- Book
- xxxiii, 957 pages : illustrations ; 27 cm.
- Preface xvii About the Author xxxiii Chapter 1: Mole Balances 1 1.1 The Rate of Reaction, -rA 4 1.2 The General Mole Balance Equation 8 1.3 Batch Reactors (BRs) 10 1.4 Continuous-Flow Reactors 12 1.5 Industrial Reactors 22 Chapter 2: Conversion and Reactor Sizing 31 2.1 Definition of Conversion 32 2.2 Batch Reactor Design Equations 32 2.3 Design Equations for Flow Reactors 35 2.4 Sizing Continuous-Flow Reactors 38 2.5 Reactors in Series 47 2.6 Some Further Definitions 58 Chapter 3: Rate Laws 69 3.1 Basic Definitions 70 3.2 The Reaction Order and the Rate Law 72 3.3 Rates and the Reaction Rate Constant 83 3.4 Present Status of Our Approach to Reactor Sizing and Design 93 Chapter 4: Stoichiometry 105 4.1 Batch Systems 107 4.2 Flow Systems 113 4.3 Reversible Reactions and Equilibrium Conversion 126 Chapter 5: Isothermal Reactor Design: Conversion 139 5.1 Design Structure for Isothermal Reactors 140 5.2 Batch Reactors (BRs) 144 5.3 Continuous-Stirred Tank Reactors (CSTRs) 152 5.4 Tubular Reactors 162 5.5 Pressure Drop in Reactors 169 5.6 Synthesizing the Design of a Chemical Plant 190 Chapter 6: Isothermal Reactor Design: Moles and Molar Flow Rates 207 6.1 The Molar Flow Rate Balance Algorithm 208 6.2 Mole Balances on CSTRs, PFRs, PBRs, and Batch Reactors 208 6.3 Application of the PFR Molar Flow Rate Algorithm to a Microreactor 212 6.4 Membrane Reactors 217 6.5 Unsteady-State Operation of Stirred Reactors 225 6.6 Semibatch Reactors 227 Chapter 7: Collection and Analysis of Rate Data 243 7.1 The Algorithm for Data Analysis 244 7.2 Determining the Reaction Order for Each of Two Reactants Using the Method of Excess 246 7.3 Integral Method 247 7.4 Differential Method of Analysis 251 7.5 Nonlinear Regression 258 7.6 Reaction-Rate Data from Differential Reactors 264 7.7 Experimental Planning 271 Chapter 8: Multiple Reactions 279 8.1 Definitions 280 8.2 Algorithm for Multiple Reactions 282 8.3 Parallel Reactions 285 8.4 Reactions in Series 294 8.5 Complex Reactions 304 8.6 Membrane Reactors to Improve Selectivity in Multiple Reactions 312 8.7 Sorting It All Out 317 8.8 The Fun Part 317 Chapter 9: Reaction Mechanisms, Pathways, Bioreactions, and Bioreactors 333 9.1 Active Intermediates and Nonelementary Rate Laws 334 9.2 Enzymatic Reaction Fundamentals 343 9.3 Inhibition of Enzyme Reactions 356 9.4 Bioreactors and Biosynthesis 364 Chapter 10: Catalysis and Catalytic Reactors 399 10.1 Catalysts 399 10.2 Steps in a Catalytic Reaction 405 10.3 Synthesizing a Rate Law, Mechanism, and Rate-Limiting Step 421 10.4 Heterogeneous Data Analysis for Reactor Design 436 10.5 Reaction Engineering in Microelectronic Fabrication 446 10.6 Model Discrimination 451 10.7 Catalyst Deactivation 454 Chapter 11: Nonisothermal Reactor Design-The Steady-State Energy Balance and Adiabatic PFR Applications 493 11.1 Rationale 494 11.2 The Energy Balance 495 11.3 The User-Friendly Energy Balance Equations 502 11.4 Adiabatic Operation 508 11.5 Adiabatic Equilibrium Conversion 518 11.6 Reactor Staging 522 11.7 Optimum Feed Temperature 526 Chapter 12: Steady-State Nonisothermal Reactor Design-Flow Reactors with Heat Exchange 539 12.1 Steady-State Tubular Reactor with Heat Exchange 540 12.2 Balance on the Heat-Transfer Fluid 543 12.3 Algorithm for PFR/PBR Design with Heat Effects 545 12.4 CSTR with Heat Effects 564 12.5 Multiple Steady States (MSS) 574 12.6 Nonisothermal Multiple Chemical Reactions 581 12.7 Radial and Axial Variations in a Tubular Reactor 595 12.8 Safety 603 Chapter 13: Unsteady-State Nonisothermal Reactor Design 629 13.1 Unsteady-State Energy Balance 630 13.2 Energy Balance on Batch Reactors 632 13.3 Semibatch Reactors with a Heat Exchanger 646 13.4 Unsteady Operation of a CSTR 651 13.5 Nonisothermal Multiple Reactions 656 Chapter 14: Mass Transfer Limitations in Reacting Systems 679 14.1 Diffusion Fundamentals 680 14.2 Binary Diffusion 684 14.3 Diffusion Through a Stagnant Film 688 14.4 The Mass Transfer Coefficient 690 14.5 What If ... ? (Parameter Sensitivity) 705 Chapter 15: Diffusion and Reaction 719 15.1 Diffusion and Reactions in Homogeneous Systems 720 15.2 Diffusion and Reactions in Spherical Catalyst Pellets 720 15.3 The Internal Effectiveness Factor 730 15.4 Falsified Kinetics 737 15.5 Overall Effectiveness Factor 739 15.6 Estimation of Diffusion- and Reaction-Limited Regimes 743 15.7 Mass Transfer and Reaction in a Packed Bed 744 15.8 Determination of Limiting Situations from Reaction-Rate Data 750 15.9 Multiphase Reactors in the Professional Reference Shelf 751 15.10 Fluidized Bed Reactors 753 15.11 Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) 753 Chapter 16: Residence Time Distributions of Chemical Reactors 767 16.1 General Considerations 767 16.2 Measurement of the RTD 770 16.3 Characteristics of the RTD 777 16.4 RTD in Ideal Reactors 784 16.5 PFR/CSTR Series RTD 789 16.6 Diagnostics and Troubleshooting 793 Chapter 17: Predicting Conversion Directly from the Residence Time Distribution 807 17.1 Modeling Nonideal Reactors Using the RTD 808 17.2 Zero-Adjustable-Parameter Models 810 17.3 Using Software Packages 827 17.4 RTD and Multiple Reactions 830 Chapter 18: Models for Nonideal Reactors 845 18.1 Some Guidelines for Developing Models 846 18.2 The Tanks-in-Series (T-I-S) One-Parameter Model 848 18.3 Dispersion One-Parameter Model 852 18.4 Flow, Reaction, and Dispersion 854 18.5 Tanks-in-Series Model versus Dispersion Model 869 18.6 Numerical Solutions to Flows with Dispersion and Reaction 870 18.7 Two-Parameter Models-Modeling Real Reactors with Combinations of Ideal Reactors 871 18.8 Use of Software Packages to Determine the Model Parameters 880 18.9 Other Models of Nonideal Reactors Using CSTRs and PFRs 882 18.10 Applications to Pharmacokinetic Modeling 883 Appendix A: Numerical Techniques 897 A.1 Useful Integrals in Reactor Design 897 A.2 Equal-Area Graphical Differentiation 898 A.3 Solutions to Differential Equations 900 A.4 Numerical Evaluation of Integrals 901 A.5 Semilog Graphs 903 A.6 Software Packages 903 Appendix B: Ideal Gas Constant and Conversion Factors 905 Appendix C: Thermodynamic Relationships Involving the Equilibrium Constant 909 Appendix D: Software Packages 915 D.1 Polymath 915 D.2 MATLAB 916 D.3 Aspen 916 D.4 COMSOL Multiphysics 917 Appendix E: Rate Law Data 919 Appendix F: Nomenclature 921 Appendix G: Open-Ended Problems 925 G.1 Design of Reaction Engineering Experiment 925 G.2 Effective Lubricant Design 925 G.3 Peach Bottom Nuclear Reactor 925 G.4 Underground Wet Oxidation 926 G.5 Hydrodesulfurization Reactor Design 926 G.6 Continuous Bioprocessing 926 G.7 Methanol Synthesis 926 G.8 Cajun Seafood Gumbo 926 G.9 Alcohol Metabolism 927 G.10 Methanol Poisoning 928 Appendix H: Use of Computational Chemistry Software Packages 929 Appendix I: How to Use the CRE Web Resources 931 I.1 CRE Web Resources Components 931 I.2 How the Web Can Help Your Learning Style 933 I.3 Navigation 934 Index 937.
