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Book
1 online resource.
  • Front Cover; Advances in Technical Nonwovens; The Textile Institute and Woodhead Publishing; Advances in Technical Nonwovens; Contents; List of contributors; Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles; 1
  • Introduction to technical nonwovens; 1.1 The nonwovens industry; 1.2 What are technical nonwovens?; 1.2.1 Sustainability issues; 1.2.2 Lightweighting; 1.2.3 Recycled fibres; 1.2.4 Major players; 1.3 Applications; 1.3.1 Automotive; 1.3.1.1 Applications; 1.3.1.2 Trends; 1.4 Filtration; 1.4.1 Market trends; 1.5 Building and construction; 1.6 Aerospace; 1.7 Medical; 1.8 Geomembranes/geosynthetics.
  • 1.9 The futureReferences; Other data sources; 2
  • Developments in fibers for technical nonwovens; 2.1 Introduction of fibers for technical nonwovens; 2.1.1 From natural to synthetic fibers; 2.1.2 From organic fibers to inorganic fibers; 2.1.3 From functional fibers to high performance fibers; 2.2 Natural fibers; 2.2.1 Vegetable fibers; 2.2.1.1 Cotton; 2.2.1.2 Jute/ramie/sisal/apocynum/hemp/linen/flax; 2.2.1.3 Coconut fiber (coir fiber); 2.2.1.4 Banana fiber; 2.2.1.5 Pineapple leaf fiber; 2.2.1.6 Lotus fiber/Nelumbo nucifera fiber; 2.2.1.7 Kapok fiber; 2.2.2 Animal fibers; 2.2.2.1 Wool.
  • 2.2.2.2 Silkworm silk (Bombyx mori)2.2.2.3 Down and feather; 2.3 Synthetic fibers; 2.3.1 Cellulose fiber; 2.3.2 Protein-based fibers; 2.3.3 Chitosan; 2.3.4 Sodium alginate/calcium alginate; 2.3.5 Synthetic chemical fiber; 2.3.5.1 Polyolefin; 2.3.5.2 Polyamide; 2.3.5.3 Polyester fiber; 2.3.5.4 Polyacrylonitrile; 2.3.5.5 Spandex; 2.3.5.6 Polyvinyl alcohol; 2.4 Modified and functional chemical fibers; 2.4.1 Profiled fiber; 2.4.2 Conjugate spinning fiber; 2.4.3 Ultrafine fiber; 2.4.4 Functional modified fibers; 2.4.4.1 Far infrared fiber; 2.4.4.2 Flame-retardant fiber; 2.4.4.3 Conductive fiber.
  • 2.4.4.4 Scented fiber2.4.4.5 Antibacterial fibers; 2.4.4.6 Heat storage and thermoregulated textiles fibers; 2.4.4.7 Anti-ultraviolet fiber; 2.4.5 Newly developed fiber materials; 2.4.5.1 Water-soluble fibers; 2.4.5.2 Low melt point fiber; 2.4.5.3 Elastic fiber; 2.4.5.4 Ion exchange; 2.4.5.5 Superabsorbent fiber; 2.5 High performance fibers; 2.5.1 Carbon fiber; 2.5.2 Aromatic polyamide fiber; 2.5.3 Polysulfonamide fiber; 2.5.4 Aromatic polyester fiber [66]; 2.5.5 Heterocyclic aromatic fiber [67]; 2.5.6 Polyphenylene sulfide fiber; 2.5.7 Ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene.
  • 2.5.8 High polyketone fiber2.5.9 Polyimide fiber; 2.5.10 Inorganic fiber or mineral fiber; 2.5.10.1 Glass fiber; 2.5.10.2 Boron fibers; 2.5.10.3 Basalt fiber; 2.5.10.4 Metal fibers; References; 3
  • Developments in the use of green (biodegradable), recycled and biopolymer materials in technical nonwovens; 3.1 Introduction: the use of sustainable fibres in nonwovens; 3.1.1 Sustainable nonwovens; 3.1.2 Material sourcing; 3.1.3 End-of-life impact; 3.1.4 Biodegradability; 3.1.5 Recycling; 3.2 Types and use of green (biodegradable) synthetic polymers in nonwovens; 3.2.1 Biodegradability.
