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Book
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Biosynthetic Polymers for Medical Applications provides the latest information on biopolymers, the polymers that have been produced from living organisms and are biodegradable in nature. These advanced materials are becoming increasingly important for medical applications due to their favorable properties, such as degradability and biocompatibility. This important book provides readers with a thorough review of the fundamentals of biosynthetic polymers and their applications. Part One covers the fundamentals of biosynthetic polymers for medical applications, while Part Two explores biosynthetic polymer coatings and surface modification. Subsequent sections discuss biosynthetic polymers for tissue engineering applications and how to conduct polymers for medical applications. * Comprehensively covers all major medical applications of biosynthetic polymers* Provides an overview of non-degradable and biodegradable biosynthetic polymers and their medical uses* Presents a specific focus on coatings and surface modifications, biosynthetic hydrogels, particulate systems for gene and drug delivery, and conjugated conducting polymers.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Biosynthetic Polymers for Medical Applications provides the latest information on biopolymers, the polymers that have been produced from living organisms and are biodegradable in nature. These advanced materials are becoming increasingly important for medical applications due to their favorable properties, such as degradability and biocompatibility. This important book provides readers with a thorough review of the fundamentals of biosynthetic polymers and their applications. Part One covers the fundamentals of biosynthetic polymers for medical applications, while Part Two explores biosynthetic polymer coatings and surface modification. Subsequent sections discuss biosynthetic polymers for tissue engineering applications and how to conduct polymers for medical applications. * Comprehensively covers all major medical applications of biosynthetic polymers* Provides an overview of non-degradable and biodegradable biosynthetic polymers and their medical uses* Presents a specific focus on coatings and surface modifications, biosynthetic hydrogels, particulate systems for gene and drug delivery, and conjugated conducting polymers.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Book
1 online resource.
  • Polymer chemistry and synthetic polymers by Puoci F et al.- Biodegradable Natural polymers by Domb A et al.- Chemical and Physical Properties of Polymers for Biomedical Use by Ambrosio L et al.- Overview on cell-biomaterial interactions by Rodrigues Um L et al.- Polymers in Orthopedic Surgery by Ambrose C et al.- Polymers in Ophthalmology by Calles JA. et al.- Polymers in Tissue Engineering by Heise RL et al.- Polymers for Surgery by Suzuki S and Ikada Y.- Polymers in dentistry by Thome T et al.- Polymers in Oncology by Curcio M et al.- Polymers in Drug Delivery: Fundamentals by Diaz-Gomez L et al.- Drug Delivery Systems: Smart Polymeric Materials by Cassano R, Trombino S.- Polymers in Nephrology by Vienken J and Gottschalk O.- Polymers in wound repair by Francesko A et al.- Polymers in cardiology by Sternberg K et al.- Recent Advances in Hemocompatible Polymers for Biomedical Applications by Brisbois EJ et al.- Polymer based biosensors for medical applications by Solene Cherre1 S and Rozlosnik N.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
The book provides an up-to-date overview of the diverse medical applications of advanced polymers. The book opens by presenting important background information on polymer chemistry and physicochemical characterization of polymers. This serves as essential scientific support for the subsequent chapters, each of which is devoted to the applications of polymers in a particular medical specialty. The coverage is broad, encompassing orthopedics, ophthalmology, tissue engineering, surgery, dentistry, oncology, drug delivery, nephrology, wound dressing and healing, and cardiology. The development of polymers that enhance the biocompatibility of blood-contacting medical devices and the incorporation of polymers within biosensors are also addressed. This book is an excellent guide to the recent advances in polymeric biomaterials and bridges the gap between the research literature and standard textbooks on the applications of polymers in medicine.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • Polymer chemistry and synthetic polymers by Puoci F et al.- Biodegradable Natural polymers by Domb A et al.- Chemical and Physical Properties of Polymers for Biomedical Use by Ambrosio L et al.- Overview on cell-biomaterial interactions by Rodrigues Um L et al.- Polymers in Orthopedic Surgery by Ambrose C et al.- Polymers in Ophthalmology by Calles JA. et al.- Polymers in Tissue Engineering by Heise RL et al.- Polymers for Surgery by Suzuki S and Ikada Y.- Polymers in dentistry by Thome T et al.- Polymers in Oncology by Curcio M et al.- Polymers in Drug Delivery: Fundamentals by Diaz-Gomez L et al.- Drug Delivery Systems: Smart Polymeric Materials by Cassano R, Trombino S.- Polymers in Nephrology by Vienken J and Gottschalk O.- Polymers in wound repair by Francesko A et al.- Polymers in cardiology by Sternberg K et al.- Recent Advances in Hemocompatible Polymers for Biomedical Applications by Brisbois EJ et al.- Polymer based biosensors for medical applications by Solene Cherre1 S and Rozlosnik N.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
The book provides an up-to-date overview of the diverse medical applications of advanced polymers. The book opens by presenting important background information on polymer chemistry and physicochemical characterization of polymers. This serves as essential scientific support for the subsequent chapters, each of which is devoted to the applications of polymers in a particular medical specialty. The coverage is broad, encompassing orthopedics, ophthalmology, tissue engineering, surgery, dentistry, oncology, drug delivery, nephrology, wound dressing and healing, and cardiology. The development of polymers that enhance the biocompatibility of blood-contacting medical devices and the incorporation of polymers within biosensors are also addressed. This book is an excellent guide to the recent advances in polymeric biomaterials and bridges the gap between the research literature and standard textbooks on the applications of polymers in medicine.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Book
1 online resource (405 p.) : illustrations.
