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Book
1 online resource (xv, 294 pages) : illustrations (some color).
  • Radiation-electron (free electron) elementary interaction.- Scattering of X-rays by distributions of free electrons.- Atoms and molecules.- X-ray absorption.- Low correlated systems: gases and dilute solutions.- Complex systems I: short-range correlations.- Complex systems II: arbitrary long-range correlations.- Crystals.- Application of kinematic diffraction.- Introduction to dynamical diffraction.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319195537 20160619
This book teaches the users on how to construct a library of routines to simulate scattering and diffraction by almost any kind of samples. The main goal of this book is to break down the huge barrier of difficulties faced by beginners from many fields (Engineering, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Medicine, Material Science, etc.) in using X-rays as an analytical tool in their research. Besides fundamental concepts, MatLab routines are provided, showing how to test and implement the concepts. The major difficult in analysing materials by X-ray techniques is that it strongly depends on simulation software. This book teaches the users on how to construct a library of routines to simulate scattering and diffraction by almost any kind of samples. It provides to a young student the knowledge that would take more than 20 years to acquire by working on X-rays and relying on the available textbooks. The scientific productivity worldwide is growing at a breakneck pace, demanding ever more dynamic approaches and synergies between different fields of knowledge. To master the fundamentals of X-ray physics means the opportunity of working at an infiniteness of fields, studying systems where the organizational understanding of matter at the atomic scale is necessary. Since the discovery of X radiation, its usage as investigative tool has always been under fast expansion afforded by instrumental advances and computational resources. Developments in medical and technological fields have, as one of the master girders, the feasibility of structural analysis offered by X-rays. One of the major difficulties faced by beginners in using this fantastic tool lies in the analysis of experimental data. There are only few cases where it is possible to extract structural information directly from experiments. In most cases, structure models and simulation of radiation-matter interaction processes are essential. The advent of intense radiation sources and rapid development of nanotechnology constantly creates challenges that seek solutions beyond those offered by standard X-ray techniques. Preparing new researchers for this scenario of rapid and drastic changes requires more than just teaching theories of physical phenomena. It also requires teaching of how to implement them in a simple and efficient manner. In this book, fundamental concepts in applied X-ray physics are demonstrated through available computer simulation tools. Using MatLab, more than eighty routines are developed for solving the proposed exercises, most of which can be directly used in experimental data analysis. Therefore, besides X-ray physics, this book offers a practical programming course in modern high-level language, with plenty of graphic and mathematical tools.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319195537 20160619
Book
1 online resource (xvi, 318 p.) : ill. (some col.). Digital: text file; PDF.
  • Electron-molecule cross sections and rates involving rotationally, vibrationally and electronically excited states.- Reactivity and relaxation of vibrationally/rotationally excited molecules with open shell atoms.- Formation of vibrationally and rotationally excited molecules during atom recombination on surfaces.- Collisional-radiative models for atomic plasmas.- Collisional-radiative models for molecular plasmas.- Kinetic and Monte Carlo approaches to solve Boltzmann equation for the electron energy distribution functions.- Non-equilibrium plasma kinetics under discharge and post-discharge conditions: coupling problems for low pressure and atmospheric cold plasmas.- Ion transport under strong fields.- PIC (Particle In Cell ) models for low-pressure plasmas.- Negative ion H- for fusion.- Non equilibrium plasma expansion through nozzles.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781441981844 20160619
Describing non-equilibrium "cold" plasmas through a chemical physics approach, this book uses the state-to-state plasma kinetics, which considers each internal state as a new species with its own cross sections. Extended atomic and molecular master equations are coupled with Boltzmann and Monte Carlo methods to solve the electron energy distribution function. Selected examples in different applied fields, such as microelectronics, fusion, and aerospace, are presented and discussed including the self-consistent kinetics in RF parallel plate reactors, the optimization of negative ion sources and the expansion of high enthalpy flows through nozzles of different geometries. The book will cover the main aspects of the state-to-state kinetic approach for the description of nonequilibrium cold plasmas, illustrating the more recent achievements in the development of kinetic models including the self-consistent coupling of master equations and Boltzmann equation for electron dynamics. To give a complete portrayal, the book will assess fundamental concepts and theoretical formulations, based on a unified methodological approach, and explore the insight in related scientific problems still opened for the research community.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781441981844 20160619
Book
1 online resource : illustrations.
