Book
243 p.
  • Part One. 1: About life and death. 2: The living organism is like a house. 3: The cell is like a stage. 4: The gene. 5: How are genes inherited. 6: Viruses and other flying genes. 7: The engineers of life. Part Two. 8: Give us this day our daily bread. 9: A pill for every ill. 10: Genetic disease in humans. 11: From genetic diagnosis to gene therapy. 12: Cancer: Bad habit or bad luck. 13: Genes: A detective story. Part Three. 14: Frankenstein's monster and other horror stories. 15: The dreams and crimes of eugenics. 16: Science, technology and society. 17: Science, technology and ethics. Glossary. Bibliography. Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780716745464 20160528
This text addresses such questions as: what is genetic engineering?; how is it carried out and what can it do?; what is cancer and can genetic engineering provide a cure?; why is AIDS so difficult to cure?; which diseases are determined genetically?; how are they passed on from parents to their children?; is intelligence genetically determined?; can gene therapy cure all our genetic diseases?; can genetic engineering solve the problem of world famine?; are genetically-engineered organisms a threat to Earth's economy?; should people be discriminated against by insurance companies and employers, because of their genes?; and who should make decisions about ethical problems created by genetic engineering? The book covers the various applications of genetic engineering and examines the impact that this technology has already made, and will make in the near future, on human society.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780716745464 20160528
SAL1&2 (on-campus shelving)
Book
xxxi, 282 p. ; 25 cm.
A scientific, social and ethical exploration of genetic engineering. There are 135 documents discussing the history and development of plant, animal and human genetics, along with samples of commentaries by scientists. It is arranged topically, and emphasizes the human genome project.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780313304576 20160528
SAL1&2 (on-campus shelving)
Book
xi, 196 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
  • I. BASIC ETHICS. 1. Worldview and Theory Choice. 2. Professional and Practical Principles of Conduct. II. THE SCIENCE OF GENETIC ENGINEERING. 3. Where We Are and How We Got Here. 4. The Biological Basics. 5. From Cell to Test Tube. 6. The Biology of Genetic Therapy. III. ETHICS IN GENETIC ENGINEERING. 7. The Limits of Science. 8. Genetic Testing and Screening. 9. Somatic Gene Therapy. 10. Cloning. 11. Germ-Line Therapy. 12. Where Business and Science Intersect. Glossary of Scientific and Ethical Terms. Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780130910851 20160528
For courses in Medical and Applied Ethics. This text introduces students to important ethical issues that arise in the realm of genetic engineering. It provides the basic science and ethical analysis necessary to assess central issues confronting our society in this emerging area of research. At the end, students will be able to formulate their own positions on these crucial issues.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780130910851 20160528
SAL1&2 (on-campus shelving)
Book
93 p. : ill. ; 30 cm.
SAL1&2 (on-campus shelving)
Book
xiii, 226 p. ; 25 cm.
  • Preface CHAPTER 1: GENETIC ENGINEERING: PAST AND PRESENT AS PRELUDE TO THE FUTURE A. Fractious Problems and Ethical and Policy Decision Making B. Past: Genetic Medicine, Eugenics, Reproductive Medicine and Counseling 1. Genetic Medicine 2. Eugenics 3. Reproductive Medicine and Counseling C. Present: The Prospect of Genetic Engineering, the Gathering Debate, Fractious Problems and Decision Making 1. The Prospect of Genetic Engineering 2. The Gathering Debate 3. Fractious Problems and Decision Making CHAPTER 2: UTILITARIANISM AND ENGINEERING TO MAXIMIZE WELFARE A. Juanita, Louis, and Dr. Bentheme B. Utilitarianism: Justification, Impartial Welfare Maximization, and Action Guidance 1. Justification 2. Impartial Welfare Maximization i. Welfare ii. The welfare of future persons iii. Maximization, motivation, and decision making iv. Impartiality v. Utilitarian and consequentialist perspectives on genetic engineering 3. Action Guidance C. Utilitarianism and Genetic Engineering CHAPTER 3: DEONTOLOGY: ENGINEERING AT THE EDGES OF DISEASE, DISABILITY, DIFFERENCE, AND DEATH A. Miles, Lamar, and Dr. Neo B. Deontological Ethics: Justification, the Right, and Action Guidance 1. Justification 2. The Right i. Right, duty, and the categorical imperative a. Deontology and consequentialism b. Kantian duty as action from law c. Maxims and universalization: The first formulation d. Persons as ends in themselves and members of the kingdom of ends: The second and third formulations e. Critiques ii. Deontology, children, and future children 3. Action Guidance i. Moral personhood and Kantian respect ii. Principles and Kantian universalization iii. Dignity and rights C. Deontology and Genetic Engineering CHAPTER 4: VIRTUE ETHICS AND ENGINEERING FOR THE VIRTUES A. Leonard, Trisha, and Dr. Arete B. Virtue Ethics: Justification, Character, and Action Guidance 1. Justification 2. Character 3. Action Guidance C. Virtue Ethics and Genetic Engineering CHAPTER 5: GENETIC ENGINEERING, FRACTIOUS PROBLEMS, AND A NAVIGATIONAL APPROACH TO POLICYMAKING A. Utilitarianism As a Public Philosophy B. Deontology As a Public Philosophy C. The Virtues in Public Philosophy D. A Navigational Approach Notes Bibliography Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780415769945 20160527