  • Front Cover; Advances in 3D Textiles; Copyright; Contents; List of Contributors; Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles; Chapter 1: Introduction; 1.1. Introduction; 1.1.1. Definition of 3D textiles; 1.1.2. Traditional examples; 1.1.3. Innovation in the 1980s; 1.2. Range of 3D textiles; 1.2.1. Woven; 1.2.2. Braids; 1.2.3. Knits; 1.2.4. Other yarn structures; 1.2.5. Nonwovens; 1.2.6. Stitched and embroidered; 1.2.7. Draping and press-forming; 1.3. Uses of 3D textiles; 1.3.1. Variety of applications; 1.3.2. Aerospace, automobile and military; 1.3.3. Sport and leisure; 1.3.4. Medical
  • 1.3.5. Protection1.3.6. Filtration, paper-making and geotextiles; 1.3.7. Construction; 1.4. Conclusion; 1.4.1. Challenges; 1.4.2. Engineering design; 1.4.3. Specialist and volume production; 1.4.4. The commercial scene; References; Part One: 3D Woven Textiles; Chapter 2: Solid three-dimensional woven textiles; 2.1. Introduction; 2.1.1. 3D woven fabrics and composites are in demand; 2.1.2. Major technical challenges; 2.1.3. Main literature recommended for further reading; 2.1.4. Scope of this chapter; 2.2. Terminology and fabric categorization; 2.2.1. Basic definitions
  • 2.2.2. 3D multilayer weaving2.2.3. 3D woven versus nonwoven fabrics; 2.3. 3D multilayer interlock weaves; 2.3.1. 3D multilayer warp interlock weaving; 2.3.2. 3D multilayer weft interlock fabrics; 2.4. 3D noncrimp orthogonal weaves; 2.4.1. Distinctions of the weaving process; 2.4.2. Fabric architecture; 2.4.3. Fabric design and optimization; 2.4.4. Important processing features; 2.4.5. Summary of the advantages and disadvantages; 2.5. 3D dual interlaced weaves; 2.5.1. ``More crimp ́́versus ``less crimp ́́dilemma; 2.5.2. 3D dual interlaced weaving
  • 2.5.3. Mechanical properties of 3D dual interlaced weave composites2.5.4. Potential for 3D dual interlaced woven preforms; 2.6. Machine automation and computer-aided fabric design; 2.7. Mechanical properties of 3D woven composites; 2.7.1. Quasi-static loading; 2.7.2. Fatigue loading; 2.7.3. Dynamic loading; 2.8. Manufacturing and applications; 2.9. Outlook of future needs; Acknowledgment; References; Chapter 3: Hollow three-dimensional woven fabrics; 3.1. Introduction: Overview and potential applications; 3.2. Principles of hollow woven fabrics; 3.2.1. Classification of hollow woven fabrics
  • 3.2.2. Hollow fabrics with uneven surfaces3.2.3. Hollow fabrics with flat surfaces; 3.2.4. Variations of hollow fabrics; 3.3. Properties and performance of structures based on hollow woven fabrics; 3.3.1. Structural features; 3.3.2. Possible loading directions; 3.3.3. Lightweight of hollow composites; 3.3.4. Compression modulus of hollow composites; 3.3.5. Energy absorption; 3.3.6. Force attenuation; 3.4. Structural and mechanical modelling of hollow woven fabrics; 3.4.1. Hexagonal hollow fabrics; 3.4.2. Quadratic hollow fabric; 3.4.3. Generation of weaves for hexagonal hollow fabrics
Advances in 3D Textiles presents the most recent advances in the production of three-dimensional fibrous structures and how their use has resulted in the creation of novel fabrics and applications. The text covers a wide range of fabric types, including their structures, properties, and uses in the textiles industry. Beginning with the various types of woven three-dimensional fabrics, the text then examines 3-D knitted, braided, and non-woven textiles, and the main applications and uses of three-dimensional textiles. * Presents the most recent advances in the production of three-dimensional fibrous structures and how their use has resulted in the creation of novel fabrics and applications* Examines many types of 3-D textiles, including knitted, braided, and non-woven textiles, and the main uses of three-dimensional textiles* Covers their structures, properties, and uses within the textiles industry.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • Front Cover; Advances in 3D Textiles; Copyright; Contents; List of Contributors; Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles; Chapter 1: Introduction; 1.1. Introduction; 1.1.1. Definition of 3D textiles; 1.1.2. Traditional examples; 1.1.3. Innovation in the 1980s; 1.2. Range of 3D textiles; 1.2.1. Woven; 1.2.2. Braids; 1.2.3. Knits; 1.2.4. Other yarn structures; 1.2.5. Nonwovens; 1.2.6. Stitched and embroidered; 1.2.7. Draping and press-forming; 1.3. Uses of 3D textiles; 1.3.1. Variety of applications; 1.3.2. Aerospace, automobile and military; 1.3.3. Sport and leisure; 1.3.4. Medical
  • 1.3.5. Protection1.3.6. Filtration, paper-making and geotextiles; 1.3.7. Construction; 1.4. Conclusion; 1.4.1. Challenges; 1.4.2. Engineering design; 1.4.3. Specialist and volume production; 1.4.4. The commercial scene; References; Part One: 3D Woven Textiles; Chapter 2: Solid three-dimensional woven textiles; 2.1. Introduction; 2.1.1. 3D woven fabrics and composites are in demand; 2.1.2. Major technical challenges; 2.1.3. Main literature recommended for further reading; 2.1.4. Scope of this chapter; 2.2. Terminology and fabric categorization; 2.2.1. Basic definitions
  • 2.2.2. 3D multilayer weaving2.2.3. 3D woven versus nonwoven fabrics; 2.3. 3D multilayer interlock weaves; 2.3.1. 3D multilayer warp interlock weaving; 2.3.2. 3D multilayer weft interlock fabrics; 2.4. 3D noncrimp orthogonal weaves; 2.4.1. Distinctions of the weaving process; 2.4.2. Fabric architecture; 2.4.3. Fabric design and optimization; 2.4.4. Important processing features; 2.4.5. Summary of the advantages and disadvantages; 2.5. 3D dual interlaced weaves; 2.5.1. ``More crimp ́́versus ``less crimp ́́dilemma; 2.5.2. 3D dual interlaced weaving