  • The Second Order Ehrenfest Method A Practical CASSCF Approach to Coupled Electron-Nuclear Dynamics.- Anchoring the Potential Energy Surface for the Br + H2O --> HBr + OH Reaction.-Isaiah Shavitt - Computational Chemistry Pioneer.-Comparison of one-dimensional and quasi-one-dimensional Hubbard models from the variational two-electron reduced-density-matrix method.-Steric and electrostatic effects on photoisomerization dynamics using QM/MM ab initio multiple spawning.-Theoretical Studies of the Excited States of p-Cyanophenylalanine and Comparisons with the Natural Amino Acids Phenylalanine and Tyrosine.-Singlet-Triplet Separations of Di-radicals Treated by the DEA/DIP-EOM-CCSD Methods.- Performance of Density Functionals for Computation of Core Electron Binding Energies in First-row Hydrides and Glycine.- Why Edge Inversion? Theoretical Characterization of the Bonding in the Transition States for Inversion in FnNH(3-n) and FnPH(3-n) (n=0-3).-Wave Function Analysis with Shavitt Graph Density in the Graphically Contracted Function Method.- Aspects of Size-extensivity in Unitary Group Adapted Multi-Reference Coupled Cluster Theories:The Role of Cumulant Decomposition of Spin-free Reduced Density Matrices.- Biconfluent Heun equation in quantum chemistry: Harmonium and related systems.-Spin-Orbit DFT with Analytic Gradients and Applications to Heavy Element Compounds.-Construction of complex STO-NG basis sets by the method of least squares and their applications.-Massively Parallel Spin-Orbit Configuration Interaction.-A comparison of singlet and triplet states for one- and two- dimensional graphene nanoribbons using multireference theory.-Atomic Three- and Four-Body Recurrence Formulas and Related Summations.-Effects of the second hydration shell on excited-state multiple proton transfer: Dynamics simulations of 7-azaindole:(H2O)1-5 clusters in the gas phase.-Heats of formation of the amino acids re-examined by means of W1-F12 and W2-F12 theories.-SDS: The 'static-dynamic-static' framework for strongly correlated electrons.-Trihalide cations MF3+, MCl3+ and MBr3+ , M=B, Al, Ga: Pseudo Jahn-Teller coupling, electronic spectra, and ionization potentials of MX3.-Finite-temperature full configuration interaction.-Mechanisms of f-f Hypersensitive Transition Intensities of Lanthanide Trihalide Molecules: A Spin-Orbit Configuration Interaction Study.-Loss of a C2Hn fragment from pyrene and circumcoronene.- Quantum chemical characterization of the X('A ), a(^3B ), A('B ) and B(2'A ) states of diiodomethylene and the enthalpies of formation of diiodomethylene, iodomethylene and iodomethylidyne.-A Hirshfeld interpretation of the charge, spin distribution and polarity of the dipole moment of the open shell (triplet sigma minus) phosphorous halides:PF and PCl.-Efficient evaluation of exchange integrals by means of Fourier transform of the 1/r operator and its numerical quadrature.- Anomeric Effects in Fluoro and Trifluoromethyl Piperidines: A Computational Study of Conformational Preferences and Hydration.-The Wuppertal Multireference Configuration Interaction (MRD-CI) Program System.-sigma-sigma and sigma-pi Pnicogen Bonds in Complexes H XP:PCX, for X = F, Cl, OH, NC, CN, CCH, CH , and H.-Unitary group approach to the many-electron correlation problem: Spin-dependent operators.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783662481479 20160619
In this Festschrift dedicated to the late Isaiah Shavitt (1925-2012) , selected researchers in theoretical chemistry present research highlights on major developments in the field. Originally published in the journal Theoretical Chemistry Accounts, these outstanding contributions are now available in a hardcover print format, as well as a special electronic edition. This volume provides valuable content for all researchers in theoretical chemistry, and will especially benefit those research groups and libraries with limited access to the journal.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783662481479 20160619
Book
1 online resource (x, 263 p.) : ill. (some color). Digital: text file; PDF.