Advances in Technical Nonwovens presents the latest information on the nonwovens industry, a dynamic and fast-growing industry with recent technological innovations that are leading to the development of novel end-use applications. The book reviews key developments in technical nonwoven manufacturing, specialist materials, and applications, with Part One covering important developments in materials and manufacturing technologies, including chapters devoted to fibers for technical nonwovens, the use of green recycled and biopolymer materials, and the application of nanofibres. The testing of nonwoven properties and the specialist area of composite nonwovens are also reviewed, with Part Two offering a detailed and wide-ranging overview of the many applications of technical nonwovens that includes chapters on automotive textiles, filtration, energy applications, geo- and agrotextiles, construction, furnishing, packaging and medical and hygiene products. * Provides systematic coverage of trends, developments, and new technology in the field of technical nonwovens* Focuses on the needs of the nonwovens industry with a clear emphasis on applied technology* Contains contributions from an international team of authors edited by an expert in the field* Offers a detailed and wide-ranging overview of the many applications of technical nonwovens that includes chapters on automotive textiles, filtration, energy applications, geo- and agrotextiles, and more.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081005750 20160711
Book
1 online resource (15 pages) : color illustrations.
Book
1 online resource.
  • Front Cover; Antimicrobial Textiles; The Textile Institute and Woodhead Publishing; Related titles; Antimicrobial Textiles; Copyright; Contents; List of contributors; Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles; 1
  • Introduction: development of antimicrobial textiles; One
  • Key issues and technologies in creating antimicrobial textile products; 2
  • Testing and regulation of antimicrobial textiles; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Safety testing; 2.2.1 DIN EN ISO 10993-5 (test for in vitro cytotoxicity) [9]; 2.2.2 DIN EN ISO 10993-10 (tests for skin irritation) [10].
  • 2.2.3 Tests for influence of resident skin flora2.3 Efficacy testing; 2.3.1 Antibacterial testing; 2.3.1.1 AATCC 147 (parallel streak method) [16]; 2.3.1.2 DIN EN ISO 20645 (agar plate diffusion test) [17]; 2.3.1.3 ASTM E2149 (shake flask test) [18]; 2.3.1.4 AATCC 100 [19]; 2.3.1.5 DIN EN ISO 20743 [20]; 2.3.2 Antifungal testing; 2.3.2.1 AATCC 30 [21]; 2.3.2.2 DIN EN 14119 [22]; 2.3.3 Assessment of antimicrobial testing methods; 2.4 Durability testing; 2.5 Resistance risks; 2.6 Regulations of antimicrobial textiles; 2.6.1 Regulations for European markets; 2.6.2 Regulations for US markets.
  • 2.7 ConclusionsReferences; 3
  • Microencapsulation technologies for antimicrobial textiles; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Antimicrobial finishing technologies; 3.2.1 Biocides and biostatics; 3.2.2 Mechanisms of antimicrobial activities; 3.2.2.1 Controlled release or leaching; 3.2.2.2 Regenerable mechanism; 3.2.2.3 Bound and barrier types of antimicrobials; 3.2.3 Resistance to washing; 3.2.4 Common application methods; 3.2.5 General requirements of antimicrobial finishing for textiles; 3.3 Microencapsulation technologies for antimicrobial textiles; 3.3.1 Topical applications for hygiene purposes.
  • 3.3.1.1 Hygienic socks loaded with antifungal microcapsules3.3.1.2 Undergarments and microcapsules with traditional Chinese medicine; 3.3.1.3 Antiseptic treatment for foot wounds with Piper betel extract; 3.3.2 Applications for health and protection; 3.3.2.1 Encapsulated natural plant extracts as antimicrobial agents; 3.3.2.2 Antibacterial wall shell of microcapsule; 3.4 Conclusion; References; 4
  • Sol-gel technology for antimicrobial textiles; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Sol-gel technology; 4.3 Antimicrobial treatments for textiles; 4.3.1 Metallic biocide compounds; 4.3.2 Metal oxide biocides.
