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Book
xv, 247 pages, 12 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm
  • Introduction: Fritz Kahn, Modernity, and the Invention of Conceptual Scientific Illustration
  • Reading Kahn and the Homunculus
  • "Much Better than Words": Pictured Knowledge and the Rhetoric of Visuality
  • Ocularcentric! Conceptual Illustration at Work in the "Great Loop"
  • Variety Show: The Studio of Kahn and Its Visual Devices
  • Kahn's Way-Out: Conceptual Illustration's Iconophilic Diaspora
  • "To Picture the Body": Kahn's Images in the Postmodern Afterlife
  • Epilogue: Towards a Theory of the Homunculus.
A poster first printed in Germany in 1926 depicts the human body as a factory populated by tiny workers doing industrial tasks. Devised by Fritz Kahn (1888-1968), a German-Jewish physician and popular science writer, "Der Mensch als Industriepalast" (or "Man as Industrial Palace") achieved international fame and was reprinted, in various languages and versions, all over the world. It was a new kind of image--an illustration that was conceptual and scientific, a visual explanation of how things work--and Kahn built a career of this new genre. In collaboration with a stable of artists (only some of whom were credited), Kahn created thousands of images that were metaphorical, allusive, and self-consciously modern, using an eclectic grab-bag of schools and styles: Dada, Art Deco, photomontage, Art Nouveau, Bauhaus functionalism, and commercial illustration. In Body Modern, Michael Sappol offers the first in-depth critical study of Fritz Kahn and his visual rhetoric. Kahn was an impresario of the modern who catered to readers who were hungry for products and concepts that could help them acquire and perform an overdetermined "modern" identity. He and his artists created playful new visual tropes and genres that used striking metaphors to scientifically explain the "life of Man." This rich and largely obscure corpus of images was a technology of the self that naturalized the modern and its technologies by situating them inside the human body.The scope of Kahn's project was vast--entirely new kinds of visual explanation--and so was his influence. Today, his legacy can be seen in textbooks, magazines, posters, public health pamphlets, educational websites, and Hollywood movies. But, Sappol concludes, Kahn's illustrations also pose profound and unsettling epistemological questions about the construction and performance of the self. Lavishly illustrated with more than 100 images, Body Modern imaginatively explores the relationship between conceptual image, image production, and embodied experience.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781517900212 20170612
Green Library
Book
1 online resource.
  • Foreword; Acknowledgements; Contents; Editors and Contributors; 1 Introduction: When Science Meets the Public-Bridging the Gap; Abstract; Introduction; Content of This Book; References; The Big Picture: Communicating Science to Win the Hearts and Minds; 2 Responsibilities of Science, Responsive to Society: A New Dialogue; Abstract; Responses of Science Communication Experts; References; The Indian Landscape of Communicating Science and Technology; 3 India's Maiden Mission to Mars: Many Firsts and Some Missed Opportunities in ISRO's Efforts at Public Outreach and Communications; Abstract
  • More on Mangalyaan and Its ContextFurther Reading; 4 Challenges in Communicating about Defence Research: Insight into Defence Research and Development Organisation's Media Strategy; Abstract; DRDO: Genesis and Journey to Success; Distorted Image and Visibility in Public Domain; The NCAER Study; DRDO's Image: The Gaps in Perception; Communication Strategy; Communicating through Media: Challenges and Opportunities; Case Study 1: MBT Arjun-Image Transformation; Case Study 2: Vibrant Coverage and Global Message; Impact on Organisation and Its Performance; Conclusion; Acknowledgements; References
  • 5 Communicating Issues Related to Land and Natural ResourcesAbstract; Introduction; Diversion of Public Lands in Challakere; Tata Nano Project in West Bengal; The Odisha Mining Case; What Do the Case Studies Reveal?; How to Ensure Transparency and Adequate Flow of Information?; Conclusion; References; 6 The Art and Science of Communicating Risks of Natural Hazards; Abstract; Introduction; Risk Communication; Purposes of Risk Communication; Principles of Risk Communication; Key Elements of Risk Communication; Stakeholders; Communication; Message; Benefits and Barriers of Risk Communication
  • BenefitsBarriers; Risk; Vulnerability; Natural Hazards; Early Warning; Case Study: Risk Communication of Cyclonic Storms; Improved Observing and Forecasting Systems; Uttarakhand Disaster versus Very Severe Cyclonic Storm Phialin; New Challenge in Risk Communication: Climate Change Risks; Summary; Acknowledgements; Further Readings; 7 The Challenges of Earthquake Risk Communication to Public; Abstract; Introduction; Earthquake Hazards in India; Earthquake Risks; Communicating Earthquake Risk in India; Why Now?; Recommendations to Bolster Science Communication; Acknowledgements; References
  • 8 The Queer Case of Communicating Risks Associated with Use of Mobile Phones and Neighborhood Mobile Towers: Are People Contracting More Brain Cancers?Abstract; Introduction; Cell Tower/Phone Radiation Standards; Availability of Information; Reasons for the Spread of Health Concerns; Cell Tower/Phone Radiation and Cancer and Other Effects; Findings of International Agency for Research on Cancer; Coffee, Pickled Vegetables, Carbon Black (Carbon Paper) and so on Are also Class 2B Carcinogens; Final Status; Cell Tower Radiation and Cancer Clusters; Hypersensitivity to Electromagnetic Radiation
EBSCOhost Access limited to 1 user
Book
xiii, 336 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm.
