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Book
xix, 695 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
"Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) are an important functional material because of their potential implications in diverse research fields. The materials have been developed for a range of uses including separation, environmental, biomedical and sensor applications. In this book, the chapters are clustered into two main sections: Strategies to be employed when using the affinity materials, and rational design of MIPs for advanced applications. In the first part, the book covers the recent advances in producing MIPs for sample design, preparation and characterizations. In the second part, the chapters demonstrate the importance and novelty of creation of recognition imprinted on the materials and surfaces for a range of microbial detection sensors in the biomedical, environmental and food safety fields as well as sensing human odor and virus monitoring systems. Part 1: Strategies of affinity materials Molecularly imprinted polymers MIP nanomaterials Micro- and nanotraps for solid phase extraction Carbonaceous affinity nanomaterials Fluorescent MIPs MIP-based fiber optic sensors Part 2: Rational design of MIP for advanced applications MIP-based biomedical and environmental sensors Affinity adsorbents for environmental biotechnology MIP in food safety MIP-based virus monitoring MIP-based drug delivery and controlled release Biorecognition imprints on the biosensor surfaces MIP-based sensing of volatile organic compounds in human body odour MIP-based microcantilever sensor system"--Provided by publisher.
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Book
1 online resource (xv, 215 pages).
  • Introduction: modifiable characteristics and applications
  • Filled polymer composites
  • Nanofillers in polymers
  • Additives in polymers
  • Surface modification of polymers: chemical, physical, and biological routes
  • Smart polymers
  • Blends and alloys
  • Gradients in homopolymers, blends, and copolymers.
Book
xii, 373 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 24 cm
Polymer Materials for Energy and Electronic Applications is among the first books to systematically describe the recent developments in polymer materials and their electronic applications. It covers the synthesis, structures, and properties of polymers, along with their composites. In addition, the book introduces, and describes, four main kinds of electronic devices based on polymers, including energy harvesting devices, energy storage devices, light-emitting devices, and electrically driving sensors. Stretchable and wearable electronics based on polymers are a particular focus and main achievement of the book that concludes with the future developments and challenges of electronic polymers and devices. * Provides a basic understanding on the structure and morphology of polymers and their electronic properties and applications* Highlights the current applications of conducting polymers on energy harvesting and storage* Introduces the emerging flexible and stretchable electronic devices* Adds a new family of fiber-shaped electronic devices.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128110911 20161114
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Book
1 online resource
  • Front Cover; Recent Developments in Polymer Macro, Micro and Nano Blends; Related titles; Recent Developments in Polymer Macro, Micro and Nano Blends: Preparation and Characterization; Copyright; Contents; List of contributors; Editors' biographies; 1
  • Polymer blends: state of art; 1.1 General background on polymer blend/nanofiller composites; 1.2 Nanoparticles of the polymer composites; 1.3 Functionalized polymer with nanoparticles; 1.4 Composite material; 1.5 Preparation of polymer blend/nanofiller composites; 1.6 Characterization of polymer blend/nanocomposites
  • 1.7 Applications of polymer blend/nanocompositesReferences; 2
  • Thermoplastic-based nanoblends: preparation and characterizations; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Thermoplastic-based nanoblends; 2.2.1 Solution casting [131]; 2.2.2 Brabender mixing; 2.2.3 Melt-mixing process; 2.2.4 Extrusion molding; 2.2.5 Elongation flow mixer; 2.2.6 High-shear mixing; 2.3 Characterizations of thermoplastic-based nanoblends; 2.3.1 Tensile testing; 2.3.2 Differential scanning calorimetery; 2.3.3 Dynamical mechanical analysis (DMA); 2.3.4 Thermogravimetric analysis; 2.3.5 Scanning electron microscopy
  • 2.3.6 Transmission electron microscopy2.3.7 Atomic force microscopy; 2.3.8 Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; 2.3.9 Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy; 2.3.10 Raman spectroscopy; 2.3.11 Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy; 2.3.12 Electron paramagnetic resonance or electron spin resonance spectroscopy; 2.3.13 X-ray diffraction analysis; 2.3.14 X-ray scattering and wide-angle X-ray scattering analysis; 2.3.15 Neutronscattering; 2.3.16 Rheology measurements; 2.4 Interface modification of nanoblends; 2.5 Conclusion; References