- (source: Nielsen Book Data)
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
- Preface xvii About the Author xxxiii Chapter 1: Mole Balances 1 1.1 The Rate of Reaction, -rA 4 1.2 The General Mole Balance Equation 8 1.3 Batch Reactors (BRs) 10 1.4 Continuous-Flow Reactors 12 1.5 Industrial Reactors 22 Chapter 2: Conversion and Reactor Sizing 31 2.1 Definition of Conversion 32 2.2 Batch Reactor Design Equations 32 2.3 Design Equations for Flow Reactors 35 2.4 Sizing Continuous-Flow Reactors 38 2.5 Reactors in Series 47 2.6 Some Further Definitions 58 Chapter 3: Rate Laws 69 3.1 Basic Definitions 70 3.2 The Reaction Order and the Rate Law 72 3.3 Rates and the Reaction Rate Constant 83 3.4 Present Status of Our Approach to Reactor Sizing and Design 93 Chapter 4: Stoichiometry 105 4.1 Batch Systems 107 4.2 Flow Systems 113 4.3 Reversible Reactions and Equilibrium Conversion 126 Chapter 5: Isothermal Reactor Design: Conversion 139 5.1 Design Structure for Isothermal Reactors 140 5.2 Batch Reactors (BRs) 144 5.3 Continuous-Stirred Tank Reactors (CSTRs) 152 5.4 Tubular Reactors 162 5.5 Pressure Drop in Reactors 169 5.6 Synthesizing the Design of a Chemical Plant 190 Chapter 6: Isothermal Reactor Design: Moles and Molar Flow Rates 207 6.1 The Molar Flow Rate Balance Algorithm 208 6.2 Mole Balances on CSTRs, PFRs, PBRs, and Batch Reactors 208 6.3 Application of the PFR Molar Flow Rate Algorithm to a Microreactor 212 6.4 Membrane Reactors 217 6.5 Unsteady-State Operation of Stirred Reactors 225 6.6 Semibatch Reactors 227 Chapter 7: Collection and Analysis of Rate Data 243 7.1 The Algorithm for Data Analysis 244 7.2 Determining the Reaction Order for Each of Two Reactants Using the Method of Excess 246 7.3 Integral Method 247 7.4 Differential Method of Analysis 251 7.5 Nonlinear Regression 258 7.6 Reaction-Rate Data from Differential Reactors 264 7.7 Experimental Planning 271 Chapter 8: Multiple Reactions 279 8.1 Definitions 280 8.2 Algorithm for Multiple Reactions 282 8.3 Parallel Reactions 285 8.4 Reactions in Series 294 8.5 Complex Reactions 304 8.6 Membrane Reactors to Improve Selectivity in Multiple Reactions 312 8.7 Sorting It All Out 317 8.8 The Fun Part 317 Chapter 9: Reaction Mechanisms, Pathways, Bioreactions, and Bioreactors 333 9.1 Active Intermediates and Nonelementary Rate Laws 334 9.2 Enzymatic Reaction Fundamentals 343 9.3 Inhibition of Enzyme Reactions 356 9.4 Bioreactors and Biosynthesis 364 Chapter 10: Catalysis and Catalytic Reactors 399 10.1 Catalysts 399 10.2 Steps in a Catalytic Reaction 405 10.3 Synthesizing a Rate Law, Mechanism, and Rate-Limiting Step 421 10.4 Heterogeneous Data Analysis for Reactor Design 436 10.5 Reaction Engineering in Microelectronic Fabrication 446 10.6 Model Discrimination 451 10.7 Catalyst Deactivation 454 Chapter 11: Nonisothermal Reactor Design-The Steady-State Energy Balance and Adiabatic PFR Applications 493 11.1 Rationale 494 11.2 The Energy Balance 495 11.3 The User-Friendly Energy Balance Equations 502 11.4 Adiabatic Operation 508 11.5 Adiabatic Equilibrium Conversion 518 11.6 Reactor Staging 522 11.7 Optimum Feed Temperature 526 Chapter 12: Steady-State Nonisothermal Reactor Design-Flow Reactors with Heat Exchange 539 12.1 Steady-State Tubular Reactor with Heat Exchange 540 12.2 Balance on the Heat-Transfer Fluid 543 12.3 Algorithm for PFR/PBR Design with Heat Effects 545 12.4 CSTR with Heat Effects 564 12.5 Multiple Steady States (MSS) 574 12.6 Nonisothermal Multiple Chemical Reactions 581 12.7 Radial and Axial Variations in a Tubular Reactor 595 12.8 Safety 603 Chapter 13: Unsteady-State Nonisothermal Reactor Design 629 13.1 Unsteady-State Energy Balance 630 13.2 Energy Balance on Batch Reactors 632 13.3 Semibatch Reactors with a Heat Exchanger 646 13.4 Unsteady Operation of a CSTR 651 13.5 Nonisothermal Multiple Reactions 656 Chapter 14: Mass Transfer Limitations in Reacting Systems 679 14.1 Diffusion Fundamentals 680 14.2 Binary Diffusion 684 14.3 Diffusion Through a Stagnant Film 688 14.4 The Mass Transfer Coefficient 690 14.5 What If ... ? (Parameter Sensitivity) 705 Chapter 15: Diffusion and Reaction 719 15.1 Diffusion and Reactions in Homogeneous Systems 720 15.2 Diffusion and Reactions in Spherical Catalyst Pellets 720 15.3 The Internal Effectiveness Factor 730 15.4 Falsified Kinetics 737 15.5 Overall Effectiveness Factor 739 15.6 Estimation of Diffusion- and Reaction-Limited Regimes 743 15.7 Mass Transfer and Reaction in a Packed Bed 744 15.8 Determination of Limiting Situations from Reaction-Rate Data 750 15.9 Multiphase Reactors in the Professional Reference Shelf 751 15.10 Fluidized Bed Reactors 753 15.11 Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) 753 Chapter 16: Residence Time Distributions of Chemical Reactors 767 16.1 General Considerations 767 16.2 Measurement of the RTD 770 16.3 Characteristics of the RTD 777 16.4 RTD in Ideal Reactors 784 16.5 PFR/CSTR Series RTD 789 16.6 Diagnostics and Troubleshooting 793 Chapter 17: Predicting Conversion Directly from the Residence Time Distribution 807 17.1 Modeling Nonideal Reactors Using the RTD 808 17.2 Zero-Adjustable-Parameter Models 810 17.3 Using Software Packages 827 17.4 RTD and Multiple Reactions 830 Chapter 18: Models for Nonideal Reactors 845 18.1 Some Guidelines for Developing Models 846 18.2 The Tanks-in-Series (T-I-S) One-Parameter Model 848 18.3 Dispersion One-Parameter Model 852 18.4 Flow, Reaction, and Dispersion 854 18.5 Tanks-in-Series Model versus Dispersion Model 869 18.6 Numerical Solutions to Flows with Dispersion and Reaction 870 18.7 Two-Parameter Models-Modeling Real Reactors with Combinations of Ideal Reactors 871 18.8 Use of Software Packages to Determine the Model Parameters 880 18.9 Other Models of Nonideal Reactors Using CSTRs and PFRs 882 18.10 Applications to Pharmacokinetic Modeling 883 Appendix A: Numerical Techniques 897 A.1 Useful Integrals in Reactor Design 897 A.2 Equal-Area Graphical Differentiation 898 A.3 Solutions to Differential Equations 900 A.4 Numerical Evaluation of Integrals 901 A.5 Semilog Graphs 903 A.6 Software Packages 903 Appendix B: Ideal Gas Constant and Conversion Factors 905 Appendix C: Thermodynamic Relationships Involving the Equilibrium Constant 909 Appendix D: Software Packages 915 D.1 Polymath 915 D.2 MATLAB 916 D.3 Aspen 916 D.4 COMSOL Multiphysics 917 Appendix E: Rate Law Data 919 Appendix F: Nomenclature 921 Appendix G: Open-Ended Problems 925 G.1 Design of Reaction Engineering Experiment 925 G.2 Effective Lubricant Design 925 G.3 Peach Bottom Nuclear Reactor 925 G.4 Underground Wet Oxidation 926 G.5 Hydrodesulfurization Reactor Design 926 G.6 Continuous Bioprocessing 926 G.7 Methanol Synthesis 926 G.8 Cajun Seafood Gumbo 926 G.9 Alcohol Metabolism 927 G.10 Methanol Poisoning 928 Appendix H: Use of Computational Chemistry Software Packages 929 Appendix I: How to Use the CRE Web Resources 931 I.1 CRE Web Resources Components 931 I.2 How the Web Can Help Your Learning Style 933 I.3 Navigation 934 Index 937.