  • 2.5.3. Mechanical properties of 3D dual interlaced weave composites2.5.4. Potential for 3D dual interlaced woven preforms; 2.6. Machine automation and computer-aided fabric design; 2.7. Mechanical properties of 3D woven composites; 2.7.1. Quasi-static loading; 2.7.2. Fatigue loading; 2.7.3. Dynamic loading; 2.8. Manufacturing and applications; 2.9. Outlook of future needs; Acknowledgment; References; Chapter 3: Hollow three-dimensional woven fabrics; 3.1. Introduction: Overview and potential applications; 3.2. Principles of hollow woven fabrics; 3.2.1. Classification of hollow woven fabrics
  • 3.2.2. Hollow fabrics with uneven surfaces3.2.3. Hollow fabrics with flat surfaces; 3.2.4. Variations of hollow fabrics; 3.3. Properties and performance of structures based on hollow woven fabrics; 3.3.1. Structural features; 3.3.2. Possible loading directions; 3.3.3. Lightweight of hollow composites; 3.3.4. Compression modulus of hollow composites; 3.3.5. Energy absorption; 3.3.6. Force attenuation; 3.4. Structural and mechanical modelling of hollow woven fabrics; 3.4.1. Hexagonal hollow fabrics; 3.4.2. Quadratic hollow fabric; 3.4.3. Generation of weaves for hexagonal hollow fabrics
Advances in 3D Textiles presents the most recent advances in the production of three-dimensional fibrous structures and how their use has resulted in the creation of novel fabrics and applications. The text covers a wide range of fabric types, including their structures, properties, and uses in the textiles industry. Beginning with the various types of woven three-dimensional fabrics, the text then examines 3-D knitted, braided, and non-woven textiles, and the main applications and uses of three-dimensional textiles. * Presents the most recent advances in the production of three-dimensional fibrous structures and how their use has resulted in the creation of novel fabrics and applications* Examines many types of 3-D textiles, including knitted, braided, and non-woven textiles, and the main uses of three-dimensional textiles* Covers their structures, properties, and uses within the textiles industry.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Book
1 online resource.
Book
1 online resource : text file, PDF
  • Introduction Literature Review Polymers Compression of Data Natural Language Compression Formal Language Compression Types of Compression Programs Algorithmic Compression Chemical Formulas Fischer Projection Compression of Polymers Line Notation Systems and Compression Current Trends in Research Big Data Modeling Complexity in Molecular Systems Feedback Systems for Nontraditional Medicines: A Case for the Signal Flow Diagram Chromatic Aspects of the Signal Flow Diagram Junction Graphs Embedded Symbol Notation Diagrams and Embedded Symbol Notation Matrix Diagrams Feedback Theory: Properties of Signal Flow Graphs (From Appendix L) An Overview of Signal Flow A Theory on Neurological Systems: Part I and Part II A Theoretical Model of Feedback in Pharmacology Using Signal Flow Diagrams Appendixes.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
This new book-the first of its kind-examines the use of algorithmic techniques to compress random and non-random sequential strings found in chains of polymers. The book is an introduction to algorithmic complexity. Examples taken from current research in the polymer sciences are used for compression of like-natured properties as found on a chain of polymers. Both theory and applied aspects of algorithmic compression are reviewed. A description of the types of polymers and their uses is followed by a chapter on various types of compression systems that can be used to compress polymer chains into manageable units. The work is intended for graduate and postgraduate university students in the physical sciences and engineering.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • Introduction Literature Review Polymers Compression of Data Natural Language Compression Formal Language Compression Types of Compression Programs Algorithmic Compression Chemical Formulas Fischer Projection Compression of Polymers Line Notation Systems and Compression Current Trends in Research Big Data Modeling Complexity in Molecular Systems Feedback Systems for Nontraditional Medicines: A Case for the Signal Flow Diagram Chromatic Aspects of the Signal Flow Diagram Junction Graphs Embedded Symbol Notation Diagrams and Embedded Symbol Notation Matrix Diagrams Feedback Theory: Properties of Signal Flow Graphs (From Appendix L) An Overview of Signal Flow A Theory on Neurological Systems: Part I and Part II A Theoretical Model of Feedback in Pharmacology Using Signal Flow Diagrams Appendixes.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
This new book-the first of its kind-examines the use of algorithmic techniques to compress random and non-random sequential strings found in chains of polymers. The book is an introduction to algorithmic complexity. Examples taken from current research in the polymer sciences are used for compression of like-natured properties as found on a chain of polymers. Both theory and applied aspects of algorithmic compression are reviewed. A description of the types of polymers and their uses is followed by a chapter on various types of compression systems that can be used to compress polymer chains into manageable units. The work is intended for graduate and postgraduate university students in the physical sciences and engineering.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Book
1 online resource (Article No. 14117 ) : digital, PDF file.