  • 3
  • Hybrid composites using natural polymer blends and carbon nanostructures: preparation, characterization, and applications3.1 Introduction; 3.1.1 Natural polymer blends; 3.1.2 Collagen; 3.1.3 Blends of collagen with other polymers; 3.1.4 Carbon-based polymer blends; 3.1.5 Collagen-nanotube blends; 3.2 Formation of conducting nanocomposite films using collagen-chitosan blends and nanocarbons; 3.2.1 Preparation of nanobiocomposite films; 3.2.2 Characteristics of collagen/guar gum/carbon nanotube hybrid films; 3.3 Formation of conducting nanocomposite films from collagen and carbon nanotubes
  • 3.3.1 Preparation of graphitic carbon from animal skin wastes3.3.2 Preparation of multifunctional nanobiocomposite films; 3.3.3 Characteristics of the developed nanobiocomposite films; 3.4 Conclusions; References; 4
  • Applications of rubber-based blends; 4.1 Introduction; 4.1.1 Medical device applications; 4.1.2 Biomedical applications; 4.1.3 Packaging applications; 4.1.4 Military applications; 4.1.5 Tire industry; 4.1.6 Aerospace applications; 4.1.7 Structural applications; 4.1.8 Other applications: recycling trend; 4.2 Conclusion; References; 5
  • Applications of thermoplastic-based blends
Recent Developments in Polymer Macro, Micro and Nano Blends: Preparation and Characterisation discusses the various types of techniques that are currently used for the characterization of polymer-based macro, micro, and nano blends. It summarizes recent technical research accomplishments, emphasizing a broad range of characterization methods. In addition, the book discusses preparation methods and applications for various types of polymer-based macro, micro, and nano blends. Chapters include thermoplastic-based polymer & nano blends, applications of rubber based and thermoplastic blends, micro/nanostructures polymer blends containing block copolymers, advances in polymer-inorganic hybrids as membrane materials, synthesis of polymer/inorganic hybrids through heterophase polymerizations, nanoporous polymer foams from nanostructured polymer blends, and natural polymeric biodegradable nano blends for protein delivery. * Describes the techniques pertaining to a kind (or small number) of blends, showing specific examples of their applications* Covers micro, macro, and nano polymer blends* Contains contributions from leading experts in the field.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081004081 20161010
Book
1 online resource : illustrations.
Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers: Materials and Properties provides a practical guide to the use of biodegradable and bioresorbable polymers for study, research, and applications within medicine. Fundamentals of the basic principles and science behind the use of biodegradable polymers in advanced research and in medical and pharmaceutical applications are presented, as are important new concepts and principles covering materials, properties, and computer modeling, providing the reader with useful tools that will aid their own research, product design, and development. Supported by practical application examples, the scope and contents of the book provide researchers with an important reference and knowledge-based educational and training aid on the basics and fundamentals of these important medical polymers. * Provides a practical guide to the fundamentals, synthesis, and processing of bioresorbable polymers in medicine* Contains comprehensive coverage of material properties, including unique insights into modeling degradation* Written by an eclectic mix of international authors with experience in academia and industry.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081003725 20161114
Book
1 online resource.
Braiding is the process of interlacing three or more threads or yarns in a diagonal direction to the product axis in order to obtain thicker, wider or stronger textiles or, in the case of overbraiding, in order to cover a profile. Braids are becoming the reinforcement of choice in composite manufacturing, and have found a range of technical applications in fields including medicine, candles, transport and aerospace. Building on the information provided in Prof. Kyosev's previous book, Braiding Technology for Textiles, this important title covers advanced technologies and new developments for the manufacture, applications and modelling of braided products. Part One covers the braiding of three-dimensional profiles, and includes a detailed overview of three-dimensional braiding technologies as well as chapters devoted to specific kinds of 3D braiding. Part Two addresses specialist braiding techniques and applications, and includes chapters reviewing the use of braids for medical textiles and candles. Part Three focuses on braiding techniques for ropes and Part Four reviews braiding for composites. The final part of the book considers modelling and simulation, and covers topics including overbraiding simulation, Finite Element Method (FEM) modelling and geometrical modelling.
Book
1 online resource.