  • 4.3.3 Organic biocide compounds4.4 Conclusions; References; 5
  • Plasma technology for antimicrobial textiles; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Plasma; 5.3 Plasma characteristics; 5.3.1 Plasma temperature; 5.3.2 Plasma density; 5.3.3 Plasma oscillation; 5.4 Plasma for the textile industry; 5.5 Plasma processes for the development of antimicrobial textiles; 5.5.1 Physical vapor deposition (PVD); 5.5.2 Plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD); 5.5.3 Plasma surface modification; 5.5.3.1 Functionalization; 5.5.3.2 Etching; 5.5.3.3 Grafting; 5.6 Applications; 5.7 Future trends; 5.8 Conclusions.
Antimicrobial textiles have attracted a great deal of interest in recent years due to their potential for reducing the transmission of infection in medical and healthcare environments. Antimicrobial properties can also improve the performance and lifespan of consumer products, and so these fabrics are increasingly finding applications in the wider textile and apparel industry. This book provides systematic coverage of the technologies and materials required for developing these important textiles. In Part One, chapters address key issues and technologies in the creation of antimicrobial textile products. Topics covered include testing and regulation, microencapsulation, sol-gel coating and plasma technologies, nanotechnology and life cycle assessment. Part Two then reviews key antimicrobial agents, such as N-halamines, plant based compounds and photo-active chemicals. Finally, the chapters of Part Three offer detailed reviews of antimicrobial textiles for particular important applications, including medical devices, protective clothing and products with improved durability and longevity.
Book
1 online resource (iii, 8 pages) : color illustrations.
Book
1 online resource (viii, 71 pages) : illustrations (some color).
  • Introduction.- Polymers for biomedical applications.- Processing.- Post-processing.- Biomedical applications of polymers.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319320519 20160711
This book presents a comprehensive review on the various processing and post-processing methodologies for biodegradable polymers. Written by professionals with hands-on experience on polymer processing, this book provides first-hand knowledge of all contemporary processing techniques. The current status and future challenges in the field are described, as well as a framework for designing novel devices for desired applications.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319320519 20160711
Book
1 online resource.
Biosynthetic Polymers for Medical Applications provides the latest information on biopolymers, the polymers that have been produced from living organisms and are biodegradable in nature. These advanced materials are becoming increasingly important for medical applications due to their favorable properties, such as degradability and biocompatibility. This important book provides readers with a thorough review of the fundamentals of biosynthetic polymers and their applications. Part One covers the fundamentals of biosynthetic polymers for medical applications, while Part Two explores biosynthetic polymer coatings and surface modification. Subsequent sections discuss biosynthetic polymers for tissue engineering applications and how to conduct polymers for medical applications. * Comprehensively covers all major medical applications of biosynthetic polymers* Provides an overview of non-degradable and biodegradable biosynthetic polymers and their medical uses* Presents a specific focus on coatings and surface modifications, biosynthetic hydrogels, particulate systems for gene and drug delivery, and conjugated conducting polymers.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781782421054 20160619
Book
1 online resource (ix, 400 pages) : illustrations (some color)
  • Expected Target of Polymer Simulation
  • Coarse-Grained Simulation
  • Overview of OCTA
  • COGNAC: Coarse-grained Molecular Dynamics Simulator
  • SUSHI: Density Functional Theory Simulator
  • PASTA & NAPLES: Rheology Simulator
  • MUFFIN: Multi Phase Simulator
  • KAPSEL: Colloidal Dispersion Simulator
  • Melt Viscoelasticity
  • Crystallization of Polymers
  • Polymer Blends: Bulk Property
  • Polymer Blends: Interfacial Strength
  • Composites: Morphology
  • Composites: Interfacial Strength
  • Cross-linked Rubber
  • Thermoplastic Elastomers
  • Filler-filled Rubbers
  • Structures of the Surface and Interface
  • Glass Transition at the Surface and Interface
  • Evaporation from Polymer Solution
  • Crystallization in Thin Films of n-alkanes
  • Improvement of Adhesive Properties utilizing Segregation of Oligomers and Investigation of Its Mechanism by SUSHI Simulation
  • Adsorption of Polyelectrolytes
  • Adsorbed Structures and Surface Forces
  • Analysis of Relaxation Mechanism of Thread-like Micelle Solution
  • Vesicle Formation
  • Electrolyte Membranes
  • Orientation Birefringence
  • Lithography.
