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1. Animal contests [2013]

Book
xxv, 357 pages, [8] pages of plates : illustrations (some col.) ; 25 cm.
  • List of contributors-- Foreword Geoff Parker-- Preface-- Acknowledgements-- 1. Introduction to animal contests Mark Briffa and Ian C. W. Hardy-- 2. Dyadic contests: modelling fights between two individuals Hanna Kokko-- 3. Models of group or multi-party contests Tom N. Sherratt and Mike Mesterton-Gibbons-- 4. Analysis of animal contest data Mark Briffa, Ian C. W. Hardy, Martin P. Gammell, Domhnall J. Jennings, David Clarke and Marlene Goubault-- 5. Contests in crustaceans: assessments, decisions and their underlying mechanisms Mark Briffa-- 6. Aggression in spiders Robert W. Elwood and John Prenter-- 7. Contest behaviour in butterflies: fighting without weapons Darrell J. Kemp-- 8. Hymenopteran contests and agonistic behaviour Ian C. W. Hardy, Marlene Goubault and Tim P. Batchelor-- 9. Horns and the role of development in the evolution of beetle contests Emilie C. Snell-Rood and Armin P. Moczek-- 10. Contest behaviour in fishes Ryan L. Earley and Yuying Hsu-- 11. Contests in amphibians Mandy L. Dyson, Michael S. Reichert and Tim R. Halliday-- 12. Lizards and other reptiles as model systems for the study of contest behaviour Troy A. Baird-- 13. Bird contests: from hatching to fertilisation Sarah R. Pryke-- 14. Contest behaviour in ungulates Domhnall J. Jennings and Martin P. Gammell-- 15. Human contests: evolutionary theory and the analysis of interstate war Scott A. Field and Mark Briffa-- 16. Prospects for animal contests Mark Briffa, Ian C. W. Hardy and Sophie L. Mowles-- Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780521887106 20160612
Contests are an important aspect of the lives of diverse animals, from sea anemones competing for space on a rocky shore to fallow deer stags contending for access to females. Why do animals fight? What determines when fights stop and which contestant wins? Addressing fundamental questions on contest behaviour, this volume presents theoretical and empirical perspectives across a range of species. The historical development of contest research, the evolutionary theory of both dyadic and multiparty contests, and approaches to experimental design and data analysis are discussed in the first chapters. This is followed by reviews of research in key animal taxa, from the use of aerial displays and assessment rules in butterflies and the developmental biology of weapons in beetles, through to interstate warfare in humans. The final chapter considers future directions and applications of contest research, making this a comprehensive resource for both graduate students and researchers in the field.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780521887106 20160612
Science Library (Li and Ma)

2. Competition [2001]

Book
xvii, 552 p. : ill., maps ; 25 cm.
  • Preface. Preface to Second Edition. Introduction. 1. Studying Competition. 2. Resources. 3. Competition in Action. 4. Choosing the Tools. 5. Competitive Hierarchies. 6. Traits and Competitive Performance. 7. Competition Gradients. 8. Extending the Generality of Field Experiments. 9. Modelling Competition. 10. Competition, Pragmatism and Comparison. 11. Goals and Obstacles in the Study of Competition. References. Index (needs to be edited).
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780792360643 20160528
Competition is one of the most important factors controlling the distribution and abundance of living creatures. Sperm cells racing up reproductive tracts, beetle larvae battling inside single seeds, birds defending territories, and trees interfering with the light available to neighbours, are all engaged in competition for limited resources. Along with predation and mutualism, competition is one of the three major biological forces that assemble living communities. Recent experimental work, much of it only from the last few decades, has enhanced human knowledge of the prevalence of competition in nature. There are acacia trees that use ants to damage vines, beetles that compete in arenas for access to dung balls, tadpoles that apparently poison their neighbours, birds that smash the eggs of potential competitors, and plants that associate with fungi in order to increase access to soil resources.While intended as an up-to-date reference work on the state of this branch of ecology, the many non-technical examples will make interesting reading for those with a general interest in nature. Greatly expanded from the first prize-winning edition, there are entirely new chapters, including one on resources and another on competition gradients in nature. The author freely ranges across all major taxonomic groups in search of evidence. The question of whether competition occurs is no longer useful, the author maintains; rather the challenge is to determine when and where each kind of competition is important in natural systems. For this reason, variants of competition such as intensity, asymmetry and hierarchies are singled out for particular attention.The book concludes with the difficulties of finding general principles in complex ecological communities, and illustrates the limitations on knowledge that arise out of the biased conduct of scientists themselves. Competition can be found elsewhere in living systems other than ecological communities, at sub-microscopic scales in the interactions of enzymes and neural pathways, and over large geographic areas in the spread of human populations and contrasting ideas about the world. Human societies are therefore also examined for evidence of the kinds of competition found among other living organisms.Using an array of historical examples, including Biblical conflicts, the use of noblemen's sons in the Crusades, the Viking raids in Europe, strategic bombing campaigns in the Second World War, and ethnic battles of the Balkans, the book illustrates how most of the aspects of competition illustrated with plants and animals can be extended to the interactions of human beings and their societies.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780792360643 20160528
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
x, 342 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
  • Theoretical and experimental foundations-- experimental studies of resource competition-- critiques-- nonequilibrium resource competition-- competition within food webs-- spatial heterogeneity-- competition for light-- resource competition and evolution-- applications-- medicine.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780412749308 20160528
As one of the most quantitative of ecological subdisciplines, resource competition is an important, central area of ecology. Research into this area has increased and resource competition models have become more complex. The characterization of this phenomenon is therefore the aim of this book. It seeks to identify the unifying principles emerging from experimental and theoretical approaches as well as the differences between organisms, illustrating that greater knowledge of resource competition will benefit human and environmental welfare. The book should be of interest to students and researchers in population biology, community ecology, mathematical biology, and environmental management/engineering.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780412749308 20160528
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
1 online resource (360 pages).
As one of the most quantitative of ecological subdisciplines, resource competition is an important, central area of ecology. Recently research into this area has increased dramatically and resource competition models have become more complex. The characterisation of this phenomenon is therefore the aim of this book. Resource Competition seeks to identify the unifying principles emerging from experimental and theoretical approaches as well as the differences between organisms, illustrating that greater knowledge of resource competition will benefit human and environmental welfare. This book will serve as an indispensable guide to ecologists, evolutionary biologists and environmental managers, and all those interested in resource competition as an emerging discipline.