  • The language and rhetoric of science: using them to your advantage. Communicating science
  • The language of science: historical realities for readers and writers
  • Reading well: the first step to writing well
  • Writing well: a few basics
  • Writing very well: opportunities for creativity and elegance
  • The review process: dealing with contents and discontents
  • Through a flask darkly: plagiarism, fraud, and the ethics of authorship
  • Communicating professionally: where, what, and how. Professional scientific communication: where does it happen?
  • The scientific paper: a realistic view and practical advice
  • Other types of writing: review articles, book reviews, debate/critique
  • The proposal
  • Graphics and their place
  • Oral presentations: a few words
  • The graduate thesis (dissertation): what it means and how to do it
  • The online world: science in a new context
  • Special topics in communicating science. For researchers with English as a foreign language
  • Translating scientific material: guiding principles and realities
  • Meet the press: how to be an effective and responsible source for the media
  • Science writing and science talks: communicating with and for the public
  • Teaching science communication: helpful ideas for the classroom
  • In conclusion.
"For more than a decade, The Chicago Guide to Communicating Science has been the go-to reference for anyone who needs to write or speak about their research. Whether a student writing a thesis, a faculty member composing a grant proposal, or a public information officer crafting a press release, Scott Montgomery's advice is perfectly adaptable to any scientific writer's needs. This new edition has been thoroughly revised to address crucial issues in the changing landscape of scientific communication, with an increased focus on those writers working in corporate settings, government, and nonprofit organizations as well as academia. Half a dozen new chapters tackle the evolving needs and paths of scientific writers. These sections address plagiarism and fraud, writing graduate theses, translating scientific material, communicating science to the public, and the increasing globalization of research. The Chicago Guide to Communicating Science recognizes that writers come to the table with different needs and audiences. Through solid examples and concrete advice, Montgomery sets out to help scientists develop their own voice and become stronger communicators. He also teaches readers to think about their work in the larger context of communication about science, addressing the roles of media and the public in scientific attitudes as well as offering advice for those whose research concerns controversial issues such as climate change or emerging viruses. More than ever, communicators need to be able to move seamlessly among platforms and styles. The Chicago Guide to Communicating Science's comprehensive coverage means that scientists and researchers will be able to expertly connect with their audiences, no matter the medium" -- From the publisher.
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
x, 127 pages ; 26 cm
  • 1. Why Are People Skeptical about Climate Change? Some Insights from Blog Comments Paul Matthews 2. Structure and Content of the Discourse on Climate Change in the Blogosphere: The Big Picture Dag Elgesem, Lubos Steskal & Nicholas Diakopoulos 3. Meeting the Climate Change Challenge (MC3): The Role of the Internet in Climate Change Research Dissemination and Knowledge Mobilization Robert Newell & Ann Dale 4. Examining User Comments for Deliberative Democracy: A Corpus-driven Analysis of the Climate Change Debate Online Luke Collins & Brigitte Nerlich 5. Exploring the Use of Online Platforms for Climate Change Policy and Public Engagement by NGOs in Latin America Bruno Takahashi, Guy Edwards, J. Timmons Roberts & Ran Duan 6. Mobilizing Facebook Users against Facebook's Energy Policy: The Case of Greenpeace Unfriend Coal Campaign Merav Katz-Kimchi & Idit Manosevitch.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138223868 20170605
The volume provides a timely, state of the art collection of studies examining climate change communication in the era of digital media. The chapters focus on a broad range of topics covering various aspects of both practice and research in climate change communication, ranging from the use of online platforms, to blogs, and social networking sites. Climate change communication has increasingly moved into Internet-based forums, and this volume provides a comprehensive overview of research into Internet and climate change communication. The studies share valuable methodological insights in this relatively new field of research and shed light on the opportunities and challenges underlying the collection and analysis of online climate change-related data. This book was previously published as a special issue of Environmental Communication.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138223868 20170605
