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Book
xxiii, 195 pages ; 25 cm.
  • Introduction
  • Untangling victims of war crimes from lawful casualties of war
  • Fighting and war crimes involving prohibited means and methods of warfare
  • War crimes and persons hors de combat
  • Members of non-opposing forces as victims of war crimes
  • Child soldiers
  • Peacekeepers
  • Crimes against humanity, genocide and fighting
  • Conclusion.
The act of fighting or being a fighter has certain consequences in international law. The most obvious example can be found in international humanitarian law, where a distinction is drawn between fighters and civilians, with fighters being military objectives and civilians being protected from attack. Another example is from international human rights law, where it has been held that the particular characteristics of military life have to be taken into account when interpreting the human rights of members of state armed forces. This volume focuses on the field of international criminal law and asks the question: what relevance does fighting have to victimhood in international criminal law? Among the topics which are explored are: how have international criminal courts and tribunals untangled lawful casualties of war from victims of war crimes? How have they determined who is a member of an organised armed group and who is not? What crimes can those who fight be victims of during hostilities? When does it become relevant in international criminal law that an alleged victim of a crime was a person hors de combat rather than a civilian? Can war crimes be committed against members of non-opposing forces? Can persons hors de combat be victims of crimes against humanity and genocide? What special considerations surround peacekeepers and child soldiers as victims of international crimes? The author carries out an in-depth exploration of case law from international criminal courts and tribunals to assess how they have dealt with these questions. She concludes that the import of fighting upon victimhood in the context of international criminal law has not always been appreciated to the extent it should have been.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138669062 20171218
Law Library (Crown)
Book
x, 244 pages ; 22 cm.
Law Library (Crown)
Book
xx, 260 pages ; 24 cm
  • The history of the distinction between international and non-international armed conflicts
  • The distinction between international and non-international armed conflicts
  • Direct foreign military intervention in civil wars
  • Indirect foreign interventions in civil wars
  • Representation of states and reclassification of ongoing armed foreign interventions due to a governmental change
  • International organisations and foreign interventions in civil wars
  • Case study: The armed conflicts in Yemen (2015-ongoing).
Civil wars have formed the vast majority of all armed conflicts since the Second World War. These civil wars have often been accompanied by the intervention of foreign states in favour of one or more of the parties. Such interventions raise various general questions regarding conflict classification in international humanitarian law (IHL), which are important because the relevant law that applies is shaped by whether a conflict is classified as international or non-international. This book provides a thorough examination of the theoretical basis of classification of conflicts in IHL, with special focus on the legal impact of armed foreign intervention in civil wars. Noam Zamir enriches the discourse on IHL by providing an in-depth doctrinal examination of issues concerning conflict classification and examining recent civil wars with foreign interventions, such as the Libyan civil war (2011), Mali civil war (2012-2015) and the ongoing civil war in Yemen, and identifying potential solutions to different lacunae in this field. The issue of conflict classification has significant practical ramifications and this book will have a wide and varied readership, including legal scholars, law students and governmental and military lawyers.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781785367892 20170502
Law Library (Crown)
Book
pages cm.
"The application and interpretation of the four Geneva Conventions of 1949 have developed significantly in the sixty years since the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) first published its Commentaries on these important humanitarian treaties. To promote a better understanding of, and respect for, this body of law, the ICRC commissioned a comprehensive update of its original Commentaries, of which this is the second volume. Its preparation was coordinated by Jean-Marie Henckaerts, ICRC legal adviser and head of the project to update the Commentaries. The Second Convention is a key text of international humanitarian law. It contains the essential rules on the protection of the wounded, sick and shipwrecked at sea, those assigned to their care, and the vessels used for their treatment and evacuation. This article-by-article Commentary takes into account developments in the law and practice to provide up-to-date interpretations of the Convention. The new Commentary has been reviewed by humanitarian-law practitioners and academics from around the world, including naval experts. It is an essential tool for anyone working or studying within this field"-- Provided by publisher.
Law Library (Crown)
Book
454 pages ; 24 cm
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
viii, 334 pages ; 24 cm
Law Library (Crown)
Book
x, 256 pages ; 24 cm.
  • Human rights and the norms of modern warfare
  • Humanizing the laws of war
  • The implosion of Iraq : "shock and awe," insurgency, and sectarian terror
  • The Gaza wars, 2008-2014 : human rights agency and advocacy
  • Who's responsible? : justice and accountability
  • "Kind-hearted gunmen" : human rights and humanitarian intervention
  • Conclusion.