5. Competition [1989]

Book
x, 202 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
  • Studying competition-- competition in action-- modelling competition-- choosing the tools-- extending the generality of field experiements-- competition, empiricism and comparison-- the path to competition theory.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780412313608 20160528
The role of competition within communities, in shaping the structure and composition of the community matrix itself and in influencing day to day functioning of the system is particularly contraversial. This book offers a synthesis of these arguments and provides an overview of existing knowledge about competition and organising that knowledge in such a way that new research paths are suggested. The author presents an original and at times contraversial view of competition and its role in ecological communities, not only summarising what is known but stressing the unknowns, describing unresolved problems and suggesting avenues for further research.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780412313608 20160528
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
vii, 102 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)

7. On competition [1986]

Book
82 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
xii, 282 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
  • Preface -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Definitions, models, and on how to measure the existence of interspecific competition -- 3. Space as a limiting resource -- 4. Food as a limiting resource -- 5. Nest sites as a limiting resource -- 6. The effect of intraspecific competition on population processes -- 7. Studies of foraging niches and food -- 8. Field experiments to test the existence and effects of interspecific competition -- 9. Long-term experiments on competition between great and blue tit -- 10. Evolutionary effects of interspecific competition -- 11. Concluding thoughts -- Appendices -- References -- Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780199589029 20160607
In nature there exist three main types of biotic interactions between individuals of different species: competition, predation, and mutualism. All three exert powerful selection pressures, and all three shape communities. However, the question of how important interspecific competition in nature really is remains controversial and unresolved. This book provides a critical and exhaustive review of the topic. Although the examples are limited mostly to birds (interspecific competition and community structure have been exhaustively studied in this animal group, and a lot of experimental data are available), the conclusions reached have a far broader relevance to population ecologists in general. The book reasons that the coexistence of species is the result of both past and presently on-going interspecific competition. Furthermore, understanding the importance of interspecific competition in natural systems will be increasingly important when modelling the effects of climate change on populations.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780199589029 20160607
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
ix, 223 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
  • Introduction-- 1. Concepts and problems-- 2. Nonequilibrium in communities-- 3. Interspecific competition: definition and effects on species-- 4. Interspecific competition: effects in communities and conclusion-- 5. Non-competitive mechanisms responsible for niche restriction and segregation-- 6. Patterns over evolutionary time, present mass-extinctions-- 7. Some detailed examples at the population/metapopulation level-- 8. Some detailed examples at the community level-- 9. Some detailed biogeographical/macroecological patterns-- 10. An autecological comparison: the ecology of aspidogastrea-- 11. What explains the differences found? A summary, and prospects for an ecology of the future-- acknowledgments-- References.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780521674553 20160528
Ecology has long been shaped by ideas that stress the sharing of resources and the competition for those resources, and by the assumption that populations and communities typically exist under equilibrium conditions in habitats saturated with both individuals and species. However, much evidence contradicts these assumptions and it is likely that nonequilibrium is much more widespread than might be expected. This book is unique in focusing on nonequilibrium aspects of ecology, providing evidence for nonequilibrium and equilibrium in populations (and metapopulations), in extant communities and in ecological systems over evolutionary time, including nonequilibrium due to recent and present mass extinctions. The assumption that competition is of overriding importance is central to equilibrium ecology, and much space is devoted to its discussion. As communities of some taxa appear to be shaped more by competition than others, an attempt is made to find an explanation for these differences.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780521674553 20160528
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
ix, 223 p. : ill.
Book
x, 221 p. : ill. (with some col.) ; 25 cm.
  • Introduction * Competition in Well Mixed Habitats: From Competititve Exclusion to Competitive Chaos * Spatial Models of Competition * Competition and Coexistence in Plankton Communities * Competition and Coexistence of Mobile Animals * Competition, Coexistence and Diversity on Rocky Shores * Competition and Coexistence in Terrestrial Plants: A Review * Synthesis: Back to Santa Rosalia, or no Wonder There are so Many Species.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783540433118 20160528