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xiv, 137 pages ; 23 cm
  • 1 Front Matter-- 2 Summary-- 3 1 Using Science to Improve Science Communication-- 4 2 The Complexities of Communicating Science-- 5 3 The Nature of Science-Related Public Controversies-- 6 4 Communicating Science in a Complex, Competitive Communication Environment-- 7 5 Building the Knowledge Base for Effective Science Communication-- 8 References-- 9 Appendix A: Agendas of Public Meetings-- 10 Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members and Staff.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780309451024 20170515
Science and technology are embedded in virtually every aspect of modern life. As a result, people face an increasing need to integrate information from science with their personal values and other considerations as they make important life decisions about medical care, the safety of foods, what to do about climate change, and many other issues. Communicating science effectively, however, is a complex task and an acquired skill. Moreover, the approaches to communicating science that will be most effective for specific audiences and circumstances are not obvious. Fortunately, there is an expanding science base from diverse disciplines that can support science communicators in making these determinations. Communicating Science Effectively offers a research agenda for science communicators and researchers seeking to apply this research and fill gaps in knowledge about how to communicate effectively about science, focusing in particular on issues that are contentious in the public sphere. To inform this research agenda, this publication identifies important influences a " psychological, economic, political, social, cultural, and media-related a " on how science related to such issues is understood, perceived, and used.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780309451024 20170515
Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xiv, 312 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Green Library
Book
vii, 476 pages : illustrations ; 21 cm
  • Einleitung
  • Das Forschungsfeld Wissenschaftskommunikation / Heinz Bonfadelli, Birte Fähnrich, Corinna Lüthje, Jutta Milde, Markus Rhomberg und Mike S. Schäfer
  • Historische und theoretische Grundlagen
  • Kritische Beobachtungen zur Geschichte der Wissenschaftskommunikation / Martin W. Bauer
  • Gesellschaftstheorien in der Wissenschaftskommunikation / Alexander Görke und Markus Rhomberg
  • Organisationstheoretische Perspektiven auf die Wissenschaftskommunikation / Simone Rödder
  • Handlungstheoretische Perspektiven auf die Wissenschaftskommunikation / Heinz Bonfadelli
  • Kommunikation in der Wissenschaft
  • Interne informelle Wissenschaftskommunikation / Corinna Lüthje
  • Formale wissenschaftliche Kommunikation / Niels Taubert
  • Kommunikation aus der Wissenschaft
  • Strategische Wissenschaftskommunikation / Juliana Raupp
  • Wissenschaftsevents zwischen Popularisierung, Engagement und Partizipation / Birte Fähnrich
  • Kommunikation zwischen Wissenschaft und Politik / Ortwin Renn
  • Wissenschafts- und forschungsbezogene Kommunikation im Wirtschaftskontext / Ulrike Röttger
  • Kommunikation über die Wissenschaft
  • Wissenschaftsjournalismus / Bernd Blöbaum
  • Wissenschaft und Populärkultur / Joachim Allgaier
  • Rezeption und Wirkung öffentlicher Wissenschaftskommunikation / Julia Metag
  • Wissenschaftskommunikation Online / Mike S. Schäfer
  • Themenbereiche der Wissenschaftskommunikation
  • Katastrophen- und Risikokommunikation / Georg Ruhrmann und Lars Guenther
  • Umwelt- und Klimawandelkommunikation / Mike S. Schäfer und Heinz Bonfadelli
  • Nachhaltigkeitskommunikation / Imke Hoppe und Jens Wölling
  • Medizin- und Gesundheitskommunikation / Constanze Rossmann und Lisa Meyer
  • Schlüsseltechnologien in der öffentlichen Kommunikation / Jutta Milde
  • Sozial- und Geisteswissenschaften im öffentlichen Diskurs / Andreas M. Scheu und Anna-Maria Volpers
  • Praxis- und Forschungsperspektiven
  • Forschungsperspektiven der Wissenschaftskommunikation / Markus Rhomberg
  • Vom Public Understanding of Science zum Public Understanding of Journalism / Holger Wormer
  • Wissenschaftskommunikation in vernetzten Öffentlichkeiten / Carsten Könneker.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
xii, 253 pages : color illustrations ; 24 cm.