International lawyers and ethicists have long judged wars from the perspective of the state and its actions, developing international humanitarian law by asking such questions as "Are the belligerents justified in entering the conflict?" and "How should they conduct themselves during the war's execution?" and "When civilian noncombatants are harmed, who is responsible for their suffering?" Human Rights and War Through Civilian Eyes reimagines the ethics of war from the standpoint of its collateral victims, focusing on the effects of war on individuals-on those who are terrorized, or killed, or whose lives are violently disrupted. Upholding a human rights analysis of war, Thomas W. Smith conveys vividly the depth of human loss and the narrowing of everyday life brought about by armed conflict. Through riveting case studies of the Iraq War and the recent Gaza conflicts, Smith shows how even combatants who profess to follow the laws of war often engage in appalling violence and brutality, cutting short civilian lives, ruining economies, rending social fabrics, and collapsing public infrastructure. A focus on the human dimension of warfare makes clear the limits of international humanitarian law, and underscores how human rights perspectives increase its efficacy. At a moment when liberal states are rethinking the ethics of war as they seek to extricate themselves from unjust or unwise conflicts and taking on the responsibility to intervene to protect vulnerable people from slaughter, Human Rights and War helps us see with bracing clarity the devastating impact of war on innocent people.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780812248630 20170130
Law Library (Crown)
Book
xiv, 266 pages ; 24 cm
  • Foreword
  • Introduction: The International Red Cross and Red Crescent movement and the development of international humanitarian law / Stefanie Haumer, Robin Geiß and Andreas Zimmermann
  • The International Committee of the Red Cross and the Geneva Conventions of 1949 / Robert Heinsch
  • The International Committee of the Red Cross and the additional protocols of 1977 / Michael Bothe
  • The International Committee of the Red Cross and the clarification of customary international humanitarian law / Jean-Marie Henckaerts
  • The International Committee of the Red Cross' 'interpretive guidance on the notion of direct participation in hostilities' : see a little light / Robert Cryer
  • Development of treaties limiting or prohibiting the use of certain weapons : the role of the International Committee of the Red Cross / Kathleen Lawand and Isabel Robinson
  • Between 'constructive engagement', 'collusion' and 'critical distance' : the International Committee of the Red Cross and the development of international criminal law / Carsten Stahn
  • The International Committee of the Red Cross : a unique actor in the field of international humanitarian law creation and progressive development / Robin Geiß and Andreas Zimmermann.
Over the past 150 years, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has been one of the main drivers of progressive development in international humanitarian law, whilst assuming various roles in the humanization of the laws of war. With select contributions from international experts, this book critically assesses the ICRC's unique influence in international norm creation. It provides a detailed analysis of the workings of the International Red Cross, Red Crescent Movement and ICRC by addressing the milestone achievements as well as the failures, shortcomings and controversies over time. Crucially, the contributions highlight the lessons to be learnt for future challenges in the development of international humanitarian law. This book will be of particular interest to scholars and students of international law, but also to practitioners working in the field of international humanitarian law at both governmental and non-governmental organizations.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107171350 20170717
Law Library (Crown)
Book
xviii, 592 pages ; 23 cm
  • Introduction
  • Sovereignty and the authority to use force
  • The relevance of international law
  • Self-defence as a justification for war : the geo-political and war on terror models
  • The humanitarian model for recourse to force
  • How force is used
  • Weapons
  • 'Post-conflict' and governance
  • The liberal peace : peacemaking, peacekeeping, and peacebuilding
  • Justice and accountability
  • Second generation human security
  • What does human security require of international law?
International Law and New Wars examines how international law fails to address the contemporary experience of what are known as 'new wars' - instances of armed conflict and violence in places such as Syria, Ukraine, Libya, Mali, the Democratic Republic of Congo and South Sudan. International law, largely constructed in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, rests to a great extent on the outmoded concept of war drawn from European experience - inter-state clashes involving battles between regular and identifiable armed forces. The book shows how different approaches are associated with different interpretations of international law, and, in some cases, this has dangerously weakened the legal restraints on war established after 1945. It puts forward a practical case for what it defines as second generation human security and the implications this carries for international law.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781316622094 20170621
Law Library (Crown)
Book
xix, 564 pages ; 25 cm.
