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Book
1 online resource (15 pages) : color illustrations.
Book
1 online resource.
Antimicrobial textiles have attracted a great deal of interest in recent years due to their potential for reducing the transmission of infection in medical and healthcare environments. Antimicrobial properties can also improve the performance and lifespan of consumer products, and so these fabrics are increasingly finding applications in the wider textile and apparel industry. This book provides systematic coverage of the technologies and materials required for developing these important textiles. In Part One, chapters address key issues and technologies in the creation of antimicrobial textile products. Topics covered include testing and regulation, microencapsulation, sol-gel coating and plasma technologies, nanotechnology and life cycle assessment. Part Two then reviews key antimicrobial agents, such as N-halamines, plant based compounds and photo-active chemicals. Finally, the chapters of Part Three offer detailed reviews of antimicrobial textiles for particular important applications, including medical devices, protective clothing and products with improved durability and longevity.
Book
1 online resource (iii, 8 pages) : color illustrations.
Book
1 online resource (viii, 71 pages) : illustrations (some color).
  • Introduction.- Polymers for biomedical applications.- Processing.- Post-processing.- Biomedical applications of polymers.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319320519 20160711
This book presents a comprehensive review on the various processing and post-processing methodologies for biodegradable polymers. Written by professionals with hands-on experience on polymer processing, this book provides first-hand knowledge of all contemporary processing techniques. The current status and future challenges in the field are described, as well as a framework for designing novel devices for desired applications.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319320519 20160711
Book
1 online resource.
Biosynthetic Polymers for Medical Applications provides the latest information on biopolymers, the polymers that have been produced from living organisms and are biodegradable in nature. These advanced materials are becoming increasingly important for medical applications due to their favorable properties, such as degradability and biocompatibility. This important book provides readers with a thorough review of the fundamentals of biosynthetic polymers and their applications. Part One covers the fundamentals of biosynthetic polymers for medical applications, while Part Two explores biosynthetic polymer coatings and surface modification. Subsequent sections discuss biosynthetic polymers for tissue engineering applications and how to conduct polymers for medical applications. * Comprehensively covers all major medical applications of biosynthetic polymers* Provides an overview of non-degradable and biodegradable biosynthetic polymers and their medical uses* Presents a specific focus on coatings and surface modifications, biosynthetic hydrogels, particulate systems for gene and drug delivery, and conjugated conducting polymers.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781782421054 20160619
LLNL science communicator Maren Hunsberger takes us "Inside the Lab" to learn about the iChip (In-vitro Chip-based Human Investigational Platform) project at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. "One application of the iChip system would be to develop new pharmaceutical drugs, " explains Dave Soscia, LLNL postdoc. "When you test in a mouse for example, it's not as close to the human system as you can get. If we can take human cells and put them on devices and actually mimic the structure and function of the organ systems in the human, we can actually replace animal testing and even make a better system for testing pharmaceutical drugs."
Book
1 online resource.
Databook of Nucleating Agents gives engineers and materials scientists the information they need to increase the production rate, modify structure and morphology, and reduce haze of polymeric products with proper selection of nucleating agents and clarifying agents. Chemical origin and related properties of nucleating agents are analyzed in general terms to highlight the differences in their properties, including the essential theoretical knowledge required for correct selection and use of nucleating and clarifying agents. This includes methods of chemical modification of nucleating agents and their deposition on suitable substrates; methods, and results of dispersion of nucleating agents, influence of their concentration and cooling rate on final result and rate of crystallization, nucleation efficiency of different products and the reasons behind it, and generally accepted mechanisms of nucleation. The book also covers application aspects in different formulations. Patent literature and research papers are extensively reviewed for different applications, and polymer processing methods which require use of nucleating agents are discussed, with an emphasis on the intricacies of use of nucleating agents in different polymers and products.
Book
1 online resource (717 KB ) : digital, PDF file.