- (source: Nielsen Book Data)
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) | Status |
---|---|
On reserve: Ask at circulation desk | |
TP157 .F65 2016 | Unknown 2-hour loan |
CHEMENG-170-01
- Course
- CHEMENG-170-01 -- Kinetics and Reactor Design
- Instructor(s)
- Hwang, Lisa Yoonjoo
- Book
- 1 online resource.
Batch and Semi-batch Reactors: Practical Guides in Chemical Engineering is a cluster of short texts that provide a focused introductory view on a single subject. The full library presents a basic understanding of the main topics in the chemical process industries, allowing engineering professionals to quickly access information. Each 'pocket publication' can be easily carried or accessed electronically, giving users a highly practical and applied presentation of the first principles engineers need know on a moment's notice. The focused facts provided in each guide help users converse with experts in the field, attempt their own initial troubleshooting, check calculations, and solve rudimentary problems.
Batch and Semi-batch Reactors: Practical Guides in Chemical Engineering is a cluster of short texts that provide a focused introductory view on a single subject. The full library presents a basic understanding of the main topics in the chemical process industries, allowing engineering professionals to quickly access information. Each 'pocket publication' can be easily carried or accessed electronically, giving users a highly practical and applied presentation of the first principles engineers need know on a moment's notice. The focused facts provided in each guide help users converse with experts in the field, attempt their own initial troubleshooting, check calculations, and solve rudimentary problems.
3. Chemical reaction technology [2015]
- Book
- xii, 428 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 24 cm.
The book discusses the sciences of operations, converting raw materials into desired products on an industrial scale by applying chemical transformations and other industrial technologies. Basics of chemical technology combining chemistry, physical transport, unit operations and chemical reactors are thoroughly prepared for an easy understanding.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
The book discusses the sciences of operations, converting raw materials into desired products on an industrial scale by applying chemical transformations and other industrial technologies. Basics of chemical technology combining chemistry, physical transport, unit operations and chemical reactors are thoroughly prepared for an easy understanding.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) | Status |
---|---|
Stacks | |
TP145 .M87 2015 | Unknown |
4. Design of multiphase reactors [2015]
- Book
- 1 online resource (535 pages) : illustrations
"This book covers simple design methods for multiphase reactors in the chemical process industries. It is aimed at providing the process design engineer with simple yet theoretically sound procedures. It can also be used as a text for a specialized course/elective for senior undergraduate and post graduate courses. Different types of multiphase reactors are dealt with on an individual basis including two widely used and important reactors that have not received adequate attention particularly: the ventury loop reactor and stirred reactor for cell culture technology. For each reactor type the book discusses the basic theory, develops quantitative models for reactor design and operation and comments on the state of knowledge"-- Provided by publisher.
"This book covers simple design methods for multiphase reactors in the chemical process industries. It is aimed at providing the process design engineer with simple yet theoretically sound procedures. It can also be used as a text for a specialized course/elective for senior undergraduate and post graduate courses. Different types of multiphase reactors are dealt with on an individual basis including two widely used and important reactors that have not received adequate attention particularly: the ventury loop reactor and stirred reactor for cell culture technology. For each reactor type the book discusses the basic theory, develops quantitative models for reactor design and operation and comments on the state of knowledge"-- Provided by publisher.
- Book
- 1 online resource.
The implementation of ionic liquids technologies in future biorefineries is challenging. Different approaches can be applied along the entire chain of biomass valorisation to achieve a specific target molecule, from biomass pre-treatment and fractionation processes to extraction, downstream separation and purification methodologies of high value added products and pivot chemicals.This book summarises recent achievements in the use of ionic liquids in biomass processing as an alternative to conventional processes, particularly in the context of green chemistry. It features real-world case studies where high value-added products have been obtained using ionic liquid processing, demonstrating the practical applications of these technologies. The book concludes by assessing the development of further biorefineries with ionic liquids.The book is an important reference for researchers and practising chemists, bringing readers up-to-date with current research in this field.
The implementation of ionic liquids technologies in future biorefineries is challenging. Different approaches can be applied along the entire chain of biomass valorisation to achieve a specific target molecule, from biomass pre-treatment and fractionation processes to extraction, downstream separation and purification methodologies of high value added products and pivot chemicals.This book summarises recent achievements in the use of ionic liquids in biomass processing as an alternative to conventional processes, particularly in the context of green chemistry. It features real-world case studies where high value-added products have been obtained using ionic liquid processing, demonstrating the practical applications of these technologies. The book concludes by assessing the development of further biorefineries with ionic liquids.The book is an important reference for researchers and practising chemists, bringing readers up-to-date with current research in this field.