  • The safeguard of social rights within the activity of the Security Council / Pia Acconci
  • UN Security Council resolutions before the European Court of Human Rights : exploring alternative approaches for the solution of normative conflicts / Maurizio Arcari
  • Legal options and models in the design of a sovereign wealth fund and their implications for human rights protection / Fabio Bassan
  • The judgment of the Italian constitutional court on state immunity in cases of serious violations of human rights or humanitarian law : a tentative analysis under international law / Pasquale de Sena
  • Significant disadvantage and admissibility of applications to the European Court of Human Rights : effects on domestic legal orders / Maria Luisa Padelletti
  • Protecting the rights of persons with autism : the role of the European Committee of Social Rights / Giuseppe Palmisano
  • Subsidiary protection in international and European law / Roberto Giuffrida
  • The principle of non-refoulement between international law and European Union law / Agostina Latino
  • Close and enduring connections : expulsion procedures and the ties between non citizens and host states in the practice of the human rights committee / Antonio Marchesi
  • Immigration, citoyenneté européenne et citoyenneté de résidence dans l'Union européenne / Nicoletta Parisi
  • Procedural rights of illegal migrants facing expulsion in contemporary times : exploring synergies between the ILC draft articles and the EU returns directive / Emanuela Pistoia
  • Some cases in the Italian practice relating to illegal migration at sea / Tullio Scovazzi
  • The ILC special rapporteur's interim report on the protection of the environment in relation to armed conflicts : an important step in the right direction / Michael Bothe
  • Deconstructing the responsibility to protect doctrine : looking for a new legal basis / Maria Cleria Ciciriello and Fiammetta Borgia
  • Conceptualizing the responsibility to protect : a short contribution / Monica Lugato
  • The protection of the environment against harmful effects of peacetime military training activities : the role of international law / Mario Odoni
  • La réparation de victimes des violations du droit humanitaire et le droit individuel d'accés à la justice, état de lieu et perspectives d'avenir / Stelios Perrakis
  • Two hypothetical prospective extradition cause célèbre : the Snowden and Knox cases / M. Cherif Bassiouni
  • Protecting/promoting the rights of victims in international law : some achievements and ways forward / Soraya Brikci and Cyril Laucci
  • Les travaux de la conférence de Londres (26 juin-8 août 1945) sur le Statut du TMI de Nuremberg, une lecture parfois surprenante / Eric David
  • La preuve à l'épreuve : trois cas-limites pour le juge international (pénal) / Gabriele della Morte
  • Intervention of humanity or the use of force to halt mass-atrocity crimes, the peremptory prohibition of aggression and the interplay between jus ad bellum, jus in bello and individual criminal responsibility on the crime of agression / David Donat Cattin
  • The place of rehabilitation of the offender among the purposes of penalties according to international law / Alessandra Gianelli
  • One size fits all? : a looming look at human rights in international criminal legal proceedings / Frederik Harhoff
  • The special tribunal for Lebanon and the global response to terrorism / Daniel D.N. Nserek
  • Nouveau regard sur les sources du droit applicable par la Cour penale internationale / Alain Pellet
  • Reflections on international criminal justice twenty years later / Fausto Pocar
  • General principles, nullum crimen, and accountability for international crimes / William Schabas
  • The functional immunity of state officials from foreign jurisdiction : a critique of the traditional theories / Riccardo Pisillo Mazzeschi
  • The right of peoples to self-determination revisited : did Crimea have the right to secede from the Ukraine? / Fabian Raimondo
  • Human health and product liability in the agro-food chain / Dino Rinoldi.
This challenging volume contains articles by a wide variety of well-known scholars and practitioners, and deals with human rights, international humanitarian law, international criminal law and humanitarian assistance, as well as other areas of international law relating to the protection of humanity. These are topics to which Flavia Lattanzi, in whose honour the volume is being published, has made an outstanding contribution and to which she has given her determined and unrelenting professional and personal commitment. As a former Professor at the Universities of Pisa, Sassari, Teramo and Roma Tre and as Judge ad litem at the International Tribunal for Rwanda and the International Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, she has adhered constantly to a number of important principles, as reflected in the research contained in this volume. They include the firm conviction that respect for human rights is an indispensable precondition for durable peace; the notion that grave breaches of human rights, including the refusal to provide assistance to populations in distress, can imply a threat to international peace and security; and that guarantees against human rights violations include the question of the punishment of core crimes under International Law.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9789004269491 20170321
Law Library (Crown)
Book
xli, 348 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
  • Setting the scene : humanitarianism in context
  • Defining the acquis humanitaire
  • Protection of persons in humanitarian crises
  • Strengthening the web of international legal protection
  • International human rights law
  • Law of armed conflict
  • International criminal law
  • International disaster laws
  • Refugee and displaced persons law
  • Crystallisation of a general right to humanitarian assistance
  • Future development of the acquis humanitaire.