  • Front Cover; Advances in Technical Nonwovens; The Textile Institute and Woodhead Publishing; Advances in Technical Nonwovens; Contents; List of contributors; Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles; 1
  • Introduction to technical nonwovens; 1.1 The nonwovens industry; 1.2 What are technical nonwovens?; 1.2.1 Sustainability issues; 1.2.2 Lightweighting; 1.2.3 Recycled fibres; 1.2.4 Major players; 1.3 Applications; 1.3.1 Automotive; 1.3.1.1 Applications; 1.3.1.2 Trends; 1.4 Filtration; 1.4.1 Market trends; 1.5 Building and construction; 1.6 Aerospace; 1.7 Medical; 1.8 Geomembranes/geosynthetics.
  • 1.9 The futureReferences; Other data sources; 2
  • Developments in fibers for technical nonwovens; 2.1 Introduction of fibers for technical nonwovens; 2.1.1 From natural to synthetic fibers; 2.1.2 From organic fibers to inorganic fibers; 2.1.3 From functional fibers to high performance fibers; 2.2 Natural fibers; 2.2.1 Vegetable fibers; 2.2.1.1 Cotton; 2.2.1.2 Jute/ramie/sisal/apocynum/hemp/linen/flax; 2.2.1.3 Coconut fiber (coir fiber); 2.2.1.4 Banana fiber; 2.2.1.5 Pineapple leaf fiber; 2.2.1.6 Lotus fiber/Nelumbo nucifera fiber; 2.2.1.7 Kapok fiber; 2.2.2 Animal fibers; 2.2.2.1 Wool.
  • 2.2.2.2 Silkworm silk (Bombyx mori)2.2.2.3 Down and feather; 2.3 Synthetic fibers; 2.3.1 Cellulose fiber; 2.3.2 Protein-based fibers; 2.3.3 Chitosan; 2.3.4 Sodium alginate/calcium alginate; 2.3.5 Synthetic chemical fiber; 2.3.5.1 Polyolefin; 2.3.5.2 Polyamide; 2.3.5.3 Polyester fiber; 2.3.5.4 Polyacrylonitrile; 2.3.5.5 Spandex; 2.3.5.6 Polyvinyl alcohol; 2.4 Modified and functional chemical fibers; 2.4.1 Profiled fiber; 2.4.2 Conjugate spinning fiber; 2.4.3 Ultrafine fiber; 2.4.4 Functional modified fibers; 2.4.4.1 Far infrared fiber; 2.4.4.2 Flame-retardant fiber; 2.4.4.3 Conductive fiber.
  • 2.4.4.4 Scented fiber2.4.4.5 Antibacterial fibers; 2.4.4.6 Heat storage and thermoregulated textiles fibers; 2.4.4.7 Anti-ultraviolet fiber; 2.4.5 Newly developed fiber materials; 2.4.5.1 Water-soluble fibers; 2.4.5.2 Low melt point fiber; 2.4.5.3 Elastic fiber; 2.4.5.4 Ion exchange; 2.4.5.5 Superabsorbent fiber; 2.5 High performance fibers; 2.5.1 Carbon fiber; 2.5.2 Aromatic polyamide fiber; 2.5.3 Polysulfonamide fiber; 2.5.4 Aromatic polyester fiber [66]; 2.5.5 Heterocyclic aromatic fiber [67]; 2.5.6 Polyphenylene sulfide fiber; 2.5.7 Ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene.
  • 2.5.8 High polyketone fiber2.5.9 Polyimide fiber; 2.5.10 Inorganic fiber or mineral fiber; 2.5.10.1 Glass fiber; 2.5.10.2 Boron fibers; 2.5.10.3 Basalt fiber; 2.5.10.4 Metal fibers; References; 3
  • Developments in the use of green (biodegradable), recycled and biopolymer materials in technical nonwovens; 3.1 Introduction: the use of sustainable fibres in nonwovens; 3.1.1 Sustainable nonwovens; 3.1.2 Material sourcing; 3.1.3 End-of-life impact; 3.1.4 Biodegradability; 3.1.5 Recycling; 3.2 Types and use of green (biodegradable) synthetic polymers in nonwovens; 3.2.1 Biodegradability.