Human genetic engineering may soon be possible. The gathering debate about this prospect already threatens to become mired in irresolvable disagreement. After surveying the scientific and technological developments that have brought us to this pass, "The Ethics of Genetic Engineering" focuses on the ethical and policy debate, noting the deep divide that separates proponents and opponents. The book locates the source of this divide in differing framing assumptions: reductionist pluralist on one side, holist communitarian on the other. The book argues that we must bridge this divide, drawing on the resources from both encampments, if we are to understand and cope with the distinctive problems posed by genetic engineering. These problems, termed "fractious problems, " are novel, complex, ethically fraught, unavoidably of public concern, and unavoidably divisive. Berry examines three prominent ethical and political theories - utilitarianism, Kantianism, and virtue ethics - to consider their competency in bridging the divide and addressing these fractious problems. The book concludes that virtue ethics can best guide parental decision making and that a new policymaking approach sketched here, a "navigational approach, " can best guide policymaking. These approaches enable us to gain a rich understanding of the problems posed and to craft resolutions adequate to their challenges.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780415769945 20160527
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
44 p. : ill. ; 30 cm.
SAL1&2 (on-campus shelving)
Book
xiii, 124 p. ; 22 cm.
  • Editorial: Genetics, ethics and social policy : the state of the question / Lisa Sowle Cahill
  • Genetic knowledge as a commodity : the Human Genome Project, markets and consumers / Julie Clague
  • Gene therapy and the improvement of human nature : ethical questions / Sandro Spinsanti
  • Ethical questions in genetic counselling : how far do concepts like 'non-directivity' and 'ethical neutrality' help in solving problems? / Stella Reiter-Theil
  • Genetic counselling : parental autonomy or acceptance of limits? / Liz Hepburn
  • The moral status of the embryo / Maureen Junker-Kenny
  • Genetics and the future of American law and policy / M. Cathleen Kaveny
  • Power, ethics and the poor in human genetic research / Márcio Fabri dos Anjos
  • First sheep, then human beings? : theological and ethical reflections on the use of gene technology / Eberhard Schockenhoff
  • Feminist theologies and the new genetics / Maura A. Ryan
  • Cloning : technical reality and ethical evaluation / Marciano Vidal
  • The ethics of medical genetics. An annotated bibliography / Sigrid Graumann and Christof Mandry.
SAL1&2 (on-campus shelving)
Book
ix, 160 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
  • Large and small molecules-- proteins-- protein synthesis-- more about DNA-- introduction to genetic engineering-- cutting and measuring DNA-- cloning vehicles-- DNA's and genomic libraries-- selection of the right fragment-- characterization of the passenger-- applications of gene cloning-- the computer in molecular biology-- ethical considerations.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780750691147 20160528
"Introduction to Genetic Engineering" offers an introductory account of the biotechnology revolution sweeping the world. The book explains how the genetic engineer pieces together genes from different organisms to make powerful diagnostic tools and new products. It also teaches the beginner the foundations of molecular biology. The book describes the essential techniques and organisms that are used in recombinant DNA, and discusses the ethical considerations of genetic engineering. Dr Sofer shows how recombinant DNA has been used and will be used in the marketplace and shows how computers have a role in recombinant DNA technology.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780750691147 20160528
SAL1&2 (on-campus shelving)
Book
xiv, 143 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
  • Transgenic farm animals : current status and perspectives for agriculture and biomedicine / Heiner Niemann, Wilfried Kues, Joseph W. Carnwath
  • Methods to generate transgenic animals / Louis-Marie Houdebine
  • Animal pharming : past experience and future prospects / Angelika Schnieke
  • Market development of biopharmaceuticals / Gary Walsh
  • Ethical aspects of livestock genetic engineering / Matthias Kaiser
  • Assessing the welfare of transgenic farm animals / Cornelis G. Van Reenen.