We report a series of ionically modified ferrocene compounds for hybrid lithium-organic non-aqueous redox flow batteries, based on the ferrocene/ferrocenium redox couple as the active catholyte material. Tetraalkylammonium ionic moieties were incorporated into the ferrocene structure, in order to enhance the solubility of the otherwise relatively insoluble ferrocene. The effect of various counter anions of the tetraalkylammonium ionized species appended to the ferrocene, such as bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide, hexafluorophosphate, perchlorate, tetrafluoroborate, and dicyanamide on the solubility of the ferrocene was investigated. The solution chemistry of the ferrocene species was studied, in order to understand the mechanism of solubility enhancement. Finally, the electrochemical performance of these ionized ferrocene species was evaluated and shown to have excellent cell efficiency and superior cycling stability.
We report a series of ionically modified ferrocene compounds for hybrid lithium-organic non-aqueous redox flow batteries, based on the ferrocene/ferrocenium redox couple as the active catholyte material. Tetraalkylammonium ionic moieties were incorporated into the ferrocene structure, in order to enhance the solubility of the otherwise relatively insoluble ferrocene. The effect of various counter anions of the tetraalkylammonium ionized species appended to the ferrocene, such as bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide, hexafluorophosphate, perchlorate, tetrafluoroborate, and dicyanamide on the solubility of the ferrocene was investigated. The solution chemistry of the ferrocene species was studied, in order to understand the mechanism of solubility enhancement. Finally, the electrochemical performance of these ionized ferrocene species was evaluated and shown to have excellent cell efficiency and superior cycling stability.
Book
1 online resource (xi, 387 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Book
1 online resource : text file, PDF
  • Preface Electrospinning Process: A Comprehensive Review and Update-- S. Rafiei Aluminium Coated Polymer Films as Infrared Light Shields for Food Packing-- Esen Arkis and Devrim Balkose Generalization of Fuels Swelling Data by Means of Linear Free Energies Principle-- Roman Makitra, Halyna Midyana, Liliya Bazylyak, and Olena Palchykova Trends on New Biodegradable Blends on the Basis of Copolymers 3-Hydroxybutyrate With Hydroxyvalerate (PHBV) and Segmented Polyetherurethane (SPEU)-- Svetlana G. Karpova, Sergei M. Lomakin, Anatolii A. Popov, and Aleksei A. Iordanskii New Biologically Active Composite Materials on the Basis of Dialdehyde Cellulose-- Azamat A. Khashirov, Azamat A. Zhansitov, Genadiy E. Zaikov, and Svetlana Yu. Khashirova Microheterogeneous Titanium Ziegler-Natta Catalysts: the Influence of Particle Size on the Isoprene Polymerization-- Elena M. Zakharova, Vadim Z. Mingaleev, and Vadim P. Zakharov The Role and Mechanism of Bonding Agents in Composite Solid Propellants-- S. A. Vaziri, S. M. Mousavi Motlagh, and M. Hasanzadeh A Study on Adsorption of Methane on Zeolites 13X at Various Pressures and Temperatures-- Farshid Basiri, Alireza Eslami, Maziyar Sharifzadeh, and Mahdi Hasanzadeh Importance of the Phase Behavior in Biopolymer Mixtures-- Y. A. Antonov and Paula Moldenaers Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
This book covers a broad range of polymeric materials and provides industry professionals and researchers in polymer science and technology with a single, comprehensive book summarizing all aspects involved in the functional materials production chain. This volume presents the latest developments and trends in advanced polymer materials and structures. It discusses the developments of advanced polymers and respective tools to characterize and predict the material properties and behavior. This book has an important role in advancing polymer materials in macro and nanoscale. Its aim is to provide original, theoretical, and important experimental results that use non-routine methodologies. It also includes chapters on novel applications of more familiar experimental techniques and analyses of composite problems that indicate the need for new experimental approaches. This new book: * Provides a collection of articles that highlight some important areas of current interest in key polymeric materials and technology * Gives an up-to-date and thorough exposition of the present state of the art of key polymeric materials and technology * Describes the types of techniques now available to the engineers and technicians and discusses their capabilities, limitations, and applications * Provides a balance between materials science and chemical aspects, basic and applied research * Focuses on topics with more advanced methods * Emphasizes precise mathematical development and actual experimental details * Explains modification methods for changing of different materials properties.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • Preface Electrospinning Process: A Comprehensive Review and Update-- S. Rafiei Aluminium Coated Polymer Films as Infrared Light Shields for Food Packing-- Esen Arkis and Devrim Balkose Generalization of Fuels Swelling Data by Means of Linear Free Energies Principle-- Roman Makitra, Halyna Midyana, Liliya Bazylyak, and Olena Palchykova Trends on New Biodegradable Blends on the Basis of Copolymers 3-Hydroxybutyrate With Hydroxyvalerate (PHBV) and Segmented Polyetherurethane (SPEU)-- Svetlana G. Karpova, Sergei M. Lomakin, Anatolii A. Popov, and Aleksei A. Iordanskii New Biologically Active Composite Materials on the Basis of Dialdehyde Cellulose-- Azamat A. Khashirov, Azamat A. Zhansitov, Genadiy E. Zaikov, and Svetlana Yu. Khashirova Microheterogeneous Titanium Ziegler-Natta Catalysts: the Influence of Particle Size on the Isoprene Polymerization-- Elena M. Zakharova, Vadim Z. Mingaleev, and Vadim P. Zakharov The Role and Mechanism of Bonding Agents in Composite Solid Propellants-- S. A. Vaziri, S. M. Mousavi Motlagh, and M. Hasanzadeh A Study on Adsorption of Methane on Zeolites 13X at Various Pressures and Temperatures-- Farshid Basiri, Alireza Eslami, Maziyar Sharifzadeh, and Mahdi Hasanzadeh Importance of the Phase Behavior in Biopolymer Mixtures-- Y. A. Antonov and Paula Moldenaers Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
This book covers a broad range of polymeric materials and provides industry professionals and researchers in polymer science and technology with a single, comprehensive book summarizing all aspects involved in the functional materials production chain. This volume presents the latest developments and trends in advanced polymer materials and structures. It discusses the developments of advanced polymers and respective tools to characterize and predict the material properties and behavior. This book has an important role in advancing polymer materials in macro and nanoscale. Its aim is to provide original, theoretical, and important experimental results that use non-routine methodologies. It also includes chapters on novel applications of more familiar experimental techniques and analyses of composite problems that indicate the need for new experimental approaches. This new book: * Provides a collection of articles that highlight some important areas of current interest in key polymeric materials and technology * Gives an up-to-date and thorough exposition of the present state of the art of key polymeric materials and technology * Describes the types of techniques now available to the engineers and technicians and discusses their capabilities, limitations, and applications * Provides a balance between materials science and chemical aspects, basic and applied research * Focuses on topics with more advanced methods * Emphasizes precise mathematical development and actual experimental details * Explains modification methods for changing of different materials properties.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Book
1 online resource.