This book is the first to introduce a mesoscale polymer simulation system called OCTA. With its name derived from "Open Computational Tool for Advanced material technology, " OCTA is a unique software product, available without charge, that was developed in a project funded by Japanese government. OCTA contains a series of simulation programs focused on mesoscale simulation of the soft matter COGNAC, SUSHI, PASTA, NAPLES, MUFFIN, and KAPSEL. When mesoscale polymer simulation is performed, one may encounter many difficulties that this book will help to overcome. The book not only introduces the theoretical background and functions of each simulation engine, it also provides many examples of the practical applications of the OCTA system. Those examples include predicting mechanical properties of plastic and rubber, morphology formation of polymer blends and composites, the micelle structure of surfactants, and optical properties of polymer films. This volume is strongly recommended as a valuable resource for both academic and industrial researchers who work in polymer simulation.
LLNL science communicator Maren Hunsberger takes us "Inside the Lab" to learn about the iChip (In-vitro Chip-based Human Investigational Platform) project at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. "One application of the iChip system would be to develop new pharmaceutical drugs, " explains Dave Soscia, LLNL postdoc. "When you test in a mouse for example, it's not as close to the human system as you can get. If we can take human cells and put them on devices and actually mimic the structure and function of the organ systems in the human, we can actually replace animal testing and even make a better system for testing pharmaceutical drugs."
Book
1 online resource.
Databook of Nucleating Agents gives engineers and materials scientists the information they need to increase the production rate, modify structure and morphology, and reduce haze of polymeric products with proper selection of nucleating agents and clarifying agents. Chemical origin and related properties of nucleating agents are analyzed in general terms to highlight the differences in their properties, including the essential theoretical knowledge required for correct selection and use of nucleating and clarifying agents. This includes methods of chemical modification of nucleating agents and their deposition on suitable substrates; methods, and results of dispersion of nucleating agents, influence of their concentration and cooling rate on final result and rate of crystallization, nucleation efficiency of different products and the reasons behind it, and generally accepted mechanisms of nucleation. The book also covers application aspects in different formulations. Patent literature and research papers are extensively reviewed for different applications, and polymer processing methods which require use of nucleating agents are discussed, with an emphasis on the intricacies of use of nucleating agents in different polymers and products.
Book
1 online resource.
Databook of Nucleating Agents gives engineers and materials scientists the information they need to increase the production rate, modify structure and morphology, and reduce haze of polymeric products with proper selection of nucleating agents and clarifying agents. Chemical origin and related properties of nucleating agents are analyzed in general terms to highlight the differences in their properties, including the essential theoretical knowledge required for correct selection and use of nucleating and clarifying agents. This includes methods of chemical modification of nucleating agents and their deposition on suitable substrates; methods, and results of dispersion of nucleating agents, influence of their concentration and cooling rate on final result and rate of crystallization, nucleation efficiency of different products and the reasons behind it, and generally accepted mechanisms of nucleation. The book also covers application aspects in different formulations. Patent literature and research papers are extensively reviewed for different applications, and polymer processing methods which require use of nucleating agents are discussed, with an emphasis on the intricacies of use of nucleating agents in different polymers and products.
Book
1 online resource (717 KB ) : digital, PDF file.