Recently, the first 'zoopharming' product has reached market approval: it is a recombinant human protein for medical use that is produced in the milk of transgenic goats. In addition, other transgenic animals, including faster-growing salmon and environmentally 'friendly' pigs with reduced levels of phosphate in their faeces are awaiting regulatory approval. These are only some examples of upcoming applications of genetic engineering in farm animals. Other potential applications include traditional breeding goals such as higher milk or meat yields, leaner meat, and disease resistance. While genetic engineering in livestock opens a huge range of possibilities, it also brings about concerns of safety and justification: does genetic engineering affect animal welfare? Is it safe and morally acceptable to apply genetic engineering to farm animals for the various purposes that are envisaged?It is against this background that the Europaische Akademie GmbH and the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften addressed the topic of transgenic farm animals in an interdisciplinary symposium in 2007. In these proceedings the following topics are covered: an analysis of the state of the art of the technology and its applications, an introduction to the specific application zoopharming (including its historical industrial development and the market for biopharmaceuticals), an assessment of ethical aspects, and considerations regarding the investigation of animal welfare implications of livestock biotechnology. The proceedings address science, industry, politics and the general public interested in the chances and risks of this upcoming field of biotechnology.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783540858423 20160528
Upcoming applications of genetic engineering in farm animals include higher yields, leaner meat, or disease resistance. The proceedings cover an analysis of the state of the art of the technology and its applications, an introduction to the specific application zoopharming (a method to produce biopharmaceuticals in transgenic livestock), including an analysis of the market for biopharmaceuticals. In addition an assessment of ethical aspects of livestock biotechnology and considerations regarding animal welfare implications are covered. The study is addressed to science, industry and politics.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783540858430 20160605
dx.doi.org SpringerLink
Book
xxii, 293 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
  • Animal genetics engineering and human progress - an overview of the contributions-- farm animal biotechnologies-- transgenic farm animals - regulation and impact-- patenting of genetic engineered animals-- genetic engineering of laboratory animals-- what place has genetic engineering of animals in society.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780745307541 20160527
The ethics of animal genetic engineering, and controversies surrounding animal experimentation and welfare, are discussed in this book. Over 20 scientists, civil servants, biotechnology entrepreneurs, animal welfare campaigners and philosophers explore the various sides of the debate.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780745307541 20160527
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Upcoming applications of genetic engineering in farm animals include higher yields, leaner meat, or disease resistance. The proceedings cover an analysis of the state of the art of the technology and its applications, an introduction to the specific application zoopharming (a method to produce biopharmaceuticals in transgenic livestock), including an analysis of the market for biopharmaceuticals. In addition an assessment of ethical aspects of livestock biotechnology and considerations regarding animal welfare implications are covered. The study is addressed to science, industry and politics.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783540858430 20160605
dx.doi.org SpringerLink
Book
xii, 292 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
  • Preface to the second edition-- 1. Introduction-- Part I. The Basis of Genetic Engineering: 2. Introducing molecular biology-- 3. Working with nucleic acids-- 4. The tools of the trade-- Part II. The Methodology of Gene Manipulation: 5. Host cells and vectors-- 6. Cloning strategies-- 7. The polymerase chain reaction-- 8. Selection, screening, and analysis of recombinants-- Part III. Genetic Engineering in Action: 9. Understanding genes and genomes-- 10. Genetic engineering and biotechnology-- 11. Medical and forensic applications of gene manipulation-- 12. Transgenic plants and animals-- 13. The other sort of cloning-- 14. Brave new world or genetic nightmare?-- Suggestions for further reading-- Using the World Wide Web-- Glossary-- Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780521808675 20160528