  • Nanostructured systems for fluorescence imaging applications.- Luminescent silica nanoparticles for optical imaging.- Gold-based nanomaterials for applications in nanomedicine.- Core-shell polymer nanoparticles for photodynamic therapy of cancer.- Photoactivable surfaces for biomedical applications.- Up-converting nanoparticles for drug delivery.- Quantum dots for biomedical applications.- Engineered nanoconstructs for multimodal phototherapy.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319229416 20160619
The series Topics in Current Chemistry presents critical reviews of the present and future trends in modern chemical research. The scope of coverage is all areas of chemical science including the interfaces with related disciplines such as biology, medicine and materials science. The goal of each thematic volume is to give the non-specialist reader, whether in academia or industry, a comprehensive insight into an area where new research is emerging which is of interest to a larger scientific audience. Each review within the volume critically surveys one aspect of that topic and places it within the context of the volume as a whole. The most significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years are presented using selected examples to illustrate the principles discussed. The coverage is not intended to be an exhaustive summary of the field or include large quantities of data, but should rather be conceptual, concentrating on the methodological thinking that will allow the non-specialist reader to understand the information presented. Contributions also offer an outlook on potential future developments in the field. Review articles for the individual volumes are invited by the volume editors. Readership: research chemists at universities or in industry, graduate students.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319229416 20160619
Book
1 online resource (XXII, 297 p. 127 ill. in color.) : online resource. Digital: text file; PDF.
  • Introduction Section I. Propagation of laminar spherical flames Chapter 1. Flame propagation. Theoretical approaches 1. Influence of chemically active additives on flame .velocity of rich H2 + air mixtures 2. Concentration limits of combustion in rich hydrogen-air mixtures in the presence of inhibitors 3. On the nature of an upper concentration limit of flame propagation in an H2 + air mixture References Chapter 2. Flame propagation by spark discharge initiation 4. Influence of inert additives on the time of formation of steady spherical flame front of mixtures of natural gas and isobutylene with oxygen under spark initiation 5. Influence of inert and active additives on the features of initiation and propagation of laminar spherical flames a t atmospheric pressure 6. Numerical investigation of effects of surface recombination and initiation for laminar hydrogen flames at atmospheric pressure 7. Investigation into regularities of lean hydrogen-air mixtures combustion at atmospheric pressure by means of high-speed cinematography References Chapter 3. Ignition and flame propagation in heated vessels 8. Investigation into thermal ignition in chain oxidation of hydrogen, natural gas, and isobutene by means of high-speed color cinematography 9. Investigation into spontaneous ignition of propane-air and n-pentane-air mixtures in heated vessel at atmospheric pressure by means of high-speed color cinematography 10. On the features of the negative temperature coefficient phenomenon in combustion of n-pentane-air mixtures 11. Investigation into spontaneous ignition of hydrogen-air mixtures in a heated reactor at atmospheric pressure by means of high-speed color cinematography References Chapter 4. Some features of kinetic mechanisms of gaseous combustion 12. Initiation of hydrogen flame by a local source 13. Various influence of active chemical additives on hydrogen and hydrocarbons combustion References Section 2. Unsteady gaseous combustion Chapter 1. Instabilities in gaseous combustion 1. Flame propagation regimes at combustion of lean hydrogen-air mixtures in the presence of additives at central spark initiation at atmospheric pressure 2. Cellular combustion at transition of spherical flame front to flat front at initiated ignition of methane-air, methane-oxygen and n-pentane-air mixtures 3. Establishment of some features of propagation of unstable flames by 3D optical spectroscopy and color speed cinematography 4. Acoustic instabi lities in hydrogen-air mixtures in the closed reactor at the central spark initiation References Chapter 2. Flame interaction with obstacles 5. Interaction of spherical flames of hydrogen-air and methane-air mixtures in the closed reactor at the central spark initiation with close-meshed obstacles 6. Interaction of laminar flames of methane-air mixtures with close-meshed spherical and planar obstacles in closed cylindrical reactor at spark discharge initiation 7. Non-steady propagation of single and counter flames in hydrogen-oxygen and natural gas-oxygen mixtures in closed cylindrical vessels at spark initiation in initially