Advances in Technical Nonwovens presents the latest information on the nonwovens industry, a dynamic and fast-growing industry with recent technological innovations that are leading to the development of novel end-use applications. The book reviews key developments in technical nonwoven manufacturing, specialist materials, and applications, with Part One covering important developments in materials and manufacturing technologies, including chapters devoted to fibers for technical nonwovens, the use of green recycled and biopolymer materials, and the application of nanofibres. The testing of nonwoven properties and the specialist area of composite nonwovens are also reviewed, with Part Two offering a detailed and wide-ranging overview of the many applications of technical nonwovens that includes chapters on automotive textiles, filtration, energy applications, geo- and agrotextiles, construction, furnishing, packaging and medical and hygiene products. * Provides systematic coverage of trends, developments, and new technology in the field of technical nonwovens* Focuses on the needs of the nonwovens industry with a clear emphasis on applied technology* Contains contributions from an international team of authors edited by an expert in the field* Offers a detailed and wide-ranging overview of the many applications of technical nonwovens that includes chapters on automotive textiles, filtration, energy applications, geo- and agrotextiles, and more.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081005750 20160711
Book
1 online resource (15 pages) : color illustrations.
Book
1 online resource.
  • Front Cover; Antimicrobial Textiles; The Textile Institute and Woodhead Publishing; Related titles; Antimicrobial Textiles; Copyright; Contents; List of contributors; Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles; 1
  • Introduction: development of antimicrobial textiles; One
  • Key issues and technologies in creating antimicrobial textile products; 2
  • Testing and regulation of antimicrobial textiles; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Safety testing; 2.2.1 DIN EN ISO 10993-5 (test for in vitro cytotoxicity) [9]; 2.2.2 DIN EN ISO 10993-10 (tests for skin irritation) [10].
  • 2.2.3 Tests for influence of resident skin flora2.3 Efficacy testing; 2.3.1 Antibacterial testing; 2.3.1.1 AATCC 147 (parallel streak method) [16]; 2.3.1.2 DIN EN ISO 20645 (agar plate diffusion test) [17]; 2.3.1.3 ASTM E2149 (shake flask test) [18]; 2.3.1.4 AATCC 100 [19]; 2.3.1.5 DIN EN ISO 20743 [20]; 2.3.2 Antifungal testing; 2.3.2.1 AATCC 30 [21]; 2.3.2.2 DIN EN 14119 [22]; 2.3.3 Assessment of antimicrobial testing methods; 2.4 Durability testing; 2.5 Resistance risks; 2.6 Regulations of antimicrobial textiles; 2.6.1 Regulations for European markets; 2.6.2 Regulations for US markets.
  • 2.7 ConclusionsReferences; 3
  • Microencapsulation technologies for antimicrobial textiles; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Antimicrobial finishing technologies; 3.2.1 Biocides and biostatics; 3.2.2 Mechanisms of antimicrobial activities; 3.2.2.1 Controlled release or leaching; 3.2.2.2 Regenerable mechanism; 3.2.2.3 Bound and barrier types of antimicrobials; 3.2.3 Resistance to washing; 3.2.4 Common application methods; 3.2.5 General requirements of antimicrobial finishing for textiles; 3.3 Microencapsulation technologies for antimicrobial textiles; 3.3.1 Topical applications for hygiene purposes.
  • 3.3.1.1 Hygienic socks loaded with antifungal microcapsules3.3.1.2 Undergarments and microcapsules with traditional Chinese medicine; 3.3.1.3 Antiseptic treatment for foot wounds with Piper betel extract; 3.3.2 Applications for health and protection; 3.3.2.1 Encapsulated natural plant extracts as antimicrobial agents; 3.3.2.2 Antibacterial wall shell of microcapsule; 3.4 Conclusion; References; 4
  • Sol-gel technology for antimicrobial textiles; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Sol-gel technology; 4.3 Antimicrobial treatments for textiles; 4.3.1 Metallic biocide compounds; 4.3.2 Metal oxide biocides.
  • 4.3.3 Organic biocide compounds4.4 Conclusions; References; 5
  • Plasma technology for antimicrobial textiles; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Plasma; 5.3 Plasma characteristics; 5.3.1 Plasma temperature; 5.3.2 Plasma density; 5.3.3 Plasma oscillation; 5.4 Plasma for the textile industry; 5.5 Plasma processes for the development of antimicrobial textiles; 5.5.1 Physical vapor deposition (PVD); 5.5.2 Plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD); 5.5.3 Plasma surface modification; 5.5.3.1 Functionalization; 5.5.3.2 Etching; 5.5.3.3 Grafting; 5.6 Applications; 5.7 Future trends; 5.8 Conclusions.