The instinctual desire to support those in need, irrespective of geographic, cultural or religious links, is both facilitated and overwhelmed by the extent of information now available about the multiple humanitarian crises which occur on a daily basis around the world. Behind the images of devastating floods and earthquakes, or massive forced displacements resulting from armed conflicts, is the all too real suffering faced by individuals and families. From the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami to the on-going conflict in Syria, recent years have seen an increasing debate regarding the international legal mechanisms to protect persons in such humanitarian crises. The International Legal Protection of Persons in Humanitarian Crises argues that an acquis humanitaire is identifiable through the interconnected web of existing and emerging international, regional and national laws, policies and practices for the protection of persons caught up in humanitarian crises. Indeed, the humanitarian imperative to alleviate suffering wherever it may be found permeates various branches of international law, and is reflected in the extensive humanitarian activities undertaken by States and other actors in times of armed conflict, population displacement and disaster. Dug Cubie argues that by clarifying the conceptual framework and normative content of the acquis humanitaire, gaps and lacunae can be identified and the overall protection of persons strengthened.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781849468008 20170621
Law Library (Crown)
Book
xii, 221 pages ; 24 cm
  • Introduction
  • International organizations' obligations under human rights and international humanitarian law
  • Human rights and international humanitarian law breaches attributable to international organizations
  • The obligation to afford reparation to injured individuals
  • Internal adjudication by international organizations
  • Challenging the conduct of international organizations before domestic courts
  • Adjudication before regional and international courts
  • The direct responsibility of organization employees, contractors and troop contingents
  • Some concluding thoughts : where the solutions lie.
Increasingly, international organizations take on State- or quasi- State-like functions in which they exercise control over individuals and societies, particularly in contexts of conflict and transition. These all increase the risks that their conduct may infringe human rights and international humanitarian law. International organizations' engagement in peace operations has progressively widened, with mandates now regularly including the protection of civilian populations and in several new operations containing peace enforcement responsibilities with active combat duties. The book assesses whether and if so how human rights and international humanitarian law principles relating to accountability and reparation apply to international organizations. When considering whether international organizations are obliged to afford reparation and to whom it is owed and what it entails, one is confronted with how the law of responsibility intersects with the specialised regimes of human rights and international humanitarian law and particularly, their application to individuals. The rationales for organizational immunities and other limits on international organizations' responsibilities were conceived to ensure their independence from State influences and their capacity to engage in often difficult circumstances. Many, if not all of these rationales remain relevant today.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780198808442 20171009
Law Library (Crown)
Book
xv, 130 pages ; 22 cm.
  • The origins of victimization and the administration of war in Colombia
  • Justice and peace in times of impunity and war
  • Voice, testimony, truth, and memory
  • Maintaining exclusion
  • Conclusions.
This book analyzes the implementation of Law 975 in Colombia, known as the Justice and Peace Law, and proposes a critical view of the transitional scenario in Colombia from 2005 onwards. The author analyzes three aspects of the law: 1) The process of negotiation with paramilitary groups; 2) The constitution of the Group Memoria Historica (Historic Memory) in Colombia and 3) The process of a 2007 law that was finally not passed. The book contains interviews with key actors in the justice and peace process in Colombia. The author analyses the contradictions, tensions, ambiguities and paradoxes that define the practices of such actors. This book highlights that a critical view of this kind of transitional scenario is indispensable to determine steps towards a just and peaceful society.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319458946 20170925
Law Library (Crown)
Book
xv, 130 pages ; 22 cm.