Thin oxide and metal films deposited on polymer substrates is an emerging technology for advanced reflectors for concentrated solar power applications, due to their unique combination of light weight, flexibility and inexpensive manufacture. Thus far, there is little knowledge on the mechanical integrity or structural persistence of such multi-layer thin film systems under long-term environmental aging. In this paper, the cracking of a brittle titanium dioxide layer deposited onto elasto-plastic poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) substrate is studied through a combination of experiment and modeling. In-situ fragmentation tests have been conducted to monitor the onset and evolution of cracks both on pristine and on samples aged with ultraviolet (UV) light. An analytical model is presented to simulate the cracking behavior and to predict the effects of UV aging. Based on preliminary experimental observation, the effect of aging is divided into three aspects and analyzed independently: mechanical property degradation of the polymer substrate; degradation of the interlayer between substrate and oxide coating; and internal stress-induced cracks on the oxide coating.
Book
1 online resource (x, 356 pages) : illustrations (some color)
  • Quantum Chemistry of Molecules
  • Quantum Chemistry of Solids
  • Transport Properties
  • Magnetism
  • Electron Correlation
  • Superconductivity
  • Charge-Transfer Complexes
  • Organic Semiconductors.
This book provides an easily understandable introduction to solid state physics for chemists and engineers. Band theory is introduced as an extension of molecular orbital theory, and its application to organic materials is described. Phenomena beyond band theory are treated in relation to magnetism and electron correlation, which are explained in terms of the valence bond theory and the Coulomb and exchange integrals. After the fundamental concepts of magnetism are outlined, the relation of correlation and superconductivity is described without assuming a knowledge of advanced physics. Molecular design of organic conductors and semiconductors is discussed from the standpoint of oxidation-reduction potentials, and after a brief survey of organic superconductors, various applications of organic semiconductor devices are described. This book will be useful not only for researchers but also for graduate students as a valuable reference.
Book
1 online resource (796 p.)
  • Part 1. Advanced Instrumentation, Techniques and Methods.- Concepts and Practice of Material Characterization Using Fast Scanning Calorimetry.- Non-adiabatic Scanning Calorimeter For Controlled Fast Cooling and Heating.- Quasi-adiabatic, Membrane-based, Highly Sensitive Fast Scanning Nanocalorimetry.- Fast Scanning Calorimetry- Fast Thermal Desorption Technique: The Thin Wire Approach.- Fast Scanning Calorimetry of Silk Fibroin Protein: Sample Mass and Specific Heat Capacity Determination.- Scanning AC Nano-calorimetry and its Applications.- Isoconversional Kinetics by Fast Scanning Calorimetry.- Reliable Absolute Vapor Pressures of Extremely Low Volatile Compounds From Fast Scanning Calorimetry.- Part 2. Combination with Analytical Techniques and Molecular Simulations.- Design of an in-Situ Setup Combining Nanocalorimetry and Nano- or Micro-Focus X-Ray Scattering to Address Fast Structure Formation Processes.- Combining Fast Scanning Chip-Calorimetry With Structural and Morphological Characterization Techniques.- Integration of FSC with Microstructural Analysis Techniques.- Combining Fast-scan Chip-calorimetry with Molecular Simulations to Investigate Polymer Crystal Melting.- Part 3. Dynamics of (de)vitrification.- Cooling Rate Dependent Glass Transition in Thin Polymer Films and in Bulk.- The Glass Transition and Structural Recovery Using Flash DSC.- Part 4. Metastability and Reorganization in relation to Crystallization and Melting.- New Insights into Polymer Crystallization by Fast Scanning Chip Calorimetry.- Mesophase Formation in iPP Copolymers.- Industrial Applications of Fast Scanning DSC - New Opportunities for studying Polyolefin Crystallization.- Full-Temperature Range Crystallization Rates of Polyamides by FSC as Key to Processing.- Kinetic Studies of Melting, Crystallization, and Glass Formation.- Nucleation Kinetics Analyses of Deeply Undercooled Metallic Liquids by Fast Scanning Calorimetry.- Fast Scanning Calorimetry of Phase Transitions in Metals.- Precipitation- and Dissolution-Kinetics in Metallic Alloys with Focus on Aluminium Alloys by Calorimetry in a Wide Scanning Rate Range.- Martensitic Transformation of NiMnGa Shape Memory Alloys Thin Films Studied by Flash DSC.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319313276 20160912
In the past decades, the scan rate range of calorimeters has been extended tremendously at the high end, from approximately 10 up to 10 000 000 C/s and more. The combination of various calorimeters and the newly-developed Fast Scanning Calorimeters (FSC) now span 11 orders of magnitude, by which many processes can be mimicked according to the time scale(s) of chemical and physical transitions occurring during cooling, heating and isothermal stays in case heat is exchanged. This not only opens new areas of research on polymers, metals, pharmaceuticals and all kinds of substances with respect to glass transition, crystallization and melting phenomena, it also enables in-depth study of metastability and reorganization of samples on an 1 to 1000 ng scale. In addition, FSC will become a crucial tool for understanding and optimization of processing methods at high speeds like injection molding. The book resembles the state-of-the art in Thermal Analysis & Calorimetry and is an excellent starting point for both experts and newcomers in the field.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319313276 20160912
Book
1 online resource (6 p. ) : digital, PDF file.