Antimicrobial textiles have attracted a great deal of interest in recent years due to their potential for reducing the transmission of infection in medical and healthcare environments. Antimicrobial properties can also improve the performance and lifespan of consumer products, and so these fabrics are increasingly finding applications in the wider textile and apparel industry. This book provides systematic coverage of the technologies and materials required for developing these important textiles. In Part One, chapters address key issues and technologies in the creation of antimicrobial textile products. Topics covered include testing and regulation, microencapsulation, sol-gel coating and plasma technologies, nanotechnology and life cycle assessment. Part Two then reviews key antimicrobial agents, such as N-halamines, plant based compounds and photo-active chemicals. Finally, the chapters of Part Three offer detailed reviews of antimicrobial textiles for particular important applications, including medical devices, protective clothing and products with improved durability and longevity.
Book
1 online resource (iii, 8 pages) : color illustrations.
Book
1 online resouce (599 p.) : ill. (some col.)
"Through millions of years' natural selection, sharkskin has developed into a kind of drag-reducing surface. This book shows how to investigate, model, fabricate and apply sharkskin's unique surface properties, creating a flexible platform for surface and materials engineers and scientists to readily adopt or adapt for their own bio-inspired materials. Rather than inundate the reader with too many examples of materials inspired by nature, sharkskin has been chosen as the center-piece to illustrate accurate 3D digital modeling of surfaces, complete numerical simulation of micro flow field, different fabrication methods, and application to natural gas pipelining. This is a must-read for any researcher or engineer involved in bio-inspired surfaces and materials studies."-- Provided by publisher.
Book
1 online resource (viii, 71 pages) : illustrations (some color).
  • Introduction.- Polymers for biomedical applications.- Processing.- Post-processing.- Biomedical applications of polymers.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319320519 20160711
This book presents a comprehensive review on the various processing and post-processing methodologies for biodegradable polymers. Written by professionals with hands-on experience on polymer processing, this book provides first-hand knowledge of all contemporary processing techniques. The current status and future challenges in the field are described, as well as a framework for designing novel devices for desired applications.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319320519 20160711
Book
1 online resource.
  • Front Cover; Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications; Related titles; Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications: From Fundamentals to Translational Medicine; Copyright; Dedication; Contents; List of contributors; Woodhead Publishing Series in Biomaterials; Foreword; 1 A quick glance at history; 2 Joining forces; 3 Some facts and figures; 4 Imaging the future; 5 So what about bioresorbable polymers?; One
  • Fundamentals and considerations of bioresorbable polymers for biomedical applications; 1
  • Introduction to bioresorbable polymers for biomedical applications
  • 1.1 General concepts1.2 History of biopolymers technology; 1.2.1 Degradability, toxicity, and biocompatibility; 1.2.2 Compounding, mechanical properties, and degradation time; 1.2.3 Extrusion and fiber manufacturing; 1.2.4 Molding; 1.2.5 Coating, solvent casting, and foaming; 1.2.6 Hydrogels manufacturing; 1.2.7 Micro- and nanoparticles manufacturing; 1.2.8 Additive manufacturing; 1.2.9 Composite materials; 1.2.10 Sterilization; 1.3 State of art; 1.3.1 Aliphatic polyesters; 1.3.2 Natural biopolymers; 1.3.3 Poly(ester-ether); 1.3.4 Poly(ortho esters); 1.3.5 Polyphosphazenes
  • 1.3.6 Polyanhydrides1.3.7 Poly(amino acids); 1.3.8 Polyalkylcyanoacrylates; 1.3.9 Poly(propylene fumarate); 1.3.10 Poly(vinyl alcohol); 1.4 Future trends; References; 2
  • Natural polymers: a source of inspiration; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Typical production processes for biomaterial synthesis; 2.2.1 Self-assembly; 2.2.2 Template-driven reproduction; 2.3 Exceptional material properties found in nature; 2.3.1 Superhydrophobicity; 2.3.2 Adhesion; 2.3.3 Self-healing; 2.4 Natural biomaterials and mimics thereof used for tissue engineering; 2.4.1 Decellularized extracellular matrix; 2.4.2 Collagen
  • 2.4.3 Elastin and elastin-like macromolecules2.4.4 Silk; 2.4.5 Scaffolds from marine origin; 2.5 Bioadhesives and medical glues; 2.5.1 Bioadhesives in the wet and dry environment; 2.5.2 Strong adhesive systems; 2.5.3 Weak adhesive systems; 2.6 Polymers used in drug delivery/release systems; 2.6.1 Natural drug carriers versus smart drug release systems; 2.6.2 Drug delivery on request; 2.7 Conclusions; References; 3