  • 1. The Origins of Victimization and the Administration of War in ColmbiaVictims CountOrigins, Antecedents, Caues or Triggers?Exception as DemocracyThe State in Permanent Emergency2. Justice and Peace in times of Impunity and WarReinsertion without Demobilization: From the AUCs to the BACRIMsVictimization in Post-Conflict Narratives3. Voice, Testimony, Truth, and MemoryThe Memory of Victims: Between Silence and SilencingThe Memory of the Perpetrators and Judicial TruthThe Limits of EnunciationHistorical Memory without Judicial TruthThe Emblematic Status of Testimony and Public MemoryFrom Pain to Knowledge: The Limits of Representation4. Maintaining Exclusion5. Conclusion.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319458946 20170925
This book analyzes the implementation of Law 975 in Colombia, known as the Justice and Peace Law, and proposes a critical view of the transitional scenario in Colombia from 2005 onwards. The author analyzes three aspects of the law: 1) The process of negotiation with paramilitary groups; 2) The constitution of the Group Memoria Historica (Historic Memory) in Colombia and 3) The process of a 2007 law that was finally not passed. The book contains interviews with key actors in the justice and peace process in Colombia. The author analyses the contradictions, tensions, ambiguities and paradoxes that define the practices of such actors. This book highlights that a critical view of this kind of transitional scenario is indispensable to determine steps towards a just and peaceful society.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319458946 20170925
Green Library
Book
270 pages ; 22 cm.
  • Avant-propos / Abdelwahab Biad, Paul Tavernier
  • Propos introductifs : les dilemmes de l'action humanitaire : entre droit et pratique / Abdelwahab Biad
  • La doctrine et le droit de l'action humanitaire : quelle contribution? / Anne-Thida Norodom
  • La contribution des organisations internationales à la codification de l'action humanitaire / Emmanuel Decaux
  • La contribution de la Cour internationale de justice à la définition de l'action humanitaire / Abdelwahab Biad
  • La contribution de l'Union européenne au développement du droit de l'action humanitaire / Anne-Sophie Millet-Devalle
  • Un instrument méconnu, l'aide-mémoire du Conseil de sécurité sur la protection des civils / Paul Tavernier
  • Les défis de l'action humanitaire pour une organisation universelle : l'organisation des Nations Unies / Janique Thoele
  • La contribution du Haut-Commissariat aux réfugiés / José Fischel de Andrade
  • La contribution des institutions financières internationales à l'action humanitaire : un changement d'esprit ou de méthodologie / Céline Bada
  • L'encadrement normatif des opérations humanitaires par les forces armées / Philippe Ch.-A. Guillot
  • De quelques obstacles récurrents à l'action humanitaire des O.N.G. / Françoise Bouchet-Sauliner
  • La situation en Afghanistan : les O.N.G. internationales au risque de la paralysie / Pierre Micheletti
  • Les contraintes humanitaires dans un contexte de conflit ou de catastrophe : Afghanistan, Irak, R.D.C. Soudan, Mali, Syrie / Alain Boinet
  • La spécificité du C.I.C.R. dan l'action humantiaire / Ghislaine Doucet
  • Conclusions / Paul Tavernier.
"L'action humanitaire internationale qui se mobilise à propos des grandes catastrophes naturelles ou des confl its internationaux et non internationaux fait tous les jours la une de l'actualité internationale dans les médias. L'opinion publique est fortement sensibilisée à ces questions. D'une manière générale, l'action humanitaire se déploie dans l'urgence et doit gérer des situations d'urgence. De nombreux problèmes pratiques se posent : problèmes de logistique, de coordination de l'action des divers intervenants, d'accès aux victimes, de l'identification des besoins des destinataires, de la réponse adéquate à fournir, etc. Ceux-ci soulèvent des enjeux politiques souvent très délicats. Si les spécialistes de l'action humanitaire sont de plus en plus entraînés pour régler ce genre de difficultés, le droit et les juristes sont mal équipés pour cela. Une réflexion s'imposait dès lors de la part des différents acteurs de cette action humanitaire mais aussi des universitaires. Cet ouvrage rassemble ainsi des témoignages de terrain et des réponses à ces problèmes très concrets. Il a pour objectif de déterminer si, entre la pratique et le droit, il existe une place pour le développement d'une nouvelle branche du droit, celle du droit de l'action humanitaire. Sont successivement abordées les sources et la codification de ce droit de l'action humanitaire ainsi que la mise en oeuvre de celui-ci par les acteurs intergouvernementaux--O.N.U. et institutions financières--et non gouvernementaux--O.N.G. et C.I.C.R. Cet ouvrage ne concerne pas uniquement les universitaires et les spécialistes ; il a pour ambition de s'adresser tant aux initiés qu'aux non-initiés et plus généralement à tous ceux que préoccupe le développement de l'action humanitaire."-- Back cover.