motionless gas 8. Penetration of flames of methane-oxygen mixtures through spherical and planar obstacles in closed cylindrical reactor 9. Interaction of laminar flames of natural gas-oxygen mixtures with planar obstacles, diffusers and confu sers References Section 3. Detonation limits in gaseous systems 1. Contemporary approaches to the description of supersonic combustion 2. Influence of an acoustic resonator on flame propagation regimes in spark initiated H2 combustion in cylindrical reactor in the vicinity of the lower detonation limit 3. Influence of small chemical additives on the velocity of detonation wave and the detonation limit in rich hydrogen mixtures References Section 4. The role of disperse phase in combustion processes Chapter 1. Phase formation in combustion and pyrolysis 1. Factors determ ining phase fo rmation in the heterogeneous chain oxidation of dichlorosilane at low pressures 2. Formation of liquid and solid dusty crystals in gas-phase combustion reactions by the example of dichlorosilane oxidation 3. Thermal decomposition of dichlorosilane. Formation of threadlike nanostructures of silicon and silicon carbide by means of the method of chemical vapor deposition References Chapter 2. Features of combustion of coal gas suspensions 4. Features of thermal ignition of coal gas suspensions, containing natural gas and oxygen 5. Thermal ignition of coal powders in the presence of natural gas, oxygen and chemically active ad ditives 6. Investigation into ignition of coal powders in the presence of oxygen and natural gas by means of high-speed cinematography 7. Suppression of ignition of coal powders in the presence of oxygen and natural gas with small additives of vapor of octadecafluorodecahydronaphthalene C10F18 References Final remarks Acknowledgements.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319259321 20160619
This book provides an analysis of contemporary problems in combustion science, namely flame propagation, detonation and heterophaseous combustion based on the works of the author. The current problems in the area of gas combustion, as well as the methods allowing to calculate and estimate limiting conditions of ignition, and flame propagation on the basis of experimental results are considered. The book focuses on the virtually inaccessible works of Russian authors and will be useful for experienced students and qualified scientists in the area of experimental studies of combustion processes.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319259321 20160619
Book
1 online resource (vi, 266 pages) : illustrations (some color).
  • From the content: Preface
  • Local random phase approximation with projected oscillator orbitals
  • Orthogonality-constrained Hartree-Fock and perturbation theory for high-spin open-shell excited states
  • On the non-integer number of particles in molecular system domains: treatment and description.-Spin contamination and noncollinearity in general complex Hartree-Fock wave functions.-Partial-wave decomposition of the ground-state wavefunction of the two-electron harmonium atom.-Use of graphics processing units for efficient evaluation of derivatives of exchange integrals by means of Fourier transformation.
In this Festschrift dedicated to the 60th birthday of Péter R. Surján, selected researchers in theoretical chemistry present research highlights on major developments in the field. Originally published in the journal Theoretical Chemistry Accounts, these outstanding contributions are now available in a hardcover print format, as well as a special electronic edition. This volume provides valuable content for all researchers in theoretical chemistry and will especially benefit those research groups and libraries with limited access to the journal.
Book
xx, 437 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
  • Preface Part One: Chemical Sciences Kinetics of Oxidation of Polyvinyl Alcohol by Ozone in Aqueous Solutions-- Yu. S. Zimin, G. G. Kutlugildina, and D. K. Zinnatullina Modification of Chitosan and Hyaluronic Acid To Obtain Substainable Hydrogels-- R. R. Vildanova, N. N. Sigaeva, O. S. Kukovinets, V. P. Volodina, L. V. Spirikhin, I. S. Zaidullin, and S. V. Kolesov Trends in Polymeric Gas Separation Membranes-- Inga A. Ronova, Alexander Alentiev, and Maria Bruma Investigation on the Cleaning Process of Gas Emissions-- R. R. Usmanova and G. E. Zaikov Trends in Polymer/Organoclay Nanocomposites-- G. V. Kozlov, G. E. Zaikov, and A. K. Mikitaev Synthesis of the Hybrid Metal-Polymer Nanocomposite-- S. Zh. Ozkan, G. P. Karpacheva, and I. S. Eremeev Control of Gas Exhausts of Flares in Synthetic Rubber Production-- R. R. Usmanova and G. E. Zaikov Oxidation of Polypropylene-Graphite Nanocomposites-- T. V. Monakhova, P. M. Nedorezova, S. V. Pol'shchikov, A. A. Popov, A. L. Margolin, and A. Ya. Gorenberg Nanomaterials: An Engineering Insight-- A. Afzali Part Two: Biochemical Sciences A Note on Advanced Genetic Engineering Methodology-- A.I. Beresnev, S. V. Kvach, G. G. Sivets, and A. I. Zinchenko Stability Factors of Herbaceous Ecosystems