Des Nicholl presents here a new, fully revised, and expanded edition of his popular undergraduate-level textbook. Many of the features of the original edition have been retained; the book still offers a concise technical introduction to the subject of genetic engineering. However, the book is now divided into three main sections: the first introduces students to basic molecular biology, the second section explains the methods used to manipulate genes, and the third deals with modern applications of genetic engineering. A whole chapter is now devoted to the polymerase chain reaction. Applications covered in the book include genomics, protein engineering, gene therapy, cloning, and transgenic animals and plants. A final chapter discusses the ethical questions surrounding genetic engineering in general. An Introduction to Genetic Engineering is essential reading for undergraduate students of biotechnology, genetics, molecular biology and biochemistry.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780521808675 20160528
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
xi, 403 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
This book is a practical guide to assessing the risks involved in introducing genetically-engineered microorganisms and plants into the environment. Five methodologies are presented for integrating the diverse data essential for accurate risk assessment. The social and economic impacts of biotechnology and related ethical issues are presented as essential components of risk-benefit assessment.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780070374164 20160527
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
xi, 403 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
This book is a practical guide to assessing the risks involved in introducing genetically-engineered microorganisms and plants into the environment. Five methodologies are presented for integrating the diverse data essential for accurate risk assessment. The social and economic impacts of biotechnology and related ethical issues are presented as essential components of risk-benefit assessment.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780070374164 20160527
Law Library (Crown)
Book
ix, 277 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Is genetic engineering a modern magic wand, responsible for producing fantastic crops to feed the world's hungry and a miracle cure-all for human disease? Or, as this book claims, is it an untried and inadequalty researched technology that is out of control with nightmarish results? The author aims to show how genetic determinism is at odds with the reality of scientific findings; gives rise to misguided practices and projects that are unethical and exploitative; and is hazardous to human and animal health and the ecological environment.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781858600529 20160527
SAL1&2 (on-campus shelving)
Book
xvi, 223 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Medical Library (Lane)
Book
350 p. : col. ill. ; 19 cm.
  • INTRODUCTION Early developments Biotechnology today BIOTECHNOLOGY OF FOOD Alkoholic beverages Beer Fermentierted food Food and lactic acid fermentation ALCOHOLS, ACIDS AND AMINO ACIDS Ethanol 1-Butanol, acetone Acetic acid Citric acid Lactic acid and gluconic acid Amino acids L-Glutamic acid D, L-Methionine, L-lysine, L-threonine L-Phenylalanine and L-aspartic acid, Apartame? Amino acids by enzymatic transformation ANTIBIOTICS Antibiotics: abundance, applications and mechanisms of action Antibiotics: production and resistance Lactam antibiotics: structure, biosynthesis and mechanism of action Lactam antibiotics: production Amino acid and peptide antibiotics Glycopeptide, polyether and nucleoside antibiotics Amino glycoside antibiotics Chinones, chinolones and aromatic antibiotics Polyketide antibiotics New strategies for antibiotics SPECIALTIES Vitamins Nukleosides and nucleotides Biotensides and biocosmetics Polysaccharides (dextran, xanthan) Biomaterials Biotransformation Steroid-biotransformations ENZYMES Enzymes Enzyme catalysis Enzymes for analytics Enzyme analytics Enzymes in technical applications Detergent enzymes Enzymes fur starch degradation Enzymatic starch hydrolysis Enzymes and sweetenting Cellulasens and hemicellulases Enzymes for pulp and paper production Pectinases Enzymes for milk treatment Enzymes for treatment of bakery goods and meet Enzymes for leather treatment New startegies for technical enzymes BAKERS' YEAST AND FODDER YEASTS Bakers' yeast and fodder yeasts Proteins and oil from singel cell organisms BIOTECHNOLOGYIEUAND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION Aerobic wastewater treatment Anaerobic wastewater and slugde treatment Biological off-gas purification Biological soil remediation Microbial ore leaching and biocorrosion THERAPEUTIC AND DIAGNOSTIC BIOTECHNOLOGY Insulin Somatotropin and ohter hormones Hemoglobin, serum albumin, lactoferrin Clotting factors Anticoagulants and thrombolytics Enzyme inhibitors The immune system Stem cells Interferons Interleukins Erythropoietin and growth factors TNF and other pharma proteins Vaccines, recombinant vaccines Antibodies monoclonal antibodies recombinant antibodies Immune analytics Biosensors AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY Animal breeding Embryo transfer, cloned animals Gen mapping Transgenic animals Gene farming Plant breeding Plant cell cultures: surface cultures Plant cell cultures: suspension cultures Transgenic plants: methods Transgenic plants: resistance Transgenic plants as bioreactors MICROBIOLOGICAL FUNDAMENTALS Viruses Bakteriophags