Book
1 online resource : illustrations (some color). Digital: text file; PDF.
Book
1 online resource : illustrations (some color)
Book
1 online resource (617 pages) : illustrations, tables.
Biopolymers and biodegradable plastics are finding new applications in various sectors, from packaging, to medical, automotive and many more. As synthetic plastics are increasingly replaced by their bioplastic equivalents, engineers are facing new challenges including processing, costs, environmental sustainability and - ultimately - developing successful products. Biopolymers: Processing and Products, the second book of a trilogy dedicated to biopolymers, gives a detailed insight into all aspects of processing, seamlessly linking the science of biopolymers to the latest trends in the development of new products. Processes covered in the book include blending, compounding, treatment, and shaping, as well as the formation of biocomposites. Biopolymer coatings and adhesives are also investigated. This book unique in its coverage contains information retrieved mainly from patents, which form the bulk of the book. The coverage of processing will help engineers and designers to improve output and efficiency of every stage of the product development process, and will form an indispensable tool in selecting the right biopolymer and processing technique for any given application, covering medical, automotive, food packaging and more. It will assist also engineers, material scientists and researchers to improve existing biopolymer processes and deliver better products at lower cost. * Multi-disciplinary approach and critical presentation of all available processing techniques and new products of biopolymers* Contains information not to be found in any other book* Self-contained chapters.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Biopolymers and biodegradable plastics are finding new applications in various sectors, from packaging, to medical, automotive and many more. As synthetic plastics are increasingly replaced by their bioplastic equivalents, engineers are facing new challenges including processing, costs, environmental sustainability and - ultimately - developing successful products. Biopolymers: Processing and Products, the second book of a trilogy dedicated to biopolymers, gives a detailed insight into all aspects of processing, seamlessly linking the science of biopolymers to the latest trends in the development of new products. Processes covered in the book include blending, compounding, treatment, and shaping, as well as the formation of biocomposites. Biopolymer coatings and adhesives are also investigated. This book unique in its coverage contains information retrieved mainly from patents, which form the bulk of the book. The coverage of processing will help engineers and designers to improve output and efficiency of every stage of the product development process, and will form an indispensable tool in selecting the right biopolymer and processing technique for any given application, covering medical, automotive, food packaging and more. It will assist also engineers, material scientists and researchers to improve existing biopolymer processes and deliver better products at lower cost. * Multi-disciplinary approach and critical presentation of all available processing techniques and new products of biopolymers* Contains information not to be found in any other book* Self-contained chapters.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Book
1 online resource (xxiv, 392 p. :) : ill.
  • Basic principles of braiding-- Structural design of tubular, flat and form braids-- Colour design of tubular and flat braids-- Carriers for mayploe braiding-- Braiding machine components-- The maypole braiding process-- Spiral braiding-- Form/packing braids-- Lace technology-- Yarn preparation for braiding-- CAD software for braiding.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Braided fabrics are made by interlacing yarns or strips of fabric. Braiding produces a wide range of structures for technical textile applications from medical sutures to cables for anchoring ships. Written by one of the world's leading experts in the field, the book reviews the basic principles, design and processes used in braiding. The book also discusses specialised braiding techniques such as spiral braiding and lace technology. . Provides a solid foundation in the fundamentals of braiding design, processes and machinery . Covers the patterning of braided products and the structural and colour design of both flat and tubular braids . Reviews maypole braiding machines and mechanics.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • Basic principles of braiding-- Structural design of tubular, flat and form braids-- Colour design of tubular and flat braids-- Carriers for mayploe braiding-- Braiding machine components-- The maypole braiding process-- Spiral braiding-- Form/packing braids-- Lace technology-- Yarn preparation for braiding-- CAD software for braiding.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Braided fabrics are made by interlacing yarns or strips of fabric. Braiding produces a wide range of structures for technical textile applications from medical sutures to cables for anchoring ships. Written by one of the world's leading experts in the field, the book reviews the basic principles, design and processes used in braiding. The book also discusses specialised braiding techniques such as spiral braiding and lace technology. . Provides a solid foundation in the fundamentals of braiding design, processes and machinery . Covers the patterning of braided products and the structural and colour design of both flat and tubular braids . Reviews maypole braiding machines and mechanics.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Book
1 online resource.