Thin oxide and metal films deposited on polymer substrates is an emerging technology for advanced reflectors for concentrated solar power applications, due to their unique combination of light weight, flexibility and inexpensive manufacture. Thus far, there is little knowledge on the mechanical integrity or structural persistence of such multi-layer thin film systems under long-term environmental aging. In this paper, the cracking of a brittle titanium dioxide layer deposited onto elasto-plastic poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) substrate is studied through a combination of experiment and modeling. In-situ fragmentation tests have been conducted to monitor the onset and evolution of cracks both on pristine and on samples aged with ultraviolet (UV) light. An analytical model is presented to simulate the cracking behavior and to predict the effects of UV aging. Based on preliminary experimental observation, the effect of aging is divided into three aspects and analyzed independently: mechanical property degradation of the polymer substrate; degradation of the interlayer between substrate and oxide coating; and internal stress-induced cracks on the oxide coating.
Book
1 online resource (6 p. ) : digital, PDF file.
This DoE supported early career project was aimed at developing computational models, theory and simulation methods that would be then be used to predict assembly and morphology in polymer nanocomposites. In particular, the focus was on composites in active layers of devices, containing conducting polymers that act as electron donors and nanoscale additives that act as electron acceptors. During the course this work, we developed the first of its kind molecular models to represent conducting polymers enabling simulations at the experimentally relevant length and time scales. By comparison with experimentally observed morphologies we validated these models. Furthermore, using these models and molecular dynamics simulations on graphical processing units (GPUs) we predicted the molecular level design features in polymers and additive that lead to morphologies with optimal features for charge carrier behavior in solar cells. Additionally, we also predicted computationally new design rules for better dispersion of additives in polymers that have been confirmed through experiments. Achieving dispersion in polymer nanocomposites is valuable to achieve controlled macroscopic properties of the composite. The results obtained during the course of this DOE funded project enables optimal design of higher efficiency organic electronic and photovoltaic devices and improve every day life with engineering of these higher efficiency devices.
Book
1 online resource (ix, 302 pages) : illustrations (some color).
  • Conformational and dynamic behavior of polymers in solutions.- Self-assembly of amphiphilic copolymers in selective solvents.- Electrostatically driven assembly of polyelectrolytes.- Theoretical principles of fluorescence spectroscopy.- Historical perspective of advances in fluorescence research on polymer systems.- Fluorescence studies of self- and co-assembling polymer systems.- Pyrene-labeled water-soluble macromolecules as fluorescent mimics of associative.- Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy studies of polymer systems.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319267869 20160619
This volume describes the application of fluorescence spectroscopy in polymer research. The first chapters outline the basic principles of the conformational and dynamic behavior of polymers and review the problems of polymer self-assembly. Subsequent chapters introduce the theoretical principles of advanced fluorescence methods and typical examples of their application in polymer science. The book closes with several reviews of various fluorescence applications for studying specific aspects of polymer-solution behavior. It is a useful resource for polymer scientists and experts in fluorescence spectroscopy alike, facilitating their communication and cooperation.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319267869 20160619
Book
1 online resource.
Handbook of Nucleating Agents gives engineers and materials scientists the information they need to increase the production rate, modify structure and morphology, and reduce haze of polymeric products with proper selection of nucleating agents and clarifying agents. Chemical origin and related properties of nucleating agents are analyzed in general terms to highlight the differences in their properties, including the essential theoretical knowledge required for correct selection and use of nucleating and clarifying agents. This includes methods of chemical modification of nucleating agents and their deposition on suitable substrates; methods and results of dispersion of nucleating agents; influence of their concentration and cooling rate on final result and rate of crystallization; nucleation efficiency of different products and the reasons behind it; and generally accepted mechanisms of nucleation. The book also covers application aspects in different formulations. Patent literature and research papers are extensively reviewed for different applications, and polymer processing methods which require use of nucleating agents are discussed, with an emphasis on the intricacies of use of nucleating agents in different polymers and products.
Book
1 online resource.
Handbook of Polymers, Second Edition, presents normalized, up-to-date polymer data in a consistent and easily referenceable layout. This new edition represents an update of the available data, including new values for many commercially available products, verification of existing data, and removal of older data where it is no longer useful. The book includes data on all major polymeric materials used by the plastics industry and all branches of the chemical industry, as well as specialty polymers used in the electronics, pharmaceutical, medical, and space fields. The entire scope of the data is divided into sections to make data comparison and search easy, including synthesis, physical, mechanical, and rheological properties, chemical resistance, toxicity and environmental impact, and more. The data enables engineers and materials scientists to solve practical problems, be that in applications, research and development, or legislation. The most current grades of materials have been selected to provide readers with information that is characteristic of currently available products.