- Book
- xviii, 682 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
- Preface Nomenclature About the author 1 Definitions and stoichiometry 1.1 Measurement variables 1.2 Calculation of measurement variables 1.2.1 Extent of the reaction 1.2.2 Conversion 1.3 Continuous systems 1.4 Partial pressures 1.5 Method of total pressure 1.6 General properties 1.7 Solved problems 2 Chemical equilibrium 3 Kinetic of reactions 3.1 Reaction rates-definitions 3.2 Reaction rate 3.2.1 Kinetic equations 3.3 Influence of the temperature on the reaction rate 3.3.1 Reversible reactions 3.3.2 Interpretation remarks 4 Molar balance in open and closed systems with chemical reaction 4.1 Batch 4.2 Continuous stirring tank reactor 4.3 Continuous tubular reactor 5 Determination of kinetic parameters 5.1 Irreversible reaction at constant volume 5.1.1 Kinetic model of first order 5.1.2 Kinetic model of second order (global) 5.2 Irreversible reactions at variable volume 5.2.1 Irreversible of first order 5.2.2 Irreversible reactions of second order 5.3 Irreversible reactions of order n-half-life method 5.4 Reversible reactions at constant volume 5.4.1 Direct and reverse first-order elementary reaction 5.4.2 Direct and reverse second-order elementary reaction 5.5 Determination of the kinetic parameters by the differential method 5.5.1 Differential reactor 6 Kinetics of multiple reactions 6.1 Simple reactions in series 6.2 Simple parallel reactions 6.3 Continuous systems 6.4 Kinetics of complex reactions 6.4.1 Decomposition reactions 6.4.2 Parallel reactions 6.4.3 Series-parallel reactions 7 Non-elementary reactions 7.1 Classical kinetic model 7.2 Chain reactions 7.3 Theory of the transition state 8 Polymerization reactions 8.1 Reactions of thermal cracking 8.2 Kinetics of polymerization reactions 8.3 Reactions by addition of radicals 8.3.1 Initiation 8.3.2 Propagation 8.3.3 Termination 9 Kinetics of liquid-phase reactions 9.1 Enzymatic reactions 9.1.1 Kinetic model 9.1.2 Determination of the kinetic parameters 9.1.3 Effect of external inhibitors 9.1.4 Kinetics of biological fermentation 9.1.5 Mass balance 9.2 Liquid-phase reactions 9.2.1 Liquid solutions 9.2.2 Acid-base reactions 10 Heterogeneous reaction kinetics 10.1 External phenomena 10.2 Internal diffusion phenomena 10.3 Adsorption-desorption phenomena 10.3.1 Physical adsorption or physisorption 10.3.2 Chemical adsorption or chemisorption 10.3.3 Comparing physical and chemical adsorptions 10.4 Adsorption isotherms 10.5 Adsorption models 10.5.1 Langmuir model 10.5.2 Other chemisorption models 10.6 Model of heterogeneous reactions 10.6.1 Langmuir-Hinshelwood-Hougen-Watson model (LHHW) 10.6.2 Eley-Rideal model 10.6.3 Effect of the temperature and energies 10.7 Determination of the constants 10.8 Noncatalytic heterogeneous reactions 11 Kinetic exercises 11.1 Solution of kinetic exercises 11.2 Proposed exercises 12 Elementary concepts of the collision theory 12.1 Collision and reaction rates 13 Catalysis: Analyzing variables influencing the catalytic properties 13.1 Introduction 13.2 Selection of catalysts 13.3 Activity patterns 13.3.1 Model reactions 13.3.2 Cyclohexane dehydrogenation 13.3.3 Benzene hydrogenation 13.4 Conventional preparation methods of catalysts 13.4.1 Precipitation/coprecipitation methods 13.4.2 Impregnation of metals on supports 13.4.3 Ion exchange 13.5 Analyses of variables influencing final properties of catalysts 13.5.1 Influence of pH 13.5.2 Autoclaving 13.5.3 Influence of time, concentration, and impregnation cycles 13.6 Thermal treatments 13.6.1 Drying 13.6.2 Calcination 13.7 Effect of reduction temperature on interaction and sintering 13.8 Influence of the support and metal concentration over the reduction 13.9 Influence of the heating rate 13.10 Influence of vapor 13.11 Effect of temperature and reaction time 13.12 Strong metal support interaction 13.13 Experimental design-influence of parameters on the catalytic performance 13.14 Conclusion 14 Ideal reactors 14.1 Types of reactors 14.2 Definitions and concepts of residence time 14.3 Ideal reactors 14.3.1 Batch reactor 14.3.2 Continuous tank reactor 14.3.3 Continuous tubular reactor (PFR) 14.4 Ideal nonisothermal reactors 14.4.1 Adiabatic continuous reactor 14.4.2 Nonadiabatic batch reactor 14.4.3 Adiabatic batch reactor 14.4.4 Analysis of the thermal effects 15 Specific reactors 15.1 Semibatch reactor 15.2 Reactor with recycle 15.3 Pseudo-homogeneous fixed-bed reactor 15.4 Membrane reactors 16 Comparison of reactors 16.1 Comparison of volumes 16.1.1 Irreversible first-order reaction at constant volume 16.1.2 Irreversible second-order reaction at constant volume 16.1.3 Reactions at variable volume 16.2 Productivity 16.3 Yield/selectivity 16.4 Overall yield 16.4.1 Effect of reaction order 16.4.2 Effects of kinetic constants 16.4.3 Presence of two reactants 16.5 Reactions in series 17 Combination of reactors 17.1 Reactors in series 17.1.1 Calculating the number of reactors in series to an irreversible first-order reaction 17.1.2 Calculating the number of reactors in series for an irreversible second-order reaction 17.1.3 Graphical solution 17.2 Reactors in parallel 17.3 Production rate in reactors in series 17.4 Yield and selectivity in reactors in series 18 Transport phenomena in heterogeneous systems 18.1 Intraparticle diffusion limitation-pores 18.2 Effectiveness factor 18.3 Effects of intraparticle diffusion on the experimental parameters 18.4 External mass transfer and intraparticle diffusion limitations 19 Catalyst deactivation 19.1 Kinetics of deactivation 19.2 Deactivation in PFR or CSTR reactor 19.3 Forced deactivation 19.4 Catalyst regeneration 19.4.1 Differential scanning calorimetry 19.4.2 Temperature programmed oxidation 19.4.3 Catalytic evaluation 19.5 Kinetic study of regeneration 19.5.1 Balance with respect to solid (carbon) 19.5.2 Particular case 20 Exercises reactors and heterogeneous reactors 20.1 Solutions to exercises: reactors 20.2 Exercises proposed: reactors 21 Multiphase reacting systems 22 Heterogeneous reactors 22.1 Fixed bed reactor 22.1.1 Reactors in series 22.2 Fluidized bed reactor 23 Biomass-thermal and catalytic processes 23.1 Introduction 23.2 Chemical nature of raw material from biomass 23.3 Biomass pyrolysis 23.4 Pyrolysis kinetics 23.5 Biomass reactors 23.5.1 Mass balance 23.5.2 Energy balance 23.6 Bio-oil upgrading and second-generation processes 23.6.1 Hydrodeoxygenation 23.6.2 Fischer-Tropsch synthesis 24 Nonideal reactors 24.1 Introduction 24.2 Residence time distribution 24.2.1 Ideal cases 24.2.2 Variance 24.3 Mixing effects 24.3.1 Irreversible reactions 24.4 Analysis of nonideal reactors 24.4.1 Momentum 24.4.2 Mass balance 24.4.3 Energy balance 24.4.4 Analysis of boundary conditions 25 Experimental practices 25.1 Reactions in homogeneous phase 25.1.1 Free radical polymerization of styrene 25.1.2 Polymerization of isobutylene 25.2 Reactions in heterogeneous phase 25.2.1 Experimental system 25.2.2 Determination of activation energy: dehydrogenation of cyclohexane 25.2.3 Kinetic study-methane reforming with CO2-heterogeneous reaction 25.3 Performance of reactors 25.3.1 Batch reactor-hydrogenation of sucrose 25.3.2 Integral continuous flow reactor (tubular)-isomerization of xylenes 25.3.3 Goals References Subject index.