  • Acknowledgements vii Editorial Principles ix List of Illustrations x Introduction: Aims, Sources and Methodology 1 Part 1 Lomazzo and Milan 1 The Artist and the Traveller 17 2 Spaces and Institutions 37 3 Art and Grotesque 63 Part 2 Color, Perspective and Anatomy The Treatise: A Short Introduction 77 4 Lomazzo's Colors 85 5 Acutissima e La Prospettiva 128 6 The Study of the Body 174 General Conclusions 211 APPENDICES 1 Contract between Giovanni Paolo Lomazzo and Giulio Claro, Reggente in Milan, dated 1561 221 2 L'interogaciglion ch'o s'han da fa dar gran Scansciere pos ra gneregada a col ch'o vur intro in dra Vall de Bregn 223 3 Difinicione della tavola sopra detta 224 4 Straducc dra vall de Bregn 226 5 Inventory 24th January 1604, doc. B, notary Benedetto Coerezio, f. 20578 227 6 Inventory, 11th November 1611, Fondo Litta, carte 32 229 7 Libro III Del Colore (1584) 230 8 a. Paduan Manuscript (Merrifield, pp. 648-717), Ricette per fare ogni sorte di colori (Chap. I- De colori in generale, e di quali materie si componghino) 231 8 b. Lomazzo, IV chapter of III book of the Trattato, Quali siano le materie nelle quali si trovino i colori 231 Bibliography 233 Index of Names 250.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9789004330252 20170117
Tramelli considers three main areas of Giovanni Paolo Lomazzo's studies: color, perspective and anatomy, investigating the types of theoretical and practical knowledge on these subjects conveyed in the Trattato dell'Arte della Pittura and how the context of Milan at the end of the sixteenth century shaped the material gathered in Lomazzo's books.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9789004330252 20170117
Art & Architecture Library (Bowes)
Book
1 online resource (95 pages)
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Preliminary considerations
  • 3. Organizing your presentation
  • 4. Making a formal oral presentation
  • 5. Giving a poster presentation
  • Appendices.
"Presenting an Effective and Dynamic Technical Paper: A Guidebook for Novice and Experienced Speakers in a Multicultural World is intended for inexperienced speakers as well as those aspiring to improve their communication skills in making either formal or informal presentations on a technical subject. The book focuses on how to make presentations to a cross-cultural audience, including such tactics as how to list the names of the co-authors on your presentation, how to handle eye contact and use humor, both of which can differ across the global spectrum of cultures. The cross-cultural focus of this book relates not only to the audience, but also to the speaker. This book also includes helpful tips for non-native English speakers. Discusses best practices in putting together an effective talk ; Focuses on leveraging the speaker's existing skillsets to develop the delivery style that works best for that individual ; Features one-page quick reference guides for giving both formal oral and informal poster presentations ; Addresses cross-cultural communication, as well as particular concerns for non-native English speakers ; Includes a companion site with tools and video examples of formal and informal presentations for further self-guidance"--Provided by publisher.
Book
1 online resource.
  • 1. Introduction to Scientificâ ¨Reading and Writing and to Technical Modalities of Augmentation. 2. Ecrilecture and the Constructionof Knowledge within Professional Communities. 3. "Critical Spaces": A Study ofâ ¨the Necessary Conditions for Scholarlyand Multimedia Reading. 4. "Annotate the World, and â ¨Improve Humanity": Material Imageries in aWeb Annotation Program. 5. Construction of Ecrilecture Standards for Collaborative Transcription of Digitized Heritage. 6. The Challenge of Platform Interoperability in Constructing Augmented Knowledge in the Humanities and Social Sciences. 7. The XML Portal for the symogih.org Project. 8. Issues of "Hypermediating Journals" for Scientific Publishing. 8. Construction of lecture standards for collaborative transcription of digitized heritage between algorithm, transmission and community development 1. The scientific ecrilecture: conceptual aspects and socio-technical issues 2. ecrilecture: a revealing practice of the construction of knowledge within the scientific community 3. " spaces for critics, " a study of the conditions of possibility of a scholar and multimedia reading 4. "Annotate the world and improve humanity": imaginary and the making of an annotation software 5. XML Portal of the symogih.org project: experiences and reflections on the digital edition of sources and historical information 6. The challenge of interoperability for the circulation of augmented knowledge in social sciences and humanities 7. Issues of "hypermediatisees journals" for scientific publishing 8. Construction of ecrilecture standards for collaborative transcription of digitized heritage between algorithm, transmission and community development1. The scientific ecrilecture: conceptual aspects and socio-technical issues 2. ecrilecture: a revealing practice of the construction of knowledge within the scientific community 3. " spaces for critics, " a study of the conditions of possibility of a scholar and multimedia reading 4. "Annotate the world and improve humanity": imaginary and the making of an annotation software 5. XML Portal of the symogih.org project: experiences and reflections on the digital edition of sources and historical information 6. The challenge of interoperability for the circulation of augmented knowledge in social sciences and humanities 7. Issues of "hypermediatisees journals" for scientific publishing 8. Construction of ecrilecture standards for collaborative transcription of digitized heritage between algorithm, transmission and community development.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119384373 20170807
Practices associated with the culture of "scholarly" reading have been developed over many centuries and annotations themselves have become the subject of study, either as additional elements in connection with the original texts or as documents in their own right. The first "scholarly" reading techniques, seen historically from the 12th Century onwards, combine reading and writing in a process known as lettrure, involving both attentive reading and commentary. The Internet has transformed this activity, adding technical layers that relate both to the reading and writing process as well as to the circulation of texts; their potential and effective augmentation, diffusion, and reception. This book examines digitized reading and writing by focusing primarily on the conditions for the co-construction of scientific knowledge and its augmentation. The authors present numerous examples of studies and personal feedback concerning the intellectual process, open critical spaces, collaborative scholarly publishing, methods for the circulation and mediatization of knowledge, as well as the techniques and tools employed.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119384373 20170807
Book
1 online resource ( x, 140 pages) : color illustrations.