Book
1 online resource : illustrations.
  • The Lotus Flower fiber and sustainable luxury.- Flax: Sustainability is the New Luxury.- Great potential of stinging Nettle for sustainable textile and fashion.- Sustainable Luxury Natural Fibers -Production, Properties and Prospects.- Sustainable processing of luxury textiles.- Sustainability in luxury textile applications: a contradiction or a new business opportunity?.- Specialty Chemical Finishes for Sustainable Luxurious Textiles.- Book Chapter for Handbook of Sustainable luxury textiles and Fashion- Vol 1.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9789812876324 20160619
  • Introduction.- Sustainable luxury.- Luxury and consumption.- Luxury, innovation and design potential.- Luxury and entrepreneuship.- Conclusion.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9789812877413 20160619
The first volume of this handbook explores different aspects of sustainable luxury textiles and fashion, broadly based on the following topics: Sustainability and business management, Value chain management, Use of materials and Sustainable production processes.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9789812876324 20160619
The second volume of handbook explores different dimensions of the sustainable luxury textiles and fashion, broadly based on the following topics: Sustainable luxury Luxury and consumption Luxury, innovation and design potential Luxury and entrepreneurship Sustainable Luxury Management.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9789812877413 20160619
Book
1 online resource (453 p.).
  • Front Cover; Handbook of technical textiles: Volume 2: Technical Textile Applications; Copyright; Contents; Contributors; Preface (2 nd Edition, Volume 2); Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles; Chapter 1: Textile-reinforced composite materials; 1.1 Composite materials; 1.2 Textile reinforcement; 1.2.1 Introduction; 1.2.2 Basic mechanics of composite reinforcement; 1.2.2.1 Composites fabricated from continuous, unidirectional fibres; 1.2.2.2 Overview of composite moduli for textile reinforcements; 1.3 Woven fabric-reinforced composites; 1.3.1 Introduction; 1.3.2 Mechanical behaviour
  • 1.3.2.1 Mechanical properties1.3.2.2 Damage accumulation; 1.3.3 Analysis of woven composites; 1.4 Braided reinforcement; 1.4.1 Introduction; 1.4.2 Mechanical behaviour; 1.4.3 Analysis of braided reinforcement; 1.5 Knitted reinforcement; 1.5.1 Introduction; 1.5.2 Mechanical behaviour; 1.5.2.1 Mechanical properties; 1.5.2.2 Damage accumulation; 1.5.3 Analysis of knitted composites; 1.6 Stitched fabrics; 1.6.1 Introduction; 1.6.2 Mechanical behaviour; 1.6.2.1 Mechanical properties; 1.6.2.2 Damage accumulation; 1.6.3 Analysis of non-crimp fabrics
  • 1.7 Three-dimensional woven fabrics1.7.1 Introduction; 1.7.2 Mechanical behaviour; 1.7.2.1 Mechanical properties; 1.7.2.2 Damage accumulation; 1.7.3 Analysis of three-dimensional woven fabric composites; 1.8 Conclusions; References; Chapter 2: Waterproof breathable fabrics; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Applications of waterproof breathable fabrics; 2.3 Types of breathable fabrics; 2.3.1 Closely woven fabrics; 2.3.2 Microporous membranes and coatings; 2.3.3 Hydrophilic membranes and coatings; 2.3.4 Combination of microporous and hydrophilic membranes and coatings
  • 2.3.5 Use of retroreflective microbeads2.3.6 Smart breathable fabrics; 2.3.6.1 The pine cone effect; 2.3.6.2 Transpiration within a leaf effect; 2.3.6.3 The lotus flower surface effect; 2.4 Methods of incorporation of membranes and application of coatings in the layered construction of breathable fabr ...; 2.5 Performance evaluation of waterproof breathable fabrics; 2.5.1 Resistance to penetration and absorption of water; 2.5.1.1 Simulated rain tests; 2.5.1.1.1 Spray test; 2.5.1.1.2 Rain test; 2.5.1.1.3 Impact penetration; 2.5.1.1.4 Bundesmann rain tester