This DoE supported early career project was aimed at developing computational models, theory and simulation methods that would be then be used to predict assembly and morphology in polymer nanocomposites. In particular, the focus was on composites in active layers of devices, containing conducting polymers that act as electron donors and nanoscale additives that act as electron acceptors. During the course this work, we developed the first of its kind molecular models to represent conducting polymers enabling simulations at the experimentally relevant length and time scales. By comparison with experimentally observed morphologies we validated these models. Furthermore, using these models and molecular dynamics simulations on graphical processing units (GPUs) we predicted the molecular level design features in polymers and additive that lead to morphologies with optimal features for charge carrier behavior in solar cells. Additionally, we also predicted computationally new design rules for better dispersion of additives in polymers that have been confirmed through experiments. Achieving dispersion in polymer nanocomposites is valuable to achieve controlled macroscopic properties of the composite. The results obtained during the course of this DOE funded project enables optimal design of higher efficiency organic electronic and photovoltaic devices and improve every day life with engineering of these higher efficiency devices.
Book
1 online resource (ix, 302 pages) : illustrations (some color).
  • Conformational and dynamic behavior of polymers in solutions.- Self-assembly of amphiphilic copolymers in selective solvents.- Electrostatically driven assembly of polyelectrolytes.- Theoretical principles of fluorescence spectroscopy.- Historical perspective of advances in fluorescence research on polymer systems.- Fluorescence studies of self- and co-assembling polymer systems.- Pyrene-labeled water-soluble macromolecules as fluorescent mimics of associative.- Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy studies of polymer systems.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319267869 20160619
This volume describes the application of fluorescence spectroscopy in polymer research. The first chapters outline the basic principles of the conformational and dynamic behavior of polymers and review the problems of polymer self-assembly. Subsequent chapters introduce the theoretical principles of advanced fluorescence methods and typical examples of their application in polymer science. The book closes with several reviews of various fluorescence applications for studying specific aspects of polymer-solution behavior. It is a useful resource for polymer scientists and experts in fluorescence spectroscopy alike, facilitating their communication and cooperation.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319267869 20160619
Book
1 online resource.