  • Preface; Contents; 1 Scientific Scholarly Communication: Moving Forward Through Open Discussions; Abstract; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 Open and Unrestricted Access to Scientific Information; 1.2.1 Concerns with Openly Sharing Sensitive Scientific Information; 1.3 Sharing Scientific Data; 1.3.1 Privacy and Genetic Data Sharing; 1.4 Intellectual Property Rights and Scientific Scholarly Communication; 1.4.1 Impact of IPR on Sharing Data; 1.5 Measuring Impact of Scientific Research; 1.6 Concluding Remarks; References; 2 Access to Scientific Knowledge: A Historical Perspective; Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction2.2 Scientific Scholarly Information Sharing: 1600-1900; 2.3 Scholarly Communication Developments in the 20th and 21st Centuries; 2.4 Journal Subscription Debates; 2.5 Concluding Remarks; References; 3 On the Road to Unrestricted Access to Scientific Information: The Open Access Movement; Abstract; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Open Access to Scholarly Publications: Legislative and Other Supporting Initiatives; 3.3 Initiatives by Scholars, Research Funders, and Other 'Movers'; 3.4 Measuring the Impact of OA Journals; 3.5 OA Influence in the Developing World
  • 3.6 OA Publishing Models: Green, Gold, and Other Models3.6.1 Green OA Model; 3.6.2 Gold OA Model; 3.6.3 Other OA Models; 3.7 Maintaining the Quality and Integrity of OA Journals; 3.8 Concluding Remarks; References; 4 Sharing Scientific Data: Moving Toward "Open Data"; Abstract; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Policy Initiatives Supporting Data Sharing; 4.3 Involvement of Funding Organizations and Journal Publishers; 4.4 Data Sharing Habits of Scientists; 4.5 Data Sharing in Different Scientific Disciplines; 4.5.1 Sharing Ecological Data; 4.5.2 Sharing Genomic Data
  • 4.6 Data Publication and Data Citation4.7 Moving Toward "Open Data"?; 4.8 Concluding Remarks; References; 5 Free Flow of Scientific Information Versus Intellectual Property Rights; Abstract; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 University-Industry Collaborations or Commercialization of Academic Research?; 5.2.1 Patenting and Licensing Academic Scientific Discoveries-Government Legislations; 5.2.2 IPR and Academic Research-The Debate; 5.2.3 Negative Effects of Patenting Scientific Research; 5.2.4 Patent Documents as Source of Scientific Information; 5.2.5 Delay in Disclosure of Research Findings
  • 5.3 IPR in Life Sciences5.3.1 IPR and Biomedical Research; 5.3.2 IPR and Biotechnological Advances in Agriculture; 5.4 Concluding Remarks; References; 6 Preserving the Quality of Scientific Research: Peer Review of Research Articles; Abstract; 6.1 Introduction; 6.2 History of Peer Review; 6.3 Criticism of the Peer Review Process; 6.4 Bias in Peer Review; 6.4.1 Prestige or Association Bias; 6.4.2 Gender Bias; 6.4.3 Confirmation Bias; 6.4.4 Conservatism; 6.4.5 Bias Against Interdisciplinary Research; 6.4.6 Publication Bias; 6.5 Peer Review and Conflict of Interest
EBSCOhost Access limited to 1 user
Book
xxii, 746 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
  • Scientific writing basics : style and composition
  • Planning and laying the foundation
  • Manuscripts : research papers and review articles
  • Grant proposals
  • Posters and presentations
  • Job applications.
"Covers all the areas of scientific communication that a scientist needs to know and to master in order to successfully promote his or her research and career. This unique "all-in-one" handbook begins with a discussion of the basics of scientific writing style and composition and then applies these principles to writing research papers, review articles, grant proposals, research statements, and résumés and to preparing academic presentations and posters."--Page 4 of cover.