Microorganisms Bacteria Bacteria: charakterization Fungi Yeasts Microorganisms: isolation, stem maintenance, safety Stem maintenance of microorganisms FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOPROCESS ENGINEERING Culture growth kinetics and product formation fed-batch and continuous fermentations Fermentation technique Fermentation technique: upscaling Cultivation of animal cells Cultivation of animal cells: technical concepts Enzyme and cell reactors Downstream processing of bioproducts Downstream processing of bioproducts: chromatography Industrial processes MOLECULAR GENETIC METHODS DNA: structure DNA: Function Gene technology: general working steps Preparation of DNA, restriction enzymes Enzymes fortreatment of DNA PCR - general method and applications PCR DNA: synthesis and size determination - application examples DNA: sequencing Introduction of DNA in living cells (transformation) Cloning and identificationof genes Gene expression Silencing of genes Protein design Gen banks and gene mapping Genomes of prokaryotes Genomes of eukaryotes Human genome Functional analysis of the human genome DNA analytics DNA arrays Reporter groups Gene therapy CURRENT TRENDS Compund screening Proteomics Bioinformatics Metabolism Metabolic engineering SAFETY, ETHICS, ECONOMY Safety in gene technology Approval of bio- and gene technicologiocal products Ethics and acceptance Patents and biotechnology International comparison.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783527308958 20160528
Biotechnology and genetic engineering are the key technologies of the 21st century. They allow the findings in cell biology and genetics, biochemistry and microbiology, biochemical engineering and bioinformatics to be applied to health care, agriculture, food production, environmental protection and alternative production methods for chemicals. This handy book provides broad coverage of the relevant facts on products, methods and applications. It discusses the opportunities and risks involved in these new technologies, combined with ethical, economic and safety considerations. Instructive and attractive color illustrations as well as an excellent didactic approach throughout make this a perfect introduction to the field - for professionals and students alike.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783527308958 20160528
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
xvii, 342 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
  • Introduction, Peter Wheale-- patrolling the boundaries or tracing the contours - cartographic metaphors and the human genome project, Peter Glasner-- the European Community as an ethical actor? policy making on the human genome and the role of the European Parliament, Gabriele Abels-- the UK human genome mapping project resource centre - a user analysis, Peter Glasner et al-- how long is cooperation in genomics sustainable?, Pierre Joly and Vincent Mangematin-- human genome research and the human genome diversity project - some ethical issues, Peter Wheale-- DNA diagnosis and the emergence of cancer-genetic services in European health care, Pascale Bourret et al-- from eugenics to therapeutics - the impact of opposition on the development of gene therapy in the USA, Paul Martin-- some moral and legal implications of the new genetics for the foetus, Peter Wheale-- the moral value of animals - philosophical and ethical considerations regarding modern biotechnology, Hub Zwart-- xenografting as a subject for public debate, Medard Hilhorst-- engineering acceptance - representation of "the public" in debates on biotechnology, Alison Hill and Mike Michael-- useful models for biotechnology hazard identification - what is thing called "familiarity"?, Ad van Dommelen-- democratizing the policy process for the environmental release of genetically engineered organisms, Rene von Schomberg-- public policy and transgenic animals - case-by-case assessment as a moral learning process, Frans Brom et al-- from animal welfare to intrinsic value - reconstructing public debates on animal biotechnology, Michiel Korthals and Elmar Theune-- consensus conferences as participatory policy analysis - a methodological contribution to the social management of technology, Igor Mayor and Jac Geurts-- the consequences of modern genetic engineering - patents, "nomads" and the "bio-industrial complex", Ruth McNally and Peter Wheale.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781859726860 20160527
The emerging techniques in genetic engineering constitute a technological revolution with the potential to alter our environment and reconstitute animals and plants. This book presents recent work by European experts on moral philosophy, public policy, and the regulation and control of genetically controlled organisms. It sets out to articulate the key issues, controversies and possible solutions to the problems posed by genetic engineering and modern biotechnology. Areas covered include trangenic animals, xenografting, patenting life, human genome research, sustainable development, environmental release of genetically engineered organisms (GEO's), risk-assessment techniques and regulations. The book deals with the way this new technology can be democratized and "socially managed".