  • 2.5.1.2 Penetration pressure tests2.5.1.2.1 Hydrostatic pressure test; 2.5.2 Wind resistance; 2.5.3 Water vapour permeability; 2.5.3.1 Cup method; 2.5.3.2 Desiccant inverted cup method; 2.5.3.3 Sweating guarded hotplate method; 2.6 Comparative evaluation of different fabrics; 2.7 Future trends; References; Chapter 3:Textiles in filtration ; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Dust collection; 3.2.1 Introduction; 3.2.2 Dust collection theory and principles; 3.2.3 Practical implications; 3.2.4 Cleaning mechanisms; 3.2.4.1 Shake cleaning; 3.2.4.2 Reverse air cleaning
The first edition of Handbook of Technical Textiles has been an essential purchase for professionals and researchers in this area since its publication in 2000. With revised and updated coverage, including several new chapters, this revised two volume second edition reviews recent developments and new technologies across the field of technical textiles. Volume 2 - Technical Textile Applications offers an indispensable guide to established and developing areas in the use of technical textiles. The areas covered include textiles for personal protection and welfare, such as those designed for ballistic protection, personal thermal and fire protection, and medical applications; textiles for industrial, transport and engineering applications, including composite reinforcement and filtration; and the growing area of smart textiles. * Comprehensive handbook for all aspects of technical textiles* Provides updated, detailed coverage of processes, fabric structure, and applications* Ideal resource for those interested in high-performance textiles, textile processes, textile processing, and textile applications* Many of the original, recognized experts from the first edition update their respective chapters.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781782424659 20160619
Book
1 online resource : illustrations (some color).
The first edition of Handbook of Technical Textiles has been an essential purchase for professionals and researchers in this area since its publication in 2000. With revised and updated coverage, including several new chapters, this revised two volume second edition reviews recent developments and new technologies across the field of technical textiles. Volume 2 - Technical Textile Applications offers an indispensable guide to established and developing areas in the use of technical textiles. The areas covered include textiles for personal protection and welfare, such as those designed for ballistic protection, personal thermal and fire protection, and medical applications; textiles for industrial, transport and engineering applications, including composite reinforcement and filtration; and the growing area of smart textiles.
Book
1 online resource
  • Introduction
  • Models for Polymer Chains
  • Chain Statistics
  • Wormlike Chains
  • Chain Statistics
  • Helical Wormlike Chains
  • Equilibrium Properties
  • Transport Properties
  • Applications to Circular DNA
  • Excluded-Volume Effects
  • Simulation and More on Excluded-Volume Effects
  • Chain Dynamics
  • Dynamical Properties.
This book presents the "helical wormlike chain" model - a general model for both flexible and semiflexible polymer chains. It explains how statistical-mechanical, hydrodynamic, and dynamic theories of their solution properties can be developed on the basis of this model. This new second edition has been carefully updated and thoroughly revised. It includes a new chapter covering "Simulation and More on Excluded-Volume Effects", as well as the discussion of new experimental data and the application of the theory to ring polymers. The authors provide analysis of important recent experimental data by the use of their theories for flexible polymers over a wide range of molecular weights, including the oligomer region, and for semiflexible polymers, including biological macromolecules such as DNA. This is all clearly illustrated using a reasonable number of theoretical equations, tables, figures, and computer-aided forms, which support the understanding of the basic theory and help to facilitate its application to experimental data for the polymer molecular characterization.
Book
1 online resource (xxii, 710 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Book
1 online resource (xxiii, 434 pages).