  • Bioresorbability of polymers: chemistry, mechanisms, and modeling; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Degradation pathway and factors affecting degradation rate
  • 3.3 Modeling degradation of bioresorbable polymers3.3.1 Empirical models; 3.3.2 Semiempirical models; 3.3.3 Mechanistic models; 3.3.3.1 Deterministic models; 3.3.3.2 Stochastic models; References; 4
  • The innate immune response: a key factor in biocompatibility; 4.1 Immune system; 4.2 Innate immunity; 4.3 Complement system; 4.4 The contact/kallikrein and coagulation systems; 4.5 Thromboinflammation; 4.6 Innate immunity activation on artificial material surfaces; 4.7 Foreign body reactions on biomaterials; 4.8 Degradation of commonly used resorbable polymers
Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications: From Fundamentals to Translational Medicine provides readers with an overview of bioresorbable polymeric materials in the biomedical field. A useful resource for materials scientists in industry and academia, offering information on the fundamentals and considerations, synthesis and processing, and the clinical and R and D applications of bioresorbable polymers for biomedical applications. * Focuses on biomedical applications of bioresorbable polymers* Features a comprehensive range of topics including fundamentals, synthesis, processing, and applications* Provides balanced coverage of the field with contributions from academia and industry* Includes clinical and R and D applications of bioresorbable polymers for biomedical applications.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081002629 20161010
Book
1 online resource.
Biosynthetic Polymers for Medical Applications provides the latest information on biopolymers, the polymers that have been produced from living organisms and are biodegradable in nature. These advanced materials are becoming increasingly important for medical applications due to their favorable properties, such as degradability and biocompatibility. This important book provides readers with a thorough review of the fundamentals of biosynthetic polymers and their applications. Part One covers the fundamentals of biosynthetic polymers for medical applications, while Part Two explores biosynthetic polymer coatings and surface modification. Subsequent sections discuss biosynthetic polymers for tissue engineering applications and how to conduct polymers for medical applications. * Comprehensively covers all major medical applications of biosynthetic polymers* Provides an overview of non-degradable and biodegradable biosynthetic polymers and their medical uses* Presents a specific focus on coatings and surface modifications, biosynthetic hydrogels, particulate systems for gene and drug delivery, and conjugated conducting polymers.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781782421054 20160619
Book
1 online resource (ix, 400 pages) : illustrations (some color)
  • Expected Target of Polymer Simulation
  • Coarse-Grained Simulation
  • Overview of OCTA
  • COGNAC: Coarse-grained Molecular Dynamics Simulator
  • SUSHI: Density Functional Theory Simulator
  • PASTA & NAPLES: Rheology Simulator
  • MUFFIN: Multi Phase Simulator
  • KAPSEL: Colloidal Dispersion Simulator
  • Melt Viscoelasticity
  • Crystallization of Polymers
  • Polymer Blends: Bulk Property
  • Polymer Blends: Interfacial Strength
  • Composites: Morphology
  • Composites: Interfacial Strength
  • Cross-linked Rubber
  • Thermoplastic Elastomers
  • Filler-filled Rubbers
  • Structures of the Surface and Interface
  • Glass Transition at the Surface and Interface
  • Evaporation from Polymer Solution
  • Crystallization in Thin Films of n-alkanes
  • Improvement of Adhesive Properties utilizing Segregation of Oligomers and Investigation of Its Mechanism by SUSHI Simulation
  • Adsorption of Polyelectrolytes
  • Adsorbed Structures and Surface Forces
  • Analysis of Relaxation Mechanism of Thread-like Micelle Solution
  • Vesicle Formation
  • Electrolyte Membranes
  • Orientation Birefringence
  • Lithography.
This book is the first to introduce a mesoscale polymer simulation system called OCTA. With its name derived from "Open Computational Tool for Advanced material technology, " OCTA is a unique software product, available without charge, that was developed in a project funded by Japanese government. OCTA contains a series of simulation programs focused on mesoscale simulation of the soft matter COGNAC, SUSHI, PASTA, NAPLES, MUFFIN, and KAPSEL. When mesoscale polymer simulation is performed, one may encounter many difficulties that this book will help to overcome. The book not only introduces the theoretical background and functions of each simulation engine, it also provides many examples of the practical applications of the OCTA system. Those examples include predicting mechanical properties of plastic and rubber, morphology formation of polymer blends and composites, the micelle structure of surfactants, and optical properties of polymer films. This volume is strongly recommended as a valuable resource for both academic and industrial researchers who work in polymer simulation.