Executive Summary Our work was devoted to understanding the structure and properties of a class of thin film polymer nanocomposites (PNCs). PNCs are composed of polymer hosts into which nanoparticles (metallic nanoparticles, quantum dots, nanorods, C60, nanotubes) are incorporated. PNCs exhibit a diverse range of functional properties (optical, electronic, mechanical, biomedical, structural), determined in part by the chemical composition of the polymer host and the type of nanoparticle. The properties PNCs rely not only on specific functional, size-dependent, behavior of the nanoparticles, but also on the dispersion, and organizational order in some cases, inter-nanoparticle separation distances, and on relative interactions between the nanoparticles and the host. Therefore the scientific challenges associated with understanding the interrelations between the structure and function/properties of PNCs are far more complex than may be understood based only on the knowledge of the compositions of the constituents. The challenges of understanding the structure-function behavior of PNCs are further compounded by the fact that control of the dispersion of the nanoparticles within the polymer hosts is difficult; one must learn how to disperse inorganic particles within an organic host. The goal of this proposal was to develop an understanding of the connection between the structure and the thermal (glass transition), mechanical and optical properties of a specific class of PNCs. Specifically PNCs composed of polymer chain grafted gold nanoparticles within polymer hosts. A major objective was to understand how to develop basic principles that enable the fabrication of functional materials possessing optimized morphologies and combinations of materials properties. Accomplishments: We developed: (1) fundamental principles that enabled the creation of thin film PNCs possessing more complex morphologies of homopolymers and block copolymer micellar systems [1-6]; (2) a new understanding of physical phenomena associated with the structure of PNC systems and the glass transition and dynamics [7-11], including surface dynamics [12, 13]; designed PNCs to understand the connection between structure and specific optical responses of the material [14, 15]; electrorheological phenomena [16-18]; coarsening/aggregation phenomena [19, 20]; directed assembly [21] and elastic mechanical properties of thin supported films [22]. We established procedures to design and control the spatial distribution of gold nanoparticles (Au-NP), onto which polystyrene (PS) chains were end-grafted, within thin film PS hosts.[1-3] We explained how enthalpic and entropic interactions between the grafted layers and the polymer host chains, the nanoparticle (NP) sizes and shapes determine the spatial distribution of NPs within the host (i.e.: the morphology). In brief, the chemistries of the grafted chains and the polymer hosts, the degrees of polymerization of grafted and host chains (N and P, respectively), and the surface grafting densities Σ influence the thermodynamic interactions. Thin films are unique: the external interfaces (substrate and free surface) profoundly influence the spatial distribution of NPs within the PNC. For example, thin films are thermodynamically less stable than their bulk analogs due to the preferential attraction between the brush-coated nanoparticles and the external interfaces (i.e.: the free surface/polymer interface and the polymer/substrate interface). We investigated the organization of the brush-coated nanoparticles within a host composed on block copolymer micelles in a homopolymer [4, 5]. Block copolymers, composed of a polymer of type A that is bonded covalently to another polymer of type B (A-b-B) are known to form micelles within homopolymers A or B. A micelle is composed of an inner core of the A component of the copolymer and an outer corona of the B-component, that resides within homopolymer B, which serves as the host. If t...
Executive Summary Our work was devoted to understanding the structure and properties of a class of thin film polymer nanocomposites (PNCs). PNCs are composed of polymer hosts into which nanoparticles (metallic nanoparticles, quantum dots, nanorods, C60, nanotubes) are incorporated. PNCs exhibit a diverse range of functional properties (optical, electronic, mechanical, biomedical, structural), determined in part by the chemical composition of the polymer host and the type of nanoparticle. The properties PNCs rely not only on specific functional, size-dependent, behavior of the nanoparticles, but also on the dispersion, and organizational order in some cases, inter-nanoparticle separation distances, and on relative interactions between the nanoparticles and the host. Therefore the scientific challenges associated with understanding the interrelations between the structure and function/properties of PNCs are far more complex than may be understood based only on the knowledge of the compositions of the constituents. The challenges of understanding the structure-function behavior of PNCs are further compounded by the fact that control of the dispersion of the nanoparticles within the polymer hosts is difficult; one must learn how to disperse inorganic particles within an organic host. The goal of this proposal was to develop an understanding of the connection between the structure and the thermal (glass transition), mechanical and optical properties of a specific class of PNCs. Specifically PNCs composed of polymer chain grafted gold nanoparticles within polymer hosts. A major objective was to understand how to develop basic principles that enable the fabrication of functional materials possessing optimized morphologies and combinations of materials properties. Accomplishments: We developed: (1) fundamental principles that enabled the creation of thin film PNCs possessing more complex morphologies of homopolymers and block copolymer micellar systems [1-6]; (2) a new understanding of physical phenomena associated with the structure of PNC systems and the glass transition and dynamics [7-11], including surface dynamics [12, 13]; designed PNCs to understand the connection between structure and specific optical responses of the material [14, 15]; electrorheological phenomena [16-18]; coarsening/aggregation phenomena [19, 20]; directed assembly [21] and elastic mechanical properties of thin supported films [22]. We established procedures to design and control the spatial distribution of gold nanoparticles (Au-NP), onto which polystyrene (PS) chains were end-grafted, within thin film PS hosts.[1-3] We explained how enthalpic and entropic interactions between the grafted layers and the polymer host chains, the nanoparticle (NP) sizes and shapes determine the spatial distribution of NPs within the host (i.e.: the morphology). In brief, the chemistries of the grafted chains and the polymer hosts, the degrees of polymerization of grafted and host chains (N and P, respectively), and the surface grafting densities Σ influence the thermodynamic interactions. Thin films are unique: the external interfaces (substrate and free surface) profoundly influence the spatial distribution of NPs within the PNC. For example, thin films are thermodynamically less stable than their bulk analogs due to the preferential attraction between the brush-coated nanoparticles and the external interfaces (i.e.: the free surface/polymer interface and the polymer/substrate interface). We investigated the organization of the brush-coated nanoparticles within a host composed on block copolymer micelles in a homopolymer [4, 5]. Block copolymers, composed of a polymer of type A that is bonded covalently to another polymer of type B (A-b-B) are known to form micelles within homopolymers A or B. A micelle is composed of an inner core of the A component of the copolymer and an outer corona of the B-component, that resides within homopolymer B, which serves as the host. If t...
