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Book
128 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
  • Chapter 1: Cultures Originate in Intelligent Minds
  • Chapter 2: Cultures Establish Moral Visions
  • Chapter 3: Morally Ordered Behavior Gives Cultures Agency Chapter
  • 4: Living Requires Many Cultures; Thriving Requires They Be Well Designed
  • Chapter 5: Coercive Force Yields Morally Ordered Behavior
  • Chapter 6: Cognitive Coercion May Kill You Before You Get Anywhere
  • Chapter 7: Intelligence Makes for Disturbing Irony.
The story of human evolution, or Our Story , is about the development and refinement of cultures. Individuals cannot do things on their own, this book argues; their choices are driven by heuristics, biases, illogical preferences, and irrational assumptions about the nature of reality. So how did humanity survive? By forming more and more successful cultures, which are teams of people who share a specific vision of the world. Because cultures-as-teams are more effective if there is a strong correspondence among the members, they select individuals who clarify the team's vision and force compliance to that vision. Thus, cultures-as-teams are powerful agents for change in the world. They offer the individual the opportunity to accomplish unimaginable goals, but they can also destroy him or her in the process.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781598746785 20160618
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
v, 240 pages : illustrations, maps ; 26 cm
  • Introduction : Athens, cradle of democracy?
  • European tradition versus Afrocentrism : the reality behind the myth of "black Athena"
  • What the Greeks learned from their predecessors : wine and olive cultivation, pottery and metallurgy
  • Greek immigrants and native Europeans in southeastern Europe : contact of cultures, fusion of languages and ways to remember the past
  • Seafaring, trade and commerce trade networks in the early Greek world
  • Ingredients of pan-Hellenic identity : sacred places, rituals and festivities
  • Pre-Greek origins of the arts : the Muses and their doings from old Europe to classical antiquity
  • Old European soundings of social egalitarianism in Greek society : social networking and the making of democratic governance
  • Epilogue : the long trail of old Europe and its aftermath in western civilization.
Contrary to a prevalent belief of the Western world, that democracy, agriculture, theater and the arts were the attainments of Classical Greek civilization, these were actually a Bronze Age fusion of earlier European concepts and Hellenic ingenuity. This work considers both the multicultural wellspring from which these ideas flowed and their ready assimilation by the Greeks, who embraced these hallmarks of civilization, and refined them to the level of sophistication that defines classical antiquity.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780786478279 20160617
Green Library
Book
ix, 602 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 25 cm.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
ix, 602 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 25 cm.
  • Introduction / Steven J. Dick and Mark L. Lupisella
  • Cosmic evolution : state of the science / Eric J. Chaisson
  • Cosmic evolution : history, culture, and human destiny / Steven J. Dick
  • Social evolution : state of the field / Kathryn Denning
  • The evolution of culture / Daniel C. Dennett
  • The big burp and the multiplanetary mandate / Howard Bloom
  • Evo devo universe? A framework for speculations on cosmic culture / John M. Smart
  • Dangerous memes; or, What the Pandorans let loose / Susan Blackmore
  • Cosmocultural evolution : the coevolution of culture and cosmos and the creation of cosmic value / Mark L. Lupisella
  • The intelligent universe / James Gardner
  • Life, mind, and culture as fundamental properties of the universe / Paul C.W. Davies
  • The value of "L" and the cosmic bottleneck / Seth Shostak
  • Encoding our origins : communicating the evolutionary epic in interstellar messages / Douglas A. Vakoch
  • History and science after the chronometric revolution / David Christian
  • Bringing culture to cosmos : the postbiological universe / Steven J. Dick
  • Bringing cosmos to culture : Harlow Shapley and the uses of cosmic evolution / JoAnn Palmeri.
Green Library
Book
1 online resource (ix, 602 p.) : ill. (some col.).
Book
155 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
What makes a 17-year-old girl decide to wrap a bomb around her body, walk into a supermarket, and detonate it, killing herself and an 18-year old girl shopping there? In this provocative and important book, renowned anthropologist W. Penn Handwerker shows that individual choices, from the fatal to the mundane, are fundamentally questions of culture - what it is, where it comes from, and the complex ways it changes and evolves. In accessible and engaging prose, he walks readers through the process of how the human imagination produces new things, shaped by culture and experience but also constantly evolving in unpredictable ways. He shows how understanding cultural dynamics, which explain one girl's decision to murder and another girl's decision to shop, will help us address critical policy questions, from reducing the likelihood of terrorist attacks to responding to global epidemics and addressing climate change.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781598740684 20160528
Green Library
Journal/Periodical
1 online resource