  • Intro; Title page; Table of Contents; Copyright; Dedication; Preface to the Second Edition; Preface to the First Edition; Acknowledgements; Chapter 1. Introduction; Chapter 2. Sample Examination and Analysis; Chapter 3. Medical Devices; Chapter 4. Storage Tanks; Chapter 5. Small Containers; Chapter 6. Pipes and Fittings; Chapter 7. Polymer Seals and Sealants; Chapter 8. Tools and Ladders; Chapter 9. Transportation Failures; Chapter 10. Consumer Products; Chapter 11. Conclusions; Index; 1.1. Product failure; 1.2. Non-metallic elements; 1.3. Bonding; 1.4. Properties of non-metallic materials
  • 1.5. Failure modes1.6. Chemical attack; 1.7. Investigation; 1.8. Public information; 1.9. Intellectual property; 1.10. Expert evidence; 2.1. Introduction; 2.2. Polymer processing; 2.3. Mechanical testing; 2.4. Recording failure; 2.5. Forensic microscopy; 2.6. Product defects; 2.7. Molecular analysis; 2.8. Integrity of results; 2.9. Conclusions; 3.1. Introduction; 3.2. Broken catheters; 3.3. Catheter systems; 3.4. Breast implants; 3.5. Sutures; 3.6. Breathing tube failures; 3.7. Conclusions; 4.1. Introduction; 4.2. Boston molasses disaster; 4.3. Thermoplastic tanks
  • 4.4. Fibreglass tank failures4.5. Reconstruction of events; 4.6. Aftermath; 4.7. Acid storage tanks; 4.8. Setting new standards; 5.1. Introduction; 5.2. Battery containers; 5.3. Problem bucket; 5.4. Exploding batteries; 5.5. Truck battery case failures; 5.6. Miners' lamps; 5.7. Design development; 5.8. Conclusions; 6.1. Introduction; 6.2. Fracture of PVC water pipe; 6.3. PVC water supplies; 6.4. Gas explosions; 6.5. ABS pipes and fittings; 6.6. Compressed gas explosion; 6.7. Widespread pipe failures; 6.8. Conclusions; 7.1. Introduction; 7.2. Brake failure; 7.3. Challenger disaster
  • 7.4. Serial failures at semi-conductor factory7.5. Radiator washers; 7.6. Failures in mastics; 7.7. Conclusions; 8.1. Introduction; 8.2. Failure of polypropylene hobby knives; 8.3. Failure of polystyrene hobby knives; 8.4. Failed angle grinder; 8.5. Security cap for gas cylinders; 8.6. Failure of an ABS handle; 8.7. Furniture failures; 8.8. Failed swimming pool step; 8.9. Failed fittings on ladders; 8.10. Conclusions; 9.1. Introduction; 9.2. Motorbike accident in France; 9.3. Drive belt failure; 9.4. Failure of tyres; 9.5. Failed fuel pipes; 9.6. Aircraft tractor hydraulic hose
  • 9.7. Diesel fuel pipe problem9.8. Conclusions; 10.1. Introduction; 10.2. Transformer plug failures; 10.3. Busbar plugs; 10.4. Residual current devices; 10.5. Kettle switches; 10.6. Luggage carrier; 10.7. Bike carriers; 10.8. Baby cot failure; 10.9. Failed heat pad; 10.10. Failed hot water bottle; 10.11. Faulty steam cleaner; 10.12. Conclusions; 11.1. Introduction: causes of product failure; 11.2. Poor manufacture; 11.3. Poor design; 11.4. Poor materials and products; 11.5. Environmental problems; 11.6. Access to information
Forensic Polymer Engineering: Why Polymer Products Fail in Service, Second Edition presents and explains the latest forensic engineering techniques used in the investigation of failed polymer materials that are illustrated with a very large number of detailed case studies which show the different types of failure and the forensic engineering techniques used in their investigation. In this updated edition, new case studies have been added to include patent disputes and failed products such as spiral wound wall storage tanks, lithium battery explosions, water bottle failures, and breast implant failures (such as the PIP scandal). New images demonstrating failure have been included, and images from the previous edition are reproduced in color and enhanced with additional explanatory detail. With a dedicated focus on polymeric materials, the book includes details on the experimental techniques that are used to characterize the materials, particularly in cases of failure. Finally, the book has information on the fabrication of polymer devices, as manufacturing flaws often play a role in failure. * Demonstrates the latest forensic engineering techniques used in the investigation of failed polymer components* Presents detailed case studies that illustrate different types of failure in polymer components, fittings, and medical devices* Examines the role of manufacturing in product failure with an overview of faults recognized in methods, design, and material selection* Provides an integrated approach to polymer failures that covers everything from basic materials properties, through to the experimental techniques required to study them.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081010556 20160815
Book
1 online resource.