in a Biological Sense-- R. A. Afanas'ev A Case Study on Composing Plant-Microbial Association for Phytoremediation of Polluted Soil-- A. A. Fedorenchik, N. V. Melnikova, and Z. M. Aleschenkova A Case Study on Biological Activity of Perennial Grasses and Fiber Flax-- Genrietta E. Merzlaya and Michail O. Smirnov A Case Study in Precision Agrotechnologies-- Rafail A. Afanas'ev The Effect of Pre-Inoculation of Seeds by Cells of Bacteria-- Z. M. Kuramshina, J. V. Smirnova, and R. M. Khairullin Resuscitating Factors for Nonculturable Cells-- Yu. D. Pakhomov, L. P. Blinkova, O. V. Dmitrieva, O. S. Berdyugina, and N. N. Skorlupkina A Case Study on Application of Micro-Sized Particles for Biologically Active Compounds-- Lubov Kh. Komissarova and Vladimir S. Feofanov A Study on Antioxidant System of the Body-- N. N. Sazhina, I. N. Popov, and G. Levin Extraction and Comparative Characterization of Thermostable Protein Complexes-- D. Dzidzigiri, M. Rukhadze, I. Modebadze, N. Giorgobiani, L. Rusishvili, G. Mosidze, E. Tavdishvili, and E. Bakuradze Influence of Biological Factors in Different Agroecosystems-- Rafail A. AfanasEv and Genrietta Ye. Merzlaya Genetics of Plant Development-- Olga A. Opalko and Anatoly Iv. Opalko Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781771881494 20160919
By providing an applied and modern approach, this volume will help readers understand the value and relevance of studying case studies and reviews on chemical and biochemical sciences. Presenting a wide-ranging view of current developments in applied methodologies in chemical and biochemical physics research, the papers in this collection, all written by highly regarded experts in the field, examine various aspects of chemical and biochemical physics and experimentation. In the first section of this volume, many topics are covered, such as trends in polymeric gas separation membranes, trends in polymer/organoclay nanocomposites, synthesis of the hybrid metal-polymer nanocomposite, oxidation of polypropylene-graphite nanocomposites, and investigation on the cleaning process of gas emissions. In section two, several case studies and reviews in biochemical sciences are reported.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781771881494 20160919
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Book
1 online resource (viii, 398 pages).
Book
xix, 807 pages, 96 variously numbered pages : color illustrations ; 29 cm
  • 1. Matter, Measurement, and Problem Solving 2. Atoms and Elements 3. Molecules, Compounds, and Chemical Equations 4. Chemical Quantities and Aqueous Reactions 5. Gases 6. Thermochemistry 7. The Quantum-Mechanical Model of the Atom 8. Periodic Properties of the Elements 9. Chemical Bonding I: The Lewis Model 10. Chemical Bonding II: Molecular Shapes, Valence Bond Theory, and Molecular Orbital Theory 11. Liquids, Solids, and Intermolecular Forces 12. Solutions 13. Chemical Kinetics 14. Chemical Equilibrium 15. Acids and Bases 16. Aqueous ionic Equilibrium 17. Free Energy and Thermodynamics 18. Electrochemistry 19. Radioactivity and Nuclear Chemistry Appendix I. Common Mathematical Operations in Chemistry Appendix II. Useful Data Appendix III. Answers to Selected Exercises Appendix IV. Answers to In-Chapter Practice Problems.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780321971166 20160618
NOTE: Before purchasing, check with your instructor to ensure you select the correct ISBN. Several versions of Pearson's MyLab & Mastering products exist for each title, and registrations are not transferable. To register for and use Pearson's MyLab & Mastering products, you may also need a Course ID, which your instructor will provide. Used books, rentals, and purchases made outside of Pearson If purchasing or renting from companies other than Pearson, the access codes for Pearson's MyLab & Mastering products may not be included, may be incorrect, or may be previously redeemed. Check with the seller before completing your purchase. For two-semester courses in General Chemistry This package includes MasteringChemistry(R). A relevant, problem-solving approach to chemistry The Third Edition of Principles of Chemistry: A Molecular Approachpresents core concepts without sacrificing rigor, enabling students to make connections between chemistry and their lives or intended careers. Drawing upon his classroom experience as an award-winning educator, Professor Tro extends chemistry to the student's world by capturing student attention with examples of everyday processes and a captivating writing style. Throughout this student-friendly text, chemistry is presented visually through multi-level images that help students see the connections between the world around them (macroscopic), the atoms and molecules that compose the world (molecular), and the formulas they write down on paper (symbolic). The Third Edition improves upon the hallmark features of the text and adds new assets-Self Assessment Quizzes, Interactive Worked Examples, and Key Concept Videos-creating the best learning resource available for general chemistry students. Personalize