Engineering Library (Terman), Science Library (Li and Ma)
Book
xi, 305 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
  • Introduction: The Communicative Functions of Silence in Science Part 1: Choosing Silence 1. 'He Didn't Go Round the Conference Circuit Talking About It': Oral Histories of Joseph Farman and the Ozone Hole (Paul Merchant) 2. Dawin's Silence: An Anatomy of Quietude (Stephen Webster) 3. 'Tired with this Subject...': Issac Newton on Publishing and the Ideal Natural Philosopher (Cornelis J. Schilt) 4. Engineers at the Patient's Bedside: The Case of Silence in Inter-institutional Educational Innovation (Nick Verouden, Maarten C.A. van der Sanden and Noelle M.N.C . Aarts) Part 2: Cultures of Silence 5. Talking About Secrets: The Hanford Nuclear Facility and News Reporting of Silence, 1945-1989 (Daniele Macuglia) 6. Silence and Selection: The 'Trick' Cyclist at the War Office Selection Boards (Alice White) 7. The Silenced Subject: Oral History and the Experience of Cancer Research (Catriona Gilmour Hamilton) 8. Reconstructing Ancient Thought- The Case of Ancient Egyptian Mathematics (Elizabeth Hind) 9. The (non)-conveying of the Experiential in Scientific Accounts of Buddhist Meditation (Brian Rappert, Catelijne Coopmans and Giovanna Colombetti) Part 3: Silences in the Public Sphere 10. The Silent Introduction of Synthetic Dyestuffs into Nineteenth Century Food (Carolyn Cobbold) 11. Having It All: Ownership in Open Science (Ann Grand) 12. Shocking Silences: The Management and Distribution of Silences Around TASER(TM) (Abi Dymond) 13. 'An Outcry of Silences': Charles Hoy Fort and the Uncanny Voices of Science (Charlotte Sleigh).
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781472459978 20161213
Over the last half century scholars from a range of disciplines have attempted to theorise silence. Naively we tend to think of silence negatively, as a lack, an emptiness. Yet silence studies shows that silence is more than mere absence. All speech incorporates silence, not only in the gaps between words or the pauses that facilitate turn taking, but in the omissions that result from the necessary selectivity of communicative acts. Thus silence is significant in and of itself; it is a sign that has socially-constructed (albeit context -dependent and ambiguous) meanings. To date, studies of science communication have focussed on what is said rather than what is not said. They have highlighted the content of communication rather than its form, and have largely ignored the gaps, pauses and lacunae that are an essential, and meaningful, part of any communicative act. Both the sociology of science and the history of science have also failed to highlight the varied functions of silence in the practice of science, despite interests in tacit knowledge and cultures of secrecy. Through a range of case studies from historical and contemporary situations, this volume draws attention to the significance of silence, its different qualities and uses, and the nature, function and meaning of silence for science and technology studies.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781472459978 20161213
Green Library
Book
xii, 281 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 27 cm.
Scientific arguments--and indeed arguments in most disciplines--depend on visuals and other nontextual elements; however, most models of argumentation typically neglect these important resources. In Assembling Arguments, Jonathan Buehl offers a concentrated study of scientific argumentation that is sensitive to both the historical and theoretical possibilities of multimodal persuasion as it advances two related claims. First, rhetorical theory--when augmented with methods for reading nonverbal representations--can provide the analytical tools needed to understand and appreciate multimodal scientific arguments. Second, science--an inherently multimodal enterprise--offers ideal subjects for developing general theories of multimodal rhetoric applicable across fields. In developing these claims, Buehl offers a comprehensive account of scientific persuasion as a multimodal process and develops a simple but productive framework for analysing and teaching multimodal argumentation. Comprising five case studies, the book provides detailed treatments of argumentation in specific technological and historical contexts: argumentation before World War I, when images circulated by hand and by post; argumentation during the mid-twentieth century, when computers were beginning to bolster scientific inquiry but images remained hand-crafted products; and argumentation at the turn of the twenty-first century--an era of digital revolutions and digital fraud. Each study examines the rhetorical problems and strategies of specific scientists to investigate key issues regarding visualization and argument: * Establishing new instruments as reliable sources of visual evidence.* Creating novel arguments from reliable visual evidence.* Creating novel arguments with unreliable visual evidence.* Preserving the credibility of visualization practices.* Creating multimodal artifacts before and in the era of digital circulation.Given the growing enterprise of rhetorical studies and the field's contributions to communication practices in all disciplines, rhetoricians need a comprehensive rhetoric of science--one that accounts for the multimodal arguments that change our relation to reality. Assembling Arguments argues that such rhetoric should enable the interpretation of visual scientific arguments and improve science-writing instruction.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781611175615 20160619
Green Library
Book
vii, 296 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
  • Part I: Introduction 1. Creative research communication 2. History 3. Participants Part II: Approach 4. Face-to-Face 5. Art 6. Digital 7. Social media 8. Political 9. Crowd-sourced research Part III: Conclusion 10. Impact 11. Ethics 12. Dissemination Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780719096518 20160808
Aimed at scholars interested in engaging the public with their research and postgraduate students exploring the practical aspects of research communication, this book provides a theoretically grounded introduction to new and emerging approaches to public engagement and research communication. Split into three sections, the reader first explores the historical approaches and current drivers for public engagement with research. Part two explores practical approaches to research engagement, from face-to-face communication in novel settings, such as festivals, through to artistic approaches, before considering new and emerging digital tools and approaches. Each practical chapter is theoretically grounded, exploring issues such as audience, interactivity, and impact. The final section explores ethical considerations in relation to public engagement as well as discussing the way that research communication fits into wider discussions about the impact of research, before concluding with a discussion around disseminating the success (or otherwise) of novel approaches to public engagement to wider groups, including public engagement practitioners.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780719096518 20160808
Green Library
Book
1 online resource (various pagings) : illustrations (some color).
