 131 SECTION V Glossary 231 SECTION VI Standards for Chemical Protective Clothing 249 ASTM Standards (http://www.astm.org/COMMITTEE/F23.htm) 249 NFPA Standards (http://www.nfpa.org) 252 EN Standards (http://www.cen.eu) 253 ISO Standards (http://www.iso.org) 255 SECTION VII Manufacturers of Chemical Protective Clothing 257.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118567708 20160618
Quick Selection Guide to Chemical Protective Clothing provides the reader with the latest information on Selection, Care and Use of Chemical Protective garments and gloves. Topics in the widely-used reference guide include Selection and Use of Chemical Protective Clothing, Chemical Index, Selection Recommendations, Glossary, Standards for Chemical Protective Clothing, Manufactures of Chemical Protective Clothing and European requirements for chemical resistant gloves. The key feature of the book is the color-coded selection recommendations. The red, yellow or green indications are highly appreciated by the users. This sixth edition of the Quick Selection Guide to Chemical Protective Clothing has been updated, to include approximately 1,000 chemicals/chemical brands or mixture of chemicals more than twice the information provided in the original edition. The performance of 9 generic materials and 32 proprietary barriers are compared against the 21 standard test chemicals listed in ASTM F1001. The color-coded recommendations against the broader list of materials now contain 27 representative barrier materials. This best selling pocket guide is the an essential field source for HazMat teams, spill responder, safety professionals, chemists and chemical engineers, industrial hygienists, supervisors, purchase agents, salespeople and other users of chemical protective clothing.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118567708 20160618
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Image
1 online resource (2 unnumbered pages) : color illustrations
Book
xxii, 391 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
  • Part 1 Smart materials and technologies: Smart textiles for protection: an overview-- Types of smart textile materials for protection-- Smart surface treatments for textiles for protection-- The use of nanofibres in smart protective clothing-- Smart barrier membranes for protective clothing-- Sensors, actuators and computing systems for smart textiles for protection-- Biomimetic approaches to the design of smart textiles for protection. Part 2 Applications of smart textiles for protection: Smart protective textiles for older people-- Smart high performance textiles for protection in construction and geotechnical applications-- Smart textiles for protection of armoured vehicles-- Protective clothing for firefighters and first responders-- Advances in chemical protective clothing.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780857090560 20160612
Smart textiles are materials and structures that sense and react to environmental conditions or stimuli, and their integration into protective clothing has led to the development of products with greatly enhanced protective capabilities in hazardous situations. Smart textiles for protection provides a comprehensive analysis of smart materials used in producing protective textiles, and explores a wide range of end-use protective applications. Part one reviews smart materials and technologies. Beginning with an overview of smart textiles for protection, this section goes on to discuss types of materials, surface treatments and the use of nanofibres and smart barrier membranes. The application of sensors, actuators and computer systems in smart protective textiles is explored, followed by a review of biomimetic approaches to design. Part two investigates specific applications of smart textiles for protection. Smart technology for personal protective equipment and clothing, smart protective textiles for older people and smart high-performance textiles for protection in construction and geotechnical applications are all discussed in depth, as is the use of smart textiles in the protection of armoured vehicles and in protective clothing for fire fighters and first responders. The final chapter describes recent advances in chemical and biological protective clothing. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Smart textiles for protection is an essential guide for all those involved in the design, development and application of protective smart textiles. * Provides a comprehensive analysis of smart materials used in producing protective textiles, and explores a wide range of end-use protective applications* Discusses types of materials, surface treatments and the use of nanofibres and smart barrier membranes as well as the application of sensors, actuators and computer systems in smart protective textiles* Investigates specific applications of smart textiles for protection, including smart high-performance textiles for protection in construction and geotechnical applications.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780857090560 20160612
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Book
1 online resource.
The Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) is a research reactor at the Idaho National Laboratory is primarily designed and used to test materials to be used in other, larger-scale and prototype reactors. The reactor offers various specialized systems and allows certain experiments to be run at their own temperature and pressure. The ATR Canal temporarily stores completed experiments and used fuel. It also has facilities to conduct underwater operations such as experiment examination or removal. In reviewing the ATR safety basis, a number of concerns were identified involving the ATR canal. A brief study identified ergonomic issues involving the manual handling of fuel elements in the canal that may increase the probability of human error and possible unwanted acute physical outcomes to the operator. In response to this concern, that refined the previous HRA scoping analysis by determining the probability of the inadvertent exposure of a fuel element to the air during fuel movement and inspection was conducted. The HRA analysis employed the SPAR-H method and was supplemented by information gained from a detailed analysis of the fuel inspection and transfer tasks. This latter analysis included ergonomics, work cycles, task duration, and workload imposed by tool and workplace characteristics, personal protective clothing, and operational practices that have the potential to increase physical and mental workload. Part of this analysis consisted of NASA-TLX analyses, combined with operational sequence analysis, computational human performance analysis (CHPA), and 3D graphical modeling to determine task failures and precursors to such failures that have safety implications. Experience in applying multiple analysis techniques in support of HRA methods is discussed.
Book
1 online resource (410 pages) : illustrations.
Book
1 online resource.
  • Acknowledgements iv Table of contents v List of figures xvi List of tables xx List of abbreviations and acronyms xxiv 1 Introduction to CBRN protection 27 1.1 What is CBRN PPE and why is it used? 27 1.2 What are CBRN agents? 28 1.3 Context of use as it relates to design, selection and performance 31 1.4 Acquiring equipment 32 2 Hazardous substances 39 2.1 General overview of agents 39 2.2 Dose and exposure 40 2.3 Routes of entry 40 2.4 Forms of agent leading to exposure 44 2.5 Effects of hazardous materials 47 2.6 Chemical hazards 48 2.7 Biological hazards 54 2.8 Radiological/nuclear agents 68 2.9 Summary of dissemination of CBRN agents 72 3 Setting high-level requirements 76 3.1 Defining concepts of operations 76 3.2 Military operations 77 3.3 Domestic response 79 3.4 Hazard assessment 83 3.5 Exposure limits 90 3.6 Human factors and task requirements 101 3.7 Examples of high-level requirements development discussions 103 4 Designing for appropriate protection and performance 108 4.1 The hazard 108 4.2 Mechanisms of protection 111 4.3 Human factors 121 4.4 The environment 131 4.5 Materials and their selection 132 4.6 System Design 153 4.7 Modeling of performance and human physiology 169 5 Protective equipment: Concepts, components and systems 175 5.1 Terminology 175 5.2 Concepts of use 175 5.3 Respiratory protective devices 176 5.4 Dermal protective equipment (clothing) 194 6 Performance evaluation and standard test methods 207 6.1 Test selection as determined by life cycle phase 207 6.2 Issues that may prevent effective evaluations 209 6.3 Selection of test conditions 211 6.4 Designing methods and setting criteria 231 6.5 Sources of methods 245 6.6 Preconditioning and pretreating 246 6.7 Physical properties and survivability 248 6.8 CBRN performance 264 6.9 Human factors 286 7 Selection and use of PPE 303 7.1 Operational requirements 303 7.2 Expected levels of performance from various styles of equipment 305 7.3 Performance and selection standards and regulations 315 Bibliography 336 Index 374.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118422991 20160609
Personal protective equipment (PPE) is critical for those dealing with toxic, infectious, and radioactive materials. An easily accessible guide for professionals and researchers in all PPE fields, this book takes a fresh look at how PPE is designed, selected, and used in today's emergency response environment where users may need to be protected against deliberately used chemical, biological, or radiological agents in terrorism or warfare scenarios as well as more traditional hazards. Covering the physics, chemistry, and physiology of these hazards, the book explains how PPE protects from various forms of hazards as well as how to use this information to select PPE against these highly hazardous substances for first responder or military users. The design of PPE and components plus relevant performance and evaluation standards are also discussed.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118422991 20160609
Book
xi, 331 p.