The global loss of biodiversity has led to a renewed interest in the underlying mechanisms that explain spatial differences and temporal change of diversity. This book synthesises recent advances in our understanding of interactions that enhance or diminish coexistence among competing species. It features an innovative, spatial view of competition and coexistence. The chapters are logically grouped and stitched together by the central organising principle of spatial distribution and mobility of competing species and their resources. The text also covers ecological modelling and experimental evidence in the search for general principles across ecosystems, from lake plankton and rocky shore benthos to grasslands and insects.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783540433118 20160528
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xi, 296 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
Marine Biology Library (Miller), SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
11 p. : ill. ; 23 x 11 cm.
Green Library
Book
191 p. ; 25 cm.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
v, 77 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
xvii, 131 p., [8] p. of plates : ill. (some col.), 1 map ; 25 cm.
  • Chapter 1: Introduction. Chapter 2: The New Forest and its larger herbivores. Chapter 3: Ecology and behaviour of the Forest's fallow deer. Chapter 4: Behaviour and ecology of sika, red and roe. Chapter 5: The domestic stock of the New Forest. Chapter 6: The potential for competition. Chapter 7: Factors structuring resource relationships in ungulate assemblies.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780412785702 20160528
In this book, the author addresses the question of how, in many temporate ecosystems, diverse and species-rich assemblies of ungulates manage to co-exist despite often quite extensive overlap in ecological requirements. Putman explores the potential for competition, competition tolerance and even positive facilitation amongst the members of such guilds of ungulates. As a central worked example, the author employs data resulting from over 20 years personal research into the ecology and population dynamics of various large herbivores of the New Forest in Southern England. With these, he applies formal protocols in resource use, evidence for resource limitation and evidence for interaction between species in changing population size over the years. In careful review of published studies of interaction amongst other multispecies ungulate assemblies in Europe and North America conclusions about the forces structuring resource relationships are then extended to consider how widely these conclusions may hold. This volume explores in detail the behaviour and ecology of particular species and discusses wider issues of how particular aspects of the described behaviour or ecology may be adaptive. It provides an insight on a major question in behavioural ecology of interest to wildlife biologists, ecologists, zoologists and conservation biologists.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780412785702 20160528
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
ix, 367 p. : ill. (some col.), maps ; 26 cm.
  • Female condition and egg quality-- feeding, growth and survival-- transport of eggs and larvae-- predation-- and settlement and metamorphosis.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9789054106371 20160528
These papers represent a summary of the results obtained during the first half of the ten years research projects, BIOCOSMOS, undertaken by fisheries biologists and oceanographers in Japan. They explore the mechanisms governing population dynamics of marine resources, such as pelagic sardine, demersal flounder and reef-inhabiting abalone, and consider how to find the optimum models for their management.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9789054106371 20160528
Marine Biology Library (Miller)
Book
xviii, 140 p. : ill., maps ; 23 cm.
  • Chapter 1: Introduction 1 Chapter 2: Great Apes: A Primer 11 Chatper 3: Getting Started 33 Chatper 4: Paradise Lost 47 Chapter 5: A New Beginning 55 Chapter 6: Ruhija Discoveries 79 Chatper 7: Hominid Coexistence? 97.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780132432603 20160528
Part of Prentice Hall's Primate Field Studies series. Apes of the Impenetrable Forest (The Behavioral Ecology of Sympatiric Chimpanzees and Gorillas) offers students a scholary and relevant study. This is an account of a nine year project on the behavior and ecology of chimpanzees and mountain gorillas living in the same African forest. Students are able to see the way in which a project is planned and put into action as well as the results.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780132432603 20160528
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
xiv, 175 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Using the concept of the niche (and multiple niche) this book attempts to synthesise two widely-investigated topics: polymorphism and between-species competition; the author's view being that multiple-niche coexistence and multiple- niche polymorphism together represent a common means of coexistence of competitors. Experimental detail and fieldwork are frequently cited in order to create a common point of reference for both population ecologists and geneticists. Concluding chapters discuss other important principles and hypotheses in evolution which are related to the niche concept.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780471916154 20160527
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
96 p. : ill., ports., maps ; 23 cm.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)

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