  • Fundamentals of Ionic Polymer Metal Composites (IPMCs)-- Ionic Polymer Metal Composites (IPMCs) Optimal Manufacturing-- Graphene-based Ionic Polymer Actuators-- What Happens at the Ionomer-Electrode Interfaces and How it Influences Sensing and Actuation in IPMCs-- Modeling IPMCs with Comsol: Step-by-Step Guide-- Ionic Polymer Metal Composites with Electrochemically Active Electrodes-- Electromechanical Distributed Modeling of IPMCs-- Modeling for Engineering Design of IPMC Devices: from a Continuum Electromechanical Model to its Lumped-Parameter Representation-- Electric Energy Storage using IMPCs: Towards a Flexible IMPC for Low-power Devices-- Modeling of Environment-Dependent IPMC Actuation and Sensing Dynamics-- Precision Feedback and Feedforward Control of Ionic Polymer-Metal Composite Actuators-- Design, Test, and Micromanipulation using an IPMC Microgripper-- Phenomenon of Spatially Growing Wave of a Snake-like Robot: Natural Generation of Biomimetic Swimming Motion-- Energy Exchange betwem Coherent Fluid Structures and IPMC, toward Flow Sensing and Energy Harvesting-- Miniature Pump with IPMC Actuator for Drug Delivery-- Modelling and Characterization of IPMC Transducers: from IPMC Infancy to Multiphysics Modeling-- IPMC as Post-silicon Transducers for the Realization of Smart Systems-- Micromechanined IPMC Actuators for Biomedical Applications-- IPMCs: Recent Advances in Self-sensing Methods-- A Continuum Multiphysics Theory for Electroactive Polymers and IPMCs-- Multiphysics Modeling of Non-Linear IPMC Plates-- Ionic Polymer-Metal Composites (IPMCs) as Dexterous Manipulators and Haptic Feedback/Tactile Sensors for Minimally Invasive Robotic Surgery-- IPMCs as Soft Biomimetic Robotic Artificial Muscles-- Ionic Electroactive Actuators with Giant Electromechanical Response-- Multiphysics Modeling and Simulation of Dynamics Sensing in Ionic Polymer Metal Composites (IPMCs) with Applications to Soft Robotics-- Comprehensive Review on Electroactive Paper Actuators--.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781782627210 20160619
Ionic polymer metal composites (IPMCs) can generate a voltage when physically deformed. Conversely, an applied small voltage or electrical field can induce an array of spectacular large deformation or actuation behaviours in IPMCs, such as bending, twisting, rolling, twirling, steering and undulating. An important smart material, IPMCs have applications in energy harvesting and as self-powered strain or deformation sensors, they are especially suitable for monitoring the shape of dynamic structures. Other uses include soft actuation applications and as a material for biomimetic robotic soft artificial muscles in industrial and medical contexts. This comprehensive volume on ionic polymer metal composites provides a broad coverage of the state of the art and recent advances in the field written by some of the world's leading experts on various characterizations and modeling of IPMCs. Topics covered in this two volume set include uses in electrochemically active electrodes, electric energy storage devices, soft biomimetic robotics artificial muscles, multiphysics modeling of IPMCs, biomedical applications, IPMCs as dexterous manipulators and tactile sensors for minimally invasive robotic surgery, self-sensing, miniature pumps for drug delivery, IPMC snake-like robots, IPMC microgrippers for microorganisms manipulations, Graphene-based IPMCs and cellulose-based IPMCs or electroactive paper actuators (EAPap). Edited by the leading authority on IMPCs, the broad coverage will appeal to researchers from chemistry, materials, engineering, physics and medical communities interested in both the material and its applications.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781782627210 20160619
Argonne National Laboratory leads the Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR), a major collaborative research partnership with the goal of developing next-generation energy storage technologies. JCESR supplements its traditional project management approach with scientific “Sprints.” The Sprint described in this video involved a multidisciplinary team from Argonne, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the University of Michigan. As they studied how polymers in solution can react electrochemically to store energy, the team solved a crucial battery problem: “crossover, ” which is caused by molecules mixing together when they should not, resulting in reduced performance. Many possible materials were tested, and a set of candidate polymers were chosen that are stable, cheap to make, and suitable for conditions required in batteries. The collaboration allowed timely development that would have taken much longer had the groups been working independently.
Book
1 online resource (XI, 626 p. 246 ill., 84 illus. in color.) : online resource. Digital: text file; PDF.
  • Introduction.- Basic concepts.- Development.- Material properties.- Synthesis Techniques.- Chemistry.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319228938 20160619
This book introduces anisotropic innovations in liquid crystalline polymers as well as new nanocomposite materials and testing techniques. The authors detail the newest discoveries of material properties, material types and phases, and material characterization. This interdisciplinary work creates valuable links that strengthen the approach to the evolving field of liquid crystalline polymers/ materials.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319228938 20160619

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