Book
1 online resource.
  • Transfection Optimization and Cellular Response of Hyperbranched poly 2-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate (pDMAEMA) based Polymers In Vitro-- Functionalization of Cationic Polymers for Drug Delivery Applications-- Cationic Polymers as Novel Therapeutics in Thrombosis and Inflammation-- Cationic Triazine Dendrimers: Synthesis, Charecterization and Biological Applications-- Cationic Dendrimers and their use in Transfection and Antimicrobial Applications-- Cationic Polymers in Drug and Gene Delivery-- Poly(alkylene amine) Based Constructs: Synthesis and Biomedical Applications-- Cationic Polysaccharides for Gene Delivery-- Well-Defined Cationic Polymers for Nucleic Acid Delivery-- The Design of Novel Synthetic or Natural Cationic Polymers for Pathogen Detection and Disease Diagnosis-- Poly(L-lysine)-based Copolymers: Synthetic Strategies and Biomedical Applications-- Cationic Star Polymers as Non-viral Vectors for Gene Therapy-- Cationic Polymer Nanoparticles for Drug and Gene Delivery-- Stimuli-responsive Cationic Hydrogel Based on Poly(N, N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate)-- Cationic Polymers based Gene Activated Matrices for Biomedical Applications-- Dendrimer and their Biomembrane Transporting Abilities-- Cationic Polymer-Based Non-viral Gene Delivery System and Its Application in Gene Recombination of Stem Cells-- Cationic Polymers for Gene Delivery into Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Tissue Engineering as a Novel Approach to Regenerative Medicine-- Cationic Dextran for Gene Therapy-- Cationic Polysaccharide Surfaces in Regenerative Medicine - Challenges and Perspectives-- Cationic Polymers for Intracellular Delivery of Proteins-- Effects of Chargeable Polymers on Cell Functions-- Cationic Polymers-coated Micro- and Nanoparticles: Evaluation of Interactions with Cells-- Natural Cationic Polymers for Advanced Gene/Drug Delivery-- Cationic Polymers Carrier for Blood-Brain Barrier Applications-- Cationic Cellulose and Chitin Nanocrystals for Novel Therapeutic Applications-- Self-assembling, "Natural" Cationic Polymers for Biomedical Applications-- Polymeric Micro- and Nanoparticles Covered by a Cationic Polysaccharide--.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
The unique physico-chemical properties of cationic polymers and their ability to be easily modified make them attractive for many biological applications. As a result there is a vast amount of research focussed on designing novel natural or synthetic cationic polymers with specific biological functionality. Cationic Polymers in Regenerative Medicine brings together the expertise of leading experts in the field to provide a comprehensive overview of the recent advances in cationic polymer synthesis, modification and the design of biomaterials with different structures for therapeutic applications. Chapters cover recent developments in novel cationic polymer based systems including poly(L-lysine), Poly(N, N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate) and cationic triazine dendrimers as well as cationic polymer-coated micro- and nanoparticles and cationic cellulose and chitin nanocrystals. Applications discussed in the book include drug and gene delivery, therapeutics in thrombosis and inflammation as well as gene therapy. Suitable both for an educational perspective for those new to the field and those already active in the field, the book appeals to postgraduates and researchers. The broad aspects of the topics covered are suitable for polymer chemists interested in the fundamentals of the materials systems as well as pharmaceutical chemists, bioengineering and medical professionals interested in their applications.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • Transfection Optimization and Cellular Response of Hyperbranched poly 2-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate (pDMAEMA) based Polymers In Vitro-- Functionalization of Cationic Polymers for Drug Delivery Applications-- Cationic Polymers as Novel Therapeutics in Thrombosis and Inflammation-- Cationic Triazine Dendrimers: Synthesis, Charecterization and Biological Applications-- Cationic Dendrimers and their use in Transfection and Antimicrobial Applications-- Cationic Polymers in Drug and Gene Delivery-- Poly(alkylene amine) Based Constructs: Synthesis and Biomedical Applications-- Cationic Polysaccharides for Gene Delivery-- Well-Defined Cationic Polymers for Nucleic Acid Delivery-- The Design of Novel Synthetic or Natural Cationic Polymers for Pathogen Detection and Disease Diagnosis-- Poly(L-lysine)-based Copolymers: Synthetic Strategies and Biomedical Applications-- Cationic Star Polymers as Non-viral Vectors for Gene Therapy-- Cationic Polymer Nanoparticles for Drug and Gene Delivery-- Stimuli-responsive Cationic Hydrogel Based on Poly(N, N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate)-- Cationic Polymers based Gene Activated Matrices for Biomedical Applications-- Dendrimer and their Biomembrane Transporting Abilities-- Cationic Polymer-Based Non-viral Gene Delivery System and Its Application in Gene Recombination of Stem Cells-- Cationic Polymers for Gene Delivery into Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Tissue Engineering as a Novel Approach to Regenerative Medicine-- Cationic Dextran for Gene Therapy-- Cationic Polysaccharide Surfaces in Regenerative Medicine - Challenges and Perspectives-- Cationic Polymers for Intracellular Delivery of Proteins-- Effects of Chargeable Polymers on Cell Functions-- Cationic Polymers-coated Micro- and Nanoparticles: Evaluation of Interactions with Cells-- Natural Cationic Polymers for Advanced Gene/Drug Delivery-- Cationic Polymers Carrier for Blood-Brain Barrier Applications-- Cationic Cellulose and Chitin Nanocrystals for Novel Therapeutic Applications-- Self-assembling, "Natural" Cationic Polymers for Biomedical Applications-- Polymeric Micro- and Nanoparticles Covered by a Cationic Polysaccharide--.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