  • Acknowledgements iv Table of contents v List of figures xvi List of tables xx List of abbreviations and acronyms xxiv 1 Introduction to CBRN protection 27 1.1 What is CBRN PPE and why is it used? 27 1.2 What are CBRN agents? 28 1.3 Context of use as it relates to design, selection and performance 31 1.4 Acquiring equipment 32 2 Hazardous substances 39 2.1 General overview of agents 39 2.2 Dose and exposure 40 2.3 Routes of entry 40 2.4 Forms of agent leading to exposure 44 2.5 Effects of hazardous materials 47 2.6 Chemical hazards 48 2.7 Biological hazards 54 2.8 Radiological/nuclear agents 68 2.9 Summary of dissemination of CBRN agents 72 3 Setting high-level requirements 76 3.1 Defining concepts of operations 76 3.2 Military operations 77 3.3 Domestic response 79 3.4 Hazard assessment 83 3.5 Exposure limits 90 3.6 Human factors and task requirements 101 3.7 Examples of high-level requirements development discussions 103 4 Designing for appropriate protection and performance 108 4.1 The hazard 108 4.2 Mechanisms of protection 111 4.3 Human factors 121 4.4 The environment 131 4.5 Materials and their selection 132 4.6 System Design 153 4.7 Modeling of performance and human physiology 169 5 Protective equipment: Concepts, components and systems 175 5.1 Terminology 175 5.2 Concepts of use 175 5.3 Respiratory protective devices 176 5.4 Dermal protective equipment (clothing) 194 6 Performance evaluation and standard test methods 207 6.1 Test selection as determined by life cycle phase 207 6.2 Issues that may prevent effective evaluations 209 6.3 Selection of test conditions 211 6.4 Designing methods and setting criteria 231 6.5 Sources of methods 245 6.6 Preconditioning and pretreating 246 6.7 Physical properties and survivability 248 6.8 CBRN performance 264 6.9 Human factors 286 7 Selection and use of PPE 303 7.1 Operational requirements 303 7.2 Expected levels of performance from various styles of equipment 305 7.3 Performance and selection standards and regulations 315 Bibliography 336 Index 374.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118422991 20160609
Personal protective equipment (PPE) is critical for those dealing with toxic, infectious, and radioactive materials. An easily accessible guide for professionals and researchers in all PPE fields, this book takes a fresh look at how PPE is designed, selected, and used in today's emergency response environment where users may need to be protected against deliberately used chemical, biological, or radiological agents in terrorism or warfare scenarios as well as more traditional hazards. Covering the physics, chemistry, and physiology of these hazards, the book explains how PPE protects from various forms of hazards as well as how to use this information to select PPE against these highly hazardous substances for first responder or military users. The design of PPE and components plus relevant performance and evaluation standards are also discussed.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118422991 20160609
Book
iii, 84 p. ; 24 cm.
Green Library
Book
1 online resource (xiv, 70 pages, 2.15 MB) : PDF, illustrations (some color).
Book
1 online resource (xiv, 70 pages) : illustrations.
Book
1 online resource (1 sheet).
Book
1 online resource (vi, 18 pages) : illustrations
Book
1 online resource (1 volume)
Safety and Security Review for the Process Industries: Application of HAZOP, PHA, What-IF and SVA Reviews, Third Edition, describes the responsibilities, methods, and documentation required for the performance of qualitative hazard analysis for industrial and commercial processes, specifically Preliminary Hazard Analysis (PHA), What-If, and Hazard and Operability (HAZOP) reviews. It is a guideline and reference book that explains how the methodology and procedures used for these reviews can be adopted and applied for Security Vulnerability Analysis (SVA) to avoid the major risks that have the potential to severely impact the industry. Organized into 13 chapters, the book relies mainly on practices commonly observed in the petroleum, chemical, and petrochemical industries. It begins with an overview of PHA, What-If, and HAZOP reviews, including their limitations and advantages. It then moves into a discussion of safety reviews that are increasingly used in the process industries: Bow-Tie Analysis (BTA), Layers of Protection Analysis (LOPA), and Safety Integrity Level (SIL). The book looks at review team members, their qualifications and responsibilities, and senior management support and responsibilities for the safety and security of a facility. The reader is also introduced to review procedures and worksheets, review applications, preparation and distribution of the study report, and handling and resolution of recommendations. The book concludes by explaining the estimation of review scheduling and cost. This book will serve as a reminder to members of PHA, What-If, and HAZOP review teams about their duties and responsibilities. Helps you to achieve compliance and avoid disasters: Dennis Nolan combines his extensive personal experience with relevant industry examples to provide the checklists and best-practice guidance needed to negotiate the labyrinth of Hazard Analysis and Safety Review procedures. Keeps your knowledge up-to-date: Coverage of the latest forms of Hazard Analysis and Safety Review, including LOPA and Bowtie Saves time...and money: Demonstrates how each of the typically required reviews is related, so that information and conclusions used on one may be transferred or adapted for another. Also helps you avoid the fines associated with non-compliance, e.g. fines of up to $25k per day imposed by the Department of Homeland Security in the USA for non-compliance with the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standard (CFATS).
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781437735185 20160607

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