  • Chapter 1: Introduction 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Science Communication 1.3 Summary 1.4 Study Questions 1.5 Suggested Readings 1.6 References Chapter 2: Publishing work in academic journals 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Scoping your deliverables 2.3 Choosing a journal 2.4 Writing and manuscript preparation 2.5 The peer review process 2.6 Reviewing papers 2.7 Citations and metrics - getting recognised 2.8 Summary 2.9 Study Questions 2.10 Suggested Readings 2.11 References Chapter 3: Applying for Funding 3.1 Introduction 3.2 What makes a good idea? 3.3 How to find a funding body and funding calls 3.4 What are the components of a research proposal? 3.4.1 Case for support 3.4.2 Pathway to impact 3.5 Budgeting 3.6 The funding process and peer review 3.7 Summary 3.8 Study Questions 3.9 Suggested Reading 3.10 References Chapter 4: Presenting 4.1 Introduction 4.2 A three-way approach 4.2.1 Developing your narrative 4.2.2 Understanding your audience 4.2.3 Managing yourself 4.3 Dealing with nerves 4.4 Rhetoric 4.5 Using your tools 4.6 Timings 4.7 Answering questions (and asking them) 4.8 Poster design & etiquette 4.9 Summary 4.10 Study Questions 4.11 Suggested Readings 4.12 References Chapter 5: Outreach and Public Engagement 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Nomenclature 5.3 Working with children 5.3.1 Children in a formal environment 5.3.2 Children in an informal environment 5.4 General Public 5.5 Citizen Science 5.6 Funding 5.7 Advertising 5.8 Evaluation 5.9 Training 5.10 Summary 5.11 Study Questions 5.12 References 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Why, when, and how to, engage with the media 6.3 Press releases 6.4 Constructing a narrative for mass media 6.5 Television and Radio interviews 6.6 Summary 6.7 Suggested Reading 6.8 Study Questions 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Blogs 7.3 Podcasts 7.4 Social media platforms 7.5 Twitter 7.6 Facebook 7.7 LinkedIn 7.8 YouTube 7.9 Research Gate 7.10 Others 7.11 Digital Collaborations 7.12 Summary 7.13 Study Questions 7.14 Suggested Readings Chapter 8: Other Essential Research skills 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Time management 8.3 Networking 8.4 Teamwork 8.5 Objective reflection 8.6 Mentoring 8.7 Career Planning 8.8 Open Science 8.8.1 Open Access 8.9 Integrity 8.10 Summary 8.11 Study Questions 8.12 Further Study 8.13 References.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780750311717 20161031
Scientists are often perceived to be poor communicators, but this can be due to a lack of formalised training at undergraduate level and beyond, rather than an innate inability to communicate. There are many areas of communication that scientists are expected to excel at; for example the writing of technical reports and scientific papers. However, even in these fields there is often very little training given to scientists, with the majority of them expected to learn on the job in a kind of peer-review trial by fire. Effective Science Communication: A practical guide to engaging as a scientist provides a concise and practical guide devoted to the myriad of ways that scientists are expected to communicate in their day-to-day lives, combining for the first time modern methods of engagement such as dealing with the modern media and professional social networking, with traditional methods of technical (and non-technical) presentation, paper-writing and proposal shaping. By offering practical and applicable advice, it provides effectual tools to develop skills to communicate with a variety of audiences in an effective and engaging manner. It includes specific examples and advice on how to apply best practice, and also focuses on teaching the underlying skills that are necessary to use the required tools; for example when demonstrating how to give effective presentations, there will be a focus on the underlying skillset (confidence, pacing, stance) that is necessary to be an effective narrator and communicator, rather than simply talking about the toolset (e.g. how to make nice PowerPoint slides). The book provides a helping hand to all scientists, but especially those beginning their career.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780750311717 20161031
Book
1 online resource (iv, 36 pages) : color illustrations.
Book
1 online resource.