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781859726860 20160527
SAL1&2 (on-campus shelving)
Book
x, 356 p.
  • Part I. Introduction and Systemic Issues: 1. Introduction Daniel Wuger-- 2. Genetic engineering, trade and human rights Thomas Cottier-- 3. Gender dimensions of biotechnology policy and trade Constance Z. Wagner-- Part II. Intellectual Property and Gene Technology - Issues at Stake and Possible Options: 4. Biotechnology and patents: global standards, European approaches and national accents Geertrui Van Overwalle-- 5. Intellectual property rights, biotechnology and development Emmanuel Opoku Awuku-- 6. Traditional knowledge, biogenetic resources, genetic engineering and intellectual property rights Federico Lenzerini-- Part III. Food Security, Trade and Agricultural Production with Genetically Modified Organisms: 7. Biotechnology in the energy sector: some trade and development Simonetta Zarrilli-- 8. Coexistence and liability: implications for international trade drawn from the Swiss example Anne Petitpierre-Sauvain-- 9. Food security and agricultural production with genetically modified organisms: a comment Michael Hahn-- Part IV. Food Safety, International Trade and Biotechnology: 10. Trade, environment and biotechnology: on coexistence and coherence Laurence Boisson de Chazournes and Makane Moise Mbenge-- 11. Risk regulation, precaution and trade Franz Xaver Perrez-- Part V. Medical Research, Cloning and International Trade: 12. Genetic engineering, free trade and human rights: global standards and local ethics Roger Brownsword-- 13. The regulation of human genetics by international soft law and international trade Souheil El-Zein.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780521883603 20160528
While the WTO agreements do not regulate the use of biotechnology per se, their rules can have a profound impact on the use of the technology for both commercial and non-commercial purposes. This book seeks to identify the challenges to international trade regulation that arise from biotechnology. The contributions examine whether existing international obligations of WTO Members are appropriate to deal with the issues arising for the use of biotechnology and whether there is a need for new international legal instruments, including a potential WTO Agreement on Biotechnology. They combine various perspectives on and topics relating to genetic engineering and trade, including human rights and gender; intellectual property rights; traditional knowledge and access and benefit sharing; food security, trade and agricultural production and food safety; and medical research, cloning and international trade.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780521883603 20160528
Book
xxxii, 393 p. ; 23 cm.
  • About the Editor Contributors Acknowledgments Introduction. Genetic Engineering of Crops: Science Meets Civil Society's Response Abbreviations PART I. SCIENCE AND THE FUTURE Chapter 1. The Birth of Synthetic Biology and the Genetic Mode of Production (Sheldon Krimsky) Biotechnology: Evolution or Revolution First-Generation Fears About Gene Splicing: Laboratory Hazards Emerging Industrial Sectors Second-Generation Controversies: Environmental Releases of GEOs Third-Generation Biotech Controversies: Globalization Conclusion Chapter 2. Controversy Around Terminology and Novelty: Engineered, Modified Biotechnology and Transgenics (Brian Ellis) The Classic Period Mother Nature's Genetic Engineer When in Doubt, Reach for Your Gun The Basic Toolkit Choosing Targets Round Two So Many Genes, So Much Time Conclusions Chapter 3. Transgenic Crops, Agrobiodiversity, and Agroecosystem Function (Miguel A. Altieri) Biotechnology and the Loss of Agrobiodiversity Ecological Effects of Hrcs Ecological Risks of Bt Crops General Conclusions and Recommendations Chapter 4. Ecological Risk Assessment of GE Crops: Getting the Science Fundamentals Right (Michelle Marvier and Sabrina West) Environmental Risk Assessment for GE Crops What Can We Learn from the Longer History of Classical Biological Control Conclusion Chapter 5. Coping with Uncertainty: The Human Health Implications of GE Foods (Paul R. Billings and Peter Shorett) Introduction Food Is a Drug Using Toxicology and