The unique physico-chemical properties of cationic polymers and their ability to be easily modified make them attractive for many biological applications. As a result there is a vast amount of research focussed on designing novel natural or synthetic cationic polymers with specific biological functionality. Cationic Polymers in Regenerative Medicine brings together the expertise of leading experts in the field to provide a comprehensive overview of the recent advances in cationic polymer synthesis, modification and the design of biomaterials with different structures for therapeutic applications. Chapters cover recent developments in novel cationic polymer based systems including poly(L-lysine), Poly(N, N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate) and cationic triazine dendrimers as well as cationic polymer-coated micro- and nanoparticles and cationic cellulose and chitin nanocrystals. Applications discussed in the book include drug and gene delivery, therapeutics in thrombosis and inflammation as well as gene therapy. Suitable both for an educational perspective for those new to the field and those already active in the field, the book appeals to postgraduates and researchers. The broad aspects of the topics covered are suitable for polymer chemists interested in the fundamentals of the materials systems as well as pharmaceutical chemists, bioengineering and medical professionals interested in their applications.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Book
1 online resource : color illustrations
Characterization and Treatment of Textile Wastewater covers fundamental knowledge of characterization of textile wastewater and adsorbents; naturally prepared adsorption and coagulation process for removal of COD, BOD and color. This book is intended for everyone actively working on the environment, especially for researchers in textile wastewater, as the problem of disposal of textile influent is worldwide. Potential technical environmental persons like engineers, project managers, consultants, and water analysts will find this book immediately useful for fine-tuning performance and reliability. This book will also be of interest to individuals who want effective knowledge of wastewater, adsorption and coagulation. * Includes definitions of pollutions, sources of wastewater in textile wastewater, various treatment methods, remedial measures and effect of waste* Examines research carried out and in progress worldwide by different researchers* Covers sampling procedures and determination of various parameters of textile wastewater.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Characterization and Treatment of Textile Wastewater covers fundamental knowledge of characterization of textile wastewater and adsorbents; naturally prepared adsorption and coagulation process for removal of COD, BOD and color. This book is intended for everyone actively working on the environment, especially for researchers in textile wastewater, as the problem of disposal of textile influent is worldwide. Potential technical environmental persons like engineers, project managers, consultants, and water analysts will find this book immediately useful for fine-tuning performance and reliability. This book will also be of interest to individuals who want effective knowledge of wastewater, adsorption and coagulation. * Includes definitions of pollutions, sources of wastewater in textile wastewater, various treatment methods, remedial measures and effect of waste* Examines research carried out and in progress worldwide by different researchers* Covers sampling procedures and determination of various parameters of textile wastewater.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Book
1 online resource : color illustrations
Characterization and Treatment of Textile Wastewater covers fundamental knowledge of characterization of textile wastewater and adsorbents; naturally prepared adsorption and coagulation process for removal of COD, BOD and color. This book is intended for everyone actively working on the environment, especially for researchers in textile wastewater, as the problem of disposal of textile influent is worldwide. Potential technical environmental persons like engineers, project managers, consultants, and water analysts will find this book immediately useful for fine-tuning performance and reliability. This book will also be of interest to individuals who want effective knowledge of wastewater, adsorption and coagulation. * Includes definitions of pollutions, sources of wastewater in textile wastewater, various treatment methods, remedial measures and effect of waste* Examines research carried out and in progress worldwide by different researchers* Covers sampling procedures and determination of various parameters of textile wastewater.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Characterization and Treatment of Textile Wastewater covers fundamental knowledge of characterization of textile wastewater and adsorbents; naturally prepared adsorption and coagulation process for removal of COD, BOD and color. This book is intended for everyone actively working on the environment, especially for researchers in textile wastewater, as the problem of disposal of textile influent is worldwide. Potential technical environmental persons like engineers, project managers, consultants, and water analysts will find this book immediately useful for fine-tuning performance and reliability. This book will also be of interest to individuals who want effective knowledge of wastewater, adsorption and coagulation. * Includes definitions of pollutions, sources of wastewater in textile wastewater, various treatment methods, remedial measures and effect of waste* Examines research carried out and in progress worldwide by different researchers* Covers sampling procedures and determination of various parameters of textile wastewater.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Book
1 online resource (xxvi, 942 pages) : illustrations (some colour)
Book
1 online resource.
Clean energy manufacturing is booming in the United States. U.S. clean energy investment topped $51 billion in 2014 alone, and even more growth is expected in the $250 billion clean energy market worldwide in coming years. America has an important opportunity to continue growing clean energy manufacturing industries, along with the high quality jobs and stronger local economies that come with them.
Clean energy manufacturing is booming in the United States. U.S. clean energy investment topped $51 billion in 2014 alone, and even more growth is expected in the $250 billion clean energy market worldwide in coming years. America has an important opportunity to continue growing clean energy manufacturing industries, along with the high quality jobs and stronger local economies that come with them.

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