Handbook of Nucleating Agents gives engineers and materials scientists the information they need to increase the production rate, modify structure and morphology, and reduce haze of polymeric products with proper selection of nucleating agents and clarifying agents. Chemical origin and related properties of nucleating agents are analyzed in general terms to highlight the differences in their properties, including the essential theoretical knowledge required for correct selection and use of nucleating and clarifying agents. This includes methods of chemical modification of nucleating agents and their deposition on suitable substrates; methods and results of dispersion of nucleating agents; influence of their concentration and cooling rate on final result and rate of crystallization; nucleation efficiency of different products and the reasons behind it; and generally accepted mechanisms of nucleation. The book also covers application aspects in different formulations. Patent literature and research papers are extensively reviewed for different applications, and polymer processing methods which require use of nucleating agents are discussed, with an emphasis on the intricacies of use of nucleating agents in different polymers and products.
Book
1 online resource.
Handbook of Nucleating Agents gives engineers and materials scientists the information they need to increase the production rate, modify structure and morphology, and reduce haze of polymeric products with proper selection of nucleating agents and clarifying agents. Chemical origin and related properties of nucleating agents are analyzed in general terms to highlight the differences in their properties, including the essential theoretical knowledge required for correct selection and use of nucleating and clarifying agents. This includes methods of chemical modification of nucleating agents and their deposition on suitable substrates; methods and results of dispersion of nucleating agents; influence of their concentration and cooling rate on final result and rate of crystallization; nucleation efficiency of different products and the reasons behind it; and generally accepted mechanisms of nucleation. The book also covers application aspects in different formulations. Patent literature and research papers are extensively reviewed for different applications, and polymer processing methods which require use of nucleating agents are discussed, with an emphasis on the intricacies of use of nucleating agents in different polymers and products.
Book
1 online resource.
Handbook of Polymers, Second Edition, presents normalized, up-to-date polymer data in a consistent and easily referenceable layout. This new edition represents an update of the available data, including new values for many commercially available products, verification of existing data, and removal of older data where it is no longer useful. The book includes data on all major polymeric materials used by the plastics industry and all branches of the chemical industry, as well as specialty polymers used in the electronics, pharmaceutical, medical, and space fields. The entire scope of the data is divided into sections to make data comparison and search easy, including synthesis, physical, mechanical, and rheological properties, chemical resistance, toxicity and environmental impact, and more. The data enables engineers and materials scientists to solve practical problems, be that in applications, research and development, or legislation. The most current grades of materials have been selected to provide readers with information that is characteristic of currently available products. * Includes practical data on the most widely used polymers for engineers and materials scientists in design, manufacture, and applications research* Presents data on polymer synthesis, properties, chemical resistance, processing, and their related environmental impacts* Provides a comprehensive update to the data, including new information and the verification of existing datasets.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781895198928 20160906
Book
1 online resource.
Handbook of Polymers, Second Edition, presents normalized, up-to-date polymer data in a consistent and easily referenceable layout. This new edition represents an update of the available data, including new values for many commercially available products, verification of existing data, and removal of older data where it is no longer useful. The book includes data on all major polymeric materials used by the plastics industry and all branches of the chemical industry, as well as specialty polymers used in the electronics, pharmaceutical, medical, and space fields. The entire scope of the data is divided into sections to make data comparison and search easy, including synthesis, physical, mechanical, and rheological properties, chemical resistance, toxicity and environmental impact, and more. The data enables engineers and materials scientists to solve practical problems, be that in applications, research and development, or legislation. The most current grades of materials have been selected to provide readers with information that is characteristic of currently available products. * Includes practical data on the most widely used polymers for engineers and materials scientists in design, manufacture, and applications research* Presents data on polymer synthesis, properties, chemical resistance, processing, and their related environmental impacts* Provides a comprehensive update to the data, including new information and the verification of existing datasets.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781895198928 20160906

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