- (source: Nielsen Book Data)
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
- Preface Nomenclature About the author 1 Definitions and stoichiometry 1.1 Measurement variables 1.2 Calculation of measurement variables 1.2.1 Extent of the reaction 1.2.2 Conversion 1.3 Continuous systems 1.4 Partial pressures 1.5 Method of total pressure 1.6 General properties 1.7 Solved problems 2 Chemical equilibrium 3 Kinetic of reactions 3.1 Reaction rates-definitions 3.2 Reaction rate 3.2.1 Kinetic equations 3.3 Influence of the temperature on the reaction rate 3.3.1 Reversible reactions 3.3.2 Interpretation remarks 4 Molar balance in open and closed systems with chemical reaction 4.1 Batch 4.2 Continuous stirring tank reactor 4.3 Continuous tubular reactor 5 Determination of kinetic parameters 5.1 Irreversible reaction at constant volume 5.1.1 Kinetic model of first order 5.1.2 Kinetic model of second order (global) 5.2 Irreversible reactions at variable volume 5.2.1 Irreversible of first order 5.2.2 Irreversible reactions of second order 5.3 Irreversible reactions of order n-half-life method 5.4 Reversible reactions at constant volume 5.4.1 Direct and reverse first-order elementary reaction 5.4.2 Direct and reverse second-order elementary reaction 5.5 Determination of the kinetic parameters by the differential method 5.5.1 Differential reactor 6 Kinetics of multiple reactions 6.1 Simple reactions in series 6.2 Simple parallel reactions 6.3 Continuous systems 6.4 Kinetics of complex reactions 6.4.1 Decomposition reactions 6.4.2 Parallel reactions 6.4.3 Series-parallel reactions 7 Non-elementary reactions 7.1 Classical kinetic model 7.2 Chain reactions 7.3 Theory of the transition state 8 Polymerization reactions 8.1 Reactions of thermal cracking 8.2 Kinetics of polymerization reactions 8.3 Reactions by addition of radicals 8.3.1 Initiation 8.3.2 Propagation 8.3.3 Termination 9 Kinetics of liquid-phase reactions 9.1 Enzymatic reactions 9.1.1 Kinetic model 9.1.2 Determination of the kinetic parameters 9.1.3 Effect of external inhibitors 9.1.4 Kinetics of biological fermentation 9.1.5 Mass balance 9.2 Liquid-phase reactions 9.2.1 Liquid solutions 9.2.2 Acid-base reactions 10 Heterogeneous reaction kinetics 10.1 External phenomena 10.2 Internal diffusion phenomena 10.3 Adsorption-desorption phenomena 10.3.1 Physical adsorption or physisorption 10.3.2 Chemical adsorption or chemisorption 10.3.3 Comparing physical and chemical adsorptions 10.4 Adsorption isotherms 10.5 Adsorption models 10.5.1 Langmuir model 10.5.2 Other chemisorption models 10.6 Model of heterogeneous reactions 10.6.1 Langmuir-Hinshelwood-Hougen-Watson model (LHHW) 10.6.2 Eley-Rideal model 10.6.3 Effect of the temperature and energies 10.7 Determination of the constants 10.8 Noncatalytic heterogeneous reactions 11 Kinetic exercises 11.1 Solution of kinetic exercises 11.2 Proposed exercises 12 Elementary concepts of the collision theory 12.1 Collision and reaction rates 13 Catalysis: Analyzing variables influencing the catalytic properties 13.1 Introduction 13.2 Selection of catalysts 13.3 Activity patterns 13.3.1 Model reactions 13.3.2 Cyclohexane dehydrogenation 13.3.3 Benzene hydrogenation 13.4 Conventional preparation methods of catalysts 13.4.1 Precipitation/coprecipitation methods 13.4.2 Impregnation of metals on supports 13.4.3 Ion exchange 13.5 Analyses of variables influencing final properties of catalysts 13.5.1 Influence of pH 13.5.2 Autoclaving 13.5.3 Influence of time, concentration, and impregnation cycles 13.6 Thermal treatments 13.6.1 Drying 13.6.2 Calcination 13.7 Effect of reduction temperature on interaction and sintering 13.8 Influence of the support and metal concentration over the reduction 13.9 Influence of the heating rate 13.10 Influence of vapor 13.11 Effect of temperature and reaction time 13.12 Strong metal support interaction 13.13 Experimental design-influence of parameters on the catalytic performance 13.14 Conclusion 14 Ideal reactors 14.1 Types of reactors 14.2 Definitions and concepts of residence time 14.3 Ideal reactors 14.3.1 Batch reactor 14.3.2 Continuous tank reactor 14.3.3 Continuous tubular reactor (PFR) 14.4 Ideal nonisothermal reactors 14.4.1 Adiabatic continuous reactor 14.4.2 Nonadiabatic batch reactor 14.4.3 Adiabatic batch reactor 14.4.4 Analysis of the thermal effects 15 Specific reactors 15.1 Semibatch reactor 15.2 Reactor with recycle 15.3 Pseudo-homogeneous fixed-bed reactor 15.4 Membrane reactors 16 Comparison of reactors 16.1 Comparison of volumes 16.1.1 Irreversible first-order reaction at constant volume 16.1.2 Irreversible second-order reaction at constant volume 16.1.3 Reactions at variable volume 16.2 Productivity 16.3 Yield/selectivity 16.4 Overall yield 16.4.1 Effect of reaction order 16.4.2 Effects of kinetic constants 16.4.3 Presence of two reactants 16.5 Reactions in series 17 Combination of reactors 17.1 Reactors in series 17.1.1 Calculating the number of reactors in series to an irreversible first-order reaction 17.1.2 Calculating the number of reactors in series for an irreversible second-order reaction 17.1.3 Graphical solution 17.2 Reactors in parallel 17.3 Production rate in reactors in series 17.4 Yield and selectivity in reactors in series 18 Transport phenomena in heterogeneous systems 18.1 Intraparticle diffusion limitation-pores 18.2 Effectiveness factor 18.3 Effects of intraparticle diffusion on the experimental parameters 18.4 External mass transfer and intraparticle diffusion limitations 19 Catalyst deactivation 19.1 Kinetics of deactivation 19.2 Deactivation in PFR or CSTR reactor 19.3 Forced deactivation 19.4 Catalyst regeneration 19.4.1 Differential scanning calorimetry 19.4.2 Temperature programmed oxidation 19.4.3 Catalytic evaluation 19.5 Kinetic study of regeneration 19.5.1 Balance with respect to solid (carbon) 19.5.2 Particular case 20 Exercises reactors and heterogeneous reactors 20.1 Solutions to exercises: reactors 20.2 Exercises proposed: reactors 21 Multiphase reacting systems 22 Heterogeneous reactors 22.1 Fixed bed reactor 22.1.1 Reactors in series 22.2 Fluidized bed reactor 23 Biomass-thermal and catalytic processes 23.1 Introduction 23.2 Chemical nature of raw material from biomass 23.3 Biomass pyrolysis 23.4 Pyrolysis kinetics 23.5 Biomass reactors 23.5.1 Mass balance 23.5.2 Energy balance 23.6 Bio-oil upgrading and second-generation processes 23.6.1 Hydrodeoxygenation 23.6.2 Fischer-Tropsch synthesis 24 Nonideal reactors 24.1 Introduction 24.2 Residence time distribution 24.2.1 Ideal cases 24.2.2 Variance 24.3 Mixing effects 24.3.1 Irreversible reactions 24.4 Analysis of nonideal reactors 24.4.1 Momentum 24.4.2 Mass balance 24.4.3 Energy balance 24.4.4 Analysis of boundary conditions 25 Experimental practices 25.1 Reactions in homogeneous phase 25.1.1 Free radical polymerization of styrene 25.1.2 Polymerization of isobutylene 25.2 Reactions in heterogeneous phase 25.2.1 Experimental system 25.2.2 Determination of activation energy: dehydrogenation of cyclohexane 25.2.3 Kinetic study-methane reforming with CO2-heterogeneous reaction 25.3 Performance of reactors 25.3.1 Batch reactor-hydrogenation of sucrose 25.3.2 Integral continuous flow reactor (tubular)-isomerization of xylenes 25.3.3 Goals References Subject index.
- (source: Nielsen Book Data)
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) | Status |
---|---|
Stacks | |
TP155 .S26 2014 | Unknown |
- Book
- 1 online resource.
- Single Phase Flow.- Elementary Kinetic Theory of Gases.- Multiphase Flow.- Flows of Granular Materials.- Interfacial Transport Phenomena Closures.- Chemical Reaction Engineering.- Agitation and Fluid Mixing Technology.- Bubble Column Reactors.- The Population Balance Equation.- Fluidized Bed Reactors.- Packed Bed Reactors.- Numerical Solution Methods.- Experimental Techniques.- Mathematical Theorems.- Equation of Change for Temperature for a Multicomponent System.- Governing Equations for Single Phase Flow.- D Alternative Two-Fluid Model Granular Material Kinetic.- Integral and Constitutive Equations.- Trondheim Bubble Column Model.- Index.