  • Introduction to Graph Colouring.- Bounds and Constructive Algorithms.- Advanced Techniques for Graph Colouring.- Algorithm Case Studies.- Applications and Extensions.- Designing Seating Plans.- Designing Sports Leagues.- Designing University Timetables.- App. A, Computing Resources.- References.- Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319257280 20160619
This book treats graph colouring as an algorithmic problem, with a strong emphasis on practical applications. The author describes and analyses some of the best-known algorithms for colouring arbitrary graphs, focusing on whether these heuristics can provide optimal solutions in some cases; how they perform on graphs where the chromatic number is unknown; and whether they can produce better solutions than other algorithms for certain types of graphs, and why. The introductory chapters explain graph colouring, and bounds and constructive algorithms. The author then shows how advanced, modern techniques can be applied to classic real-world operational research problems such as seating plans, sports scheduling, and university timetabling. He includes many examples, suggestions for further reading, and historical notes, and the book is supplemented by a website with an online suite of downloadable code. The book will be of value to researchers, graduate students, and practitioners in the areas of operations research, theoretical computer science, optimization, and computational intelligence. The reader should have elementary knowledge of sets, matrices, and enumerative combinatorics.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319257280 20160619
Book
xx, 248 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
The Internet Revolution in the Sciences and Humanities takes a new look at C.P. Snow's distinction between the two cultures, a distinction that provides the driving force for a book that contends that the Internet revolution has sown the seeds for transformative changes in both the sciences and the humanities. It is because of this common situation that the humanities can learn from the sciences, as well as the sciences from the humanities, in matters central to both: generating, evaluating, and communicating knowledge on the Internet. In a succession of chapters, the authors deal with the state of the art in web-based journal articles and books, web sites, peer review, and post-publication review. In the final chapter, they address the obstacles the academy and scientific organizations face in taking full advantage of the Internet: outmoded tenure and promotion procedures, the cost of open access, and restrictive patent and copyright law. They also argue that overcoming these obstacles does not require revolutionary institutional change. In their view, change must be incremental, making use of the powers and prerogatives scientific and academic organizations already have.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780190465933 20160815
Green Library
Book
viii, 229 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
  • 1. Introduction Miles MacLeod, Rocio G. Sumillera, Jan Surman and Ekaterina Smirnova 2. Modern Science and the Spirit of Language, Literature and Philology Matthias Dorries Part 1: Language, Rhetoric and History 3. How Language Became a Tool: The Reconceptualisation of Language and the Empirical Turn in Seventeenth-Century Britain Miles MacLeod 4. The Beginnings of Scientific Terminology in Polish: Klos's Algorithmus (1538) and Grzepski's Geometria (1566) Jerzy Biniewicz 5. Language and History in the Context of the Societe des Observateurs de l'Homme (1799-1804) Martin Herrnstadt and Laurens Schlicht 6. Contested Boundaries: How Scientists Deal with Uncertainty and Ambiguity in Language Priya Venkatesan Hays Part 2: The Creation of Scientific Terminology 7. Reading Astrolabes in Medieval Hebrew Josefina Rodriguez Arribas 8. Opyt in the Social Lexicon of Modernity: The Experience/Experiment Dichotomy Ekaterina Smirnova 9. Linguistic Precision and Scientific Accuracy: Searching for the Proper Name of "Oxygen" in French, Danish and Polish Jan Surman 10. Mathematical Machines: Automating Thinking? Helena Durnova Part 3: Imagining Universal Languages 11. 17th-Century British Projects for a Universal Language and Their Reception in the Augustan Age: The Cases of John Wilkins and Jonathan Swift Rocio G. Sumillera 12. One Second Language for Mankind: The Rise and Decline of the World Auxiliary Language Movement in the Belle Epoque Markus Krajewski 13. Impacts of a Global Language on Science: Are There Disadvantages? Scott L. Montgomery.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138101050 20160619
Language is the most essential medium of scientific activity. Many historians, sociologists and science studies scholars have investigated scientific language for this reason, but only few have examined those cases where language itself has become an object of scientific discussion. Over the centuries scientists have sought to control, refine and engineer language for various epistemological, communicative and nationalistic purposes. This book seeks to explore cases in the history of science in which questions or concerns with language have bubbled to the surface in scientific discourse. This opens a window into the particular ways in which scientists have conceived of and construed language as the central medium of their activity across different cultural contexts and places, and the clashes and tensions that have manifested their many attempts to engineer it to both preserve and enrich its function. The subject of language draws out many topics that have mostly been neglected in the history of science, such as the connection between the emergence of national languages and the development of science within national settings, and allows us to connect together historical episodes from many understudied cultural and linguistic venues such as Eastern European and medieval Hebrew science.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138101050 20160619
Green Library

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