Law Library (Crown)
Book
xiv, 215 pages ; 24 cm
  • Introduction
  • The first Nuremberg
  • Broken treaties, broken laws
  • Crimes against peace
  • War crimes
  • Crimes against human rights
  • Conclusion: American Nuremberg.
No subject is more hotly debated than the extreme measures that our government has taken after 9/11 in the name of national security. Torture, extraordinary rendition, drone assassinations, secret detention centers (or "black sites"), massive surveillance of citizens. But while the press occasionally exposes the dark side of the war on terror and congressional investigators sometimes raise alarms about the abuses committed by U.S. intelligence agencies and armed forces, no high U.S. official has been prosecuted for these violations -- which many legal observers around the world consider war crimes. The United States helped establish the international principles guiding the prosecution of war crimes -- starting with the Nuremberg tribunal following World War II, when Nazi officials were held accountable for their crimes against humanity. But the American government and legal system have consistently refused to apply these same principles to our own officials. Now Rebecca Gordon takes on the explosive task of "indicting" the officials who -- in a just society -- should be put on trial for war crimes. Some might dismiss this as a symbolic exercise. But what is at stake here is the very soul of the nation.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781510703339 20160704
Law Library (Crown)
Book
lviii, 241 pages ; 26 cm
  • Notion of armed non-state actors
  • Classification of armed non-state actors
  • Obligations and accountability of armed non-state actors in international humanitarian law
  • Obligations and accountability of armed non-state actors in international human rights law
  • The obligations and accountability of armed non-state actors : concluding remarks.
The accountability of armed non-state actors is a neglected field of international law, overtaken by the regimes of state responsibility and individual criminal accountability as well as fears of legitimacy. Yet armed non-state actors are important players in the international arena and their activities have significant repercussions. This book focuses on their obligations and accountability when they do not function as state agents, regardless of the existence or extent of accountability of their individual members. The author claims that their distinct features lead to their classification into three different types: de facto entities, armed non-state actors in control of territory, and common article 3 armed non-state actors. The mechanisms that trigger the applicability of humanitarian and human rights law regimes are examined in detail as well as the framework of obligations. In both cases, the author argues that armed non-state actors should not be treated as entering international law and process exclusively through the state. The study concludes by focussing on their accountability in international humanitarian and human rights law and, more specifically, to the rules of attribution, remedies and reparations for violations of their primary obligations.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781472456168 20160619
Law Library (Crown)
Book
182 pages ; 24 cm.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
402 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm.
  • Introduction
  • Programme
  • Questionnaire
  • General rapport = Rapport général
  • National reports = Rapport nationaux
  • Keynote presentations = Communications centrales
  • Sessions of the specialised committees = Sessions des commissions spécialisées
  • Plenary sessions = Sessions pléniaires
  • Ciardi Prize 2015 = Prix Ciardi 2015
  • Closing speech = Allocution de clôture.
Law Library (Crown)
Book
xxiv, 1344 pages ; 25 cm
  • General provisions
  • Wounded and sick
  • Medical units and establishments
  • Personnel
  • Buildings and material
  • Medical transports
  • The distinctive problem
  • Execution of the convention
  • Repression of abuses and infractions.
The application and interpretation of the four Geneva Conventions of 1949 and their two Additional Protocols of 1977 have developed significantly in the sixty years since the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) first published its Commentaries on these important humanitarian treaties. To promote a better understanding of, and respect for, this body of law, the ICRC commissioned a comprehensive update of its original Commentaries. Its preparation was coordinated by Jean-Marie Henckaerts, ICRC legal adviser and head of the project to update the Commentaries. The First Convention is a foundational text of international humanitarian law. It contains the essential rules on the protection of the wounded and sick, those assigned to their care, and the red cross and red crescent emblems. This article-by-article Commentary takes into account developments in the law and practice to provide up-to-date interpretations of the Convention. The new Commentary has been reviewed by humanitarian-law practitioners and academics from around the world. It is an essential tool for anyone working or studying within this field.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781107170100 20170220
Law Library (Crown)