- (source: Nielsen Book Data)
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
- Single Phase Flow.- Elementary Kinetic Theory of Gases.- Multiphase Flow.- Flows of Granular Materials.- Interfacial Transport Phenomena Closures.- Chemical Reaction Engineering.- Agitation and Fluid Mixing Technology.- Bubble Column Reactors.- The Population Balance Equation.- Fluidized Bed Reactors.- Packed Bed Reactors.- Numerical Solution Methods.- Experimental Techniques.- Mathematical Theorems.- Equation of Change for Temperature for a Multicomponent System.- Governing Equations for Single Phase Flow.- D Alternative Two-Fluid Model Granular Material Kinetic.- Integral and Constitutive Equations.- Trondheim Bubble Column Model.- Index.
- (source: Nielsen Book Data)
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
8. Design of multiphase reactors [2015]
- Book
- 1 online resource
"This resource offers a primer on simple design methods for multiphase reactors in the chemical process industries, particularly the fine chemicals industry. It provides the process design engineer with simple yet theoretically sound procedures. Different types of multiphase reactors are dealt with on an individual basis. The book focuses on the problem of predicting mass transfer rates in these reactors. It also contains finally worked examples that clearly illustrate how a highly complex MPR like the Stirred Tank Reactor (STR) can be designed using simple correlations which need only a scientific calculator"-- Provided by publisher.
"This resource offers a primer on simple design methods for multiphase reactors in the chemical process industries, particularly the fine chemicals industry. It provides the process design engineer with simple yet theoretically sound procedures. Different types of multiphase reactors are dealt with on an individual basis. The book focuses on the problem of predicting mass transfer rates in these reactors. It also contains finally worked examples that clearly illustrate how a highly complex MPR like the Stirred Tank Reactor (STR) can be designed using simple correlations which need only a scientific calculator"-- Provided by publisher.
- Book
- 1 online resource : illustrations.
- Book
- 1 online resource.
- Book
- 1 online resource (573 pages) : illustrations, tables
12. Engineering catalysis [2013]
- Book
- xi, 364 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 24 cm.
With well over 90 per cent of all processes in the industrial chemical production being of catalytic nature, catalysis is a mature though ever interesting topic. The idea of this book is to tackle various aspects of heterogeneous catalysis from the engineering point of view and go all the way from engineering of catalysis, catalyst preparation, characterization, reaction kinetics, mass transfer to catalytic reactors and the implementation of catalysts in chemical technology. Aimed for graduate students it is also a useful resource for professionals coming from the more academic side.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
With well over 90 per cent of all processes in the industrial chemical production being of catalytic nature, catalysis is a mature though ever interesting topic. The idea of this book is to tackle various aspects of heterogeneous catalysis from the engineering point of view and go all the way from engineering of catalysis, catalyst preparation, characterization, reaction kinetics, mass transfer to catalytic reactors and the implementation of catalysts in chemical technology. Aimed for graduate students it is also a useful resource for professionals coming from the more academic side.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) | Status |
---|---|
Stacks | |
TP156 .C35 M87 2013 | Unknown |
- Book
- 1 online resource (xix, 465 p.) : ill.
For the second edition of 'Microreactors in Organic Chemistry and Catalysis' all chapters have been revised and updated to reflect the latest developments in this rapidly developing field. This new edition has 60% more content, and it remains a comprehensive publication covering most aspects of the topic. The use of microreactors in homogeneous, heterogeneous as well as biphasic reactions is covered in the main part of the book, together with catalytic, bioorganic and automation approaches. The initial chapters also provide a solid physical chemistry background on fluidics in microdevices. Finally, a chapter on industrial applications and developments covers recent progress in process chemistry. An excellent reference for beginners and experts alike.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
For the second edition of 'Microreactors in Organic Chemistry and Catalysis' all chapters have been revised and updated to reflect the latest developments in this rapidly developing field. This new edition has 60% more content, and it remains a comprehensive publication covering most aspects of the topic. The use of microreactors in homogeneous, heterogeneous as well as biphasic reactions is covered in the main part of the book, together with catalytic, bioorganic and automation approaches. The initial chapters also provide a solid physical chemistry background on fluidics in microdevices. Finally, a chapter on industrial applications and developments covers recent progress in process chemistry. An excellent reference for beginners and experts alike.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
dx.doi.org Wiley Online Library
- dx.doi.org Wiley Online Library
- Google Books (Full view)
- Book
- xix, 465 p. : ill.
For the second edition of 'Microreactors in Organic Chemistry and Catalysis' all chapters have been revised and updated to reflect the latest developments in this rapidly developing field. This new edition has 60% more content, and it remains a comprehensive publication covering most aspects of the topic. The use of microreactors in homogeneous, heterogeneous as well as biphasic reactions is covered in the main part of the book, together with catalytic, bioorganic and automation approaches. The initial chapters also provide a solid physical chemistry background on fluidics in microdevices. Finally, a chapter on industrial applications and developments covers recent progress in process chemistry. An excellent reference for beginners and experts alike.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
For the second edition of 'Microreactors in Organic Chemistry and Catalysis' all chapters have been revised and updated to reflect the latest developments in this rapidly developing field. This new edition has 60% more content, and it remains a comprehensive publication covering most aspects of the topic. The use of microreactors in homogeneous, heterogeneous as well as biphasic reactions is covered in the main part of the book, together with catalytic, bioorganic and automation approaches. The initial chapters also provide a solid physical chemistry background on fluidics in microdevices. Finally, a chapter on industrial applications and developments covers recent progress in process chemistry. An excellent reference for beginners and experts alike.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
- Book
- 1 online resource.
This project was designed to advance the art of process intensification leading to a new generation of multifunctional chemical reactors. Experimental testing was performed in order to fully characterize the hydrodynamic operating regimes critical to process intensification and implementation in commercial applications. Physics of the heat and mass transfer and chemical kinetics and how these processes are ultimately scaled were investigated. Specifically, we progressed the knowledge and tools required to scale a multifunctional reactor for acid-catalyzed C4 paraffin/olefin alkylation to industrial dimensions. Understanding such process intensification strategies is crucial to improving the energy efficiency and profitability of multifunctional reactors, resulting in a projected energy savings of 100 trillion BTU/yr by 2020 and a substantial reduction in the accompanying emissions.
This project was designed to advance the art of process intensification leading to a new generation of multifunctional chemical reactors. Experimental testing was performed in order to fully characterize the hydrodynamic operating regimes critical to process intensification and implementation in commercial applications. Physics of the heat and mass transfer and chemical kinetics and how these processes are ultimately scaled were investigated. Specifically, we progressed the knowledge and tools required to scale a multifunctional reactor for acid-catalyzed C4 paraffin/olefin alkylation to industrial dimensions. Understanding such process intensification strategies is crucial to improving the energy efficiency and profitability of multifunctional reactors, resulting in a projected energy savings of 100 trillion BTU/yr by 2020 and a substantial reduction in the accompanying emissions.
16. Chemical reactor analysis and applications for the practicing engineer [electronic resource] [2012]
- Book
- xvi, 575 p. : ill.
- Preface xi Overview xiii Part I. Introduction 1. History of Chemical Reactions 3 2. The Field of Chemistry 11 3. Process Variables 19 4. Kinetic Principles 45 5. Stoichiometry and Conversion Variables 73 Part II. Traditional Reactor Analysis 6. Reaction and Reactor Classification 111 7. The Conservation Laws 127 8. Batch Reactors 147 9. Continuous Stirred Tank Reactors (CSTRs)181 10. Tubular Flow Reactors 209 11. Reactor Comparisons 243 Part III. Reactor Applications 12. Thermal Effects 273 13. Interpretation of Kinetic Data 14. Non-Ideal Reactors 357 15. Reactor Design Considerations 383 Part IV. Other Reactor Topics 16. Catalysts 413 17. Catalytic Reactions 429 18. Fluidized and Fixed Bed Reactors 445 19. Biochemical Reactors 475 20. Open-Ended Problems 505 21. Abet-Related Topic 519 Appendix. SI Units.