Book
1 online resource.
  • Preface; Contents; Chapter 1: Scales of Structure in Polymers; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 Types of Bonds; 1.3 Types of Polymers; 1.4 Types of Materials; 1.4.1 Thermoplastics; 1.4.2 Thermosets; 1.4.3 Composites, Micro-Fillers, Nano-Fillers; 1.5 Types of Order; 1.5.1 Crystalline; 1.5.2 Liquid Crystalline; 1.5.3 Amorphous; 1.5.4 Blends and Mixtures; 1.6 Structuring Processes; 1.6.1 Crystallization; 1.6.1.1 Lamellae to Spherulites; 1.6.1.2 Crystal Growth Rates; 1.6.1.3 Primary and Secondary Nucleation; 1.6.1.4 Folding Theories; 1.6.1.5 Computer Modelling Theories; 1.6.1.6 The Bell Curve
  • 1.6.1.7 Nucleation1.6.1.8 Crystallization in Practice; 1.6.1.9 Crystallization and Orientation; 1.6.2 Microphase Separation and Block Copolymers (BCP); 1.6.2.1 Photonic Crystals; 1.6.2.2 Micelles; 1.6.3 Phase Separation Mixtures; 1.6.4 Phase Separation on Reaction; 1.7 Large-Scale Processes; 1.8 Summary; References; Chapter 2: Evaluating Scales of Structures; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Indirect Methods; 2.2.1 Differential Scanning Calorimetry; 2.2.1.1 Reorganization and `Morphological Melting; ́ 2.2.1.2 Thermal Fractionation; 2.2.2 Dynamics; 2.2.3 Spectroscopy; 2.3 Imaging Methods
  • 2.3.1 Light Microscopy2.3.1.1 Polarized Optical Microscopy (POM); 2.3.1.2 Use of Tint Plates; 2.3.1.3 Circularly Polarized Light; 2.3.1.4 Phase Contrast Microscopy; 2.3.1.5 Interference Microscopy (Nomarski); 2.3.1.6 Ancillary Techniques; 2.3.2 Scanning Electron Microscopy; 2.3.2.1 Contrast; 2.3.2.2 Sandwiching and Embedding Techniques; 2.3.3 Etching; 2.3.4 Transmission Electron Microscopy; 2.3.4.1 Inducing Contrast; 2.3.5 Atomic Force Microscopy; 2.4 Scattering Methods; 2.4.1 X-Ray Scattering; 2.4.1.1 Small Angle X-Ray Scattering; 2.4.1.2 Wide Angle X-Ray Scattering
  • 2.4.1.3 SAXS/WAXS Instruments2.4.2 Neutron Scattering; 2.4.2.1 Small Angle Neutron Scattering; 2.4.2.2 Broad Q Neutron Diffraction; 2.4.2.3 Neutron Scattering Instruments; 2.5 Summary; References; Chapter 3: Crystallization in Nanocomposites; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Templating; 3.2.1 Linear Nucleation; 3.3 Crystallization and Flow; 3.4 Nanoparticles; 3.4.1 Introduction; 3.4.2 Carbon Nanotubes; 3.4.3 Nanoclay; 3.5 Nanocomposites with Carbon Nanotubes; 3.5.1 Nanocomposites with Halloysites; 3.5.2 Nanocomposites with Clay Platelets; 3.5.3 Nanocomposites with Graphene; 3.5.4 Summary; References
  • Chapter 4: Theoretical Aspects of Polymer Crystallization4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Thermodynamics of Polymer Crystallization; 4.2.1 Basic Concepts; 4.2.2 Statistical Thermodynamics of Polymer Crystallization; 4.2.3 Properties of Equilibrium Melting Points; 4.2.3.1 Interaction Parameters; 4.2.3.2 Molecular Weights; 4.2.3.3 Comonomer Contents in Random Copolymers; 4.2.4 Phase Diagrams of Polymer Solutions; 4.3 Kinetics of Polymer Crystallization; 4.3.1 Crystal Nucleation; 4.3.2 Crystal Growth; 4.3.2.1 Secondary Nucleation Models; 4.3.2.2 Other Non-nucleation Models; 4.3.3 Crystal Annealing
This book focuses on controlling morphology of different scales for polymers. The authors explain the need for successful control of morphology to yield target macroscopic physical properties in the application of polymers to diverse areas such as engineering materials, nanodielectrics and photonic crystals. The book combines specialized chapters with an introduction to the morphology of polymers and the range of experimental techniques available to evaluate it.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319393209 20161114
Book
1 online resource (xxiv, 216 pages) : illustrations (some color) Digital: text file; PDF.