Learning with MasteringChemistry MasteringChemistry from Pearson is the leading online homework, tutorial, and assessment system, designed to improve results by engaging students before, during, and after class with powerful content. Instructors ensure students arrive ready to learn by assigning educationally effective content before class, and encourage critical thinking and retention with in-class resources such as Learning Catalytics(TM). Students can further master concepts after class through traditional and adaptive homework assignments that provide hints and answer-specific feedback. The Mastering gradebook records scores for all automatically graded assignments in one place, while diagnostic tools give instructors access to rich data to assess student understanding and misconceptions. Mastering brings learning full circle by continuously adapting to each student and making learning more personal than ever-before, during, and after class. 0321971167/9780321971166 Principles of Chemistry: A Molecular Approach Plus MasteringChemistry with eText -- Access Card Package, 3/e Package consists of: 0321971949/0321971949 Principles of Chemistry: A Molecular Approach, 3/e 0133890686/ 9780133890686 MasteringChemistry with Pearson eText -- ValuePack Access Card -- for Principles of Chemistry: A Molecular Approach, 3/e.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780321971166 20160618
NOTE: You are purchasing a standalone product; MasteringA&P does not come packaged with this content. If you would like to purchase both the physical text and MasteringA&P search for ISBN-10: 0321971167/ISBN-13: 9780321971166. That package includes ISBN-10: 0321971949/ISBN-13: 99780321971944 and ISBN-10: 0133890686/ISBN-13: 9780133890686. A relevant, problem-solving approach to chemistry The Third Edition of Principles of Chemistry: A Molecular Approachpresents core concepts without sacrificing rigor, enabling students to make connections between chemistry and their lives or intended careers. Drawing upon his classroom experience as an award-winning educator, Professor Tro extends chemistry to the student's world by capturing student attention with examples of everyday processes and a captivating writing style. Throughout this student-friendly text, chemistry is presented visually through multi-level images that help students see the connections between the world around them (macroscopic), the atoms and molecules that compose the world (molecular), and the formulas they write down on paper (symbolic). The Third Edition improves upon the hallmark features of the text and adds new assets-Self Assessment Quizzes, Interactive Worked Examples, and Key Concept Videos-creating the best learning resource available for general chemistry students. Also Available with MasteringChemistry This title is also available with MasteringChemistry - an online homework, tutorial, and assessment program designed to work with this text to engage students and improve results. Within its structured environment, students practice what they learn, test their understanding, and pursue a personalized study plan that helps them better absorb course material and understand difficult concepts. Students, if interested in purchasing this title with MasteringChemistry, ask your instructor for the correct package ISBN and Course ID. Instructors, contact your Pearson representative for more information.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780321971944 20160618
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
CHEM-31A-01, CHEM-31A-01, CHEM-31AC-01
Book
xix, 767 pages, 96 variously numbered pages : color illustrations ; 29 cm
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
CHEM-31A-01, CHEM-31A-01, CHEM-31AC-01
Book
1 online resource (XVIII, 406 p. 61 ill., 9 illus. in color.) : online resource. Digital: text file; PDF.
  • Introduction.- Reduced Density Operators.- Correlations due to the Spin Statistics.- Mean-Field Approximation.- Correlations and their Dynamics.- Non-Markovian Effects.- Kinetic Equations with Selfenergy.- Properties of the Kinetic Equation.- T-Matrix Approximation.- Random Phase Approximation.- Screened Ladder Approximation.- Charged Carriers in EM Fields.- Non-Equilibrium Green's Functions.- Kinetics vs. Molecular Dynamics.- Conclusion.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319241197 20160619
This book presents quantum kinetic theory in a comprehensive way. The focus is on density operator methods and on non-equilibrium Green functions. The theory allows to rigorously treat nonequilibrium dynamics in quantum many-body systems. Of particular interest are ultrafast processes in plasmas, condensed matter and trapped atoms that are stimulated by rapidly developing experiments with short pulse lasers and free electron lasers. To describe these experiments theoretically, the most powerful approach is given by non-Markovian quantum kinetic equations that are discussed in detail, including computational aspects.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319241197 20160619
Book
1 online resource.