- (source: Nielsen Book Data)
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
- Preface xi Overview xiii Part I. Introduction 1. History of Chemical Reactions 3 2. The Field of Chemistry 11 3. Process Variables 19 4. Kinetic Principles 45 5. Stoichiometry and Conversion Variables 73 Part II. Traditional Reactor Analysis 6. Reaction and Reactor Classification 111 7. The Conservation Laws 127 8. Batch Reactors 147 9. Continuous Stirred Tank Reactors (CSTRs)181 10. Tubular Flow Reactors 209 11. Reactor Comparisons 243 Part III. Reactor Applications 12. Thermal Effects 273 13. Interpretation of Kinetic Data 14. Non-Ideal Reactors 357 15. Reactor Design Considerations 383 Part IV. Other Reactor Topics 16. Catalysts 413 17. Catalytic Reactions 429 18. Fluidized and Fixed Bed Reactors 445 19. Biochemical Reactors 475 20. Open-Ended Problems 505 21. Abet-Related Topic 519 Appendix. SI Units.
- (source: Nielsen Book Data)
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
17. Chemical reactor analysis and applications for the practicing engineer [electronic resource] [2012]
- Book
- 1 online resource (xvi, 572 p.) : ill.
- Preface xi Overview xiii Part I. Introduction 1. History of Chemical Reactions 3 2. The Field of Chemistry 11 3. Process Variables 19 4. Kinetic Principles 45 5. Stoichiometry and Conversion Variables 73 Part II. Traditional Reactor Analysis 6. Reaction and Reactor Classification 111 7. The Conservation Laws 127 8. Batch Reactors 147 9. Continuous Stirred Tank Reactors (CSTRs)181 10. Tubular Flow Reactors 209 11. Reactor Comparisons 243 Part III. Reactor Applications 12. Thermal Effects 273 13. Interpretation of Kinetic Data 14. Non-Ideal Reactors 357 15. Reactor Design Considerations 383 Part IV. Other Reactor Topics 16. Catalysts 413 17. Catalytic Reactions 429 18. Fluidized and Fixed Bed Reactors 445 19. Biochemical Reactors 475 20. Open-Ended Problems 505 21. Abet-Related Topic 519 Appendix. SI Units.
- (source: Nielsen Book Data)
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
- Preface xi Overview xiii Part I. Introduction 1. History of Chemical Reactions 3 2. The Field of Chemistry 11 3. Process Variables 19 4. Kinetic Principles 45 5. Stoichiometry and Conversion Variables 73 Part II. Traditional Reactor Analysis 6. Reaction and Reactor Classification 111 7. The Conservation Laws 127 8. Batch Reactors 147 9. Continuous Stirred Tank Reactors (CSTRs)181 10. Tubular Flow Reactors 209 11. Reactor Comparisons 243 Part III. Reactor Applications 12. Thermal Effects 273 13. Interpretation of Kinetic Data 14. Non-Ideal Reactors 357 15. Reactor Design Considerations 383 Part IV. Other Reactor Topics 16. Catalysts 413 17. Catalytic Reactions 429 18. Fluidized and Fixed Bed Reactors 445 19. Biochemical Reactors 475 20. Open-Ended Problems 505 21. Abet-Related Topic 519 Appendix. SI Units.
- (source: Nielsen Book Data)
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
dx.doi.org Wiley Online Library
- dx.doi.org Wiley Online Library
- Google Books (Full view)
- Book
- PDFN
This project, Development and Testing of a High Capacity Plasma Chemical Reactor in the Ukraine was established at the Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology (KIPT). The associated CRADA was established with Campbell Applied Physics (CAP) located in El Dorado Hills, California. This project extends an earlier project involving both CAP and KIPT conducted under a separate CRADA. The initial project developed the basic Plasma Chemical Reactor (PCR) for generation of ozone gas. This project built upon the technology developed in the first project, greatly enhancing the output of the PCR while also improving reliability and system control.
This project, Development and Testing of a High Capacity Plasma Chemical Reactor in the Ukraine was established at the Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology (KIPT). The associated CRADA was established with Campbell Applied Physics (CAP) located in El Dorado Hills, California. This project extends an earlier project involving both CAP and KIPT conducted under a separate CRADA. The initial project developed the basic Plasma Chemical Reactor (PCR) for generation of ozone gas. This project built upon the technology developed in the first project, greatly enhancing the output of the PCR while also improving reliability and system control.
19. Introduction to chemical reactor analysis [2013]
- Book
- xxxi, 532 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
- Introduction Process Development Basic Building Blocks of Chemical Reaction Engineering Outline of the Book Introduction to Chemical Reactions Classification and Types of Reactors Reactor Performance Measures Introduction to Rate Function Transport Phenomena in Reactors Numerical Methods References The Thermodynamics of Chemical Reactions Basic Definitions Energy Changes in Systems Chemical Reaction Equilibrium Summary Problems References Mole Balances in Ideal Reactors General Mole Balance Equation Perfectly Mixed Batch Reactor Plug Flow Reactor Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor Reaction Rate in Terms of Catalyst Mass Comparison of PFR and CSTR Performance Multiple Reactions Multiple-Reactor Systems Further Thoughts on Defining Conversion Transient Reactor Operation Summary Problems Energy Balances in Ideal Reactors Influence of Temperature on Reactor Operation General Energy Balance Batch Reactor Plug Flow Reactor Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor Summary Problems References Chemical Kinetics for Homogeneous Reactions General Nature of Rate Functions Reaction Mechanism Theoretical Analysis of Reaction Rate Rate Equations for Nonelementary Reactions Mechanisms and Models Experimental Methods in Rate Data Collection and Analysis Summary Problems Nonideal Reactor Analysis Causes of Nonideal Reactor Behavior Residence Time and Mixing RTD Function RTD in Ideal Reactors Modeling RTD Mixing in Chemical Reactors Summary Problems References Introduction to Catalysis Origins of Catalysis: Historical Perspectives Definitions and Fundamental Concepts Thermodynamics Catalyst Types and Basic Structure Classification of Vapor-Phase Reactions Basic Steps in Heterogeneous Catalytic Reactions Introduction to Catalytic Reactors Summary Kinetics of Catalytic Reactions Adsorption Rate Expressions for Catalytic Reactions Mechanisms and Models Summary Problems Reference Transport Processes in Catalysis Diffusion in Bulk Phase External Mass and Heat Transfer Effects Diffusion in Porous Catalysts Diffusion with Reaction in Porous Catalysts Summary Problems References Analysis of Catalytic Reactors Packed-Bed Reactor: Introduction and Overview Conservation Equations for Packed Beds One-Dimensional Steady-State Plug Flow Models One-Dimensional Steady-State Axial Dispersion Models Two-Dimensional Steady-State Models Transient Packed-Bed Models Transport Properties in Packed Beds Autothermal Operation of Packed Beds Fluidized-Bed Reactors Metal Gauze Reactors Counter Diffusive Reactor: Radiant Heaters Monolith Reactors Reactors for Gas-Liquid-Solid Systems Summary Problems References Experimental Methods in Catalysis Kinetic Investigations Measuring Physical Properties Electron Microscopy Surface Science Studies Summary Problems References Appendix 1: Numerical Methods Nonlinear Algebraic Equations Linear Algebraic Equations Ordinary Differential Equations Numerical Integration Numerical Differentiation Partial Differential Equations Appendix 2: Thermodynamic Data Appendix 3: Useful Integrals Appendix 4: Numerical Software POLYMATH MATLAB(R) COMSOL Multiphysics Index.