9. Kulturgeschichte [2008]

Book
250 p. ; 24 cm.
Green Library

10. Wen hua de qi yuan [1933]

Book
71 p. : ill. ; 19 cm.
SAL1&2 (on-campus shelving)
Book
x, 217 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
  • Introduction and Preview.- How is Human Culture Different?.- Why does Culture Exist?.- The Origins of Socially Constructed Coding.- The Elaboration of Culture.- Conclusions.- Appendix.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780387305127 20160528
Paleolithic archaeologists and human paleontologists have failed to address the origins of a phenomenon that is both absolutely central to the human way of life and unique to our species. In all species of mammals, there are codes (rules, concepts, values, etc.) that govern behavior. Among humans, and only among humans, some of these codes are created socially, through interactions among individuals. Human culture is thus an emergent phenomenon, one that cannot be understood without taking into account the interactions among individuals. Other species may learn codes socially, from their parents or other members of their species, but the codes are not created socially. Because human society creates the culture that governs individual behavior, it can control individual members in a way that other primate societies cannot. Culture can facilitate cooperative and group activities, but can also lead individuals to behave contrary to their own evolutionary best interests. This book describes the emergent nature of human culture. It proposes hypotheses to explain how a phenomenon that is potentially maladaptive for individuals could have evolved, and to explain why culture plays such a pervasive role in human life. It then reviews the primatological, fossil, and archaeological data to test these hypotheses.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780387305127 20160528
Green Library
Book
232 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
ix, 332 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
  • Culture is essential
  • Culture exists
  • Culture evolves
  • Culture is an adaptation
  • Culture is maladaptive
  • Culture and genes coevolve
  • Nothing about culture makes sense except in the light of evolution.
Humans are a striking anomaly in the natural world. While we are similar to other mammals in many ways, our behavior sets us apart. Our unparalleled ability to adapt has allowed us to occupy virtually every habitat on earth, and our societies are larger, more complex, and more cooperative than any other mammal's. In "Not by Genes Alone", Peter J. Richerson and Robert Boyd argue that only a Darwinian theory of cultural evolution can explain these unique characteristics. "Not by Genes Alone" offers a radical interpretation of human evolution, arguing that our ecological dominance and our singular social systems stem from a psychology uniquely adapted to create complex culture. Richerson and Boyd consider culture to be essential to human adaptation, as much a part of human biology as bipedal locomotion. Drawing on work in the fields of anthropology, political science, sociology, and economics - and building their case with such fascinating examples as kayaks, clever knots, and yams that require twelve men to carry them - Richerson and Boyd convincingly demonstrate that culture and biology are inextricably linked. In abandoning the nature-versus-nurture debate as fundamentally misconceived, "Not by Genes Alone" is a truly original and groundbreaking theory of the role of culture in evolution and a book to be reckoned with for generations to come.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780226712840 20160528
Green Library
Book
viii, 456 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Over the past 25 years, Boyd and Richerson have become well-known across a wide range of disciplines for their path-breaking work on evolution and culture. This work collects twenty of the influential but relatively inaccessible published articels that form the backbone of this research. It could not be more timely given the growing influence of evolutionary psychology. The papers - which were published in a diverse set of journals and which are not easily available - a conceptually linked and form a cohesive, unified evolutionary account of human culture. Their interdisciplinary research is based on two notions. First, that culture is crucial for understanding human behavior: unlike other organism, socially transmitted