  • Solar water splitting using semiconductor photocatalyst powder.- Co-catalysts for water splitting.- CO2 reduction to hydrocarbons.- Biomimetic water oxidation systems.- Plasmon assisted solar energy conversion.- Heterojunctions in composite photocatalysts.- Physical limits of solar energy conversion in the Earth system.- Nanomaterial Catalysts for Water Photoelectrolysis.- Solar water splitting using photoelectrochemical cells.- Principle of natural photosynthesis.-Advanced and in-situ characterization techniques.- Perspectives.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319230986 20160815
The series Topics in Current Chemistry presents critical reviews of the present and future trends in modern chemical research. The scope of coverage is all areas of chemical science including the interfaces with related disciplines such as biology, medicine and materials science. The goal of each thematic volume is to give the non-specialist reader, whether in academia or industry, a comprehensive insight into an area where new research is emerging which is of interest to a larger scientific audience. Each review within the volume critically surveys one aspect of that topic and places it within the context of the volume as a whole. The most significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years are presented using selected examples to illustrate the principles discussed. The coverage is not intended to be an exhaustive summary of the field or include large quantities of data, but should rather be conceptual, concentrating on the methodological thinking that will allow the non-specialist reader to understand the information presented. Contributions also offer an outlook on potential future developments in the field. Review articles for the individual volumes are invited by the volume editors. Readership: research chemists at universities or in industry, graduate students.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319230986 20160815
Book
1 online resource (xi, 80 pages) : illustrations.
Book
xv, 555 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 25 cm
The field of Artificial Life (ALife) is now firmly established in the scientific world, but it has yet to achieve one of its original goals: an understanding of the emergence of life on Earth. The new field of Artificial Chemistries draws from chemistry, biology, computer science, mathematics, and other disciplines to work toward that goal. For if, as it has been argued, life emerged from primitive, prebiotic forms of self-organization, then studying models of chemical reaction systems could bring ALife closer to understanding the origins of life. In Artificial Chemistries (ACs), the emphasis is on creating new interactions rather than new materials. The results can be found both in the virtual world, in certain multiagent systems, and in the physical world, in new (artificial) reaction systems. This book offers an introduction to the fundamental concepts of ACs, covering both theory and practical applications. After a general overview of the field and its methodology, the book reviews important aspects of biology, including basic mechanisms of evolution; discusses examples of ACs drawn from the literature; considers fundamental questions of how order can emerge, emphasizing the concept of chemical organization (a closed and self-maintaining set of chemicals); and surveys a range of applications, which include computing, systems modeling in biology, and synthetic life. An appendix provides a Python toolkit for implementing ACs.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780262029438 20160618
Biology Library (Falconer)
Book
1 online resource (xv, 255 pages) : illustrations (some color)
  • Part I Fundamentals, Basic Information, and Description of the Bench Scale Calorimeters: Introduction
  • Bench Scale Calorimeters
  • Practical Hints
  • Thermokinetic Analysis
  • Examples of Thermokinetic Investigations
  • Part II Practical Information and Applications: Use of the Described Calorimeters for Determination of Additional, Relevant Quantities In Chemical Engineering
  • The Heat Flow Calorimeter by Regenass and Remodels.
This book describes new and efficient calorimetric measurement methods, which can be used to accurately follow the chemical kinetics of liquid phase reaction systems. It describes apparatus and techniques for the precise measuring of the rate of heat liberation in discontinuous and continuous isothermal as well as non-isothermal reactions. The presented methodology can be used to follow the development of chemical reactions online, even in industrial scales. Written by an experienced scientist and practitioner, who can look back on long-standing expert knowledge in chemical engineering, the book contains many practical hints and instructions. The reader will find a sound compact introduction to fundamentals, and comprehensive technical background information and instructions for performing own kinetic experiments. This book is the fusion of scientific background information and long hands-on experience in the practice. .
Book
1 online resource (vii, 225 pages) : illustrations (some color).
Book
1 online resource (xiii, 283 pages) : illustrations.
Book
1 online resource : illustrations.
Book
1 online resource (vi, 209 pages) : illustrations (some color).
In this Festschrift dedicated to the 85th birthday of Professor Guosen Yan, selected researchers in theoretical chemistry present research highlights on major developments in the field. Originally published in the journal Theoretical Chemistry Accounts, these outstanding contributions are now available in a hardcover print format, as well as a special electronic edition. This volume provides valuable content for all researchers in theoretical chemistry, and will especially benefit those research groups and libraries with limited access to the journal.

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