- (source: Nielsen Book Data)
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
- Introduction Process Development Basic Building Blocks of Chemical Reaction Engineering Outline of the Book Introduction to Chemical Reactions Classification and Types of Reactors Reactor Performance Measures Introduction to Rate Function Transport Phenomena in Reactors Numerical Methods References The Thermodynamics of Chemical Reactions Basic Definitions Energy Changes in Systems Chemical Reaction Equilibrium Summary Problems References Mole Balances in Ideal Reactors General Mole Balance Equation Perfectly Mixed Batch Reactor Plug Flow Reactor Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor Reaction Rate in Terms of Catalyst Mass Comparison of PFR and CSTR Performance Multiple Reactions Multiple-Reactor Systems Further Thoughts on Defining Conversion Transient Reactor Operation Summary Problems Energy Balances in Ideal Reactors Influence of Temperature on Reactor Operation General Energy Balance Batch Reactor Plug Flow Reactor Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor Summary Problems References Chemical Kinetics for Homogeneous Reactions General Nature of Rate Functions Reaction Mechanism Theoretical Analysis of Reaction Rate Rate Equations for Nonelementary Reactions Mechanisms and Models Experimental Methods in Rate Data Collection and Analysis Summary Problems Nonideal Reactor Analysis Causes of Nonideal Reactor Behavior Residence Time and Mixing RTD Function RTD in Ideal Reactors Modeling RTD Mixing in Chemical Reactors Summary Problems References Introduction to Catalysis Origins of Catalysis: Historical Perspectives Definitions and Fundamental Concepts Thermodynamics Catalyst Types and Basic Structure Classification of Vapor-Phase Reactions Basic Steps in Heterogeneous Catalytic Reactions Introduction to Catalytic Reactors Summary Kinetics of Catalytic Reactions Adsorption Rate Expressions for Catalytic Reactions Mechanisms and Models Summary Problems Reference Transport Processes in Catalysis Diffusion in Bulk Phase External Mass and Heat Transfer Effects Diffusion in Porous Catalysts Diffusion with Reaction in Porous Catalysts Summary Problems References Analysis of Catalytic Reactors Packed-Bed Reactor: Introduction and Overview Conservation Equations for Packed Beds One-Dimensional Steady-State Plug Flow Models One-Dimensional Steady-State Axial Dispersion Models Two-Dimensional Steady-State Models Transient Packed-Bed Models Transport Properties in Packed Beds Autothermal Operation of Packed Beds Fluidized-Bed Reactors Metal Gauze Reactors Counter Diffusive Reactor: Radiant Heaters Monolith Reactors Reactors for Gas-Liquid-Solid Systems Summary Problems References Experimental Methods in Catalysis Kinetic Investigations Measuring Physical Properties Electron Microscopy Surface Science Studies Summary Problems References Appendix 1: Numerical Methods Nonlinear Algebraic Equations Linear Algebraic Equations Ordinary Differential Equations Numerical Integration Numerical Differentiation Partial Differential Equations Appendix 2: Thermodynamic Data Appendix 3: Useful Integrals Appendix 4: Numerical Software POLYMATH MATLAB(R) COMSOL Multiphysics Index.
- (source: Nielsen Book Data)
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) | Status |
---|---|
Stacks | |
TP157 .H35 2013 | Unknown |
- Book
- 1 online resource (608 p.)
This comprehensive review, prepared by 24 experts, many of whom are pioneers of the subject, brings together in one place over 40 years of research in this unique publication. This book will assist R & D specialists, research chemists, chemical engineers or process managers harnessing periodic operations to improve their process plant performance. "Periodic Operation of Reactors" covers process fundamentals, research equipment and methods and provides "the state of the art" for the periodic operation of many industrially important catalytic reactions. Emphasis is on experimental results, modeling and simulation. Combined reaction and separation are dealt with, including simulated moving bed chromatographic, pressure and temperature swing and circulating bed reactors. Thus, "Periodic Operation of Reactors" offers readers a single comprehensive source for the broad and diverse new subject. This exciting new publication is a "must have" for any professional working in chemical process research and development. Key features: provides the only comprehensive reference on the fundamentals, development and applications of periodic reactor operation, using contributions from the research pioneers. This authoritative reference focuses on applications helping readers to use this book to deliver results in their own work. Complete literature references will be an invaluable assistance for readers collecting data and models from past research. About the editors: Peter L. Silveston is a Distinguished Professor Emeritus at the University of Waterloo in Canada. Professor Silveston has authored or co-authored three previous books on reactor engineering topics as well as close to 300 research publications. He is a graduate of M.I.T. and the Technical University of Munich (Germany). Robert Hudgins is a Professor Emeritus at the University of Waterloo. His research interests are reactor engineering, specifically periodic operation of catalytic reactors, and he has about 250 research publications. He is a graduate of the University of Toronto and Princeton University. Feature: a comprehensive reference on the fundamentals, development and applications of periodic operation. Benefit: provides readers with a single comprehensive source for this extremely broad and diverse subject. Feature: contributors and editors include the pioneers of the subject as well as the leading researchers in the field. Benefit: has the authority and experience of the leading players in the field. Feature: covers both fundamentals and the state of the art for each operation scenario, and brings all types of periodic operation together in a single volume. Benefit: provides a succinct reference to the most important applications in the filed, allowing readers to understand how to apply techniques or technologies to their own situation. Feature: discussion is focused on experimental results rather than theoretical ones; provides a rich source of experimental data, plus process models. Benefit: applied approach that is geared helping practicing engineers and researchers solve problems. Feature: accompanying website with modelling data. Benefit: engineers can engage with experimental and actual performance data.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
This comprehensive review, prepared by 24 experts, many of whom are pioneers of the subject, brings together in one place over 40 years of research in this unique publication. This book will assist R & D specialists, research chemists, chemical engineers or process managers harnessing periodic operations to improve their process plant performance. "Periodic Operation of Reactors" covers process fundamentals, research equipment and methods and provides "the state of the art" for the periodic operation of many industrially important catalytic reactions. Emphasis is on experimental results, modeling and simulation. Combined reaction and separation are dealt with, including simulated moving bed chromatographic, pressure and temperature swing and circulating bed reactors. Thus, "Periodic Operation of Reactors" offers readers a single comprehensive source for the broad and diverse new subject. This exciting new publication is a "must have" for any professional working in chemical process research and development. Key features: provides the only comprehensive reference on the fundamentals, development and applications of periodic reactor operation, using contributions from the research pioneers. This authoritative reference focuses on applications helping readers to use this book to deliver results in their own work. Complete literature references will be an invaluable assistance for readers collecting data and models from past research. About the editors: Peter L. Silveston is a Distinguished Professor Emeritus at the University of Waterloo in Canada. Professor Silveston has authored or co-authored three previous books on reactor engineering topics as well as close to 300 research publications. He is a graduate of M.I.T. and the Technical University of Munich (Germany). Robert Hudgins is a Professor Emeritus at the University of Waterloo. His research interests are reactor engineering, specifically periodic operation of catalytic reactors, and he has about 250 research publications. He is a graduate of the University of Toronto and Princeton University. Feature: a comprehensive reference on the fundamentals, development and applications of periodic operation. Benefit: provides readers with a single comprehensive source for this extremely broad and diverse subject. Feature: contributors and editors include the pioneers of the subject as well as the leading researchers in the field. Benefit: has the authority and experience of the leading players in the field. Feature: covers both fundamentals and the state of the art for each operation scenario, and brings all types of periodic operation together in a single volume. Benefit: provides a succinct reference to the most important applications in the filed, allowing readers to understand how to apply techniques or technologies to their own situation. Feature: discussion is focused on experimental results rather than theoretical ones; provides a rich source of experimental data, plus process models. Benefit: applied approach that is geared helping practicing engineers and researchers solve problems. Feature: accompanying website with modelling data. Benefit: engineers can engage with experimental and actual performance data.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
www.sciencedirect.com ScienceDirect
- www.sciencedirect.com ScienceDirect
- Google Books (Full view)
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