Epidemiology to Evaluate Food Safety Substantial Equivalence and Its Consequences Nutrition Allergenicity Toxicity Conclusion Chapter 6. Future Research Tackling the Technology Divide: A Research Agenda for Crop Biotechnology (Michael Korthals) Introduction The Current State of Affairs: Crisis in Governments, Markets, Civil Societies, and Science and Agriculture Plant-Biotechnology and Agriculture Seven Persistent Ethical Problems of Biotechnology Research Agendas of Natural and Social Sciences (Beta-gamma Interaction): Tackling the Problems Conclusion Chapter 7. Next Challenges for Crop GE: Maturing of Governance and Moves Beyond Food Issues (Iain E. P. Taylor) Introduction What Can Plants Do For Us The Environmental Failure The Industrial Incentive The Regulatory Future Aquaculture Forestry Environmental Remediation PART II. ISSUES IN CURRENT GOVERNANCE Chapter 8. A Precautionary Framework for Biotechnology (Katherine Barrett and Conrad G. Brunk) Introduction The Debate About the Precautionary Principle Burden of Proof Standards of Safety Conclusion Chapter 9. The Precautionary Principle and Biotechnology: Guiding a Public Interest Research Agenda (Carolyn Raffensperger) Introduction The Precautionary Principle Ethics Precautionary Research: A New Social Contract Public Money for Private Interest Public Interest Research Local to Global Legal Challenges Chapter 10. Trade, Science, and Canada's Regulatory Framework for Determining the Environmental Safety of GE Crops (Elisabeth A. Abergel) Regulatory and Economic Uncertainty Market Disputes Canada's Risk-Based Approach Herbicide-Tolerant Canola Scientific Uncertainty and the Canadian Regulatory Framework International Trade and Regulatory Harmony Smart Regulations Precaution and Science-Based Regulations Conclusion Chapter 11. Principles Driving U.S. Governance of Agbiotech (Kathleen A. Merrigan) Principle 1: No Special Treatment Principle 2: Invest in Research and Education Principle 3: Strong Property Rights Future Governance Conclusion Chapter 12. Biotechnology Policy in the European Union (Armin Sp k) Introduction Europe versus the European Union The Limited Importance of EE R&D Policy Overall Regulatory Approach Risk Assessment and Decision Making Directive 90/220/EEC The Shortcomings of a Harmonization Tool Diverging Framings in GEO Risk Assessments European Publics: Reluctance and Diverging Attitudes Toward Biotechnology The New Regulatory Regime Conclusions Chapter 13. Regulatory Regimes for GE Crops in Africa (Jennifer A. Thomson) South Africa Kenya Egypt Other Countries Chapter 14. GEO Research and Agribusiness in Brazil: Impact of the Regulatory Framework (Mar lia Regini Nutti, Maria Jos Amstalden Sampaio, and Edson Watanabe) Introduction The Brazilian Legal Framework for GM Crops Embrapa's Biosafety Network The Soybean Saga The Labeling Decree No. 4680 The Cartagena Protocol Current GEO Labeling Legislation in Brazil Food Safety Assessment of Genetically Modified Foods Environmental Impacts Final Considerations Chapter 15. Toward a Liability and Compensation Regime Under the Biosafety Protocol (Kristen Dawkins and Josh DuBois) Introduction Suggestions for the Development of Biosafety Liability Rules Damage that Should be Recoverable Remedies Conclusion PART III. CHALLENGES TO CIVIL SOCIETY Chapter 16. Public Spheres Pushing for Change: Public Participation in the Governance of GE Crops (Simon Joss) Introduction Genealogy of Public Debate Participation as Governance Institutional Arenas of Participatory Governance Extrainstitutional Arenas of Participatory Governance Conclusions Chapter 17. Risky Delusions: Misunderstanding science and Misperforming Publics in the GE Crops Issue (Brian Wynne) Introduction Objects of Confusion and Provocation Risk Assessment and Excluded Dimensions of Uncertainty From Unknown Unknowns to Known Uncertainties: A Tacit Culture of Control Confusions of Meaning: Constructing the Public by Listening to It Constructed Risk: Performing Publics and Externalizing Responsibility Conclusions: A Learning Science Index Reference Notes Included.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781560229896 20160528
SAL1&2 (on-campus shelving)

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