  • Part I: What Are Wearables?
  • 1. A Brief History of Wearables
  • 2. Wearable Fictions
  • Part II: Methods and Techniques
  • 3. From Textiles to Wearables
  • 4. Cutting and Sewing
  • 5. Making Electronics Sewable
  • 6. Soft Circuits
  • 7. Materials that Matter
  • 8. Digital Design for Wearables
  • 9. Digital Fabrication for Wearables
  • 10. Designing for the Body, On the Body
  • Part III: Fashion and Product
  • 11. Wearable Wellness
  • 12. Beauty Tech
  • 13. Superhumans and Cyborgs
  • 14. Activated Garments
  • 15. Wearable Costumes
  • 16. Speculations of Wearable Futures
  • 17. Looking into the Future
  • Part IV Appendix
  • A. Cyborg "Fingercaps" and Resources.
This book introduces the exciting intersection of technology and fashion known as wearable computing. Learn about the future of electronics in clothing and testiles, and be a part of creating that future! Crafting Wearables begins with the history of the field, then covers current practices and future trends. You will gain deeper insight into the strategy behind the design of wearable devices while learning about the tools and materials needed to start your own wearables toolbox. In a time when consumer electronics are becoming smaller and seamlessly integrated into our lives, it is important to understand how technology can improve and augment your lifestyle. Wearables are in a sense the most organic and natural interface we can design, yet there is still doubt about how quickly wearable technologies will become the cultural norm. Furthermore, skills that have become less valuable over the years, such as sewing, are making a return with the wearables movement. Gives a better understanding of wearable technology and how it has evolved Teaches basic skills and techniques to familiarize you with the tools and materials Showcases breakthrough designs and discoveries that impact our everyday interactions.
LLNL science communicator Maren Hunsberger takes us "Inside the Lab" to learn about the iChip (In-vitro Chip-based Human Investigational Platform) project at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. "One application of the iChip system would be to develop new pharmaceutical drugs, " explains Dave Soscia, LLNL postdoc. "When you test in a mouse for example, it's not as close to the human system as you can get. If we can take human cells and put them on devices and actually mimic the structure and function of the organ systems in the human, we can actually replace animal testing and even make a better system for testing pharmaceutical drugs."
Book
1 online resource.
Databook of Nucleating Agents gives engineers and materials scientists the information they need to increase the production rate, modify structure and morphology, and reduce haze of polymeric products with proper selection of nucleating agents and clarifying agents. Chemical origin and related properties of nucleating agents are analyzed in general terms to highlight the differences in their properties, including the essential theoretical knowledge required for correct selection and use of nucleating and clarifying agents. This includes methods of chemical modification of nucleating agents and their deposition on suitable substrates; methods, and results of dispersion of nucleating agents, influence of their concentration and cooling rate on final result and rate of crystallization, nucleation efficiency of different products and the reasons behind it, and generally accepted mechanisms of nucleation. The book also covers application aspects in different formulations. Patent literature and research papers are extensively reviewed for different applications, and polymer processing methods which require use of nucleating agents are discussed, with an emphasis on the intricacies of use of nucleating agents in different polymers and products.
Book
1 online resource.
Databook of Nucleating Agents gives engineers and materials scientists the information they need to increase the production rate, modify structure and morphology, and reduce haze of polymeric products with proper selection of nucleating agents and clarifying agents. Chemical origin and related properties of nucleating agents are analyzed in general terms to highlight the differences in their properties, including the essential theoretical knowledge required for correct selection and use of nucleating and clarifying agents. This includes methods of chemical modification of nucleating agents and their deposition on suitable substrates; methods, and results of dispersion of nucleating agents, influence of their concentration and cooling rate on final result and rate of crystallization, nucleation efficiency of different products and the reasons behind it, and generally accepted mechanisms of nucleation. The book also covers application aspects in different formulations. Patent literature and research papers are extensively reviewed for different applications, and polymer processing methods which require use of nucleating agents are discussed, with an emphasis on the intricacies of use of nucleating agents in different polymers and products.

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