beliefs, attitudes and values heavily influence our behavior. Secondly, culture is part of biology: the capacity to acquire and transmit culture is a derived component of human psychology, and the contents of culture are deeply intertwined with our biology. Taking off from these two assumptions, Boyd and Richerson's novel idea is that culture is a pool of information, stored in the brains of a population, that gets transmitted from one brain to another by social learning processes. Among their conclusions: culture can account for both our astounding ecological success as well as the maladaptations that characterize much of human behavior. Interest in Boyd and Richerson's work spans anthropology, psychology, economics, philosophy, and political science, and has influenced work on animal behavior, economics and game theory, memes, and even archaeology.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780195165241 20160527
Green Library
Book
viii, 456 p. : ill.
Book
viii, 456 p. : ill.
Book
xi, 280 pages ; 24 cm.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
viii, 384 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
  • The Psychological Foundations Of Culture - An Introduction, M. Schaller, L.G. Conway, Iii, C.S. Crandall. Part 1 How Cultures Emerge At All: Human Awareness Of Mortality And The Evolution Of Culture, S. Solomon, J. Greenberg, J. Schimel, J. Arndt, T. Pyszczynski-- Cultural Elements Emerge From Dynamic Social Impact, H.C. Harton, M.J. Bourgeois-- Language, Cognition, And Reality - Constructing Shared Meanings Through Communication, I.Y.-M. Lau, S.-L. Lee, C.-Y. Chiu-- Motivated Closed Mindedness And The Emergence Of Culture, L. Richter, A.W. Kruglanski. Part 2 How Specific Cultural Norms Arise: Biological Foundations Of Moral Norms, D. Kebs, M. Janicki-- Cognitive And Emotional Processes In The Cultural Transmission Of Natural And Nonnatural Beliefs, A. Norenzayan, S. Atran-- Self-Organizing Culture - How Norms Emerge In Small Groups, H. Arrow, K.L. Burns-- Scientists And Science - How Individual Goals Shape Collective Norms, C.S. Crandall, M. Schaller. Part 3 How Cultures Persist And Change Over Time: The Microgenesis Of Culture - Serial Reproduction As An Experimental Simulation Of Cultural Dynamics, A. Mcintyre, A. Lyons, A. Clark, Y. Kashima-- Sustaining Cultural Beliefs In The Face Of Their Violation - The Case Of Gender Stereotypes, D. Prentice, E. Carranza-- When Believing Is Seeing - Sustaining Norms Of Violence In Cultures Of Honour, J.A. Vandello, D. Cohen-- Move The Body: Change The Self - Acculturative Effects On The Self-Concept, S.J. Heine, D.R. Lehman-- Epilogue - Toward A Conception Of Culture Suitable For A Social Psychology Of Culture, G. Adams, H.R. Markus.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780805838398 20160528
How is it that cultures come into existence at all? How do cultures develop particular customs and characteristics rather than others? How do cultures persist and change over time? The purpose of this book is to provide answers to the emergence and continuing evolution of cultures past, present, and future. The authors show how questions about the origins and evolution of culture can be fruitfully answered through rigorous and creative examination of fundamental characteristics of human cognition, motivation, and social interaction. They review recent theory and research that, in many different ways, points to the influence of basic psychological processes on the collective structures that define cultures. These processes operate in all sorts of different populations, ranging from very small interacting groups to grand-scale masses of people occupying the same demographic or geographic category. The cultural effects - often unintended - of individuals' thoughts and actions are demonstrated in a wide variety of customs, ritualized practices, and shared mythologies. This work reveals that the consequences of psychological processes resonate well beyond the disciplinary constraints of psychology. By taking a psychological approach to questions usually addressed by anthropologists, sociologists and other social scientists, it suggests that psychological research into the foundations of culture is a useful - perhaps even necessary - complement to other forms of inquiry.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780805838398 20160528
Green Library
Book
viii, 384 p. : ill.

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